The act of pressing down on something is called making a depression, and when people suffer from psychological depression that is often what it feels like — the world itself is pressing down on them.

Depression can be a persistent mood (rotten), an economic situation (the worst), or just the geography (low). The Great Depression was when poor policy and economic circumstances combined to create a long period of time everyone struggled to even get food on the table.

Definitions of depression

n a sunken or depressed geological formation

natural depression
elevation, natural elevation
a raised or elevated geological formation
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a valley in southeastern Greece where the Nemean Games were held
Lowlands of Scotland
the southern part of Scotland that is not mountainous
a bright crater on the Moon
Atacama Trench
a depression in the floor of the Pacific Ocean off the coast of Chile
Bougainville Trench
a depression in the floor of the Pacific Ocean between New Guinea and the Solomon Islands
Cataract Canyon
a tributary of the Grand Canyon
a conspicuous crater on the Moon
Grand Canyon
the enormous gorge of the Colorado River in northern Arizona
Great Rift Valley
( geology) a depression in southwestern Asia and eastern Africa; extends from the valley of the Jordan River to Mozambique; marked by geological faults
Japan Trench
a depression in the floor of the Pacific Ocean to the northeast of Japan that reaches depths of 30,000 feet
Loire Valley
the valley of the Loire River where many French wines originated
Nares Deep
a depression in the floor of the Atlantic Ocean to the north of Haiti and Puerto Rico
Olduvai Gorge
a gorge in northeastern Tanzania where anthropologists have found some of the earliest human remains
San Fernando Valley
a fertile valley in southern California to the north of Los Angeles; includes many residential communities
San Joaquin Valley
a vast valley in central California known for its rich farmland
Shenandoah Valley
a large valley between the Allegheny Mountains and the Blue Ridge Mountains in northern Virginia; site of numerous battles during the American Civil War
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a natural depression in the surface of the land often with a lake at the bottom of it
bed, bottom
a depression forming the ground under a body of water
a bowl-shaped depression formed by the impact of a meteorite or bomb
hole, hollow
a depression hollowed out of solid matter
low level country
sink, sinkhole, swallow hole
a depression in the ground communicating with a subterranean passage (especially in limestone) and formed by solution or by collapse of a cavern roof
deep, oceanic abyss, trench
a long steep-sided depression in the ocean floor
a narrow depression (as in the earth or between ocean waves or in the ocean bed)
vale, valley
a long depression in the surface of the land that usually contains a river
burrow, tunnel
a hole made by an animal, usually for shelter
cirque, corrie, cwm
a steep-walled semicircular basin in a mountain; may contain a lake
a crater that has collected cosmic material hitting the earth
an open river valley (in a hilly area)
a narrow secluded valley (in the mountains)
gopher hole
a hole in the ground made by gophers
deep ditch cut by running water (especially after a prolonged downpour)
holler, hollow
a small valley between mountains
kettle, kettle hole
(geology) a hollow (typically filled by a lake) that results from the melting of a mass of ice trapped in glacial deposits
lake bed, lake bottom
the bottom of a lake
a low area that has been filled in
lunar crater
a crater on the Earth's Moon
a ravine or gully in southern Asia
Davy Jones, Davy Jones's locker, ocean bottom, ocean floor, sea bottom, sea floor, seabed
the bottom of a sea or ocean
cavity, pit
a sizeable hole (usually in the ground)
chuckhole, pothole
a pit or hole produced by wear or weathering (especially in a road surface)
rabbit burrow, rabbit hole
a hole in the ground as a nest made by wild rabbits
a deep narrow steep-sided valley (especially one formed by running water)
rift valley
a valley with steep sides; formed by a rift in the earth's crust
river bottom, riverbed
a channel occupied (or formerly occupied) by a river
a shallow basin in a desert region; contains salt and gypsum that was deposited by an evaporated salt lake
creek bed, streambed
a channel occupied (or formerly occupied) by a stream
a low area (especially a marshy area between ridges)
tidal basin
a basin that is full of water at high tide
hole made by a burrowing worm
Type of:
formation, geological formation
(geology) the geological features of the earth

