change

Is it just not the same anymore? Then there must have been a change. The noun change can refer to any thing or state that is different from what it once was.

Change is everywhere in life — and in English. The word has numerous senses, both as a noun and verb, and is a part of many common phrases, like "a change of heart." Change might describe a drastic transformation, as in Kafka’s The Metamorphosis, or it could also represent what’s jingling in your pocket.

Primary Meanings of change

1.
vn
become different in some particular way, without permanently losing one's or its former characteristics or essence
a relational difference between states; especially between states before and after some event
2.
vn
lay aside, abandon, or leave for another
the action of changing something
3.
n
the balance of money received when the amount you tender is greater than the amount due
Full Definitions of change
1

v become different in some particular way, without permanently losing one's or its former characteristics or essence

“her mood changes in accordance with the weather”
Synonyms:
alter, vary
Types:
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alternate, jump
go back and forth; swing back and forth between two states or conditions
crackle
to become, or to cause to become, covered with a network of small cracks
modulate
vary the frequency, amplitude, phase, or other characteristic of (electromagnetic waves)
avianise, avianize
to modify microorganisms by repeated culture in the developing chick embryo
move
go or proceed from one point to another
accommodate, adapt
make fit for, or change to suit a new purpose
let out, widen
make (clothes) larger
take in
make (clothes) smaller
branch out, broaden, diversify
vary in order to spread risk or to expand
diversify, radiate
spread into new habitats and produce variety or variegate
narrow, narrow down, specialise, specialize
become more focused on an area of activity or field of study
honeycomb
make full of cavities, like a honeycomb
break
vary or interrupt a uniformity or continuity
step
move or proceed as if by steps into a new situation
scroll
move through text or graphics in order to display parts that do not fit on the screen
adjust
make correspondent or conformable
gear, pitch
set the level or character of
fit
insert or adjust several objects or people
anglicise, anglicize
make English in appearance
shoehorn
fit for a specific purpose even when not well suited
orient, tailor
adjust to a specific need or market
domesticate, tame
make fit for cultivation, domestic life, and service to humans
cultivate, domesticate, naturalise, naturalize, tame
adapt (a wild plant or unclaimed land) to the environment
Christianise, Christianize
adapt in the name of Christianity
naturalise, naturalize
adopt to another place
overspecialise, overspecialize
become overly specialized
electrify, wire
equip for use with electricity
transcribe
rewrite or arrange a piece of music for an instrument or medium other than that originally intended
lapse, pass, sink
pass into a specified state or condition

v undergo a change; become different in essence; losing one's or its original nature

