writing

Writing is the act of putting pen to paper...or fingers to keyboard...or even thumbs to phone pad. Any time you record language in script, whether that's a tweet or the next great American novel, you're writing.

If you promise your first-born son to the strange lady next door, she might say, "put it in writing," which means she's probably not a witch and relies on the law to get things done, because things written down are more binding than mere speech. You can also use writing to refer to the collected work of a single author or group. You might adore the writing of Mark Twain. Or do you prefer writing about vampires?

Definitions of writing
1

n letters or symbols that are written or imprinted on a surface to represent the sounds or words of a language

“he turned the paper over so the writing wouldn't show”
“the doctor's writing was illegible”
Examples:
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Linear A
an undeciphered writing system used in Crete in the 17th century B.C.
Linear B
a syllabic script used in Greece in the 13th century B.C.
Microsoft disk operating system
an operating system developed by Bill Gates for personal computers
Linux
an open-source version of the UNIX operating system
MapQuest
a free, widely-used Web Map Server
Google
a widely used search engine that uses text-matching techniques to find web pages that are important and relevant to a user's search
Yahoo
a widely used search engine for the web that finds information, news, images, products, finance
Ask Jeeves
a widely used search engine accepting plain English questions or phrases or terms
Internet Explorer
a commercial browser
Konqueror
a freeware browser for Linux
lynx
a text browser
Mosaic
a freeware browser
Netscape
a commercial browser
Opera
a commercial browser
Types:
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orthography, writing system
a method of representing the sounds of a language by written or printed symbols
coding system
a system of signals used to represent letters or numbers in transmitting messages
capitalisation, capitalization
writing in capital letters
typewriting, typing
writing done with a typewriter
printing
text handwritten in the style of printed matter
hand, handwriting, script
something written by hand
hieroglyph, hieroglyphic
writing that resembles hieroglyphics (usually by being illegible)
skywriting
writing formed in the sky by smoke released from an airplane
printing, printing process
reproduction by applying ink to paper as for publication
notation, notational system
a technical system of symbols used to represent special things
shorthand, stenography, tachygraphy
a method of writing rapidly
cursive, cursive script, longhand, running hand
rapid handwriting in which letters are set down in full and are cursively connected within words without lifting the writing implement from the paper
script
a particular orthography or writing system
spelling
forming words with letters according to the principles underlying accepted usage
code
a coding system used for transmitting messages requiring brevity or secrecy
code, computer code
(computer science) the symbolic arrangement of data or instructions in a computer program or the set of such instructions
picture writing
a writing system using pictographs
alphabetic script, alphabetic writing
a writing system based on alphabetic characters
boustrophedon
an ancient writing system: having alternate lines written in opposite directions; literally `as the ox ploughs'
ideography
the use of ideograms in writing
hieroglyph, hieroglyphic
a writing system using picture symbols; used in ancient Egypt
point system
a system of writing or printing using patterns of raised dots that can be read by touch
double-spacing
typing that leaves alternate lines blank
single-spacing
typing that does not leave lines blank
triple-spacing
typing that leaves two lines blank between lines of typing
touch system, touch typing
typewriting in which the fingers are trained to hit particular keys; typist can read and type at the same time
calligraphy, chirography, penmanship
beautiful handwriting
cacography, scratch, scrawl, scribble
poor handwriting
composition, typography
art and technique of printing with movable type
letterpress, relief printing
printing from a plate with raised characters
gravure, intaglio, intaglio printing
