section

A section is a part or piece of something that fits together with the other pieces to make a whole. Like the arts section of a newspaper, or the rhythm section of the band that gets reviewed in it.

The root of section is the Latin word sect, which means "cut." Think dissect ("cut into pieces"), or bisect ("cut in two"). Insects are called insects because they're made up of sections — the head, the abdomen, and the thorax. It almost looks like they've been carved into three separate parts.

Definitions of section
  1. noun
    one of several parts or pieces that fit with others to constitute a whole object
    “a section of a fishing rod”
    “metal sections were used below ground”
    synonyms: segment
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    bend, curve
    curved segment (of a road or river or railroad track etc.)
    dado
    the section of a pedestal between the base and the surbase
    leaf
    hinged or detachable flat section (as of a table or door)
    length
    a section of something that is long and narrow
    straight, straightaway
    a straight segment of a roadway or racecourse
    subdivision, subsection
    a section of a section; a part of a part; i.e., a part of something already divided
    blind bend, blind curve
    a curve or bend in the road that you cannot see around as you are driving
    drop-leaf
    a hinged leaf on a table that can be raised and supported by a bracket
    elbow
    a sharp bend in a road or river
    hairpin bend
    a U-shaped bend in a road
    stretch
    a straightaway section of a racetrack
    type of:
    part, portion
    something less than the whole of a human artifact
  2. noun
    one of the portions into which something is regarded as divided and which together constitute a whole
    “the finance section of the company”
    synonyms: division, part
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    frame
    one of the ten divisions into which bowling is divided
    beginning
    the first part or section of something
    middle
    an intermediate part or section
    end
    a final part or section
    high point
    the most enjoyable part of a given experience
    component, constituent, element, factor, ingredient
    an abstract part of something
    chukka, chukker
    (polo) one of six divisions into which a polo match is divided
    frame, inning
    (baseball) one of nine divisions of play during which each team has a turn at bat
    game
    (tennis) a division of play during which one player serves
    bout, round, turn
    (sports) a division during which one team is on the offensive
    first period
    the first division into which the play of a game is divided
    second period
    the second division into which the play of a game is divided
    final period
    the final division into which the play of a game is divided
    half
    one of two divisions into which some games or performances are divided: the two divisions are separated by an interval
    period
    (ice hockey) one of three divisions into which play is divided in hockey games
    quarter
    (football, professional basketball) one of four divisions into which some games are divided
    over
    (cricket) the division of play during which six balls are bowled at the batsman by one player from the other team from the same end of the pitch
    be all and end all, be-all and end-all
    the essential factor; the all-important element; the supreme aim
    plot element
    a component or element of the plot of a story
    point
    a geometric element that has position but no extension
    top, top of the inning
    the first half of an inning; while the visiting team is at bat
    bottom, bottom of the inning
    the second half of an inning; while the home team is at bat
    first half
    the first of two halves of play
    last half, second half
    the second of two halves of play
    maiden, maiden over
    (cricket) an over in which no runs are scored
    counterpoint
    an element, idea, or argument used to create a contrast
    type of:
    concept, conception, construct
    an abstract or general idea inferred or derived from specific instances
  3. noun
    a distinct region or subdivision of a territorial or political area or community or group of people
    “no section of the nation is more ardent than the South”
    “there are three synagogues in the Jewish section
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    examples:
    Forbidden City
    a walled section of Beijing that encloses the palace that was formerly the residence of the emperor of China
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    outskirts
    outlying areas (as of a city or town)
    locality, neck of the woods, neighborhood, neighbourhood, vicinity
    a surrounding or nearby region
    gold coast
    a rich neighborhood noted for expensive homes and luxurious living; usually along a coastal area
    'hood
    (slang) a neighborhood
    place
    a general vicinity
    proximity
    the region close around a person or thing
    scenery
    the appearance of a place
    type of:
    area, country
    a particular geographical region of indefinite boundary (usually serving some special purpose or distinguished by its people or culture or geography)
  4. noun
    a self-contained part of a larger composition (written or musical)
    “he always turns first to the business section
    “the history of this work is discussed in the next section
    synonyms: subdivision
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    lead, lead-in, lede
    the introductory section of a story
    canto
    a major division of a long poem
    above
    an earlier section of a written text
    sports section
    the section of a newspaper that reports on sports
    article, clause
    a separate section of a legal document (as a statute or contract or will)
    book
    a major division of a long written composition
    chapter
    a subdivision of a written work; usually numbered and titled
    episode
    a brief section of a literary or dramatic work that forms part of a connected series
    spot
    a section of an entertainment that is assigned to a specific performer or performance
    spot
    a short section or illustration (as between radio or tv programs or in a magazine) that is often used for advertising
    insert