“She changed completely as she grew older”
“The weather changed last night”
Antonyms:
remain, rest, stay
stay the same; remain in a certain state
Types:
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freshen, freshen up, refresh, refreshen
become or make oneself fresh again
dress, get dressed
put on clothes
acquire, develop, get, grow, produce
come to have or undergo a change of (physical features and attributes)
regenerate
undergo regeneration
shade
pass from one quality such as color to another by a slight degree
gel
become a gel
animalise, animalize, brutalise, brutalize
become brutal or insensitive and unfeeling
convert
change in nature, purpose, or function; undergo a chemical change
creolize
develop into a creole
mutate
undergo mutation
experience, have
undergo
decrepitate
undergo decrepitation and crackle
suburbanise, suburbanize
take on suburban character
roll, roll up
show certain properties when being rolled
glass, glass over, glaze, glaze over
become glassy or take on a glass-like appearance
grow, turn
pass into a condition gradually, take on a specific property or attribute; become
barbarise, barbarize
become crude or savage or barbaric in behavior or language
alkalinise, alkalinize
become alkaline
change by reversal, reverse, turn
change to the contrary
change integrity
change in physical make-up
change form, change shape, deform
assume a different shape or form
form
assume a form or shape
change state, turn
undergo a transformation or a change of position or action
adapt, adjust, conform
adapt or conform oneself to new or different conditions
climb up, jump, rise
rise in rank or status
assimilate
become similar in sound
dissimilate
become dissimilar or less similar
dissimilate
become dissimilar by changing the sound qualities
change magnitude
change in size or magnitude
modify
make less severe or harsh or extreme
deaden
become lifeless, less lively, intense, or active; lose life, force, or vigor
break
be broken in
crumble, decay, dilapidate
fall into decay or ruin
mildew, mold
become moldy; spoil due to humidity
hydrate
become hydrated and combine with water
dry, dry out
become dry or drier
strengthen
gain strength
distil, distill
undergo the process of distillation
deoxidise, deoxidize, reduce
to remove oxygen from a compound, or cause to react with hydrogen or form a hydride, or to undergo an increase in the number of electrons
crack
break into simpler molecules by means of heat
oxidate, oxidise, oxidize
add oxygen to or combine with oxygen
oxidate, oxidise, oxidize
enter into a combination with oxygen or become converted into an oxide
grow
become attached by or as if by the process of growth
mellow, mellow out, melt
become more relaxed, easygoing, or genial
soften
become soft or softer
ionise, ionize
become converted into ions
stabilise, stabilize
become stable or more stable
destabilise, destabilize
become unstable
lighten, lighten up
become lighter
color, colour, discolor, discolour
change color, often in an undesired manner
discolor, discolour
lose color or turn colorless
contract, narrow
make or become more narrow or restricted
darken
become dark or darker
dim
become dim or lusterless
boil
immerse or be immersed in a boiling liquid, often for cooking purposes
break, check, crack
become fractured; break or crack on the surface only
transpire
come to light; become known
resume, take up
return to a previous location or condition
change surface
undergo or cause to undergo a change in the surface
sublimate, sublime
vaporize and then condense right back again
cool, cool down, cool off
lose intensity
warm up
become more friendly or open
warm, warm up
get warm or warmer
metamorphose, transform, transmute
change in outward structure or looks
convert
change religious beliefs, or adopt a religious belief
dull
become dull or lusterless in appearance; lose shine or brightness
complexify, ramify
have or develop complicating consequences
Americanise, Americanize
become American in character
develop, modernise, modernize
become technologically advanced
stiffen
become stiff or stiffer
tighten
become tight or tighter
break, break down, conk out, die, fail, give out, give way, go, go bad
stop operating or functioning
give way, yield
end resistance, as under pressure or force
harden, indurate
become hard or harder
harden, indurate
make hard or harder
suffuse
to become overspread as with a fluid, a colour, a gleam of light
hush
become quiet or still; fall silent
normalise, normalize
become normal or return to its normal state
reorient
set or arrange in a new or different determinate position
purify
become clean or pure or free of guilt and sin
digest
become assimilated into the body
regress
go back to a statistical means
foul
become soiled and dirty
decalcify
lose calcium or calcium compounds
industrialise, industrialize
develop industry; become industrial
decarboxylate
lose a carboxyl group
spot
become spotted
find, get, incur, obtain, receive
receive a specified treatment (abstract)
acetylate, acetylise, acetylize
receive substitution of an acetyl group
acquire, adopt, assume, take, take on
take on a certain form, attribute, or aspect
prim
assume a prim appearance
capacitate
cause (spermatozoa) to undergo the physical changes necessary to fertilize an egg
caseate
become cheeselike
caseate
turn into cheese
clinker
turn to clinker or form clinker under excessive heat in burning
cure
be or become preserved
dawn
become light
salinate
add salt to
desalinate, desalinise, desalinize, desalt
remove salt from
shallow, shoal
become shallow
steepen
become steeper
superannuate
become obsolete
ulcerate
undergo ulceration
vitrify
undergo vitrification; become glassy or glass-like
vulcanise, vulcanize
undergo vulcanization
dull, pall
become less interesting or attractive
become flat, die, pall
lose sparkle or bouquet
saponify
become converted into soap by being hydrolized into an acid and alcohol as a result of being treated with an alkali
go, move, run
progress by being changed
come
reach or enter a state, relation, condition, use, or position
catch
be struck or affected by
catch on
become popular
develop, grow
grow emotionally or mature
fly
change quickly from one emotional state to another
acquire, develop, evolve
gain through experience
assibilate
change into a sibilant
smoothen
become smooth
turn on
become hostile towards
drop
change from one level to another
break into
change pace
deepen
become deeper in tone
concretise, concretize
become specific
decay
undergo decay or decomposition
commute, transpose
exchange positions without a change in value
introject
incorporate (attitudes or ideas) into one's personality unconsciously
shift
change in quality
swing
alternate dramatically between high and low values
fall
be cast down
fall
assume a disappointed or sad expression
reflate
economics: experience reflation
hydrolyse, hydrolyze
undergo hydrolysis; decompose by reacting with water
fold, fold up
become folded or folded up
gelatinise, gelatinize
become gelatinous or change into a jelly
felt, felt up, mat, mat up, matt-up, matte, matte up
change texture so as to become matted and felt-like
recombine
undergo genetic recombination
feminise, feminize
assume (more) feminine characteristics
obsolesce
become obsolete, fall into disuse
plasticise, plasticize
become plastic, as by having a plasticizer added
recede
become faint or more distant
defervesce
experience an abatement of a fever
incandesce
become incandescent or glow with heat
calcify
become inflexible and unchanging
drift
be subject to fluctuation
play out
become spent or exhausted
conjugate
undergo conjugation
isomerise, isomerize
change into an isomer
evaporate, vaporise
change into a vapor
indurate
become fixed or established
gradate
pass imperceptibly from one degree, shade, or tone into another
keratinise, keratinize
become horny and impregnated with keratin
opacify
become opaque
mature
become due for repayment
rejuvenate
develop youthful topographical features
sequester
undergo sequestration by forming a stable compound with an ion
transaminate
undergo transfer from one compound to another
vesiculate
become vesicular or full of air cells
undulate
increase and decrease in volume or pitch, as if in waves
vascularise, vascularize
become vascular and have vessels that circulate fluids
crash
undergo a sudden and severe downturn
professionalise, professionalize
become professional or proceed in a professional manner or in an activity for pay or as a means of livelihood
shift
change phonetically as part of a systematic historical change
flip, flip out
go mad, go crazy
gum
become sticky
repress
block the action of
shear
become deformed by forces tending to produce a shearing strain
damage
suffer or be susceptible to damage
synthesize
combine and form a synthesis
come around, come round
change one's position or opinion
promote
be changed for a superior chess or checker piece
divide, part, separate
come apart
arrange, format
set (printed matter) into a specific format
fall for
fall in love with; become infatuated with
ascend, move up, rise
move to a better position in life or to a better job
change posture
undergo a change in bodily posture
settle
become clear by the sinking of particles
break, cave in, collapse, fall in, founder, give, give way
break down, literally or metaphorically
undergo
pass through
solarise, solarize
become overexposed
occult
become concealed or hidden from view or have its light extinguished
pass
transfer to another; of rights or property
depart, leave, pull up stakes
remove oneself from an association with or participation in
liberalise, liberalize
become more liberal
stratify
develop different social levels, classes, or castes
democratise, democratize
become (more) democratic; of nations
loosen, relax
become less severe or strict
reticulate
form a net or a network
flocculate
form into an aggregated lumpy or fluffy mass
carbonate
turn into a carbonate
come in
come into fashion; become fashionable
go out
go out of fashion; become unfashionable
stagnate
cause to stagnate
make
undergo fabrication or creation
frost over, ice over, ice up
become covered with a layer of ice; of a surface such as a window
respire
undergo the biomedical and metabolic processes of respiration by taking up oxygen and producing carbon monoxide
arouse, awake, awaken, come alive, wake, wake up, waken
stop sleeping
black out, pass out, zonk out
lose consciousness due to a sudden trauma, for example
come to, resuscitate, revive
return to consciousness
lave, wash up
wash one's face and hands
tense, tense up
become tense, nervous, or uneasy
decompress, loosen up, relax, slow down, unbend, unwind
become less tense, rest, or take one's ease
attire, deck out, deck up, dress up, fancy up, fig out, fig up, get up, gussy up, overdress, prink, rig out, tog out, tog up, trick out, trick up
put on special clothes to appear particularly appealing and attractive
dress, dress up
dress in a certain manner
dress down, underdress
dress informally and casually
prink
dress very carefully and in a finicky manner
lose weight, melt off, reduce, slenderize, slim, slim down, thin
take off weight
gain, put on
increase (one's body weight)
bundle up
dress warmly
apparel, clothe, dress, enclothe, fit out, garb, garment, habilitate, raiment, tog
provide with clothes or put clothes on
assume, don, get into, put on, wear
put clothing on one's body
cross-dress
dress in the clothes of the other sex
dandify
dress like a dandy
cross-fertilise, cross-fertilize
undergo cross-fertilization; become fertile
conceive
become pregnant; undergo conception
labor, labour
undergo the efforts of childbirth
feather, fledge
grow feathers
regrow
grow anew or continue growth after an injury or interruption
spring
develop suddenly
sprout, stock
put forth and grow sprouts or shoots
stool, tiller
grow shoots in the form of stools or tillers
leaf
produce leaves, of plants
pod
produce pods, of plants
teethe
grow teeth; cut the baby teeth
pupate
develop into a pupa
get up, work up
develop
rejuvenate
become young again
blush, crimson, flush, redden
turn red, as if in embarrassment or shame
blanch, blench, pale
turn pale, as if in fear
bronze, tan
get a tan, from wind or sun
burn, sunburn
get a sunburn by overexposure to the sun
cut
have grow through the gums
caramelise, caramelize
be converted into caramel
malt
turn into malt, become malt
differentiate
become distinct and acquire a different character
revert
undergo reversion, as in a mutation
alternate, flip, flip-flop, interchange, switch, tack
reverse (a direction, attitude, or course of action)
optimise, optimize
modify to achieve maximum efficiency in storage capacity or time or cost
roll
take the shape of a roll or cylinder
bald
grow bald; lose hair on one's head
secularise, secularize
make secular and draw away from a religious orientation
citrate
cause to form a salt or ester of citric acid
equilibrate
bring to a chemical stasis or equilibrium
turn the tables, turn the tide
cause a complete reversal of the circumstances
commutate
reverse the direction of (an alternating electric current) each half cycle so as to produce a unidirectional current
exchange, switch, switch over
change over, change around, as to a new order or sequence
grain, granulate
become granular
constellate
form a constellation or cluster
culminate
rise to, or form, a summit
grain, granulate
form into grains
conglobate, conglobe
assume a globular shape
fall
pass suddenly and passively into a state of body or mind
become, get, go
enter or assume a certain state or condition
readapt, readjust
adjust anew
readapt
adapt anew
decrease, diminish, fall, lessen
decrease in size, extent, or range
increase
become bigger or greater in amount
assimilate
become similar to one's environment
consolidate
make firm or secure; strengthen
proof
make resistant (to harm)
attemper
modify the temperature of
syncopate
modify the rhythm by stressing or accenting a weak beat
update
modernize or bring up to date
update
bring to the latest state of technology
hop up, hot up, soup up
make more powerful
cream
add cream to one's coffee, for example
back
strengthen by providing with a back or backing
qualify, restrict
make more specific
correct, rectify, right
make right or correct
falsify
falsify knowingly
corrupt, spoil
alter from the original
decline, worsen
grow worse
ameliorate, better, improve, meliorate
get better
deteriorate
become worse or disintegrate
decompose, molder, moulder, rot
break down
go bad, spoil
become unfit for consumption or use
smut
become affected with smut
dry-rot
affect or be affected with dry rot
scorch
become scorched or singed under intense heat or dry conditions
disengage
become free
sandbag
protect or strengthen with sandbags; stop up
overgrow
become overgrown
concentrate
make denser, stronger, or purer
benficiate
subject to a reduction process
catabolise, catabolize
subject to catabolism
rust
become coated with oxide
breathe
reach full flavor by absorbing air and being let to stand after having been uncorked
pole
deoxidize molten metals by stirring them with a wooden pole
mellow
make or grow (more) mellow
encrust, incrust
form a crust or a hard layer
face-harden
harden steel by adding carbon
callus
form a callus or calluses
callus
cause a callus to form on
break
crack; of the male voice in puberty
bulge, pouch, protrude
swell or protrude outwards
acetify, acidify
turn acidic
alkalify, alkalise, alkalize, basify
turn basic and less acidic
reform
break up the molecules of
polymerise, polymerize
undergo polymerization
polymerise, polymerize
cause (a compound) to polymerize
ionise, ionize
convert into ions
ossify
become bony
catalyse, catalyze
change by catalysis or cause to catalyze
get worse, relapse
deteriorate in health
immobilise, immobilize
convert (assets) into fixed capital
fluctuate
be unstable
corrode, rust
become destroyed by water, air, or a corrosive such as an acid
weather
change under the action or influence of the weather
eat at, erode, gnaw, gnaw at, wear away
become ground down or deteriorate
wash out
lose color in the process of being washed
white, whiten
turn white
black, blacken, melanise, melanize, nigrify
make or become black
melanise, melanize
convert into, or infiltrate with melanin
turn
change color
silver
turn silver
dye
color with dye
redden
turn red or redder
purple
become purple
gray, grey
turn grey
yellow
turn yellow
tone
change the color or tone of
irradiate
cast rays of light upon
illume, illuminate, illumine, light, light up
make lighter or brighter
harden, temper
harden by reheating and cooling in oil
anneal, normalize, temper
bring to a desired consistency, texture, or hardness by a process of gradually heating and cooling
toughen
make tough or tougher
constrict, constringe, narrow
become tight or as if tight
bottleneck
become narrow, like a bottleneck
taper off
become smaller or less active
go off, implode
burst inward
burst, explode
burst outward, usually with noise
break loose, burst forth, explode
be unleashed; emerge with violence or noise
blow up, detonate, explode, set off
cause to burst with a violent release of energy
dusk
become dusk
black out, blacken out
darken completely
focalise, focalize, focus
become focussed or come into focus
size
make to a size; bring to a suitable size
overboil
boil excessively
cook
transform and make suitable for consumption by heating
simmer
boil slowly at low temperature
break up, disperse, scatter
cause to separate
subdivide
form into subdivisions
break, come apart, fall apart, separate, split up
become separated into pieces or fragments
crack
break partially but keep its integrity
level, level off
become level or even
crust
form a crust or form into a crust
buckle, heave, warp
bend out of shape, as under pressure or from heat
buy the farm, cash in one's chips, choke, conk, croak, decease, die, drop dead, exit, expire, give-up the ghost, go, kick the bucket, pass, pass away, perish, pop off, snuff it
pass from physical life and lose all bodily attributes and functions necessary to sustain life
be born
come into existence through birth
cloud over
become overcast
curl, curve, kink
form a curl, curve, or kink
pasteurise, pasteurize
heat food in order to kill harmful microorganisms
condense
cause a gas or vapor to change into a liquid
resublime
sublime (a compound) once again
evaporate, vaporise, vaporize
lose or cause to lose liquid by vaporization leaving a more concentrated residue
pervaporate
evaporate through a semipermeable membrane
carbonise, carbonize
turn into carbon, as by burning
chill, cool, cool down
loose heat
heat, heat up, hot up
gain heat or get hot
carbonise, carbonize, carburise, carburize
unite with carbon
freeze
change to ice
boil
come to the boiling point and change from a liquid to vapor
burn, combust
undergo combustion
burn, incinerate
cause to undergo combustion
commute, permute, transpose
change the order or arrangement of
aurify
transform into gold
metamorphose, transfigure, transmogrify
change completely the nature or appearance of
regress, retrovert, return, revert, turn back
go back to a previous state
emaciate
grow weak and thin or waste away physically
point, sharpen, taper
give a point to
acclimate, acclimatise, acclimatize
get used to a certain climate
desynchronise, desynchronize
cause to become desynchronized; cause to occur at unrelated times
blend, coalesce, combine, commingle, conflate, flux, fuse, immix, meld, merge, mix
mix together different elements
disintegrate
break into parts or components or lose cohesion or unity
macerate
become soft or separate and disintegrate as a result of excessive soaking
decay, decompose, disintegrate
lose a stored charge, magnetic flux, or current
putrefy
become putrid; decay with an offensive smell
Frenchify
become French in appearance or character
root, settle, settle down, steady down, take root
become settled or established and stable in one's residence or life style
becalm, calm, steady
make still or steady
rigidify
become rigid
firm, tauten
become taut or tauter
thin
lose thickness; become thin or thinner
inspissate, thicken
become thick or thicker
inspissate, thicken
make viscous or dense
crash, go down
stop operating
blow, blow out, burn out
melt, break, or become otherwise unusable
unfurl, unroll
unroll, unfold, or spread out or be unrolled, unfolded, or spread out from a furled state
roll up, wrap up
form a cylinder by rolling
furl, roll up
form into a cylinder by rolling
specialise, specialize
suit to a special purpose
aerify, gasify, vaporise, vaporize
turn into gas
flux, liquefy, liquify
become liquid or fluid when heated
solidify
become solid
solidify
make solid or more solid; cause to solidify
crystalise, crystalize, crystallise, crystallize
cause to form crystals or assume crystalline form
solvate
undergo solvation or convert into a solvate
react
undergo a chemical reaction; react with another substance under certain conditions
break up, dissolve, resolve
cause to go into a solution
dissolve, fade away, fade out
become weaker
discharge, empty
become empty or void of its content
fill, fill up
become full
match
be equal or harmonize
homogenise, homogenize
become homogeneous or similar, as by mixing
homogenise, homogenize
break up the fat globules of
clabber, clot, curdle
turn into curds
clot, coagulate
change from a liquid to a thickened or solid state
ferment, sour, turn, work
go sour or spoil
flatten, flatten out
become flat or flatter
adjust, align, aline, line up
place in a line or arrange so as to be parallel or straight
skew
turn or place at an angle
integrate
become one; become integrated
droop, wilt
become limp
precipitate
separate as a fine suspension of solid particles
draw
contract
deform
become misshapen
polarise, polarize
become polarized in a conflict or contrasting situation
calcify
turn into lime; become calcified
coke
become coke
calcify
become impregnated with calcium salts
carnify
become muscular or fleshy
chondrify
turn into cartilage
emulsify
form into or become an emulsion
demulsify
break down into components
denitrify
remove nitrogen from
esterify
change (a compound) into an ester
etherify
change into an ether
jellify, jelly
make into jelly
jellify
become jelly
freckle
become freckled
fox
become discolored with, or as if with, mildew spots
buffer
add a buffer (a solution)
green
turn or become green
blue
turn blue
thrombose
become blocked by a thrombus
take
ascertain or determine by measuring, computing or take a reading from a dial
marbleise, marbleize
make something look like marble
re-assume
take on again, as after a time lapse
cure
make (substances) hard and improve their usability
outgrow
grow too large or too mature for
make
develop into
batter, dinge
make a dent or impression in
deliquesce
melt away in the process of decay
crease, crinkle, crumple, rumple, wrinkle
become wrinkled or crumpled or creased
ebb
fall away or decline
ruin
fall into ruin
submit, take
accept or undergo, often unwillingly
deconsecrate, desecrate, unhallow
remove the consecration from a person or an object
inflect
change the form of a word in accordance as required by the grammatical rules of the language
misfire
fail to fire or detonate
break up, calve
release ice
distort, twine, twist
form into a spiral shape
smooth, smoothen
make smooth or smoother, as if by rubbing
roughen
make rough or rougher
break away, break off, chip, chip off, come off
break off (a piece from a whole)
fold, fold up, turn up
bend or lay so that one part covers the other
buckle, crumple
fold or collapse
bend, deform, flex, turn, twist
cause (a plastic object) to assume a crooked or angular form
disjoin, disjoint
become separated, disconnected or disjoint
come away, come off, detach
come to be detached
even, even out, flush, level
make level or straight
open, open up
become open
close, shut
become closed
break, bust, fall apart, wear, wear out
go to pieces
compact, compress, constrict, contract, press, squeeze
squeeze or press together
separate
divide into components or constituents
bunch, bunch up, bundle, clump, cluster
gather or cause to gather into a cluster
undo
cancel, annul, or reverse an action or its effect
malfunction, misfunction
fail to function or function improperly
tease
raise the nap of (fabrics)
impress, imprint
mark or stamp with or as if with pressure
blob, blot, fleck, spot
make a spot or mark onto
sorb, take up
take up a liquid or a gas either by adsorption or by absorption
segregate
divide from the main body or mass and collect
segment
divide or split up
reduce
undergo meiosis
section, segment
divide into segments
partition, partition off
divide into parts, pieces, or sections
discerp, dismember, take apart
divide into pieces
strain, tense
become stretched or tense or taut
buffer, cushion, soften
protect from impact
brecciate
form into breccia
reticulate
divide so as to form a network
flake
form into flakes
indent
set in from the margin
rubricate
furnish with rubrics or regulate by rubrics
calm, calm down, chill out, cool it, cool off, settle down, simmer down
become quiet or calm, especially after a state of agitation
fluctuate, vacillate, waver
move or sway in a rising and falling or wavelike pattern
queen
become a queen
flop
fall loosely
break
curl over and fall apart in surf or foam, of waves
straighten
get up from a sitting or slouching position
arise, get up, rise, stand up, uprise
rise to one's feet
fall
drop oneself to a lower or less erect position
fall, fall down
lose an upright position suddenly
right
regain an upright or proper position
sit, sit down
take a seat
lie, lie down
assume a reclining position
drop, drop down, sink
fall or descend to a lower place or level
sink, slide down, slump
fall or sink heavily
hump, hunch, hunch forward, hunch over
round one's back by bending forward and drawing the shoulders forward
straighten, unbend
straighten up or out; make straight
bend, flex
form a curve
bow
bend the head or the upper part of the body in a gesture of respect or greeting
break down, collapse, crumble, crumple, tumble
fall apart
extend, stretch, stretch out, unfold
extend or stretch out to a greater or the full length
uncurl
move out of a curled position
bug out, bulge, bulge out, come out, pop, pop out, protrude, start
bulge outward
sit up
change to an upright sitting position
experience, get, have, receive
go through (mental or physical states or experiences)
experience, go through, see
go or live through
flourish, fly high, prosper, thrive
make steady progress; be at the high point in one's career or reach a high point in historical significance or importance
leave office, quit, resign, step down
give up or retire from a position
drop out
leave school or an educational program prematurely
gerrymander
divide unfairly and to one's advantage; of voting districts
carve up, dissever, divide, divvy, separate, split, split up
separate into parts or portions
emancipate, liberate
give equal rights to; of women and minorities
obey
be obedient to
head
form a head or come or grow to a head
bead
form into beads, as of water or sweat, for example
become, turn
undergo a change or development
get into, tangle with
get involved in or with
square
cause to match, as of ideas or acts
encounter, meet, receive
experience as a reaction
liquefy
become liquid
catch fire, combust, conflagrate, erupt, ignite, take fire
start to burn or burst into flames
cloud over, cloud up, overcloud
become covered with clouds
dry out, run dry
become empty of water