a printing process that uses an etched or engraved plate; the plate is smeared with ink and wiped clean, then the ink left in the recesses makes the print
process printing
a method of printing colored reproductions from halftone plates
planographic printing, planography
the process of printing from a surface on which the printing areas are not raised but are ink-receptive (as opposed to ink repellent)
offset, offset printing
a plate makes an inked impression on a rubber-blanketed cylinder, which in turn transfers it to the paper
carbon process
a process of printing on paper coated with bichromated gelatin containing pigment
mathematical notation
a notation used by mathematicians
musical notation
(music) notation used by musicians
choreography
a notation used by choreographers
chemical notation
a notation used by chemists to express technical facts in chemistry
Type of:
black and white, written communication, written language
communication by means of written symbols (either printed or handwritten)

n the activity of putting something in written form

“she did the thinking while he did the writing
Synonyms:
committal to writing
Types:
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coding, cryptography, secret writing, steganography
act of writing in code or cipher
handwriting
the activity of writing by hand
inscription
the activity of inscribing (especially carving or engraving) letters or words
notation
the activity of representing something by a special system of marks or characters
superscription
the activity of superscribing
stenography
the act or art of writing in shorthand
subscription
the act of signing your name; writing your signature (as on a document)
encoding, encryption
the activity of converting data or information into code
recoding
converting from one code to another
decipherment, decoding, decryption
the activity of making clear or converting from code into plain text
Type of:
activity
any specific behavior

n the act of creating written works

writing was a form of therapy for him”
Synonyms:
authorship, composition, penning
Types:
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adoxography
fine writing in praise of trivial or base subjects
drafting
writing a first version to be filled out and polished later
dramatisation, dramatization
conversion into dramatic form
fabrication, fictionalisation, fictionalization
writing in a fictional form
historiography
the writing of history
metrification
writing a metrical composition (or the metrical structure of a composition)
novelisation, novelization
converting something into the form of a novel
redaction
the act of putting something in writing
lexicography
the act of writing dictionaries
versification
the art or practice of writing verse
Type of:
verbal creation
creating something by the use of speech and language

n the work of a writer; anything expressed in letters of the alphabet (especially when considered from the point of view of style and effect)

“the writing in her novels is excellent”
Synonyms:
piece of writing, written material
Examples:
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Ayurveda
(Sanskrit) an ancient medical treatise summarizing the Hindu art of healing and prolonging life; sometimes regarded as a 5th Veda
Aeneid
an epic in Latin by Virgil; tells the adventures of Aeneas after the Trojan War; provides an illustrious historical background for the Roman Empire
Divina Commedia
a narrative epic poem written by Dante
Iliad
a Greek epic poem (attributed to Homer) describing the siege of Troy
Odyssey
a Greek epic poem (attributed to Homer) describing the journey of Odysseus after the fall of Troy
Nibelungenlied
an epic poem written in Middle High German and based on the legends of Siegfried and Teutonic kings
Dead Sea scrolls
(Old Testament) a collection of written scrolls (containing nearly all of the Old Testament) found in a cave near the Dead Sea in the late 1940s
Granth Sahib
the principal sacred text of Sikhism contains hymns and poetry as well as the teachings of the first five gurus
Zend-Avesta
a collection of Zoroastrian texts gathered during the 4th or 6th centuries
Bhagavad-Gita
(Hinduism) the sacred `song of God' composed about 200 BC and incorporated into the Mahabharata (a Sanskrit epic); contains a discussion between Krishna and the Indian hero Arjuna on human nature and the purpose of life
Mahabharatam
