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proximity

The word proximity means nearness or closeness. "Because of the proximity of our desks, I couldn't help but notice him cheating on the exam."

Your favorite thing about your neighborhood of attached row houses might be the proximity of your neighbors — they're really close to you. Proximity comes from the Latin proximus, "nearest," which also gives us approximate, "close to the actual." You can use this noun to talk about a physical closeness, or something that's near in time, like the proximity of the months April and May.

Definitions of proximity
  1. noun
    the property of being close together
    synonyms: propinquity
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    type of:
    closeness, nearness
    the spatial property resulting from a relatively small distance
  2. noun
    the region close around a person or thing
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    types:
    front, presence
    the immediate proximity of someone or something
    type of:
    locality, neck of the woods, neighborhood, neighbourhood, vicinity
    a surrounding or nearby region
  3. noun
    a Gestalt principle of organization holding that (other things being equal) objects or events that are near to one another (in space or time) are perceived as belonging together as a unit
    synonyms: law of proximity
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    type of:
    Gestalt law of organization, Gestalt principle of organization
    a principle of Gestalt psychology that identifies factors leading to particular forms of perceptual organization
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