v become deeper in tone

“His voice began to change when he was 12 years old”
Synonyms:
deepen

v cause to change; make different; cause a transformation

“The discussion has changed my thinking about the issue”
Synonyms:
alter, modify
Types:
show 1048 types...
hide 1048 types...
arouse, awaken, rouse, wake, wake up, waken
cause to become awake or conscious
cause to sleep
make fall asleep
affect
act physically on; have an effect upon
freshen, refresh, refreshen
make fresh again
fecundate, fertilise, fertilize, inseminate
introduce semen into (a female)
indispose
cause to feel unwell
cry
bring into a particular state by crying
etiolate
make pale or sickly
shade
vary slightly
animalise, animalize, brutalise, brutalize
make brutal, unfeeling, or inhuman
convert
change the nature, purpose, or function of something
opalise, opalize
make opalescent
arterialise, arterialize
change venous blood into arterial blood
get, make
give certain properties to something
counterchange, interchange, transpose
cause to change places
vascularise, vascularize
make vascular
decrepitate
to roast or calcine so as to cause to crackle or until crackling stops
suburbanise, suburbanize
make suburban in character
overturn, revolutionise, revolutionize
change radically
etiolate
bleach and alter the natural development of (a green plant) by excluding sunlight
barbarise, barbarize
make crude or savage in behavior or speech
alkalinise, alkalinize
make (a substance) alkaline
mythicise, mythicize, mythologise, mythologize
make into a myth
allegorise, allegorize
make into an allegory
demythologise, demythologize
remove the mythical element from (writings)
bring, land
bring into a different state
coarsen
make less subtle or refined
affect, bear on, bear upon, impact, touch, touch on
have an effect upon
alchemise, alchemize
alter (elements) by alchemy
alcoholise, alcoholize
make alcoholic, as by fermenting
form, shape
give shape or form to
round, round down, round off, round out
express as a round number
suspend
cause to be held in suspension in a fluid
sober
cause to become sober
reconstruct
cause somebody to adapt or reform socially or politically
increase
make bigger or more
ease off, ease up, let up
reduce pressure or intensity
assimilate
make similar
dissimilate
make dissimilar; cause to become less similar
commute, convert, exchange
exchange a penalty for a less severe one
vitalise, vitalize
give life to
clear, unclutter
rid of obstructions
activate
make active or more active
activate
make (substances) radioactive
activate, aerate
aerate (sewage) so as to favor the growth of organisms that decompose organic matter
activate
make more adsorptive
deactivate, inactivate
make inactive
blunt, deaden
make less lively, intense, or vigorous; impair in vigor, force, activity, or sensation
reconstruct, redo, remodel
do over, as of (part of) a house
edit, redact
prepare for publication or presentation by correcting, revising, or adapting
cut, edit, edit out
cut and assemble the components of
chasten, subdue, tame
correct by punishment or discipline
chasten, moderate, temper
restrain
ameliorate, amend, better, improve, meliorate
to make better
aggravate, exacerbate, exasperate, worsen
make worse
wet
cause to become wet
dry, dry out
remove the moisture from and make dry
lubricate
make slippery or smooth through the application of a lubricant
beef up, fortify, strengthen
make strong or stronger
fortify, lace, spike
add alcohol to (beverages)
weaken
lessen the strength of
blunt
make less sharp
oxidate, oxidise, oxidize
add oxygen to or combine with oxygen
merge, unify, unite
join or combine
age
make older
mature, ripen
cause to ripen or develop fully
antiquate, antique
give an antique appearance to
antiquate
make obsolete or old-fashioned
develop, make grow
cause to grow and differentiate in ways conforming to its natural development
soften
make soft or softer
damage
inflict damage upon
ossify
cause to become hard and bony
acerbate
make sour or bitter
stabilise, stabilize
make stable and keep from fluctuating or put into an equilibrium
destabilise, destabilize
make unstable
sensibilise, sensibilize, sensify, sensitise, sensitize
make sensitive or aware
desensitise, desensitize
make insensitive
accustom, habituate
make psychologically or physically used (to something)
disarray, disorder
bring disorder to
discolor, discolour
cause to lose or change color
color, color in, colorise, colorize, colour, colour in, colourise, colourize
add color to
stain
produce or leave stains
hue
take on color or become colored
uglify
make ugly
untune
cause to be out of tune
adjust, correct, set
alter or regulate so as to achieve accuracy or conform to a standard
set
put into a certain state; cause to be in a certain state
disqualify, indispose, unfit
make unfit or unsuitable
domesticate, domesticise, domesticize, reclaim, tame
overcome the wildness of; make docile and tractable
widen
make wider
dehydrogenate
remove hydrogen from
hydrogenate
combine or treat with or expose to hydrogen; add hydrogen to the molecule of (an unsaturated organic compound)
oxygenise, oxygenize
change (a compound) by increasing the proportion of the electronegative part; or change (an element or ion) from a lower to a higher positive valence: remove one or more electrons from (an atom, ion, or molecule)
darken
make dark or darker
brighten, lighten, lighten up
make lighter or brighter
blear, blur
make dim or indistinct
bedim, obscure, overcloud
make obscure or unclear
blot out, hide, obliterate, obscure, veil
make undecipherable or imperceptible by obscuring or concealing
cook
transform by heating
slenderise, slenderize
make slender or appear to be slender
crack
cause to become cracked
dismiss, dissolve
declare void
end, terminate
bring to an end or halt
defog, demist
free from mist
concentrate, condense, contract
compress or concentrate
chill, cool, cool down
make cool or cooler
heat, heat up
make hot or hotter
warm
make warm or warmer
boil
bring to, or maintain at, the boiling point
freeze
cause to freeze
blister
cause blisters to form on
change over, shift, switch
make a shift in or exchange of
transpose
change key
change over, convert
change from one system to another or to a new plan or policy
transform
increase or decrease (an alternating current or voltage)
transform
change (a bacterial cell) into a genetically distinct cell by the introduction of DNA from another cell of the same or closely related species
transform
convert (one form of energy) to another
transmute
alter the nature of (elements)
transform, transmute, transubstantiate
change or alter in form, appearance, or nature
ash
convert into ashes
transform, translate
change from one form or medium into another
reclaim, rectify, reform, regenerate
bring, lead, or force to abandon a wrong or evil course of life, conduct, and adopt a right one
convert
cause to adopt a new or different faith
Islamise, Islamize
cause to conform to Islamic law
invert, reverse, turn back
turn inside out or upside down
invert
make an inversion (in a musical composition)
customise, customize
make according to requirements
individualise, individualize, personalise, personalize
make personal or more personal
depersonalise, depersonalize, objectify
make impersonal or present as an object
sharpen
raise the pitch of (musical notes)
drop, flatten
lower the pitch of (musical notes)
disintegrate
cause to undergo fission or lose particles
magnetise, magnetize
make magnetic
degauss, demagnetise, demagnetize
make nonmagnetic; take away the magnetic properties (of)
simplify
make simpler or easier or reduce in complexity or extent
complicate, elaborate, rarify, refine
make more complex, intricate, or richer
refine
make more precise or increase the discriminatory powers of
complicate, perplex
make more complicated
pressurise, pressurize, supercharge
increase the pressure on a gas or liquid
centralise, centralize, concentrate
make central
decentralise, decentralize, deconcentrate
make less central
socialise, socialize
make conform to socialist ideas and philosophies
fix, gear up, prepare, ready, set, set up
make ready or suitable or equip in advance for a particular purpose or for some use, event, etc
internationalise, internationalize
make international in character
bolshevise, bolshevize, communise, communize
make Communist or bring in accord with Communist principles
Europeanise, Europeanize
make (continental) European in customs, character, or ideas
Europeanise, Europeanize
denationalize and subject (a territory) to the supervision of an agency of a European community of nations
bestialise, bestialize
make brutal and depraved; give animal-like qualities to
Americanise, Americanize
make American in character
Frenchify
make French in appearance or character
civilise, civilize
raise from a barbaric to a civilized state
nationalise, nationalize
put under state control or ownership
denationalise, denationalize
put under private control or ownership
naturalise, naturalize
make into a citizen
denaturalise, denaturalize
strip of the rights and duties of citizenship
naturalise, naturalize
make more natural or lifelike
denaturalise, denaturalize
make less natural or unnatural
even, even out
become even or more even
equal, equalise, equalize, equate, match
make equal, uniform, corresponding, or matching
stiffen
make stiff or stiffer
loose, loosen
make loose or looser
fasten, tighten
make tight or tighter
transitivise, transitivize
make transitive
detransitivise, detransitivize, intransitivise, intransitivize
intransitivize
inspissate, thicken
make thick or thicker
full
make (a garment) fuller by pleating or gathering
diversify
make (more) diverse
decelerate, slow down
reduce the speed of
deaden
make vapid or deprive of spirit
accelerate, speed, speed up
cause to move faster
check, delay, retard
slow the growth or development of
decrease, lessen, minify
make smaller
liquefy, liquidise, liquidize, liquify
make (a solid substance) liquid, as by heating
solvate
cause a solvation in (a substance)
dissolve
cause to fade away
validate
make valid or confirm the validity of
invalidate, vitiate, void
take away the legal force of or render ineffective
empty
make void or empty of contents
fill, fill up, make full
make full, also in a metaphorical sense
saturate
cause (a chemical compound, vapour, solution, magnetic material) to unite with the greatest possible amount of another substance
clot, coagulate
cause to change from a liquid to a solid or thickened state
louden
cause to become loud
normalise, normalize, renormalise, renormalize
make normal or cause to conform to a norm or standard
morph
cause to change shape in a computer animation
neutralise, neutralize
make chemically neutral
commercialise, commercialize, market
make commercial
purge, purify, sanctify
make pure or free from sin or guilt
mechanise, mechanize
make mechanical
automate, automatise, automatize
make automatic or control or operate automatically
automatise, automatize
turn into an automaton
mechanise, mechanize
make monotonous; make automatic or routine
chord, harmonise, harmonize
bring into consonance, harmony, or accord while making music or singing
polarise, polarize
cause to vibrate in a definite pattern
glorify
bestow glory upon
contaminate
make radioactive by adding radioactive material
devalue
lower the value or quality of
insulate
protect from heat, cold, or noise by surrounding with insulating material
calcify
convert into lime
urbanise, urbanize
make more industrial or city-like
urbanise, urbanize
impart urban habits, ways of life, or responsibilities upon
emulsify
cause to become an emulsion; make into an emulsion
demulsify
cause to demulsify
decarboxylate
remove a carboxyl group from (a chemical compound)
nazify
cause or force to adopt Nazism or a Nazi character
fecundate, fertilise, fertilize
make fertile or productive
clarify
make clear by removing impurities or solids, as by heating
embrittle
make brittle
mark
make or leave a mark on
nick
divide or reset the tail muscles of
disable, disenable, incapacitate
make unable to perform a certain action
enable
render capable or able for some task
de-emphasise, de-emphasize, destress
reduce the emphasis
tender, tenderise, tenderize
make tender or more tender as by marinating, pounding, or applying a tenderizer
charge
cause formation of a net electrical charge in or on
bubble
cause to form bubbles
sweeten
make sweeter, more pleasant, or more agreeable
iodinate
cause to combine with iodine
ionate
add ions to
archaise, archaize
give an archaic appearance of character to
inform
give character or essence to
officialise, officialize
make official
occidentalise, occidentalize, westernise, westernize
make western in character
orientalise, orientalize
make oriental in character
acetylate, acetylise, acetylize
introduce an acetyl group into (a chemical compound)
achromatise, achromatize
remove color from
collimate, parallel
make or place parallel to something
camp
give an artificially banal or sexual quality to
classicise, classicize
make classic or classical
conventionalise, conventionalize
make conventional or adapt to conventions
decimalise, decimalize
change from fractions to decimals
dizzy
make dizzy or giddy
envenom, poison
add poison to
exteriorise, exteriorize, externalise, externalize, objectify
make external or objective, or give reality to
glamorise, glamorize, glamourise, glamourize
make glamorous and attractive
introvert
turn inside
laicise, laicize
reduce to lay status
politicise, politicize
give a political character to
radicalize
make more radical in social or political outlook
proof
activate by mixing with water and sometimes sugar or milk
romanticise, romanticize
make romantic in style
rusticate
lend a rustic character to
sauce
add zest or flavor to, make more interesting
shallow, shoal
make shallow
tense
increase the tension on
steepen
make steeper
scramble
make unintelligible
unscramble
make intelligible