(Hinduism) a sacred epic Sanskrit poem of India dealing in many episodes with the struggle between two rival families
Book of Genesis
the first book of the Old Testament: tells of Creation; Adam and Eve; the Fall of Man; Cain and Abel; Noah and the flood; God's covenant with Abraham; Abraham and Isaac; Jacob and Esau; Joseph and his brothers
Book of Exodus
the second book of the Old Testament: tells of the departure of the Israelites out of slavery in Egypt led by Moses; God gave them the Ten Commandments and the rest of Mosaic law on Mount Sinai during the Exodus
Book of Leviticus
the third book of the Old Testament; contains Levitical law and ritual precedents
Book of Numbers
the fourth book of the Old Testament; contains a record of the number of Israelites who followed Moses out of Egypt
Book of Deuteronomy
the fifth book of the Old Testament; contains a second statement of Mosaic law
Book of Joshua
a book in the Old Testament describing how Joshua led the Israelites into Canaan (the Promised Land) after the death of Moses
Book of Judges
a book of the Old Testament that tells the history of Israel under the leaders known as judges
Book of Ruth
a book of the Old Testament that tells the story of Ruth who was not an Israelite but who married an Israelite and who stayed with her mother-in-law Naomi after her husband died
1 Samuel
the first of two books in the Old Testament that tell of Saul and David
II Samuel
the second of two books of the Old Testament that tell of Saul and David
1 Kings
the first of two Old Testament books telling the histories of the kings of Judah and Israel
II Kings
the second of two Old Testament books telling the histories of the kings of Judah and Israel
1 Chronicles
the first of two Old Testament books telling the history of Judah and Israel until the return from the Babylonian Captivity in 536 BC
II Chronicles
the second of two Old Testament books telling the history of Judah and Israel until the return from the Babylonian Captivity in 536 BC
Book of Ezra
an Old Testament book telling of a rabbi's efforts in the 5th century BC to reconstitute Jewish law and worship in Jerusalem after the Babylonian Captivity
Book of Nehemiah
an Old Testament book telling how a Jewish official at the court of Artaxerxes I in 444 BC became a leader in rebuilding Jerusalem after the Babylonian Captivity
Book of Esther
an Old Testament book telling of a beautiful Jewess who became queen of Persia and saved her people from massacre
Book of Job
a book in the Old Testament containing Job's pleas to God about his afflictions and God's reply
Book of Psalms
an Old Testament book consisting of a collection of 150 Psalms
Book of Proverbs
an Old Testament book consisting of proverbs from various Israeli sages (including Solomon)
Book of Ecclesiastes
an Old Testament book consisting of reflections on the vanity of human life; is traditionally attributed to Solomon but probably was written about 250 BC
Canticle of Canticles
an Old Testament book consisting of a collection of love poems traditionally attributed to Solomon but actually written much later
Book of Isaiah
an Old Testament book consisting of Isaiah's prophecies
Book of Jeremiah
a book in the Old Testament containing the oracles of the prophet Jeremiah
Book of Lamentations
an Old Testament book lamenting the desolation of Judah after the destruction of Jerusalem in 586 BC; traditionally attributed to the prophet Jeremiah
Book of Ezekiel
an Old Testament book containing Ezekiel's prophecies of the downfall of Jerusalem and Judah and their subsequent restoration
Book of the Prophet Daniel
an Old Testament book that tells of the apocalyptic visions and the experiences of Daniel in the court of Nebuchadnezzar
Book of Hosea
an Old Testament book telling Hosea's prophecies
Book of Joel
an Old Testament book telling Joel's prophecies
Book of Amos
an Old Testament book telling Amos's prophecies
Book of Obadiah
an Old Testament book telling Obadiah's prophecies; the shortest book in the Christian Bible
Book of Jonah
a book in the Old Testament that tells the story of Jonah and the whale
Book of Micah
an Old Testament book telling the prophecies of Micah foretelling the destruction of Jerusalem
Book of Nahum
an Old Testament book telling Nahum's prophecy of the fall of Nineveh
Book of Habakkuk
an Old Testament book telling Habakkuk's prophecies
Book of Zephaniah