    a folded section placed between the leaves of another publication
    introduction
    the first section of a communication
    narration
    (rhetoric) the second section of an oration in which the facts are set forth
    close, closing, conclusion, end, ending
    the last section of a communication
    passage
    a section of text; particularly a section of medium length
    mezuza, mezuzah
    religious texts from Deuteronomy inscribed on parchment and rolled up in a case that is attached to the doorframe of many Jewish households in accordance with Jewish law
    sura
    one of the sections (or chapters) in the Koran
    exposition
    (music) the section of a movement (especially in sonata form) where the major musical themes first occur
    obbligato, obligato
    a part of the score that must be performed without change or omission
    recapitulation
    (music) the section of a composition or movement (especially in sonata form) in which musical themes that were introduced earlier are repeated
    development
    (music) the section of a composition or movement (especially in sonata form) where the major musical themes are developed and elaborated
    anticlimax, bathos
    a change from a serious subject to a disappointing one
    arbitration clause
    a clause in a contract providing for arbitration of disputes arising under the contract
    deductible
    a clause in an insurance policy that relieves the insurer of responsibility to pay the initial loss up to a stated amount
    double indemnity
    a clause in an insurance policy that provides for double the face value of the policy in the case of accidental death
    escalator, escalator clause
    a clause in a contract that provides for an increase or a decrease in wages or prices or benefits etc. depending on certain conditions (as a change in the cost of living index)
    joker
    an inconspicuous clause in a document or bill that affects its meaning in a way that is not immediately apparent
    reserve clause
    a clause that used to be part of the contract with a professional athlete extending the contract for a year beyond its expiration
    rider
    a clause that is appended to a legislative bill
    exordium
    (rhetoric) the introductory section of an oration or discourse
    opening
    the initial part of the introduction
    foreword, preface, prolusion
    a short introductory essay preceding the text of a book
    preamble
    a preliminary introduction to a statute or constitution (usually explaining its purpose)
    prolegomenon
    a preliminary discussion inserted at the beginning of a book or treatise
    afterword, epilog, epilogue
    a short section added at the end of a literary work
    epilog, epilogue
    a short speech (often in verse) addressed directly to the audience by an actor at the end of a play
    peroration
    (rhetoric) the concluding section of an oration
    excerpt, excerption, extract, selection
    a passage selected from a larger work
    locus classicus
    an authoritative and often-quoted passage
    place
    the passage that is being read
    purple passage
    a passage full of ornate and flowery language
    transition
    a passage that connects a topic to one that follows
    Epistle
    a book of the New Testament written in the form of a letter from an Apostle
    prologue
    an introduction to a play
    coda, finale
    the closing section of a musical composition
    text
    a passage from the Bible that is used as the subject of a sermon
    prologue
    an introductory section of a novel or other literary work
    type of:
    piece of writing, writing, written material
    the work of a writer; anything expressed in letters of the alphabet (especially when considered from the point of view of style and effect)
    music
    an artistic form of auditory communication incorporating instrumental or vocal tones in a structured and continuous manner
  5. noun
    a segment of a citrus fruit
    “he ate a section of the orange”
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    type of:
    segment
    one of the parts into which something naturally divides
  6. verb
    divide into segments
    synonyms: segment
    segment
    divide or split up
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    types:
    syllabicate, syllabify, syllabise, syllabize
    divide into syllables
    quarter
    divide into quarters
    type of:
    divide, part, separate
    come apart
  7. noun
    a specialized division of a large organization
    “she got a job in the historical section of the Treasury”
    synonyms: department
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    academic department
    a division of a school that is responsible for a given subject
    business department
    a division of a business firm
    personnel, personnel department, personnel office, staff office
    the department responsible for hiring and training and placing employees and for setting policies for personnel management
    government department
    a department of government
    payroll, payroll department
    the department that determines the amounts of wage or salary due to each employee
    security, security department
    a department responsible for the security of the institution's property and workers
    ministry
    a government department under the direction of a minister
    anthropology department, department of anthropology
    the academic department responsible for teaching and research in anthropology
    art department
    the academic department responsible for teaching art and art appreciation
    biology department, department of biology
    the academic department responsible for teaching and research in biology
    chemistry department, department of chemistry
    the academic department responsible for teaching and research in chemistry
    department of computer science
    the academic department responsible for teaching and research in computer science
    department of economics, economics department
    the academic department responsible for teaching and research in economics
    English department, department of English
    the academic department responsible for teaching English and American literature
    department of history, history department
    the academic department responsible for teaching history