unsex
remove the qualities typical of one's sex
vitrify
change into glass or a glass-like substance by applying heat
pall
cause to become flat
saponify
convert into soap by hydrolizing an ester into an acid and alcohol as a result of treating it with an alkali
expand, extend
expand the influence of
set aside, suspend
make inoperative or stop
muddy
make turbid
transform
subject to a mathematical transformation
elevate, lift, raise
raise in rank or condition
harshen
make harsh or harsher
dinge
make dingy
demonise, demonize
make into a demon
devilise, devilize, diabolise, diabolize
turn into a devil or make devilish
etherealize, etherialise
make ethereal
immaterialise, immaterialize, unsubstantialise, unsubstantialize
render immaterial or incorporeal
animate, animise, animize
give lifelike qualities to
clear
make clear, bright, light, or translucent
dynamise, dynamize
make (a drug) effective
dynamise, dynamize
make more dynamic
rarefy, sublimate, subtilize
make more subtle or refined
volatilise, volatilize
make volatile; cause to pass off in a vapor
uniformise, uniformize
make uniform
symmetrise, symmetrize
make symmetric
eternalise, eternalize, eternise, eternize, immortalise, immortalize
make famous forever
denature
make (alcohol) unfit for drinking without impairing usefulness for other purposes
denature
modify (as a native protein) especially by heat, acid, alkali, or ultraviolet radiation so that all of the original properties are removed or diminished
denature
add nonfissionable material to (fissionable material) so as to make unsuitable for use in an atomic bomb
sanitise, sanitize
make less offensive or more acceptable by removing objectionable features
verbify
make into a verb
shift
move from one setting or context to another
sputter
cause to undergo a process in which atoms are removed
draw
bring or lead someone to a certain action or condition
make
change from one form into another
dope
add impurities to (a semiconductor) in order to produce or modify its properties
prostrate
render helpless or defenseless
excite
produce a magnetic field in
energise, energize, excite
raise to a higher energy level
shake
bring to a specified condition by or as if by shaking
outmode
make unfashionable, outdated, or obsolete
spice, spice up
make more interesting or flavorful
shorten
make short or shorter
think
bring into a given condition by mental preoccupation
make
cause to be enjoyable or pleasurable
deflate
produce deflation in
inflate
cause prices to rise by increasing the available currency or credit
reflate
economics: raise demand, expand the money supply, or raise prices, after a period of deflation
digitalise, digitalize, digitise, digitize
put into digital form, as for use in a computer
gelatinise, gelatinize
convert into gelatinous form or jelly
recombine
cause genetic recombination
effeminise, effeminize, feminise, feminize, womanize
to give a (more) feminine, effeminate, or womanly quality or appearance to
masculinise, masculinize, virilise, virilize
produce virilism in or cause to assume masculine characteristics, as through a hormonal imbalance or hormone therapy
masculinize
give a masculine appearance or character to
disharmonize, dissonate
cause to sound harsh and unpleasant
sexualise, sexualize
make sexual, endow with sex, attribute sex to
schematise, schematize
give conventional form to
patent
make open to sight or notice
constitutionalise, constitutionalize
incorporate into a constitution, make constitutional
rationalise, rationalize
remove irrational quantities from
plasticise, plasticize
make plastic, as by the addition of a plasticizer
rarefy
lessen the density or solidity of
paganise, paganize
make pagan in character
incandesce
cause to become incandescent or glow
deaminate, deaminize
remove the amino radical (usually by hydrolysis) from an amino compound; to perform deamination
angulate
make or become angular
circularise, circularize
make circular
sensitise, sensitize
make (a material) sensitive to light, often of a particular colour, by coating it with a photographic emulsion
sensitise, sensitize
make sensitive to a drug or allergen
depolarise, depolarize
eliminate the polarization of
intensify
make the chemically affected part of (a negative) denser or more opaque in order produce a stronger contrast between light and dark
isomerise, isomerize
cause to change into an isomer
legitimate
make (an illegitimate child) legitimate; declare the legitimacy of (someone)
evaporate, vaporise
cause to change into a vapor
industrialise, industrialize
organize (the production of something) into an industry
opacify
make opaque
opsonize
make (cells) more susceptible to the action of phagocytes
militarise, militarize
adopt for military use
nationalise, nationalize
make national in character or scope
recommend
make attractive or acceptable
sentimentalise, sentimentalize
make (someone or something) sentimental or imbue with sentimental qualities
solemnise, solemnize
make solemn and grave
territorialise, territorialize
place on a territorial basis
transaminate
change (an amino group) by transferring it from one compound to another
glorify, spiritualize, transfigure
elevate or idealize, in allusion to Christ's transfiguration
unsanctify
remove the sanctification from or make unsanctified
vesiculate
cause to become vesicular or full of air cells
visualise, visualize
make visible
variegate
change the appearance of, especially by marking with different colors
ventilate
furnish with an opening to allow air to circulate or gas to escape
vivify
make more striking or animated
vulgarise, vulgarize
debase and make vulgar
supple
make pliant and flexible
professionalise, professionalize
make professional or give a professional character to
smut
make obscene
still
make motionless
weaponize
make into or use as a weapon or a potential weapon
eroticize, sex up
give erotic character to or make more interesting
piggyback
bring into alignment with
port
modify (software) for use on a different machine or platform
lifehack
make one's day-to-day activities more efficient
cloud
make less clear
blur, confuse, obnubilate, obscure
make unclear, indistinct, or blurred
moderate, tame, tone down
make less strong or intense; soften
obfuscate
make obscure or unclear
synchronise, synchronize
make (motion picture sound) exactly simultaneous with the action
mince, moderate, soften
make less severe or harsh
militarise, militarize
lend a military character to (a country), as by building up a military force
break down, crush
make ineffective
fat, fatten, fatten out, fatten up, fill out, flesh out, plump, plump out
make fat or plump
disturb, touch
tamper with
dull
make dull in appearance
blunt, dull
make dull or blunt
sharpen
make sharp or sharper
coarsen
make or become coarse or coarser
loosen
make less dense
loosen, undo, untie
cause to become loose
barb
provide with barbs
string
provide with strings
straighten, straighten out
make straight
bring
cause to come into a particular state or condition
amalgamate, commix, mingle, mix, unify
to bring or combine together or with something else
charge
fill or load to capacity
put
cause to be in a certain state; cause to be in a certain relation
clean, make clean
make clean by removing dirt, filth, or unwanted substances from
begrime, bemire, colly, dirty, grime, soil
make soiled, filthy, or dirty
depress, lower
cause to drop or sink
deform
make formless
break, break up
destroy the completeness of a set of related items
alter
make an alteration to
adorn, beautify, decorate, embellish, grace, ornament
make more attractive by adding ornament, colour, etc.
humanise, humanize
make more humane
humble
cause to be unpretentious
alien, alienate, disaffect, estrange
arouse hostility or indifference in where there had formerly been love, affection, or friendliness
right
put in or restore to an upright position
desensitise, desensitize
cause not to be sensitive
deodorise, deodorize, deodourise
eliminate the odor from
develop
make visible by means of chemical solutions
blur
to make less distinct or clear
blind
make blind by putting the eyes out
change intensity
increase or decrease in intensity
change taste
alter the flavor of
exchange, interchange, replace, substitute
put in the place of another; switch seemingly equivalent items
capture
bring about the capture of an elementary particle or celestial body and causing it enter a new orbit
add, bestow, bring, contribute, impart, lend
bestow a quality on
reestablish, reinstate, restore
bring back into original existence, use, function, or position
liberalise, liberalize
make liberal or more liberal, of laws and rules
compensate, correct, redress, right
make reparations or amends for
democratise, democratize
introduce democratic reforms; of nations
neutralize
make politically neutral and thus inoffensive
corrupt, debase, debauch, demoralise, demoralize, deprave, misdirect, pervert, profane, subvert, vitiate
corrupt morally or by intemperance or sensuality
loosen, relax
make less severe or strict
unify, unite
bring together for a common purpose or action or ideology or in a shared situation
flocculate
cause to become a fluffy or lumpy aggregate
turn
cause to change or turn into something different;assume new characteristics
cohere
cause to form a united, orderly, and aesthetically consistent whole
reawaken
awaken once again
attack
begin to injure
ulcerate
affect with an ulcer
bring around, bring back, bring round, bring to
return to consciousness
calm, sedate, tranquilize, tranquillise, tranquillize
cause to be calm or quiet as by administering a sedative to
arouse, brace, energise, energize, perk up, stimulate
cause to be alert and energetic
de-energise, de-energize
deprive of energy
strain, tense, tense up
cause to be tense and uneasy or nervous or anxious
loosen up, make relaxed, relax, unlax, unstrain, unwind
cause to feel relaxed
break
weaken or destroy in spirit or body
cramp
affect with or as if with a cramp
stratify
render fertile and preserve by placing between layers of earth or sand
bang up, impregnate
make pregnant
impregnate
fertilize and cause to grow
cross-fertilise, cross-fertilize
cause to undergo cross-fertilization
cross-pollinate, pollenate, pollinate
fertilize by transfering pollen
irritate
excite to an abnormal condition, or chafe or inflame
inflame
cause inflammation in
alleviate, assuage, palliate, relieve
provide physical relief, as from pain
hurt
give trouble or pain to
bind, constipate
cause to be constipated
fag, fag out, fatigue, jade, outwear, tire, tire out, wear, wear down, wear out, wear upon, weary
exhaust or get tired through overuse or great strain or stress
aid, help
improve the condition of
disinfect
destroy microorganisms or pathogens by cleansing
regenerate, revitalize
restore strength
jaundice
affect with, or as if with, jaundice
call
rouse somebody from sleep with a call
caramelise, caramelize
convert to caramel
rasterize
convert (an image) into pixels
humify
convert (plant remains) into humus
verbalise, verbalize
convert into a verb
sporulate
convert into spores
fictionalise, fictionalize, novelise, novelize
convert into the form or the style of a novel
deaden
convert (metallic mercury) into a grey powder consisting of minute globules, as by shaking with chalk or fatty oil
opalise, opalize
replace or convert into opal
receive
convert into sounds or pictures
reconvert
convert back
malt
convert into malt
malt
convert grain into malt
render
cause to become
get, have, let
cause to move; cause to be in a certain position or condition
carnalise, carnalize, sensualise, sensualize
debase through carnal gratification
strike a blow
affect adversely
repercuss
cause repercussions; have an unwanted effect
tell on
produce an effect or strain on somebody
redound
have an effect for good or ill
individuate
give individual shape or form to
tie
form a knot or bow in
terrace
make into terraces as for cultivation
fork
shape like a fork
tabulate
shape or cut with a flat surface
dimension
shape or form to required dimensions
roll
shape by rolling
draw
flatten, stretch, or mold metal or glass, by rolling or by pulling it through a die or by stretching
strike
cause to form (an electric arc) between electrodes of an arc lamp
crystalise, crystalize, crystallise, crystallize
cause to take on a definite and clear shape
twist
form into twists
sliver
form into slivers
ridge
form into a ridge
plume
form a plume
round, round off, round out
make round
scallop, scollop
shape or cut in scallops
square, square up
make square
resuspend
put back into suspension
proportion
adjust in size relative to other things
suppress
reduce the incidence or severity of or stop
extend, stretch
increase in quantity or bulk by adding a cheaper substance
augment
enlarge or increase
build up
enlarge, develop, or increase by degrees or in stages
enlarge
make larger
up
raise
raise
raise the level or amount of something
transduce
cause transduction (of energy forms)
vitalise, vitalize
make more lively or vigorous
ruggedise, ruggedize
produce in a version designed to withstand rough usage
devitalise, devitalize
sap of life or energy
shake
undermine or cause to waver
modulate
adjust the pitch, tone, or volume of
enrich
make better or improve in quality
build up, develop
change the use of and make available or usable
bail
empty (a vessel) by bailing
clutter, clutter up
fill a space in a disorderly way
clog, overload
fill to excess so that function is impaired
brim
fill as much as possible
reactivate
activate (an old file) anew
obtund
reduce the edge or violence of
petrify
cause to become stonelike or stiff or dazed and stunned
burn
burn with heat, fire, or radiation
frost
damage by frost
moderate
make less fast or intense
mitigate
make less severe or harsh
alter, falsify, interpolate
insert words into text, often falsifying it thereby
cut up, hack
significantly cut up a manuscript
black out
suppress by censorship as for political reasons