an Old Testament book telling the prophecies of Zephaniah which are concerned mainly with the approaching judgment by God upon the sinners of Judah
Book of Haggai
an Old Testament book telling the prophecies of Haggai which are concerned mainly with rebuilding the temples after the Babylonian Captivity
Book of Zachariah
an Old Testament book telling the prophecies of Zechariah which are concerned mainly with the renewal of Israel after the Babylonian Captivity
Book of Malachi
an Old Testament book containing the prophecies of Malachi
Gospel According to Matthew
one of the Gospels in the New Testament; includes the Sermon on the Mount
Gospel According to Mark
the shortest of the four Gospels in the New Testament
Gospel According to Luke
one of the four Gospels in the New Testament; contains details of Jesus's birth and early life
Gospel According to John
the last of the four Gospels in the New Testament
Acts of the Apostles
a New Testament book describing the development of the early church from Christ's Ascension to Paul's sojourn at Rome
Epistle of Paul the Apostle to the Romans
a New Testament book containing an exposition of the doctrines of Saint Paul; written in AD 58
First Epistle of Paul the Apostle to the Corinthians
a New Testament book containing the first epistle from Saint Paul to the church at Corinth
Second Epistle of Paul the Apostle to the Corinthians
a New Testament book containing the second epistle from Saint Paul to the church at Corinth
Epistle of Paul the Apostle to the Galatians
a New Testament book containing the epistle from Saint Paul to the Galatians
Epistle of Paul the Apostle to the Ephesians
a New Testament book containing the epistle from Saint Paul to the Ephesians which explains the divine plan for the world and the consummation of this in Christ
Epistle of Paul the Apostle to the Philippians
a New Testament book containing an epistle from Saint Paul to the church at Philippi in Macedonia
Epistle of Paul the Apostle to the Colossians
a New Testament book containing an epistle from Saint Paul to the Colossians in ancient Phrygia
First Epistle of Paul the Apostle to the Thessalonians
a New Testament book containing Saint Paul's first epistle to the Thessalonians
Second Epistle of Paul the Apostle to the Thessalonians
a New Testament book containing Saint Paul's second epistle to the Thessalonians
First Epistle of Paul the Apostle to Timothy
a New Testament book containing Saint Paul's first epistle to Timothy; contains advice on pastoral matters
Second Epistle of Paul the Apostle to Timothy
a New Testament book containing Saint Paul's second epistle to Timothy; contains advice on pastoral matters
Epistle of Paul the Apostle to Titus
a New Testament book containing Saint Paul's epistle to Titus; contains advice on pastoral matters
Epistle of Paul the Apostle to Philemon
a New Testament book containing an epistle from Saint Paul to Philemon asking Philemon to forgive the slave for escaping
Epistle to the Hebrews
a New Testament book traditionally included among the epistle of Saint Paul but now generally considered not to have been written by him
Epistle of James
a New Testament book attributed to Saint James the Apostle
First Epistle of Peter
the first New Testament book traditionally attributed to Saint Peter the Apostle
Second Epistle of Peter
the second New Testament book traditionally attributed to Saint Peter the Apostle
First Epistle of John
the first New Testament epistle traditionally attributed to Saint John the Apostle
Second Epistel of John
the second New Testament epistle traditionally attributed to Saint John the Apostle
Third Epistel of John
the third New Testament epistle traditionally attributed to Saint John the Apostle
Epistle of Jude
a New Testament book attributed to Saint Jude
Revelation of Saint John the Divine
the last book of the New Testament; contains visionary descriptions of heaven and of conflicts between good and evil and of the end of the world; attributed to Saint John the Apostle
Vulgate
the Latin edition of the Bible translated from Hebrew and Greek mainly by St. Jerome at the end of the 4th century; as revised in 1592 it was adopted as the official text for the Roman Catholic Church
Douay-Rheims Version
an English translation of the Vulgate by Roman Catholic scholars
Authorized Version
an English translation of the Bible published in 1611
