If something is in your vicinity, it's in the surrounding area or nearby region — it's in the neighborhood, so to speak. If there's a garbage dump in your vicinity, you'll certainly smell it.

The noun vicinity evolved from the Latin vicinitas, which means “of or pertaining to neighbors or a neighborhood.” Not until 1796 did the word expand in meaning to also describe a “surrounding district.” Said American author Washington Irving, “A kind heart is a fountain of gladness, making everything in its vicinity freshen into smiles.” Slang for vicinity include neck of the woods and turf.

Definitions of vicinity
  1. noun
    a surrounding or nearby region
    “the plane crashed in the vicinity of Asheville”
    synonyms: locality, neck of the woods, neighborhood, neighbourhood
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    Latin Quarter
    the region of Paris on the southern bank of the Seine; a center of artistic and student life
    the highest point in Paris; famous for its associations with many artists
    Right Bank
    the region of Paris on the north bank of the Seine
    a former town and present-day neighborhood of Boston; settled in 1629
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    gold coast
    a rich neighborhood noted for expensive homes and luxurious living; usually along a coastal area
    (slang) a neighborhood
    a general vicinity
    the region close around a person or thing
    the appearance of a place
    front, presence
    the immediate proximity of someone or something
    an expanse of scenery that can be seen in a single view
    a view of the sea
    type of:
    a distinct region or subdivision of a territorial or political area or community or group of people
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