blank out
cut out, as for political reasons
break, break in
make submissive, obedient, or useful
turn around
improve dramatically
help
improve; change for the better
upgrade
to improve what was old or outdated
condition
put into a better state
cheapen, degrade
lower the grade of something; reduce its worth
emend
make improvements or corrections to
iron out, put right, straighten out
settle or put right
dehydrate, desiccate, dry up, exsiccate
lose water or moisture
dehydrate, desiccate
remove water from
bedew
cover with drops of dew or as with dew
spin-dry
dry (clothes) by spinning and making use of centrifugal forces
tumble dry
dry by spinning with hot air inside a cylinder
spray-dry
dry by bringing into the form of a spray, through contact with a hot gas
dehumidify
make less humid
douse, dowse, drench, soak, sop, souse
cover with liquid; pour liquid onto
dampen, moisten, wash
make moist
parch, sear
cause to wither or parch from exposure to heat
rough-dry
dry without smoothing or ironing
blow-dry
dry hair with a hair dryer
drip-dry
dry by hanging up wet
substantiate
solidify, firm, or strengthen
restrengthen
make strong again
brace up, undergird
make secure underneath
confirm
make more firm
reenforce, reinforce
make stronger
buttress
make stronger or defensible
depress
lessen the activity or force of
unbrace
remove a brace or braces from
etiolate
make weak by stunting the growth or development of
cripple, stultify
deprive of strength or efficiency; make useless or worthless
cut, dilute, reduce, thin, thin out
lessen the strength or flavor of a solution or mixture
attenuate, rarefy
weaken the consistency of (a chemical substance)
blunt
make less intense
irrigate, water
supply with water, as with channels or ditches or streams
besprinkle, sparge, sprinkle
scatter with liquid; wet lightly
enhance
make better or more attractive
pare, pare down
decrease gradually or bit by bit
circumscribe, confine, limit
restrict or confine, "I limit you to two visits to the pub a day"
boil down, concentrate, reduce
cook until very little liquid is left
catabolise, catabolize
subject to catabolism
breathe
reach full flavor by absorbing air and being let to stand after having been uncorked
blow up, enlarge, magnify
make large
reduce, shrink
reduce in size; reduce physically
reduce
make less complex
consolidate
bring together into a single whole or system
weld
unite closely or intimately
consubstantiate
unite in one common substance
abbreviate, abridge, contract, cut, foreshorten, reduce, shorten
reduce in scope while retaining essential elements
abate, slack, slake
make less active or intense
grow
cause to grow or develop
manifold, multiply
combine or increase by multiplication
work out, work up
come up with
elaborate, work out
work out in detail
build, build up, ramp up, work up
bolster or strengthen
mellow
soften, make mellow
mollify
make less rigid or softer
bilge
cause to leak
break
render inoperable or ineffective
total
damage beyond the point of repair
bruise
damage (plant tissue) by abrasion or pressure
disturb
damage as if by shaking or jarring
afflict, smite
cause physical pain or suffering in
hurt, injure
cause damage or affect negatively
bushel, doctor, fix, furbish up, mend, repair, restore, touch on
restore by replacing a part or putting together what is torn or broken
impair
make worse or less effective
blemish, flaw
add a flaw or blemish to; make imperfect or defective
dish
make concave; shape like a dish
amplify, blow up, expand, inflate
exaggerate or make bigger
reform
make changes for improvement in order to remove abuse and injustices
reform
improve by alteration or correction of errors or defects and put into a better condition
lour, lower, turn down
make lower or quieter
paralyse, paralyze
make powerless and unable to function
peg
stabilize (the price of a commodity or an exchange rate) by legislation or market operations
harden, indurate, inure
cause to accept or become hardened to; habituate
teach
accustom gradually to some action or attitude
corrode, eat, rust
cause to deteriorate due to the action of water, air, or an acid
eat away, erode, fret
remove soil or rock
mess, mess up
make a mess of or create disorder in
derange, perturb, throw out of kilter
throw into great confusion or disorder
disarrange
disturb the arrangement of
bleach, bleach out, decolor, decolorise, decolorize, decolour, decolourise, decolourize, discolorise, discolorize, discolourise
remove color from
blackwash
color with blackwash
sallow
cause to become sallow
wash out
drain off the color in the course of laundering
foliate
grow leaves
motley, parti-color
make motley; color with different colors
polychrome, polychromise, polychromize
color with many colors; make polychrome
azure
color azure
empurple, purple, purpurate
color purple
aurify
turn golden
verdigris
color verdigris
pinkify
make pink
incarnadine
make flesh-colored
brown, embrown
make brown in color
handcolor, handcolour
color by hand
smut
stain with a dirty substance, such as soot
tinct, tinge, tint, touch
color lightly
pigment
color or dye with a pigment
pigment
acquire pigment; become colored or imbued
hue, imbue
suffuse with color
retouch
give retouches to (hair)
silver
make silver in color
gray, grey
make grey
tone
change to a color image
escalate, intensify, step up
increase in extent or intensity
de-escalate, step down, weaken
reduce the level or intensity or size or scope of
cut up, mangle, mutilate
destroy or injure severely
beautify, embellish, fancify, prettify
make more beautiful
mollify, season, temper
make more temperate, acceptable, or suitable by adding something else; moderate
temper
adjust the pitch (of pianos)
tune, tune up
adjust the pitches of (musical instruments)
calibrate, fine-tune, graduate
make fine adjustments or divide into marked intervals for optimal measuring
tune, tune up
adjust for (better) functioning
time
adjust so that a force is applied and an action occurs at the desired time
trim
adjust (sails on a ship) so that the wind is optimally used
zero, zero in
adjust (as by firing under test conditions) the zero of (a gun)
zero
adjust (an instrument or device) to zero value
readjust, reset
adjust again after an initial failure
attune
adjust or accustom to; bring into harmony with
time
regulate or set the time of
pitch
set to a certain pitch
set
set to a certain position or cause to operate correctly
keynote
set the keynote of
modulate, regulate
fix or adjust the time, amount, degree, or rate of
fit
make fit
white out
widen the interlinear spacing by inserting leads
oxygenise, oxygenize
dehydrogenate with oxygen
boost
give a boost to; be beneficial to
infuscate
darken with a brownish tinge, as of insect wings
embrown
cause to darken
murk
make dark, dim, or gloomy
dun
make a dun color
blind, dim
make dim by comparison or conceal
dim
make dim or lusterless
bedim, benight
make darker and difficult to perceive by sight
focalise, focalize, focus, sharpen
put (an image) into focus
depreciate
lower the value of something
lengthen
make longer
farce, stuff
fill with a stuffing while cooking
feudalize
bring (a country or people) under feudalism
stuff
fill tightly with a material
bolster, pad
add padding to
crisp, crispen, toast
make brown and crisp by heating
shatter
damage or destroy
check, chink
make cracks or chinks in
fissure
break into fissures or fine cracks
close out
terminate
finish
cause to finish a relationship with somebody
abort
terminate before completion
culminate
bring to a head or to the highest point
lift, raise
put an end to
ax, axe
terminate
kill, stamp out
end or extinguish by forceful means
break up, dissolve
come to an end
break up, dissolve
bring the association of to an end or cause to break up
break, break off, discontinue, stop
prevent completion
break, interrupt
terminate
pervaporate
cause (a liquid) to evaporate through a semipermeable membrane
quench
cool (hot metal) by plunging into cold water or other liquid
ice
put ice on or put on ice
refrigerate
cool or chill in or as if in a refrigerator
scald
heat to the boiling point
soak
heat a metal prior to working it
calcine
heat a substance so that it oxidizes or reduces
preheat
heat beforehand
overheat
make excessively or undesirably hot
chafe
warm by rubbing, as with the hands
decoct
extract the essence of something by boiling it
deep freeze
store in a deep-freeze, as for conservation
ice
cause to become ice or icy
flash-freeze, quick-freeze
freeze rapidly so as to preserve the natural juices and flavors
scorch, sear
make very hot and dry
metricate, metricise, metricize, metrify
convert from a non-metric to the metric system
flour
convert grain into flour
transubstantiate
change (the Eucharist bread and wine) into the body and blood of Christ
sorcerise, sorcerize
transform or change by means of sorcery
metricise, metricize
express in the metric system
reclaim
make useful again; transform from a useless or uncultivated state
moralise, moralize
improve the morals of
regenerate
amplify (an electron current) by causing part of the power in the output circuit to act upon the input circuit
Islamise, Islamize
convert to Islam
Christianise, Christianize
convert to Christianity
evangelise, evangelize
convert to Christianity
catholicise, catholicize, latinise, latinize
cause to adopt Catholicism
debilitate, drain, enfeeble
make weak
enervate
weaken mentally or morally
break, damp, dampen, soften, weaken
lessen in force or effect
dampen
check; keep in check (a fire)
dampen
reduce the amplitude (of oscillations or waves)
strap
sharpen with a strap
sync, synchronise, synchronize
make synchronous and adjust in time or manner
macerate
soften, usually by steeping in liquid, and cause to disintegrate as a result
oversimplify
make too simple
complexify
make complex
involve
make complex or intricate or complicated
develop
elaborate by the unfolding of a musical idea and by the working out of the rhythmic and harmonic changes in the theme
sophisticate
make more complex or refined
embrangle, snarl, snarl up
make more complicated or confused through entanglements
pressurise, pressurize
increase the pressure in or of
decompress, depressurise, depressurize
decrease the pressure of
socialise, socialize
prepare for social life
provide
take measures in preparation for
cram
prepare (students) hastily for an impending exam
precondition
put into the required condition beforehand
fix
kill, preserve, and harden (tissue) in order to prepare for microscopic study
mount
fix onto a backing, setting, or support
lay out, set, set up
get ready for a particular purpose or event
winterise, winterize
prepare for winter
summerise, summerize
prepare for summer
prime
insert a primer into (a gun, mine, or charge) preparatory to detonation or firing
communise, communize
make into property owned by the state
privatise, privatize
change from governmental to private control or ownership
homologise, homologize
make homologous
starch
stiffen with starch
buckram
stiffen with or as with buckram
ossify, petrify, rigidify
make rigid and set into a conventional pattern
relax, unbend
make less taut
frap
take up the slack of
firm, tauten
make taut or tauter
remit, slacken
make slack as by lessening tension or firmness
minimise, minimize
make small or insignificant
maximise, maximize
make as big or large as possible
bring down, cut, cut back, cut down, reduce, trim, trim back, trim down
cut down on; make a reduction in
cut
have a reducing effect
heighten
make more extreme; raise in quantity, degree, or intensity
heighten, rise
become more extreme
motley, variegate, vary
make something more diverse and varied
retard
cause to move more slowly or operate at a slower rate
fishtail
slow down by moving the tail sideways
rev, rev up
increase the number of rotations per minute
rev up, step up
speed up
relax, slack, slack up, slacken
make less active or fast
belittle, diminish
lessen the authority, dignity, or reputation of
build
improve the cleansing action of
etch
selectively dissolve the surface of (a semiconductor or printed circuit) with a solvent, laser, or stream of electrons
clean out, clear out
empty completely
bleed
drain of liquid or steam
evacuate
empty completely
evacuate
create a vacuum in (a bulb, flask, reaction vessel)
eviscerate
remove the contents of
void
clear (a room, house, place) of occupants or empty or clear (a place or receptacle) of something
clear
remove the occupants of
clear
rid of instructions or data
exhaust
use up the whole supply of
knock out
empty (as of tobacco) by knocking out
populate
fill with inhabitants
drain
empty of liquid; drain the liquid from
top off
fill to the point of almost overflowing
heap
fill to overflow
overfill
fill beyond capacity
ink
fill with ink
fill again, refill, replenish
fill something that had previously been emptied
prime
fill with priming liquid
line
fill plentifully
complete
bring to a whole, with all the necessary parts or elements
fit, match
make correspond or harmonize
homogenise, homogenize
cause to become equal or homogeneous as by mixing
ferment, work
cause to undergo fermentation
delay, detain, stay
stop or halt
flatten
make flat or flatter
plumb
adjust with a plumb line so as to make vertical
align, coordinate, ordinate
bring (components or parts) into proper or desirable coordination correlation
negate, neutralise, neutralize, nullify
make ineffective by counterbalancing the effect of
hone, perfect
make perfect or complete
down, fine-tune, polish, refine
improve or perfect by pruning or polishing
distill, make pure, purify, sublimate
remove impurities from, increase the concentration of, and separate through the process of distillation
spiritualise, spiritualize
purify from the corrupting influences of the world
lustrate
purify by means of a ritual; also used in post-Communist countries to refer to the political cleansing of former officials
deform, distort, strain
alter the shape of (something) by stress