Revised Version
a British revision of the Authorized Version
New English Bible
a modern English version of the Bible and Apocrypha
American Standard Version
a revised version of the King James Version
Revised Standard Version
a revision of the American Standard Version
Pentateuch
the first of three divisions of the Hebrew Scriptures comprising the first five books of the Hebrew Bible considered as a unit
Torah
the whole body of the Jewish sacred writings and tradition including the oral tradition
Hebrew Scripture
the Jewish scriptures which consist of three divisions--the Torah and the Prophets and the Writings
Prophets
the second of three divisions of the Hebrew Scriptures
Haphtarah
a short selection from the Prophets read on every Sabbath in a Jewish synagogue following a reading from the Torah
Hagiographa
the third of three divisions of the Hebrew Scriptures
Book of Mormon
a sacred text revealed to Joseph Smith in 1830 by an ancient prophet Mormon; supposedly a record of ancient peoples of America translated by Joseph Smith
Angelus
a prayer said 3 times a day by Roman Catholics in memory of the Annunciation
Ave Maria
a salutation to the Virgin Mary now used in prayers to her
Canticle of Simeon
the prayer of Simeon (Luke 2:29-32)
Evening Prayer
(Anglican Church) a daily evening service with prayers prescribed in the Book of Common Prayer
Kol Nidre
the opening prayer on the eve of Yom Kippur
Book of Common Prayer
the Anglican service book of the Church of England; has had several revisions since the Reformation and is widely admired for the dignity and beauty of its language
Litany
a prayer consisting of a series of invocations by the priest with responses from the congregation
Lord's Prayer
the prayer that Christ gave his disciples in the Sermon on the Mount (Matthew 6:9-13)
Additions to Esther
an Apocryphal book consisting of text added to the Book of Esther
Prayer of Azariah and Song of the Three Children
an Apocryphal book consisting of text added to the Book of Daniel
Book of Susanna
an Apocryphal book consisting of text added to the Book of Daniel
Bel and the Dragon
an Apocryphal book consisting of text added to the Book of Daniel
Book of Baruch
an Apocryphal book ascribed to Baruch
Epistle of Jeremiah
an Apocryphal book consisting of a letter ascribed to Jeremiah to the Jews in exile in Babylon warning them against idolatry
Book of Tobit
an Apocryphal book that was a popular novel for several centuries
Book of Judith
an Apocryphal book telling how Judith saved her people
1 Esdras
an Apocryphal book consisting of a compilation from I Chronicles and II Chronicles and Ezra and Nehemiah
II Esdras
an Apocryphal book of angelic revelations
Wisdom of Jesus the Son of Sirach
an Apocryphal book mainly of maxims (resembling Proverbs in that respect)
Wisdom of Solomon
an Apocryphal book consisting mainly of a meditation on wisdom; although ascribed to Solomon it was probably written in the first century BC
1 Maccabees
an Apocryphal book describing the life of Judas Maccabaeus
II Maccabees
an Apocryphal book describing the life of Judas Maccabaeus
al-Qur'an
the sacred writings of Islam revealed by God to the prophet Muhammad during his life at Mecca and Medina
Fatihah
the first or opening sura of the Quran which is the central prayer of Islam and is used on all special occasions as well as during the five daily prayers
Talmud
the collection of ancient rabbinic writings on Jewish law and tradition (the Mishna and the Gemara) that constitute the basis of religious authority in Orthodox Judaism
Gemara
the second part of the Talmud consisting primarily of commentary on the Mishna
Mishnah
the first part of the Talmud; a collection of early oral interpretations of the scriptures that was compiled about AD 200
Ramayana
one of two classical Hindu epics telling of the banishment of Rama from his kingdom and the abduction of his wife by a demon and Rama's restoration to the throne
Samhita
one of four collections of sacred texts
Brahmana
prose works attached to the Samhitas instructing the bahmins to perform the very elaborate sacrificial rituals
Aranyaka
a treatise resembling a Brahmana but to be read or expounded by anchorites in the quiet of the forest
Vedanga
Vedic texts from the fifth and fourth centuries BC dealing with phonetics and ritual injunctions and linguistics and grammar and etymology and lexicography and prosody and astronomy and astrology