n a concavity in a surface produced by pressing

impression, imprint
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a small natural hollow in the cheek or chin
channel, groove
a long narrow furrow cut either by a natural process (such as erosion) or by a tool (as e.g. a groove in a phonograph record)
any slight depression in a surface
a depression in an otherwise level surface
dent, incision, prick, scratch, slit
a depression scratched or carved into a surface
droop, sag
a shape that sags
crease, crinkle, furrow, line, seam, wrinkle
a slight depression in the smoothness of a surface
chap, crack, cranny, crevice, fissure
a long narrow depression in a surface
a rectangular groove cut into a board so that another piece can fit into it
flute, fluting
a groove or furrow in cloth etc (particularly a shallow concave groove on the shaft of a column)
a narrow groove beside a beading
rabbet, rebate
a rectangular groove made to hold two pieces together
a groove on a phonograph recording
a groove or furrow (especially one in soft earth caused by wheels)
score, scotch
a slight surface cut (especially a notch that is made to keep a tally)
crow's feet, crow's foot, laugh line
a wrinkle in the skin at the outer corner of your eyes
the lines that form patterns on the skin (especially on the fingertips and the palms of the hands and the soles of the feet)
frown line
a facial wrinkle associated with frowning
life line, lifeline, line of life
a crease on the palm; its length is said by palmists to indicate how long you will live
heart line, line of heart, love line, mensal line
a crease on the palm; palmists say it indicates your emotional nature
line of Saturn, line of destiny, line of fate
a crease on the palm; palmists say it indicates how successful you will be
stria, striation
any of a number of tiny parallel grooves such as: the scratches left by a glacier on rocks or the streaks or ridges in muscle tissue
the channel or break produced by erosion of relatively soft soil by water
Type of:
concave shape, concavity, incurvation, incurvature
a shape that curves or bends inward

n pushing down

depression of the space bar on the typewriter”
click, mouse click
depression of a button on a computer mouse
Type of:
push, pushing
the act of applying force in order to move something away

n angular distance below the horizon (especially of a celestial object)

Type of:
angular position
relation by which any position with respect to any other position is established

n an air mass of lower pressure; often brings precipitation

Type of:
air mass
a large body of air with uniform characteristics horizontally

n a mental state characterized by a pessimistic sense of inadequacy and a despondent lack of activity

an exhilarating psychological state of pride and optimism; an absence of depression
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extreme depression characterized by tearful sadness and irrational fears
blue devils, blues, megrims, vapors, vapours
a state of depression
blue funk, funk
a state of nervous depression
a constitutional tendency to be gloomy and depressed
slough of despond
(formal) extreme depression
low spirits
a state of mild depression
a state of melancholy depression
dumps, mopes
an informal expression for a mildly depressed state
Type of:
mental condition, mental state, psychological condition, psychological state
(psychology) a mental condition in which the qualities of a state are relatively constant even though the state itself may be dynamic

n sad feelings of gloom and inadequacy

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demoralisation, demoralization
depression resulting from an undermining of your morale
a feeling of being unable to manage
despondence, despondency, disconsolateness, heartsickness
feeling downcast and disheartened and hopeless
oppression, oppressiveness
a feeling of being oppressed
abnormal depression and discontent
an oppressive feeling of heavy force
Type of:
sadness, unhappiness
emotions experienced when not in a state of well-being

n a state of depression and anhedonia so severe as to require clinical intervention

clinical depression, depressive disorder
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agitated depression
a state of clinical depression in which the person exhibits irritability and restlessness
anaclitic depression
severe and progressive depression in infants who lose their mother and do not get a suitable substitute
dysthymia, dysthymic depression
mild chronic depression
endogenous depression
a state of depression for which there is no apparent precipitating cause
exogenous depression, reactive depression
an inappropriate state of depression that is precipitated by events in the person's life (to be distinguished from normal grief)
major depressive episode
(psychiatry) a state of depression with all the classic symptoms (anhedonia and lethargy and sleep disturbance and despondency and morbid thoughts and feelings of worthlessness and sometimes attempted suicide) but with no known organic dysfunction
neurotic depression
a term used for any state of depression that is not psychotic
psychotic depression
a state of depression so severe that the person loses contact with reality and suffers a variety of functional impairments
retarded depression
a state of clinical depression in which the individual is lethargic and slow to initiate action
involutional depression
a major depressive episode associated with the climacteric
unipolar depression
a major depressive episode that occurs without the manic phase that occurs in the classic form of bipolar disorder
Type of:
affective disorder, emotional disorder, emotional disturbance, major affective disorder
any mental disorder not caused by detectable organic abnormalities of the brain and in which a major disturbance of emotions is predominant

n a long-term economic state characterized by unemployment and low prices and low levels of trade and investment

economic crisis, slump
Great Depression
the economic crisis beginning with the stock market crash in 1929 and continuing through the 1930s
Type of:
an unstable situation of extreme danger or difficulty
economic condition
the condition of the economy

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