blow
shape by blowing
block
shape into a block or blocks
block
shape by using a block
cup
form into the shape of a cup
deflower, impair, mar, spoil, vitiate
make imperfect
crush out, extinguish, press out, stub out
extinguish by crushing
dehumanise, dehumanize
make mechanical or routine
semi-automatise, semi-automatize
make semiautomatic
finalise, finalize, nail down, settle
make final; put the last touches on; put into final form
harmonise, harmonize, reconcile
bring into consonance or accord
key
regulate the musical pitch of
complete, finish
come or bring to a finish or an end
air
expose to warm or heated air, so as to dry
linearise, linearize
make linear or get into a linear form
justify
adjust the spaces between words
foul
make unclean
contaminate, foul, pollute
make impure
alloy, debase
lower in value by increasing the base-metal content
weatherstrip
provide with weatherstripping
soundproof
insulate against noise
advance, boost, supercharge
increase or raise
impregnate, saturate
infuse or fill completely
impregnate, infuse, instill, tincture
fill, as with a certain quality
citify
accustom to urban ways
excite, stimulate
act as a stimulant
federalise, federalize
put under the control and authority of a federal government
nitrify
convert into nitric acid, nitrous acid, or nitrate, especially with the action of nitrobacteria
devitrify
make (glassy materials) brittle or opaque
electrify
charge (a conductor) with electricity
fructify
make productive or fruitful
fossilise, fossilize
convert to a fossil
dot
mark with a dot
stigmatise, stigmatize
mark with a stigma or stigmata
raddle
mark or paint with raddle
striate
mark with striae or striations
ink
mark, coat, cover, or stain with ink
dimple
mark with, or as if with, dimples
spot
mark with a spot or spots so as to allow easy recognition
crisscross
mark with a pattern of crossing lines
asterisk, star
mark with an asterisk
flag
provide with a flag
tip
mark with a tip
tan
treat skins and hides with tannic acid so as to convert them into leather
dress
convert into leather
lay up
disable or confine, as with an illness
nobble
disable by drugging
pinion
cut the wings off (of birds)
equip
provide with abilities or understanding
process, treat
subject to a process or treatment, with the aim of readying for some purpose, improving, or remedying a condition
mystify
make mysterious
upset
disturb the balance or stability of
diagonalise, diagonalize
transform a matrix to a diagonal matrix
closure, cloture
terminate debate by calling for a vote
compost
convert to compost
decimalise, decimalize
change to the decimal system
lour, lower
set lower
redden
make red
slack
release tension on
broaden, extend, widen
extend in scope or range or area
castrate, emasculate
deprive of strength or vigor
wash out
deplete of strength or vitality
bake, broil
heat by a natural force
reheat
heat again
dignify
raise the status of
exalt
raise in rank, character, or status
shift
move and exchange for another
lift, raise
invigorate or heighten
transition
cause to convert or undergo a transition
transfer, transplant, transpose
transfer from one place or period to another
transcribe
convert the genetic information in (a strand of DNA) into a strand of RNA, especially messenger RNA
advance
develop further
salt
add zest or liveliness to
back
shift to a counterclockwise direction
veer
shift to a clockwise direction
cut
shorten as if by severing the edges or ends of
hydrolise, hydrolize
make a compound react with water and undergo hydrolysis
float
convert from a fixed point notation to a floating point notation
stalinise, stalinize
transform in accordance with Stalin's policies
destalinise, destalinize
counteract the effects and policies of Stalinism
scrap
make into scrap or refuse
keratinise, keratinize
convert into keratin
upgrade
give better travel conditions to
diazotize
convert (an amine) into a diazo compound
hay
convert (plant material) into hay
lignify
convert into wood or cause to become woody
mineralize
transform (a metal) into an ore
mineralize
convert into a mineral substance
ozonise, ozonize
convert (oxygen) into ozone
slag
convert into slag
sulfate
convert into a sulfate
cutinize
convert into cutin
duplex
change into a duplex
reduce
destress and thus weaken a sound when pronouncing it
muddy
cause to become muddy
copyedit, copyread, subedit
edit and correct (written or printed material)
adjudicate, decide, resolve, settle
bring to an end; settle conclusively
conclude
bring to a close
register
enter into someone's consciousness
close
complete a business deal, negotiation, or an agreement
proselytise, proselytize
convert to another faith or religion
bracket, bracket out
place into brackets
color, colour, distort, tinge
affect as in thought or feeling
dub
provide (movies) with a soundtrack of a foreign language
encode
convert information into code
underline, underscore
draw a line or lines underneath to call attention to
endanger, expose, peril, queer, scupper
put in a dangerous, disadvantageous, or difficult position
mobilise, mobilize
get ready for war
remilitarise, remilitarize
militarize anew
draw, tie
finish a game with an equal number of points, goals, etc.
addict, hook
to cause (someone or oneself) to become dependent (on something, especially a narcotic drug)
inebriate, intoxicate, soak
make drunk (with alcoholic drinks)
violate
destroy
hit, strike
affect or afflict suddenly, usually adversely
brace, stabilise, stabilize, steady
support or hold steady and make steadfast, with or as if with a brace
untwist
cause to become untwisted
brush
clean with a brush
dust
remove the dust from
hoover, vacuum, vacuum-clean
clean with a vacuum cleaner
hygienise, hygienize, sanitise, sanitize
make sanitary by cleaning or sterilizing
bream
clean (a ship's bottom) with heat
steam, steam clean
clean by means of steaming
edge
provide with an edge
strop
sharpen on a strop
whet
sharpen by rubbing, as on a whetstone
hone
sharpen with a hone
smear
stain by smearing or daubing with a dirty substance
slime
cover or stain with slime
muddy, muddy up
dirty with mud
stripe
mark with stripes
speck
produce specks in or on
bespot
mark with, or as if with, spots
scarify
break up
unbend
free from flexure
core out, hollow, hollow out
remove the interior of
confine, hold, restrain
to close within bounds, limit or hold back from movement
batten
secure with battens
batten, batten down, secure
furnish with battens
squirt
wet with a spurt of liquid
unscrew
loosen something by unscrewing it
unscrew
loosen by turning
screw
tighten or fasten by means of screwing motions
extend
open or straighten out; unbend
channelise, channelize
cause to form a channel
aggregate, combine
gather in a mass, sum, or whole
fluff, ruffle
erect or fluff up
plume, preen
clean with one's bill
sweep
clean by sweeping
concoct
make a concoction (of) by mixing
combine, compound
combine so as to form a whole; mix
blend, immingle, intermingle, intermix
combine into one
jumble, scramble, throw together
bring into random order
lube, lubricate
apply a lubricant to
burden, burthen, weight, weight down
weight down with a load
surcharge
fill to an excessive degree
freight
load with goods for transportation
lade, laden, load, load up
fill or place a load on
charge, load
provide (a device) with something necessary
put to sleep
help someone go to bed
wreathe
decorate or deck with wreaths
beset, encrust, incrust
decorate or cover lavishly (as with gems)
untwine
undo what has been twined together
unweave
undo strands that have been woven together
braid
decorate with braids or ribbons
wind, wind up
coil the spring of (some mechanical device) by turning a stem
circle, encircle
form a circle around
deluge, flood, inundate, swamp
fill quickly beyond capacity; as with a liquid
do the dishes, wash up
wash dishes
pipe-clay
whiten or clean with pipe-clay
scavenge
clean refuse from
splash
soil or stain with a splashed liquid
mire, muck, muck up, mud
soil with mud, muck, or mire
crock
soil with or as with crock
dry clean
clean with chemical agents
launder, wash
cleanse with a cleaning agent, such as soap, and water
blemish, spot
mar or impair with a flaw
wear away, whittle away, whittle down
cut away in small pieces
bang up, smash, smash up
damage or destroy as if by violence
delineate, describe, draw, line, trace
make a mark or lines on a surface
turn
shape by rotating on a lathe or cutting device or a wheel
gut
empty completely; destroy the inside of
post, stake
mark with a stake
comb
straighten with a comb
bond, bring together, draw together
bring together in a common cause or emotion
phase out
terminate gradually
disincarnate
make immaterial; remove the real essence of
broider, embroider
decorate with needlework
stick
cover and decorate with objects that pierce the surface
illustrate
supply with illustrations
process, work, work on
shape, form, or improve a material
garland
adorn with bands of flowers or leaves
fledge, flight
decorate with feathers
bespangle, spangle
decorate with spangles
foliate
decorate with leaves
flag
decorate with flags
bard, barde, caparison, dress up
put a caparison on
bead
decorate by sewing beads onto
pipe
trim with piping
applique
sew on as a decoration
gild the lily, paint the lily
adorn unnecessarily (something that is already beautiful)
vermiculate
decorate with wavy or winding lines
smock
embellish by sewing in straight lines crossing each other diagonally
hang
decorate or furnish with something suspended
prank
dress or decorate showily or gaudily
tinsel
adorn with tinsel
tart up
decorate in a cheap and flashy way
stucco
decorate with stucco work
redecorate
redo the decoration of an apartment or house
panel
decorate with panels
bejewel, jewel
adorn or decorate with precious stones
filet, fillet
decorate with a lace of geometric designs
scallop
decorate an edge with scallops
bedizen
decorate tastelessly
dress ship
decorate a ship with flags
dress, garnish, trim
decorate (food), as with parsley or other ornamental foods
trim
decorate, as with ornaments
bedeck, bedight, deck
decorate
festoon
decorate with strings of flowers
enamel
coat, inlay, or surface with enamel
inlay
decorate the surface of by inserting wood, stone, and metal
lacquer
coat with lacquer
begild, engild, gild
decorate with, or as if with, gold leaf or liquid gold
illuminate
add embellishments and paintings to (medieval manuscripts)
blazon, emblazon
decorate with heraldic arms
blotch, mottle, streak
mark with spots or blotches of different color or shades of color as if stained
color, colour, emblazon
decorate with colors
crop, cultivate, work
prepare for crops
fringe
adorn with a fringe
fret
decorate with an interlaced design
landscape
embellish with plants
efface
make inconspicuous
brace, poise
prepare (oneself) for something unpleasant or difficult
drift apart, drift away
lose personal contact over time
wean
detach the affections of
pack
fill to capacity
subject
cause to experience or suffer or make liable or vulnerable to
solarise, solarize
reverse some of the tones of (a negative or print) and introduce pronounced outlines of highlights, by exposing it briefly to light, then washing and redeveloping it
benumb, blunt, dull, numb
make numb or insensitive
bedaze, daze, stun
overcome as with astonishment or disbelief
besot, stupefy
make dull or stupid or muddle with drunkenness or infatuation
underdevelop
process (a film or photographic plate) less than the required time or in an ineffective solution or at an insufficiently high temperature
redevelop
develop for a second time, in order to improve the contrast, colour, etc., of a negative or print
dim, dip
switch (a car's headlights) from a higher to a lower beam
abacinate
blind by holding a red-hot metal plate before someone's eyes
deaf, deafen
make or render deaf
hush, pipe down, quiesce, quiet, quiet down, quieten
become quiet or quieter
louden
become louder
soften
make (images or sounds) soft or softer
sharpen
make (images or sounds) sharp or sharper
dulcify, dulcorate, edulcorate, sweeten
make sweeter in taste
bitter
make bitter
acetify, acidify, acidulate, sour
make sour or more sour
kite
increase the amount (of a check) fraudulently
reduce
simplify the form of a mathematical equation of expression by substituting one term for another
truncate
replace a corner by a plane
factor
be a contributing factor
instill, transfuse
impart gradually
tinsel
impart a cheap brightness to
retool
provide (a workshop or factory) with new tools
throw in
add as an extra or as a gratuity
subrogate
substitute one creditor for another, as in the case where an insurance company sues the person who caused an accident for the insured
educate
give an education to
close
finish or terminate (meetings, speeches, etc.)
decontrol
relax or remove controls of
empower, endow, endue, gift, indue, invest
give qualities or abilities to
bother, discommode, disoblige, incommode, inconvenience, put out, trouble
to cause inconvenience or discomfort to
brand
burn with a branding iron to indicate ownership; of animals
over-correct, overcompensate
make excessive corrections for fear of making an error
aby, abye, atone, expiate
make amends for
co-opt
neutralize or win over through assimilation into an established group
act upon, influence, work
have and exert influence or effect
redeem
restore the honor or worth of
check, condition, discipline, train
develop (children's) behavior by instruction and practice; especially to teach self-control
infect
corrupt with ideas or an ideology
lead astray, lead off
teach immoral behavior to
poison
spoil as if by poison
bastardise, bastardize
change something so that its value declines; for example, art forms
suborn
incite to commit a crime or an evil deed
slam-dunk
make a forceful move against
douse, dowse
wet thoroughly
leave
act or be so as to become in a specified state
shade, shade off, shadow
cast a shadow over
cloud, overcast
make overcast or cloudy

