To slump is to fall or slouch down. It's also a downturn in performance — a struggling ballplayer and a sinking economy are both in a slump.

There are many kinds of slumps, but they all involve things going downhill. If you slide down in your chair, you slump. Other slumps are less physical. If a successful quarterback starts losing games and throwing interceptions, that's a slump. The original meaning of slump, back in the 1670s, was "fall or sink into a muddy place," while the more figurative meanings came much later.

Definitions of slump

v fall or sink heavily

“He slumped onto the couch”
sink, slide down
Type of:
break, cave in, collapse, fall in, founder, give, give way
break down, literally or metaphorically

v assume a drooping posture or carriage

Type of:
droop, flag, sag, swag
droop, sink, or settle from or as if from pressure or loss of tautness

v fall heavily or suddenly; decline markedly

fall off, sink
drop, drop down, sink
fall or descend to a lower place or level
Type of:
go down in value

v go down in value

“prices slumped
correct, decline
Type of:
come down, descend, fall, go down
move downward and lower, but not necessarily all the way

n a noticeable deterioration in performance or quality

“the team went into a slump
drop-off, falling off, falloff, slack
Type of:
declension, decline in quality, deterioration, worsening
process of changing to an inferior state

n a long-term economic state characterized by unemployment and low prices and low levels of trade and investment

depression, economic crisis
Great Depression
the economic crisis beginning with the stock market crash in 1929 and continuing through the 1930s
Type of:
an unstable situation of extreme danger or difficulty
economic condition
the condition of the economy

Sign up, it's free!

Whether you're a student, an educator, or a lifelong learner, can put you on the path to systematic vocabulary improvement.