Upanishad
a later sacred text of Hinduism of a mystical nature dealing with metaphysical questions
Psalm
one of the 150 lyrical poems and prayers that comprise the Book of Psalms in the Old Testament; said to have been written by David
The Great Charter
the royal charter of political rights given to rebellious English barons by King John in 1215
Declaration of Independence
the document recording the proclamation of the second Continental Congress (4 July 1776) asserting the independence of the Colonies from Great Britain
Articles of Confederation
a written agreement ratified in 1781 by the thirteen original states; it provided a legal symbol of their union by giving the central government no coercive power over the states or their citizens
Kamasutra
(Hinduism) an ancient Sanskrit text giving rules for sensuous and sensual pleasure and love and marriage in accordance with Hindu law
Pilgrim's Progress
an allegory written by John Bunyan in 1678
Septuagint
the oldest Greek version of the Old Testament; said to have been translated from the Hebrew by Jewish scholars at the request of Ptolemy II
Constitution of the United States
the constitution written at the Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia in 1787 and subsequently ratified by the original thirteen states
Lateran Treaty
the agreement signed in the Lateran Palace in 1929 by Italy and the Holy See which recognized the Vatican City as a sovereign and independent papal state
North Atlantic Treaty
the treaty signed in 1949 by 12 countries that established NATO
SALT I
the first treaty between the United States and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics resulting from the Strategic Arms Limitation Talks
SALT II
the second treaty between the United States and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics resulting from the Strategic Arms Limitation Talks
Peace of Westphalia
the peace treaty that ended the Thirty Years' War in 1648
Chemical Weapons Convention
a global treaty banning the production or acquisition or stockpiling or transfer or use of chemical weapons
Geneva Convention
an agreement first drawn up in Geneva in 1864 and later revised concerning the treatment of captured and wounded military personnel and civilians in wartime
Treaty of Versailles
the treaty imposed on Germany by the Allied powers in 1920 after the end of World War I which demanded exorbitant reparations from the Germans
Types:
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bowdlerisation, bowdlerization
written material that has been bowdlerized
title
(usually plural) written material introduced into a movie or TV show to give credits or represent dialogue or explain an action
cryptogram, cryptograph, secret writing
a piece of writing in code or cipher
rescript, revision, rewrite
something that has been written again
literary composition, literary work
imaginative or creative writing
literature
creative writing of recognized artistic value
literature
published writings in a particular style on a particular subject
matter
written works (especially in books or magazines)
criticism, literary criticism
a written evaluation of a work of literature
section, subdivision
a self-contained part of a larger composition (written or musical)
paragraph
one of several distinct subdivisions of a text intended to separate ideas; the beginning is usually marked by a new indented line
diary, journal
a daily written record of (usually personal) experiences and observations
inscription, lettering
letters inscribed (especially words engraved or carved) on something
manuscript, ms
the form of a literary work submitted for publication
autograph
something written by one's own hand
treatise
a formal exposition
adaptation, version
a written work (as a novel) that has been recast in a new form
essay
an analytic or interpretive literary composition
editing, redaction
putting something (as a literary work or a legislative bill) into acceptable form
religious text, religious writing, sacred text, sacred writing
writing that is venerated for the worship of a deity
screed
a long piece of writing
document, papers, written document
writing that provides information (especially information of an official nature)
dramatic composition, dramatic work
a play for performance on the stage or television or in a movie etc.
