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slump

To slump is to fall or slouch down. It's also a downturn in performance — a struggling ballplayer and a sinking economy are both in a slump.

There are many kinds of slumps, but they all involve things going downhill. If you slide down in your chair, you slump. Other slumps are less physical. If a successful quarterback starts losing games and throwing interceptions, that's a slump. The original meaning of slump, back in the 1670s, was "fall or sink into a muddy place," while the more figurative meanings came much later.

Definitions of slump
  1. verb
    fall or sink heavily
    “He slumped onto the couch”
    synonyms: sink, slide down
    see moresee less
    type of:
    break, cave in, collapse, fall in, founder, give, give way
    break down, literally or metaphorically
  2. verb
    assume a drooping posture or carriage
    synonyms: slouch
    see moresee less
    type of:
    droop, flag, sag, swag
    droop, sink, or settle from or as if from pressure or loss of tautness
  3. verb
    fall heavily or suddenly; decline markedly
    synonyms: fall off, sink
    drop, drop down, sink
    fall or descend to a lower place or level
    see moresee less
    type of:
    drop
    go down in value
  4. verb
    go down in value
    “prices slumped
    synonyms: correct, decline
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    type of:
    come down, descend, fall, go down
    move downward and lower, but not necessarily all the way
  5. noun
    a noticeable deterioration in performance or quality
    “the team went into a slump
    synonyms: drop-off, falling off, falloff, slack
    see moresee less
    type of:
    declension, decline in quality, deterioration, worsening
    process of changing to an inferior state
  6. noun
    a long-term economic state characterized by unemployment and low prices and low levels of trade and investment
    synonyms: depression, economic crisis
    see moresee less
    examples:
    Great Depression
    the economic crisis beginning with the stock market crash in 1929 and continuing through the 1930s
    type of:
    crisis
    an unstable situation of extreme danger or difficulty
    economic condition
    the condition of the economy
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