n a relational difference between states; especially between states before and after some event

“he attributed the change to their marriage”
Types:
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difference
a significant change
gradient
a graded change in the magnitude of some physical quantity or dimension
concentration gradient
a gradient in concentration of a solute as a function of distance through a solution
gravity gradient
a gradient in the gravitational forces acting on different parts of a nonspherical object
temperature gradient
change in temperature as a function of distance (especially altitude)
Type of:
relation
an abstraction belonging to or characteristic of two entities or parts together

n an event that occurs when something passes from one state or phase to another

“the change was intended to increase sales”
“this storm is certainly a change for the worse”
Synonyms:
alteration, modification
Examples:
Crucifixion
the death of Jesus by crucifixion
Great Schism
the period from 1378 to 1417 during which there were two papacies in the Roman Catholic Church, one in Rome and one in Avignon
Types:
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acceleration
an increase in rate of change
deceleration, retardation, slowing
a decrease in rate of change
avulsion
an abrupt change in the course of a stream that forms the boundary between two parcels of land resulting in the loss of part of the land of one landowner and a consequent increase in the land of another
break
an abrupt change in the tone or register of the voice (as at puberty or due to emotion)
mutation
a change or alteration in form or qualities
sublimation
(psychology) modifying the natural expression of an impulse or instinct (especially a sexual one) to one that is socially acceptable
surprise
a sudden unexpected event
birth, nascence, nascency, nativity
the event of being born
breakup, detachment, separation
coming apart
vagary
an unexpected and inexplicable change in something (in a situation or a person's behavior, etc.)
fluctuation, variation
an instance of change; the rate or magnitude of change
conversion
a change of religion
death, decease, expiry
the event of dying or departure from life
decrease, drop-off, lessening
a change downward
destabilisation, destabilization
an event that causes a loss of equilibrium (as of a ship or aircraft)
increase
a change resulting in an increase
easing, moderation, relief
a change for the better
deformation
alteration in the shape or dimensions of an object as a result of the application of stress to it
transition
a change from one place or state or subject or stage to another
shift, transformation, transmutation
a qualitative change
scintillation, sparkling, twinkle
a rapid change in brightness; a brief spark or flash
play, shimmer
a weak and tremulous light
transmutation
(physics) the change of one chemical element into another (as by nuclear decay or radioactive bombardment)
damage, harm, impairment
the occurrence of a change for the worse
development
a recent event that has some relevance for the present situation
revolution
a drastic and far-reaching change in ways of thinking and behaving
chromosomal mutation, genetic mutation, mutation
(genetics) any event that changes genetic structure; any alteration in the inherited nucleic acid sequence of the genotype of an organism
sex change
a change in a person's physical sexual characteristics (as by surgery and hormone treatments)
loss of consciousness
the occurrence of a loss of the ability to perceive and respond
getaway, pickup
the attribute of being capable of rapid acceleration
precipitation
an unexpected acceleration or hastening
bombshell, thunderbolt, thunderclap
a shocking surprise
coup de theatre
a dramatic surprise
eye opener
something surprising and revealing
peripeteia, peripetia, peripety
a sudden and unexpected change of fortune or reverse of circumstances (especially in a literary work)
blow, shock
an unpleasant or disappointing surprise
stunner
an unexpected and amazing event
disembarrassment
something that extricates you from embarrassment
shrinkage, shrinking
process or result of becoming less or smaller
breach, break, falling out, rift, rupture, severance
a personal or social separation (as between opposing factions)
delivery
the event of giving birth
live birth
the birth of a living fetus (regardless of the length of gestation)
posthumous birth
birth of a child by Caesarean section after the death of the mother
posthumous birth
birth of a child after the father has died
rebirth, reincarnation, renascence
a second or new birth
fatality, human death
a death resulting from an accident or a disaster
martyrdom
death that is imposed because of the person's adherence of a religious faith or cause
megadeath
the death of a million people
departure, exit, expiration, going, loss, passing, release
euphemistic expressions for death
wrongful death
a death that results from a wrongful act or from negligence; a death that can serve as the basis for a civil action for damages on behalf of the dead person's family or heirs
vicissitude
a variation in circumstances or fortune at different times in your life or in the development of something
allomerism
(chemistry) variability in chemical composition without variation in crystalline form
casualty
a decrease of military personnel or equipment
Christianisation, Christianization
conversion to Christianity
sinking
a slow fall or decline (as for lack of strength)
attrition
a wearing down to weaken or destroy
breath of fresh air
a welcome relief
advance, betterment, improvement
a change for the better; progress in development
ground swell
an obvious change of public opinion or political sentiment that occurs without leadership or overt expression
jump, leap, saltation
an abrupt transition
population shift
a change in the relative numbers of the different groups of individuals making up a population
pyrolysis
transformation of a substance produced by the action of heat
sea change
a profound transformation
sublimation
(chemistry) a change directly from the solid to the gaseous state without becoming liquid
tin disease, tin pest, tin plague
the transformation of ordinary white tin into powdery grey tin at very cold temperatures
departure, deviation, difference, divergence
a variation that deviates from the standard or norm
break
the occurrence of breaking
augmentation
the amount by which something increases
concentration
an increase in density
explosion
a sudden great increase
jump, leap
a sudden and decisive increase
run-up, runup
a substantial increase over a relatively short period of time
waxing
a gradual increase in magnitude or extent
changeover, conversion, transition
an event that results in a transformation
detriment, hurt
a damage or loss
dwindling, dwindling away
a becoming gradually less
waning
a gradual decrease in magnitude or extent
turn, turn of events, twist
an unforeseen development
phenomenon
a remarkable development
complication, ramification
a development that complicates a situation
Cultural Revolution, Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution
a radical reform in China initiated by Mao Zedong in 1965 and carried out largely by the Red Guard; intended to eliminate counterrevolutionary elements in the government it resulted in purges of the intellectuals and socioeconomic chaos
green revolution
the introduction of pesticides and high-yield grains and better management during the 1960s and 1970s which greatly increased agricultural productivity
deletion
(genetics) the loss or absence of one or more nucleotides from a chromosome
inversion
(genetics) a kind of mutation in which the order of the genes in a section of a chromosome is reversed
transposition
(genetics) a kind of mutation in which a chromosomal segment is transfered to a new position on the same or another chromosome
gene mutation, point mutation
(genetics) a mutation due to an intramolecular reorganization of a gene
reversion
(genetics) a return to a normal phenotype (usually resulting from a second mutation)
saltation
(genetics) a mutation that drastically changes the phenotype of an organism or species
degeneration, retrogression
passing from a more complex to a simpler biological form
strengthening
becoming stronger
weakening
becoming weaker
deformation, distortion
a change for the worse
ladder, ravel, run
a row of unravelled stitches
permutation, replacement, substitution, switch, transposition
an event in which one thing is substituted for another
business cycle, trade cycle
recurring fluctuations in economic activity consisting of recession and recovery and growth and decline
daily variation
fluctuations that occur between one day and the next
diurnal variation
fluctuations that occur during each day
tide
something that may increase or decrease (like the tides of the sea)
deliquium, faint, swoon, syncope
a spontaneous loss of consciousness caused by insufficient blood to the brain
shear
(physics) a deformation of an object in which parallel planes remain parallel but are shifted in a direction parallel to themselves
strain
(physics) deformation of a physical body under the action of applied forces
Type of:
happening, natural event, occurrence, occurrent
an event that happens

n the result of alteration or modification

“there were marked changes in the lining of the lungs”
“there had been no change in the mountains”
Types:
depolarisation, depolarization
a loss of polarity or polarization
Type of:
consequence, effect, event, issue, outcome, result, upshot
a phenomenon that follows and is caused by some previous phenomenon

n a thing that is different

“he inspected several changes before selecting one”
Type of:
thing
an entity that is not named specifically

n a difference that is usually pleasant

“it is a refreshing change to meet a woman mechanic”
Synonyms:
variety
Type of:
difference
the quality of being unlike or dissimilar
2

v lay aside, abandon, or leave for another

“The car changed lanes”
Synonyms:
shift, switch
commute, convert, exchange
exchange or replace with another, usually of the same kind or category
Types:
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transition
make or undergo a transition (from one state or system to another)
shift
change gears
break
change suddenly from one tone quality or register to another
channel-surf, surf
switch channels, on television
jump, leap
pass abruptly from one state or topic to another
diphthongise, diphthongize
change from a simple vowel to a diphthong
cut
make an abrupt change of image or sound
break
change directions suddenly
break
undergo breaking
cut away
move quickly to another scene or focus when filming

v exchange or replace with another, usually of the same kind or category

“He changed his name”
Synonyms:
commute, convert, exchange
shift, switch
lay aside, abandon, or leave for another
Types:
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rectify
convert into direct current
utilize
convert (from an investment trust to a unit trust)
capitalise, capitalize
convert (a company's reserve funds) into capital
launder
convert illegally obtained funds into legal ones
break
exchange for smaller units of money
overcapitalise, overcapitalize
capitalize beyond what the business or the profit-making prospects warrant
Type of:
replace
substitute a person or thing for (another that is broken or inefficient or lost or no longer working or yielding what is expected)

v change from one vehicle or transportation line to another

“She changed in Chicago on her way to the East coast”
Synonyms:
transfer
Type of:
go, locomote, move, travel
change location; move, travel, or proceed, also metaphorically

v remove or replace the coverings of

“Father had to learn how to change the baby”
“After each guest we changed the bed linens”
Type of:
replace
substitute a person or thing for (another that is broken or inefficient or lost or no longer working or yielding what is expected)

v change clothes; put on different clothes

Change before you go to the opera”
Synonyms:
shift, switch
lay aside, abandon, or leave for another
Type of:
dress, get dressed
put on clothes

v give to, and receive from, one another

“Would you change places with me?”
Synonyms:
exchange, interchange
Types:
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sell
exchange or deliver for money or its equivalent
cash, cash in
exchange for cash
ransom, redeem
exchange or buy back for money; under threat
redeem
to turn in (vouchers or coupons) and receive something in exchange
fill in, stand in, sub, substitute
be a substitute
swap, switch, swop, trade
exchange or give (something) in exchange for
barter
exchange goods without involving money
trade, trade in
turn in as payment or part payment for a purchase
clear
sell
negociate
sell or discount
scalp
sell illegally, as on the black market
bootleg
sell illicit products such as drugs or alcohol
sell short
sell securities or commodities or foreign currency that is not actually owned by the seller, who hopes to cover (buy back) the sold items at a lower price and thus to earn a profit
remainder
sell cheaply as remainders
resell
sell (something) again after having bought it
syndicate
sell articles, television programs, or photos to several publications or independent broadcasting stations
deaccession
sell (art works) from a collection, especially in order to raise money for the purchase of other art works
sell off
get rid of by selling, usually at reduced prices
fob off, foist off, palm off
sell as genuine, sell with the intention to deceive
realise, realize
convert into cash; of goods and property
auction, auction off, auctioneer
sell at an auction
retail
sell on the retail market
wholesale
sell in large quantities
liquidate
convert into cash
redeem
convert into cash; of commercial papers
barter away
trade in in a bartering transaction
sacrifice
sell at a loss
dump, underprice
sell at artificially low prices
undercut, undersell
sell cheaper than one's competition
dispose
give, sell, or transfer to another
move
dispose of by selling
Type of:
transfer
cause to change ownership