dithyramb
a wildly enthusiastic speech or piece of writing
plagiarism
a piece of writing that has been copied from someone else and is presented as being your own work
transcript
something that has been transcribed; a written record (usually typewritten) of dictated or recorded speech
lead, lead-in, lede
the introductory section of a story
historiography
a body of historical literature
acrostic
verse in which certain letters such as the first in each line form a word or message
belles lettres, belles-lettres
creative writing valued for esthetic content
dialog, dialogue
a literary composition in the form of a conversation between two people
fiction
a literary work based on the imagination and not necessarily on fact
fictionalisation, fictionalization
a literary work based partly or wholly on fact but written as if it were fiction
explication de texte
a method of literary criticism that analyzes details of a text in order to reveal its structure and meaning
textual criticism
comparison of a particular text with related materials in order to establish authenticity
new criticism
literary criticism based on close analysis of the text
analysis
a form of literary criticism in which the structure of a piece of writing is analyzed
hagiology
literature narrating the lives (and legends) of the saints
lucubration
a solemn literary work that is the product of laborious cogitation
pastoral
a literary work idealizing the rural life (especially the life of shepherds)
poem, verse form
a composition written in metrical feet forming rhythmical lines
canto
a major division of a long poem
potboiler
a literary composition of poor quality that was written quickly to make money (to boil the pot)
tushery
writing of poor quality; characterized by affected choice of archaic words
dictation
matter that has been dictated and transcribed; a dictated passage
text, textual matter
the words of something written
text
the main body of a written work (as distinct from illustrations or footnotes etc.)
typescript
typewritten matter especially a typewritten copy of a manuscript
front matter, prelims
written matter preceding the main text of a book
back matter, end matter
written matter following the main text of a book
soft copy
(computer science) matter that is in a form that a computer can store or display it on a computer screen
hard copy
(computer science) matter that is held in a computer and is typed or printed on paper
above
an earlier section of a written text
sports section
the section of a newspaper that reports on sports
article, clause
a separate section of a legal document (as a statute or contract or will)
book
a major division of a long written composition
chapter
a subdivision of a written work; usually numbered and titled
episode
a brief section of a literary or dramatic work that forms part of a connected series
spot
a section of an entertainment that is assigned to a specific performer or performance
spot
a short section or illustration (as between radio or tv programs or in a magazine) that is often used for advertising
insert
a folded section placed between the leaves of another publication
introduction
the first section of a communication
narration
(rhetoric) the second section of an oration in which the facts are set forth
close, closing, conclusion, end, ending
the last section of a communication
addendum, postscript, supplement
textual matter that is added onto a publication; usually at the end
passage
a section of text; particularly a section of medium length
blog, web log
a shared on-line journal where people can post diary entries about their personal experiences and hobbies
superscription
an inscription written above something else
epigraph
an engraved inscription
epitaph
an inscription on a tombstone or monument in memory of the person buried there
holograph, manuscript
handwritten book or document
modernization
a modernized version (as of a play)
dissertation, thesis
a treatise advancing a new point of view resulting from research; usually a requirement for an advanced academic degree
pamphlet, tract
a brief treatise on a subject of interest; published in the form of a booklet
monograph
a detailed and documented treatise on a particular subject
composition, paper, report, theme
an essay (especially one written as an assignment)
disquisition
an elaborate analytical or explanatory essay or discussion
memoir
an essay on a scientific or scholarly topic
thanatopsis
an essay expressing a view on the subject of death
critical review, critique, review, review article
an essay or article that gives a critical evaluation (as of a book or play)
copy editing
putting something into a form suitable for a printer
cut, deletion, excision
the omission that is made when an editorial change shortens a written passage
correction
something substituted for an error
revising, rewriting
editing that involves writing something again
sacred scripture, scripture
any writing that is regarded as sacred by a religious group
Bible, Book, Christian Bible, Good Book, Holy Scripture, Holy Writ, Scripture, Word, Word of God
the sacred writings of the Christian religions
mezuza, mezuzah
religious texts from Deuteronomy inscribed on parchment and rolled up in a case that is attached to the doorframe of many Jewish households in accordance with Jewish law
Paralipomenon
