The word work has many shades of meaning, but most involve putting in an effort of some sort. You're not going to become an Olympic ice skater overnight. You'll need to do a serious amount of work to get there.

When you say you have to go to work, work is a noun meaning your workplace. The actual tasks you perform at your workplace — what you get paid for — are also called work. Your work might consist of answering the phone or baking bread or doing the accounting. Work can also be a verb describing doing some kind of activity, often one associated with your job. It's a bummer to work on Saturday when you already worked all week.

Primary Meanings of work

activity directed toward making or doing something
exert oneself by doing mental or physical work for a purpose or out of necessity
the occupation for which you are paid
be employed
(physics) a manifestation of energy; the transfer of energy from one physical system to another expressed as the product of a force and the distance through which it moves a body in the direction of that force
proceed towards a goal or along a path or through an activity
have an effect or outcome; often the one desired or expected
cause to undergo fermentation
Full Definitions of work

n activity directed toward making or doing something

“she checked several points needing further work
Human Genome Project
an international study of the entire human genetic material
Manhattan Project
code name for the secret United States project set up in 1942 to develop atomic bombs for use in World War II
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lavation, wash, washing
the work of cleansing (usually with soap and water)
the most important or interesting work or activity in a specific area or field
a damaging piece of work
the performance of a piece of work
operation, procedure
a process or series of acts especially of a practical or mechanical nature involved in a particular form of work
work done by one person or group that benefits another
polishing, shining
the work of making something smooth and shiny by rubbing or waxing it
heavy lifting
difficult work
the work of a housewife
housekeeping, housework
the work of cleaning and running a house
the work of using heat to smooth washed clothes in order to remove any wrinkles
busywork, make-work
active work of little value
the work of cutting down trees for timber
loose end, unfinished business
work that is left incomplete
work to be done at night
work that involves handling papers: forms or letters or reports etc.
social service, welfare work
an organized activity to improve the condition of disadvantaged people in society
labor, labour, toil
productive work (especially physical work done for wages)
subbing, substituting
working as a substitute for someone who is ill or on leave of absence
investigating, investigation
the work of inquiring into something thoroughly and systematically
aid, attention, care, tending
the work of providing treatment for or attending to someone or something
work that you are obliged to perform for moral or legal reasons
mission, missionary work
the organized work of a religious missionary
dull or routine preliminary work preparing for an undertaking
work paid for at a rate per unit of time
labor, project, task, undertaking
any piece of work that is undertaken or attempted
work assigned to and done by a student during a course of study; usually it is evaluated as part of the student's grade in the course
bathing, washup
the act of washing yourself (or another person)
the ritual washing of a priest's hands or of sacred vessels
dishwashing, washup
the act of washing dishes
the washing of dishes etc after a meal
the activity of washing windows
washing lightly without soap
soak, soaking
washing something by allowing it to soak
hair care, haircare, hairdressing
care for the hair: the activity of washing or cutting or curling or arranging the hair
capturing cattle or horses with a lasso
breeze, child's play, cinch, duck soup, picnic, piece of cake, pushover, snap, walkover
any undertaking that is easy to do
consulting service
service provided by a professional advisor (e.g., a lawyer or doctor or CPA etc.)
a service that an organization or a piece of equipment offers you
washing clothes and bed linens
the act of shining shoes
national service
compulsory service in the military during peacetime
the service (electric power or water or transportation) provided by a public utility
unpaid labor (as for the maintenance of roads) required by a lord of his vassals in lieu of taxes
donkeywork, drudgery, grind, plodding
hard monotonous routine work
effort, elbow grease, exertion, sweat, travail
use of physical or mental energy; hard work
hunt, hunting
the work of finding and killing or capturing animals for food or pelts
professional work done according to formula
cutting grass and curing it to make hay
manual labor, manual labour
labor done with the hands
overwork, overworking
the act of working too much or too long
work done under harsh conditions for little or no pay
an investigation of the component parts of a whole and their relations in making up the whole
count, counting, enumeration, numeration, reckoning, tally
the act of counting; reciting numbers in ascending order
police investigation, police work
the investigation of criminal activities
the application of empirical methods in any art or science
examination, scrutiny
the act of examining something closely (as for mistakes)
examination, testing
the act of giving students or candidates a test (as by questions) to determine what they know or have learned
enquiry, inquiry
a systematic investigation of a matter of public interest
systematic investigation to establish facts
an investigation seeking answers
the act of putting into tabular form
tap, wiretap
the act of tapping a telephone or telegraph line to get information
motherly care; behavior characteristic of a mother; the practice of acting as a mother does toward her children
baby sitting, babysitting
the work of a baby sitter; caring for children when their parents are not home
pet sitting
the work of a pet sitter; caring for pets in their own home while their owners are away from home
dental care
care for the teeth
first aid
emergency care given before regular medical aid can be obtained
intervention, treatment
care provided to improve a situation (especially medical procedures or applications that are intended to relieve illness or injury)
maintaining something at the most favorable temperature for its development
the care (feeding and stabling) of horses for pay
professional care for the hands and fingernails
professional care for the feet and toenails
the act of nourishing
the work of caring for the sick or injured or infirm
TLC, tender loving care
considerate and solicitous care
physical and emotional care and nourishment
personal care
care for someone who is disabled or is otherwise unable to care for themselves; can including bathing and cooking and managing bodily functions
skin care, skincare
care for the skin
faith cure, faith healing
care provided through prayer and faith in God
chore, job, task
a specific piece of work required to be done as a duty or for a specific fee
function, office, part, role
the actions and activities assigned to or required or expected of a person or group
assignment, duty assignment
a duty that you are assigned to perform (especially in the armed forces)
da'wah, dawah
missionary work for Islam
adventure, dangerous undertaking, escapade, risky venture
a wild and exciting undertaking (not necessarily lawful)
an undertaking that you have been assigned to do (as by an instructor)
a project of personal concern to someone
endeavor, endeavour, enterprise
a purposeful or industrious undertaking (especially one that requires effort or boldness)
labor of love, labour of love
productive work performed voluntarily without material reward or compensation
endurance contest, marathon
any long and arduous undertaking
anything that requires little thought
a task to be dealt with
large order, tall order
a formidable task or requirement
any venturesome undertaking especially one with an uncertain outcome
tree surgery
treatment of damaged or decaying trees
health care, healthcare
the preservation of mental and physical health by preventing or treating illness through services offered by the health profession
social work
any of various services designed to aid the poor and aged and to increase the welfare of children
close sociological study of a maladjusted person or family for diagnosis and treatment
Type of:
any specific behavior

