incision

An incision is a surgical cut. A doctor uses a scalpel to make an incision in a patient's skin.

An incision usually refers to a cut that's made during surgery, like an abdominal incision made by a surgeon during a gall bladder operation. A decorative or artistic cut can also be called an incision, such as a cut in carved wood or marble. Incision can also describe the power of sharp observation, like the incision of your friend who can always tell when you're upset, even when you try to hide it.

Definitions of incision
1

n the cutting of or into body tissues or organs (especially by a surgeon as part of an operation)

Synonyms:
section, surgical incision
Types:
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gastromy
surgical incision into the stomach
perineotomy
surgical incision into the perineum
laparotomy
surgical incision into the abdominal wall; often done to examine abdominal organs
orchotomy
surgical incision into the testis to obtain material for analysis (as in cases of abnormally low sperm count)
sclerotomy
surgical incision of the sclerotic coat of the eye
nephrotomy
incision into a kidney (usually to remove a kidney stone)
thoracotomy
surgical incision into the chest walls opening up the pleural cavity
valvotomy, valvulotomy
incision into a stenosed cardiac valve to relieve the obstruction
phlebotomy, venesection
surgical incision into a vein; used to treat hemochromatosis
vasosection, vasotomy
surgical incision into or division of the vas deferens
episiotomy
surgical incision of the perineum to enlarge the vagina and so facilitate delivery during childbirth
laparoscopy
laparotomy performed with a laparoscope that makes a small incision to examine the abdominal cavity (especially the ovaries and Fallopian tubes)
Type of:
cut, cutting
the act of penetrating or opening open with a sharp edge

n a depression scratched or carved into a surface

Synonyms:
dent, prick, scratch, slit
Types:
score, scotch
a slight surface cut (especially a notch that is made to keep a tally)
Type of:
depression, impression, imprint
a concavity in a surface produced by pressing

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