n the action of changing something

“the change of government had no impact on the economy”
“his change on abortion cost him the election”
Examples:
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Creation
(theology) God's act of bringing the universe into existence
Berlin airlift
airlift in 1948 that supplied food and fuel to citizens of west Berlin when the Russians closed off land access to Berlin
Secession
the withdrawal of eleven southern states from the Union in 1860 which precipitated the American Civil War
final solution
the mass murder of Jews under the German Nazi regime from 1941 until 1945
Alamo
a siege and massacre at a mission in San Antonio in 1836; Mexican forces under Santa Anna besieged and massacred American rebels who were fighting to make Texas independent of Mexico
Battle of the Little Bighorn
a battle in Montana near the Little Bighorn River between United States cavalry under Custer and several groups of Native Americans (1876); Custer was pursuing Sioux led by Sitting Bull; Custer underestimated the size of the Sioux forces (which were supported by Cheyenne warriors) and was killed along with all his command
Types:
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entail
the act of entailing property; the creation of a fee tail from a fee simple
about-face, policy change, reversal, volte-face
a major change in attitude or principle or point of view
adulteration
the act of adulterating (especially the illicit substitution of one substance for another)
move, relocation
the act of changing your residence or place of business
downshift
a change to a lower gear in a car or bicycle
downshift
a change from a financially rewarding but stressful career to a less well paid but more fulfilling one
filtration
the act of changing a fluid by passing it through a filter
reduction, simplification
the act of reducing complexity
decimalisation, decimalization
the act of changing to a decimal system
metrication, metrification
the act of changing from imperial units of measurement to metric units: meters, grams, seconds
variation
the act of changing or altering something slightly but noticeably from the norm or standard
turning
act of changing in practice or custom
diversification, variegation
the act of introducing variety (especially in investments or in the variety of goods and services offered)
flux
constant change
shift, switch, switching
the act of changing one thing or position for another
commutation, exchange, substitution
the act of putting one thing or person in the place of another: "he sent Smith in for Jones but the substitution came too late to help"
promotion
the act of raising in rank or position
demotion
act of lowering in rank or position
change of state
the act of changing something into something different in essential characteristics
adjustment, alteration, modification
the act of making something different (as e.g. the size of a garment)
motion, move, movement
the act of changing location from one place to another
movement
the act of changing the location of something
motility, motion, move, movement
a change of position that does not entail a change of location
change of direction, reorientation
the act of changing the direction in which something is oriented
change of magnitude
the act of changing the amount or size of something
change of integrity
the act of changing the unity or wholeness of something
conversion
the act of changing from one use or function or purpose to another
updating
the act of changing something to bring it up to date (usually by adding something)
change of shape
an action that changes the shape of something
satisfaction
act of fulfilling a desire or need or appetite
nationalisation, nationalization
the action of rendering national in character
communisation, communization
a change from private property to public property owned by the community
secularisation, secularization
the activity of changing something (art or education or society or morality etc.) so it is no longer under the control or influence of religion
rollover
the act of changing the institution that invests your pension plan without incurring a tax penalty
ennoblement
the act of raising someone to the nobility
connection, connexion, joining
the act of bringing two things into contact (especially for communication)
laxation, loosening
the act of making something less tight
tightening
the act of making something tighter
flit
a secret move (to avoid paying debts)
percolation
the filtration of a liquid for extraction or purification
schematisation, schematization
the act of reducing to a scheme or formula
accommodation
(physiology) the automatic adjustment in focal length of the natural lens of the eye
adaptation
(physiology) the responsive adjustment of a sense organ (as the eye) to varying conditions (as of light)
switcheroo
a sudden unexpected switch
replacement, replacing
the act of furnishing an equivalent person or thing in the place of another
subrogation
(law) the act of substituting of one creditor for another
ablactation, weaning
the act of substituting other food for the mother's milk in the diet of a child or young mammal
preferment
the act of preferring
investiture, investment
the ceremonial act of clothing someone in the insignia of an office; the formal promotion of a person to an office or rank
aeration
the act of charging a liquid with a gas making it effervescent
passage, transition
the act of passing from one state or place to the next
meddling, tampering
the act of altering something secretly or improperly
transfer, transference
the act of transfering something from one form to another
conclusion, ending, termination
the act of ending something
nullification, override
the act of nullifying; making null and void; counteracting or overriding the effect or force of something
reversal
a change from one state to the opposite state
undoing
an act that makes a previous act of no effect (as if not done)
beginning, commencement, start
the act of starting something
arousal, rousing
the act of arousing
cookery, cooking, preparation
the act of preparing something (as food) by the application of heat
seasoning
the act of adding a seasoning to food
infusion
the act of infusing or introducing a certain modifying element or quality
improvement
the act of improving something
beautification
the act of making something more beautiful
decoration
the act of decorating something (in the hope of making it more attractive)
worsening
changing something with the result that it becomes worse
debasement, degradation
changing to a lower state (a less respected state)
change of color
an act that changes the light that something reflects
dirtying, soiling, soilure
the act of soiling something
wetting
the act of making something wet
chew, chewing, manduction, mastication
biting and grinding food in your mouth so it becomes soft enough to swallow
defoliation
causing the leaves of trees and other plants to fall off (as by the use of chemicals)
approach, approaching, coming
the act of drawing spatially closer to something
advance, advancement, forward motion, onward motion, procession, progress, progression
the act of moving forward (as toward a goal)
locomotion, travel
self-propelled movement
lunge, lurch
the act of moving forward suddenly
travel, traveling, travelling
the act of going from one place to another
deracination, displacement
to move something from its natural environment
conveyance, transfer, transferral, transport, transportation
the act of moving something from one location to another
chase, following, pursual, pursuit
the act of pursuing in an effort to overtake or capture
insertion, introduction, intromission
the act of putting one thing into another
ascending, ascension, ascent, rise
the act of changing location in an upward direction
descent
the act of changing your location in a downward direction
letting down, lowering
the act of causing something to move to a lower level
swing, swinging, vacillation
changing location by moving back and forth
return
the act of going back to a prior location
coast, glide, slide
the act of moving smoothly along a surface while remaining in contact with it
slippage
failing to hold or slipping out of place
flow, stream
the act of flowing or streaming; continuous progression
crawl
a very slow movement
hurrying, speed, speeding
changing location rapidly
displacement, translation
the act of uniform movement
transplant, transplantation, transplanting
the act of removing something from one location and introducing it in another location
troop movement
movement of military units to a new location
shift, shifting
the act of moving from one place to another
abduction
(physiology) moving of a body part away from the central axis of the body
adduction
(physiology) moving of a body part toward the central axis of the body
agitation
the act of agitating something; causing it to move around (usually vigorously)
body English
a motion of the body by a player as if to make an object already propelled go in the desired direction
circumduction
a circular movement of a limb or eye
disturbance
the act of disturbing something or someone; setting something in motion
fetal movement, foetal movement
motion of a fetus within the uterus (usually detected by the 16th week of pregnancy)
dart, flit
a sudden quick movement
gesture
motion of hands or body to emphasize or help to express a thought or feeling
headshake, headshaking
the act of turning your head left and right to signify denial or disbelief or bemusement
inclination, inclining
the act of inclining; bending forward
eversion, everting, inversion
the act of turning inside out
inversion, upending
turning upside down; setting on end
jerk, jerking, jolt, saccade
an abrupt spasmodic movement
kick, kicking
a rhythmic thrusting movement of the legs as in swimming or calisthenics
kneel, kneeling
supporting yourself on your knees
lurch, pitch, pitching
abrupt up-and-down motion (as caused by a ship or other conveyance)
eye movement
the movement of the eyes
opening
the act of opening something
prostration
the act of assuming a prostrate position
reach, reaching, stretch
the act of physically reaching or thrusting out
reciprocation
alternating back-and-forth movement
reclining
the act of assuming or maintaining a reclining position
retraction
the act of pulling or holding or drawing a part back
retroflection, retroflexion
the act of bending backward
rotary motion, rotation
the act of rotating as if on an axis
closing, shutting
the act of closing something
sitting
the act of assuming or maintaining a seated position
posing, sitting
(photography) the act of assuming a certain position (as for a photograph or portrait)
snap
the act of snapping the fingers; movement of a finger from the tip to the base of the thumb on the same hand
squat, squatting
the act of assuming or maintaining a crouching position with the knees bent and the buttocks near the heels
sweep
a movement in an arc
toss
an abrupt movement
quiver, quivering, vibration
the act of vibrating
wave
a movement like that of a sudden occurrence or increase in a specified phenomenon
turn
the act of turning away or in the opposite direction
reversal, reverse, reversion, turnabout, turnaround
turning in the opposite direction
flicker, flutter, waver
the act of moving back and forth
standing
the act of assuming or maintaining an erect upright position
span, straddle
the act of sitting or standing astride
stroke
a single complete movement
squirm, wiggle, wriggle
the act of wiggling
change of course
a change in the direction that you are moving
decrease, diminution, reduction, step-down
the act of decreasing or reducing something
increase, step-up
the act of increasing something
break, breakage, breaking
the act of breaking something
burst, explosion
the act of exploding or bursting
burning, combustion
the act of burning something
combination, combining, compounding
the act of combining things to form a new whole
opening
becoming open or being made open
separation
the act of dividing or disconnecting
transformation, translation
the act of changing in form or shape or appearance
transformation
(genetics) modification of a cell or bacterium by the uptake and incorporation of exogenous DNA
afforestation
the conversion of bare or cultivated land into forest (originally for the purpose of hunting)
filling
the act of filling something
hardening
the act of making something harder (firmer or tighter or more compact)
damage, harm, hurt, scathe
the act of damaging something or someone
contortion, deformation
the act of twisting or deforming the shape of something (e.g., yourself)
convolution
the action of coiling or twisting or winding together
angulation
the act of making angulate (having corners)
bending
the act of bending something
elongation
the act of lengthening something
enfolding, involution
the action of enfolding something
corrugation
the act of shaping into parallel ridges and grooves
fold, folding
the act of folding
indentation
the act of cutting into an edge with toothlike notches or angular incisions
jut, jutting, projection, protrusion
the act of projecting out from something
broadening, widening
the act of making something wider
narrowing
the act of making something narrower
eurhythmics, eurhythmy, eurythmics, eurythmy
the interpretation in harmonious bodily movements of the rhythm of musical compositions; used to teach musical understanding
haste, hurry, rush, rushing
the act of moving hurriedly and in a careless manner
maneuver, manoeuvre, play
a deliberate coordinated movement requiring dexterity and skill
specialisation, specialization
the act of specializing; making something suitable for a special purpose
spiritualisation, spiritualization
the act of making something spiritual; infusing it with spiritual content
dressing
processes in the conversion of rough hides into leather
tune
the adjustment of a radio receiver or other circuit to a required frequency
gratification
the act or an instance of satisfying
migration
the movement of persons from one country or locality to another
transmutation, transubstantiation
an act that changes the form or character or substance of something
overspill
the relocation of people from overcrowded cities; they are accommodated in new houses or apartments in smaller towns
Type of:
action
something done (usually as opposed to something said)

n a different or fresh set of clothes

“she brought a change in her overnight bag”
Type of:
article of clothing, clothing, habiliment, vesture, wear, wearable
a covering designed to be worn on a person's body
3

n the balance of money received when the amount you tender is greater than the amount due

“I paid with a twenty and pocketed the change
Type of:
cash, hard cash, hard currency
money in the form of bills or coins

n money received in return for its equivalent in a larger denomination or a different currency

“he got change for a twenty and used it to pay the taxi driver”
Type of:
cash, hard cash, hard currency
money in the form of bills or coins

n coins of small denomination regarded collectively

“he had a pocketful of change
Type of:
coin
a flat metal piece (usually a disc) used as money

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