    department of linguistics, linguistics department
    the academic department responsible for teaching and research in linguistics
    department of mathematics, mathematics department
    the academic department responsible for teaching and research in mathematics
    department of philosophy, philosophy department
    the academic department responsible for teaching philosophy
    department of physics, physics department
    the academic department responsible for teaching and research in physics
    department of music, music department
    the academic department responsible for teaching music and music appreciation
    department of psychology, psychology department
    the academic department responsible for teaching and research in psychology
    department of sociology, sociology department
    the academic department responsible for teaching and research in sociology
    advertising department, advertising division
    the division of a business that is responsible for advertising
    editorial department
    the department of a publishing business that edits material for publication
    parts department
    the division of a business (e.g. a service garage) that sells replacement parts
    building department, plant department
    the division of a business responsible for building and maintaining the physical plant
    purchasing department
    the division of a business that is responsible for purchases
    sales department, sales division, sales force
    the division of a business that is responsible for selling products or services
    service department
    the division of a business that provides customer services
    treasury
    the government department responsible for collecting and managing and spending public revenues
    department of local government, local department
    a permanent department created to perform the work of a local government
    Special Branch
    a government police department dealing with political security
    State Department
    a department of government in one of the 50 states
    department of the federal government, federal department, federal office
    a department of the federal government of the United States
    admiralty
    the department in charge of the navy (as in Great Britain)
    type of:
    division
    an administrative unit in government or business
  8. noun
    a division of an orchestra containing all instruments of the same class
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    brass, brass section
    the section of a band or orchestra that plays brass instruments
    string section, strings
    the section of an orchestra that plays stringed instruments
    percussion, percussion section, rhythm section
    the section of a band or orchestra that plays percussion instruments
    reed section
    the section of a band or orchestra that plays reed instruments
    violin section
    the section of an orchestra that plays violins
    trumpet section
    the section of a band or orchestra that plays trumpets or cornets
    clarinet section
    the section of a band or orchestra that plays clarinets
    type of:
    musical group, musical organisation, musical organization
    an organization of musicians who perform together
  9. noun
    a small team of policemen working as part of a police platoon
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    squad, team
    a cooperative unit (especially in sports)
  10. noun
    a small class of students who are part of a larger course but are taught separately
    “a graduate student taught sections for the professor's lecture course”
    synonyms: discussion section
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    type of:
    class, course, form, grade
    a body of students who are taught together
  11. noun
    a small army unit usually having a special function
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    type of:
    army unit
    a military unit that is part of an army
  12. noun
    (geometry) the area created by a plane cutting through a solid
    synonyms: plane section
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    types:
    cross section
    a section created by a plane cutting a solid perpendicular to its longest axis
    profile
    a vertical section of the Earth's crust showing the different horizons or layers
    type of:
    area, expanse, surface area
    the extent of a 2-dimensional surface enclosed within a boundary
  13. noun
    a very thin slice (of tissue or mineral or other substance) for examination under a microscope
    sections from the left ventricle showed diseased tissue”
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    type of:
    slice
    a thin flat piece cut off of some object
  14. noun
    the cutting of or into body tissues or organs (especially by a surgeon as part of an operation)
    synonyms: incision, surgical incision
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    gastromy
    surgical incision into the stomach
    perineotomy
    surgical incision into the perineum
    laparotomy
    surgical incision into the abdominal wall; often done to examine abdominal organs
    orchotomy
    surgical incision into the testis to obtain material for analysis (as in cases of abnormally low sperm count)
    sclerotomy
    surgical incision of the sclerotic coat of the eye
    nephrotomy
    incision into a kidney (usually to remove a kidney stone)
    thoracotomy
    surgical incision into the chest walls opening up the pleural cavity
    valvotomy, valvulotomy
    incision into a stenosed cardiac valve to relieve the obstruction
    phlebotomy, venesection
    surgical incision into a vein; used to treat hemochromatosis
    vasosection, vasotomy
    surgical incision into or division of the vas deferens
    episiotomy
    surgical incision of the perineum to enlarge the vagina and so facilitate delivery during childbirth
    laparoscopy
    laparotomy performed with a laparoscope that makes a small incision to examine the abdominal cavity (especially the ovaries and Fallopian tubes)
    type of:
    cut, cutting
    the act of penetrating or opening open with a sharp edge
  15. noun
    a land unit equal to 1 square mile
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    square mile
    an area of 640 acres
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