queen

In a monarchy, a queen is the female ruler of the country. Whether you are the Queen of England or the queen of a honey bee colony, you are the female in charge.

A queen inherits the title and the job, either from her father (the king) or her mother (the queen). Sometimes the term "queen consort" is used for a king's wife — in this case, the queen isn't the ruler, but merely married to the guy in charge. Many fairs, festivals, and other events crown an honorary queen, so you might be crowned the butter queen at the state fair. There's a queen in chess, the most powerful piece on the board, and a deck of cards has four queens. The most important bee in a colony is also a queen.

Definitions of queen
  1. noun
    a female sovereign ruler
    synonyms: female monarch, queen regnant
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    Antonyms:
    Rex, king, male monarch
    a male sovereign; ruler of a kingdom
    examples:
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    Cleopatra
    beautiful and charismatic queen of Egypt; mistress of Julius Caesar and later of Mark Antony; killed herself to avoid capture by Octavian (69-30 BC)
    Isabella the Catholic
    the queen of Castile whose marriage to Ferdinand of Aragon in 1469 marked the beginning of the modern state of Spain; they instituted the Spanish Inquisition in 1478 and sponsored the voyages of Christopher Columbus in 1492 (1451-1504)
    Lydia Kamekeha Paki Liliuokalani
    queen of the Hawaiian islands (1838-1917)
    Mary Queen of Scots
    queen of Scotland from 1542 to 1567; as a Catholic she was forced to abdicate in favor of her son and fled to England where she was imprisoned by Elizabeth I; when Catholic supporters plotted to put her on the English throne she was tried and executed for sedition (1542-1587)
    Anne
    Queen of England and Scotland and Ireland; daughter if James II and the last of the Stuart monarchs; in 1707 she was the last English ruler to exercise the royal veto over parliament (1665-1714)
    Elizabeth I
    Queen of England from 1558 to 1603; daughter of Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn; she succeeded Mary I (who was a Catholic) and restored Protestantism to England; during her reign Mary Queen of Scots was executed and the Spanish Armada was defeated; her reign was marked by prosperity and literary genius (1533-1603)
    Elizabeth II
    daughter of George VI who became the Queen of England and Northern Ireland in 1952 on the death of her father (1926-)
    Lady Jane Grey
    Queen of England for nine days in 1553; she was quickly replaced by Mary Tudor and beheaded for treason (1537-1554)
    Bloody Mary
    daughter of Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon who was Queen of England from 1553 to 1558; she was the wife of Philip II of Spain and when she restored Roman Catholicism to England many Protestants were burned at the stake as heretics (1516-1558)
    Mary II
    Queen of England and Scotland and Ireland; she was the eldest daughter of James II and ruled jointly with her husband William III (1662-1694)
    Queen Victoria
    queen of Great Britain and Ireland and empress of India from 1837 to 1901; the last Hanoverian ruler of England (1819-1901)
    types:
    Queen of England
    the sovereign ruler of England
    type of:
    female aristocrat
    a woman who is an aristocrat
  2. noun
    the wife or widow of a king
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    examples:
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    Anne Boleyn
    the second wife of Henry VIII and mother of Elizabeth I; was executed on a charge of adultery (1507-1536)
    Catherine de Medicis
    queen of France as the wife of Henry II and regent during the minority of her son Charles IX (1519-1589)
    Eleanor of Aquitaine
    queen of France as the wife of Louis VII; that marriage was annulled in 1152 and she then married Henry II and became Queen of England (1122-1204)
    Esther
    (Old Testament) a beautiful Jewess chosen by the king of Persia to be his queen; she stopped a plot to massacre all the Jews in Persia (an event celebrated by Jews as the feast of Purim)
    Catherine Howard
    Queen of England as the fifth wife of Henry VIII who was accused of adultery and executed (1520-1542)
    Jezebel
    wife of Ahab who was king of Israel; according to the Old Testament she was a cruel immoral queen who fostered the worship of Baal and tried to kill Elijah and other prophets of Israel (9th century BC)
    Marie Antoinette
    queen of France (as wife of Louis XVI) who was unpopular; her extravagance and opposition to reform contributed to the overthrow of the monarchy; she was guillotined along with her husband (1755-1793)
    Nefertiti
    queen of Egypt and wife of Akhenaton (14th century BC)
    Catherine Parr
    Queen of England as the 6th wife of Henry VIII (1512-1548)
    Jane Seymour
    Queen of England as the third wife of Henry VIII and mother of Edward VI (1509-1537)
    types:
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    queen consort
    the wife of a reigning king
    queen dowager
    the widow of a king
    queen regent
    a queen who serves as ruler when the king cannot
    queen mother
    a queen dowager who is mother of the reigning sovereign
    type of:
    female aristocrat
    a woman who is an aristocrat
  3. noun
    one of four face cards in a deck bearing a picture of a queen
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    type of:
    court card, face card, picture card
    one of the twelve cards in a deck bearing a picture of a face
  4. verb
    become a queen
    “her pawn queened
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    type of:
    promote
    be changed for a superior chess or checker piece
  5. noun
    (chess) the most powerful piece
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    type of:
    chess piece, chessman
    any of 16 white and 16 black pieces used in playing the game of chess
  6. verb
    promote to a queen, as of a pawn in chess
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    type of:
    promote
    change a pawn for a better piece by advancing it to the eighth row, or change a checker piece for a more valuable piece by moving it to the row closest to your opponent
  7. noun
    the only fertile female in a colony of social insects such as bees and ants and termites; its function is to lay eggs
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    types:
    queen bee
    fertile egg-laying female bee
    type of:
    insect
    small air-breathing arthropod
  8. noun
    an especially large mole rat and the only member of a colony of naked mole rats to bear offspring which are sired by only a few males
    synonyms: queen mole rat
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    type of:
    naked mole rat
    fetal-looking colonial rodent of East Africa; neither mole nor rat; they feed on tubers and have a social structure similar to that of honeybees and termites
  9. noun
    female cat
    synonyms: tabby
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    type of:
    Felis catus, Felis domesticus, domestic cat, house cat
    any domesticated member of the genus Felis
  10. noun
    something personified as a woman who is considered the best or most important of her kind
    “Paris is the queen of cities”
    “the queen of ocean liners”
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    type of:
    personification
    a person who represents an abstract quality
  11. noun
    a competitor who holds a preeminent position
    synonyms: king, world-beater
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    type of:
    challenger, competition, competitor, contender, rival
    the contestant you hope to defeat
  12. noun
    offensive term for an openly homosexual man
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    type of:
    gay man, shirtlifter
    a homosexual man
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