queen

In a monarchy, a queen is the female ruler of the country. Whether you are the Queen of England or the queen of a honey bee colony, you are the female in charge.

A queen inherits the title and the job, either from her father (the king) or her mother (the queen). Sometimes the term "queen consort" is used for a king's wife — in this case, the queen isn't the ruler, but merely married to the guy in charge. Many fairs, festivals, and other events crown an honorary queen, so you might be crowned the butter queen at the state fair. There's a queen in chess, the most powerful piece on the board, and a deck of cards has four queens. The most important bee in a colony is also a queen.

Primary Meanings of queen

1.
nv
a female sovereign ruler
become a queen
2.
nv
(chess) the most powerful piece
promote to a queen, as of a pawn in chess
3.
n
the only fertile female in a colony of social insects such as bees and ants and termites; its function is to lay eggs
4.
n
something personified as a woman who is considered the best or most important of her kind
5.
n
offensive term for an openly homosexual man
Full Definitions of queen
1

n a female sovereign ruler

Synonyms:
female monarch, queen regnant
Antonyms:
Rex, king, male monarch
a male sovereign; ruler of a kingdom
Examples:
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Cleopatra
beautiful and charismatic queen of Egypt; mistress of Julius Caesar and later of Mark Antony; killed herself to avoid capture by Octavian (69-30 BC)
Isabella the Catholic
the queen of Castile whose marriage to Ferdinand of Aragon in 1469 marked the beginning of the modern state of Spain; they instituted the Spanish Inquisition in 1478 and sponsored the voyages of Christopher Columbus in 1492 (1451-1504)
Lydia Kamekeha Paki Liliuokalani
queen of the Hawaiian islands (1838-1917)
Mary Queen of Scots
queen of Scotland from 1542 to 1567; as a Catholic she was forced to abdicate in favor of her son and fled to England where she was imprisoned by Elizabeth I; when Catholic supporters plotted to put her on the English throne she was tried and executed for sedition (1542-1587)
Anne
Queen of England and Scotland and Ireland; daughter if James II and the last of the Stuart monarchs; in 1707 she was the last English ruler to exercise the royal veto over parliament (1665-1714)
Elizabeth I
Queen of England from 1558 to 1603; daughter of Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn; she succeeded Mary I (who was a Catholic) and restored Protestantism to England; during her reign Mary Queen of Scots was executed and the Spanish Armada was defeated; her reign was marked by prosperity and literary genius (1533-1603)
Elizabeth II
daughter of George VI who became the Queen of England and Northern Ireland in 1952 on the death of her father (1926-)
Lady Jane Grey
Queen of England for nine days in 1553; she was quickly replaced by Mary Tudor and beheaded for treason (1537-1554)
Bloody Mary
daughter of Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon who was Queen of England from 1553 to 1558; she was the wife of Philip II of Spain and when she restored Roman Catholicism to England many Protestants were burned at the stake as heretics (1516-1558)
Mary II
Queen of England and Scotland and Ireland; she was the eldest daughter of James II and ruled jointly with her husband William III (1662-1694)
Queen Victoria
queen of Great Britain and Ireland and empress of India from 1837 to 1901; the last Hanoverian ruler of England (1819-1901)
Types:
Queen of England
the sovereign ruler of England
Type of:
female aristocrat
a woman who is an aristocrat

n the wife or widow of a king

Examples:
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Anne Boleyn
the second wife of Henry VIII and mother of Elizabeth I; was executed on a charge of adultery (1507-1536)
Catherine de Medicis
queen of France as the wife of Henry II and regent during the minority of her son Charles IX (1519-1589)
Eleanor of Aquitaine
queen of France as the wife of Louis VII; that marriage was annulled in 1152 and she then married Henry II and became Queen of England (1122-1204)
Esther
(Old Testament) a beautiful Jewess chosen by the king of Persia to be his queen; she stopped a plot to massacre all the Jews in Persia (an event celebrated by Jews as the feast of Purim)
Catherine Howard
Queen of England as the fifth wife of Henry VIII who was accused of adultery and executed (1520-1542)
Jezebel
wife of Ahab who was king of Israel; according to the Old Testament she was a cruel immoral queen who fostered the worship of Baal and tried to kill Elijah and other prophets of Israel (9th century BC)
Marie Antoinette
queen of France (as wife of Louis XVI) who was unpopular; her extravagance and opposition to reform contributed to the overthrow of the monarchy; she was guillotined along with her husband (1755-1793)
Nefertiti
queen of Egypt and wife of Akhenaton (14th century BC)
Catherine Parr
Queen of England as the 6th wife of Henry VIII (1512-1548)
Jane Seymour
Queen of England as the third wife of Henry VIII and mother of Edward VI (1509-1537)
Types:
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queen consort
the wife of a reigning king
queen dowager
the widow of a king
queen regent
a queen who serves as ruler when the king cannot
queen mother
a queen dowager who is mother of the reigning sovereign
Type of:
female aristocrat
a woman who is an aristocrat

n one of four face cards in a deck bearing a picture of a queen

Type of:
court card, face card, picture card
one of the twelve cards in a deck bearing a picture of a face

v become a queen

“her pawn queened
Type of:
promote
be changed for a superior chess or checker piece
2

n (chess) the most powerful piece

Type of:
chess piece, chessman
any of 16 white and 16 black pieces used in playing the game of chess

v promote to a queen, as of a pawn in chess

Type of:
promote
change a pawn for a better piece by advancing it to the eighth row, or change a checker piece for a more valuable piece by moving it to the row closest to your opponent
3

n the only fertile female in a colony of social insects such as bees and ants and termites; its function is to lay eggs

Types:
queen bee
fertile egg-laying female bee
Type of:
insect
small air-breathing arthropod

n an especially large mole rat and the only member of a colony of naked mole rats to bear offspring which are sired by only a few males

Synonyms:
queen mole rat
Type of:
naked mole rat
fetal-looking colonial rodent of East Africa; neither mole nor rat; they feed on tubers and have a social structure similar to that of honeybees and termites

n female cat

Synonyms:
tabby
Type of:
Felis catus, Felis domesticus, domestic cat, house cat
any domesticated member of the genus Felis
4

n something personified as a woman who is considered the best or most important of her kind

“Paris is the queen of cities”
“the queen of ocean liners”
Type of:
personification
a person who represents an abstract quality

n a competitor who holds a preeminent position

Synonyms:
king, world-beater
Type of:
challenger, competition, competitor, contender, rival
the contestant you hope to defeat
5

n offensive term for an openly homosexual man

Type of:
gay man, shirtlifter
a homosexual man

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