proximity

The word proximity means nearness or closeness. "Because of the proximity of our desks, I couldn't help but notice him cheating on the exam."

Your favorite thing about your neighborhood of attached row houses might be the proximity of your neighbors — they're really close to you. Proximity comes from the Latin proximus, "nearest," which also gives us approximate, "close to the actual." You can use this noun to talk about a physical closeness, or something that's near in time, like the proximity of the months April and May.

Definitions of proximity
1

n the property of being close together

Synonyms:
propinquity
Type of:
closeness, nearness
the spatial property resulting from a relatively small distance

n the region close around a person or thing

Types:
front, presence
the immediate proximity of someone or something
Type of:
locality, neck of the woods, neighborhood, neighbourhood, vicinity
a surrounding or nearby region

n a Gestalt principle of organization holding that (other things being equal) objects or events that are near to one another (in space or time) are perceived as belonging together as a unit

Synonyms:
law of proximity
Type of:
Gestalt law of organization, Gestalt principle of organization
a principle of Gestalt psychology that identifies factors leading to particular forms of perceptual organization

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