extract

When you extract something, you remove it from a larger whole. You can extract a passage from a book, or a liquid essence from a vanilla bean—vanilla extract.

Ex- means out of, and when you extract, you draw something out of something else. When listening to a complicated and long-winded story, it can be difficult to extract the truly meaningful details.

Primary Meanings of extract

1.
vn
remove, usually with some force or effort; also used in an abstract sense
a solution obtained by steeping or soaking a substance (usually in water)
2.
vn
take out of a literary work in order to cite or copy
a passage selected from a larger work
3.
v
deduce (a principle) or construe (a meaning)
4.
v
calculate the root of a number
Full Definitions of extract
1

v remove, usually with some force or effort; also used in an abstract sense

extract a bad tooth”
extract information from the telegram”
Synonyms:
draw out, pull, pull out, pull up, take out
draw, get out, pull, pull out, take out
bring, take, or pull out of a container or from under a cover
Types:
squeeze out, wring out
extract (liquid) by squeezing or pressing
demodulate
extract information from a modulated carrier wave
thread
remove facial hair by tying a fine string around it and pulling at the string
Type of:
remove, take, take away, withdraw
remove something concrete, as by lifting, pushing, or taking off, or remove something abstract

v extract by the process of distillation

Synonyms:
distil, distill
distil, distill
undergo the process of distillation
Types:
moonshine
distill (alcohol) illegally; produce moonshine
Type of:
create, make
make or cause to be or to become

v separate (a metal) from an ore

Type of:
separate
divide into components or constituents

v obtain from a substance, as by mechanical action

Synonyms:
express, press out
Types:
ream
squeeze the juice out (of a fruit) with a reamer
Type of:
acquire, get
come into the possession of something concrete or abstract

v get despite difficulties or obstacles

“I extracted a promise from the Dean for two new positions”
Type of:
obtain
come into possession of

n a solution obtained by steeping or soaking a substance (usually in water)

Synonyms:
infusion
Types:
Bovril, beef tea
an extract of beef (given to people who are ill)
black catechu, catechu
extract of the heartwood of Acacia catechu used for dyeing and tanning and preserving fishnets and sails; formerly used medicinally
pancreatin
extract from the pancreas of animals that contains pancreatic enzymes; used to treat pancreatitis and other conditions involving insufficient pancreatic secretions
Type of:
solution
a homogeneous mixture of two or more substances; frequently (but not necessarily) a liquid solution
2

v take out of a literary work in order to cite or copy

Synonyms:
excerpt, take out
Type of:
choose, pick out, select, take
pick out, select, or choose from a number of alternatives

n a passage selected from a larger work

Synonyms:
excerpt, excerption, selection
Examples:
Haphtarah
a short selection from the Prophets read on every Sabbath in a Jewish synagogue following a reading from the Torah
Types:
show 8 types...
hide 8 types...
chrestomathy
a selection of passages from different authors that is compiled as an aid in learning a language
analecta, analects
a collection of excerpts from a literary work
clipping, cutting, newspaper clipping, press clipping, press cutting
an excerpt cut from a newspaper or magazine
cut, track
a distinct selection of music from a recording or a compact disc
citation, quotation, quote
a passage or expression that is quoted or cited
epigraph
a quotation at the beginning of some piece of writing
mimesis
the representation of another person's words in a speech
misquotation, misquote
an incorrect quotation
Type of:
passage
a section of text; particularly a section of medium length
3

v deduce (a principle) or construe (a meaning)

Synonyms:
draw out, educe, elicit, evoke
Type of:
construe, interpret, see
make sense of; assign a meaning to
4

v calculate the root of a number

Type of:
calculate, cipher, compute, cypher, figure, reckon, work out
make a mathematical calculation or computation

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