(Old Testament) an obsolete name for the Old Testament books of I Chronicles and II Chronicles which were regarded as supplementary to Kings
Testament
either of the two main parts of the Christian Bible
Gospel, Gospels, evangel
the four books in the New Testament (Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John) that tell the story of Christ's life and teachings
Synoptic Gospels, Synoptics
the first three Gospels which describe events in Christ's life from a similar point of view
prayer
a fixed text used in praying
service book
a book setting forth the forms of church service
Apocrypha
14 books of the Old Testament included in the Vulgate (except for II Esdras) but omitted in Jewish and Protestant versions of the Bible; eastern Christian churches (except the Coptic Church) accept all these books as canonical; the Russian Orthodox Church accepts these texts as divinely inspired but does not grant them the same status
sapiential book, wisdom book, wisdom literature
any of the biblical books (Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, Song of Songs, Wisdom of Solomon, Ecclesiasticus) that are considered to contain wisdom
Pseudepigrapha
52 texts written between 200 BC and AD 200 but ascribed to various prophets and kings in the Hebrew scriptures; many are apocalyptic in nature
sura
one of the sections (or chapters) in the Koran
Talmudic literature
(Judaism) ancient rabbinical writings
Sanskrit literature
Hindu literature written in Sanskrit
Veda, Vedic literature
(from the Sanskrit word for `knowledge') any of the most ancient sacred writings of Hinduism written in early Sanskrit; traditionally believed to comprise the Samhitas, the Brahmanas, the Aranyakas, and the Upanishads
mantra
(Sanskrit) literally a `sacred utterance' in Vedism; one of a collection of orally transmitted poetic hymns
psalm
any sacred song used to praise the deity
ballot
a document listing the alternatives that is used in voting
brevet
a document entitling a commissioned officer to hold a higher rank temporarily (but without higher pay)
capitulation
a document containing the terms of surrender
certificate, certification, credential, credentials
a document attesting to the truth of certain stated facts
charter
a document incorporating an institution and specifying its rights; includes the articles of incorporation and the certificate of incorporation
commercial document, commercial instrument
a document of or relating to commerce
confession
a written document acknowledging an offense and signed by the guilty party
copyright, right of first publication
a document granting exclusive right to publish and sell literary or musical or artistic work
enclosure, inclosure
something (usually a supporting document) that is enclosed in an envelope with a covering letter
form
a printed document with spaces in which to write
instrument, legal document, legal instrument, official document
(law) a document that states some contractual relationship or grants some right
papyrus
a document written on papyrus
patent, patent of invention
a document granting an inventor sole rights to an invention
platform, political platform, political program, program
a document stating the aims and principles of a political party
resignation
a formal document giving notice of your intention to resign
declaration, resolution, resolve
a formal expression by a meeting; agreed to by a vote
source
a document (or organization) from which information is obtained
specification
(patent law) a document drawn up by the applicant for a patent of invention that provides an explicit and detailed description of the nature and use of an invention
voucher
a document that serves as evidence of some expenditure
exposition
(music) the section of a movement (especially in sonata form) where the major musical themes first occur
obbligato, obligato
a part of the score that must be performed without change or omission
drama, dramatic play, play
a dramatic work intended for performance by actors on a stage
act
a subdivision of a play or opera or ballet
scene
a subdivision of an act of a play
book, playscript, script
a written version of a play or other dramatic composition; used in preparing for a performance
recapitulation
(music) the section of a composition or movement (especially in sonata form) in which musical themes that were introduced earlier are repeated
development
(music) the section of a composition or movement (especially in sonata form) where the major musical themes are developed and elaborated
versification
a metrical adaptation of something (e.g., of a prose text)
report, study, written report
a written document describing the findings of some individual or group
recitation
written matter that is recited from memory
Type of:
black and white, written communication, written language
communication by means of written symbols (either printed or handwritten)

n (usually plural) the collected work of an author

“the idea occurs with increasing frequency in Hemingway's writings
Types:
patristics, patrology
the writings of the early Church Fathers
Type of:
body of work, oeuvre, work
the total output of a writer or artist (or a substantial part of it)
black and white, written communication, written language
communication by means of written symbols (either printed or handwritten)

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