n applying the mind to learning and understanding a subject (especially by reading)

“mastering a second language requires a lot of work
Type of:
acquisition, learning
the cognitive process of acquiring skill or knowledge

n a product produced or accomplished through the effort or activity or agency of a person or thing

“it is not regarded as one of his more memorable works
“the symphony was hailed as an ingenious work
“he was indebted to the pioneering work of John Dewey”
“the work of an active imagination”
“erosion is the work of wind or water over time”
piece of work
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Das Kapital
a book written by Karl Marx (1867) describing his economic theories
a satirical novel written by Samuel Butler (1872) describing a fictitious land
a book written by Sir Thomas More (1516) describing the perfect society on an imaginary island
Oxford English Dictionary
an unabridged dictionary constructed on historical principles
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follow-up, followup
a piece of work that exploits or builds on earlier work
handcraft, handicraft, handiwork, handwork
a work produced by hand labor
work made of iron (gratings or rails or railings etc)
work consisting of (or resembling) lace fabric
a decorative work made of wood and covered with lacquer and often inlaid with ivory or precious metals
work made of leather
chef-d'oeuvre, masterpiece
the most outstanding work of a creative artist or craftsman
the metal parts of something
ornamental work (such as embroidery or latticework) having a pattern of openings
a piece of work composed of or decorated in many colors
decorative work made of silver
caning, wicker, wickerwork
work made of interlaced slender branches (especially willow branches)
work made of wood; especially moldings or stairways or furniture
work in progress
a piece of work that is not yet finished
work consisting of a piece of metal being machined
a copy of a printed work offered for distribution
woodwork finished by hand by a cabinetmaker
lacquerware decorated and varnished in the Japanese manner with a glossy durable black lacquer
fine woodwork done by a joiner
woodwork that has been machined at a mill
reissue, reprint, reprinting
a publication (such as a book) that is reprinted without changes or editing and offered again for sale
new edition
a publication (such as a book) that has been modified or updated and offered again for sale
a written work or composition that has been published (printed on pages bound together)
a publication that is one of a set of several similar publications
something that is read
impression, printing
all the copies of a work printed at one time
collection, compendium
a publication containing a variety of works
a publication that appears at fixed intervals
mag, magazine
a periodic publication containing pictures and stories and articles of interest to those who purchase it or subscribe to it
tip sheet
a publication containing the latest information or tips or predictions for a particular business or stock market information or horse racing results, etc.
reference, source
a publication (or a passage from a publication) that is referred to
something that has been published again; a fresh publication (as of a literary work)
Type of:
product, production
an artifact that has been created by someone or some process

n the total output of a writer or artist (or a substantial part of it)

“Picasso's work can be divided into periods”
body of work, oeuvre
(usually plural) the collected work of an author
patristics, patrology
the writings of the early Church Fathers
Type of:
end product, output
final product; the things produced

v exert oneself by doing mental or physical work for a purpose or out of necessity

“I will work hard to improve my grades”
“she worked hard for better living conditions for the poor”
do work
be employed
idle, laze, slug, stagnate
be idle; exist in a changeless situation
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go through, run through, work through
apply thoroughly; think through
mess around, monkey, monkey around, muck about, muck around, potter, putter, tinker
do random, unplanned work or activities or spend time idly
work as a carpenter
work as a clerk, as in the legal business
work as a page
wait, waitress
serve as a waiter or waitress in a restaurant
pull one's weight
do one's share in a common task
work actively for a political candidate or a party
act as an assistant in a subordinate or supportive function
beaver, beaver away
work hard on something
work at, work on
to exert effort in order to do, make, or perform something
keep one's nose to the grindstone, keep one's shoulder to the wheel, peg away, plug away, slog
work doggedly or persistently
busy, occupy
keep busy with
collaborate, cooperate, get together, join forces
work together on a common enterprise of project
do volunteer work
specialise, specialize
devote oneself to a special area of work
work as a minister
work as an intern
work as the skipper on a vessel
do useless, wasteful, or trivial work
scant, skimp
work hastily or carelessly; deal with inadequately and superficially
devote (part of) one's life or efforts to, as of countries, institutions, or ideas
use tariffs to favor domestic industry
mess around, as in a liquid or paste
whip through
go through very fast
belabor, belabour
to work at or to absurd length
potter, putter
work lightly
dabble, play around, smatter
work with in an amateurish manner
cooperate as a traitor
go along, play along
cooperate or pretend to cooperate
assist or encourage, usually in some wrongdoing

v cause to work

“he is working his servants hard”
put to work
do work
be employed
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exercise, work out
give a workout to
warm up
cause to do preliminary exercises so as to stretch the muscles
computerise, computerize, cybernate
control a function, process, or creation by a computer
put on a rack and pinion
exploit, overwork
work excessively hard
cause to become limber
drive or work too hard
Type of:
apply, employ, use, utilise, utilize
put into service; make work or employ for a particular purpose or for its inherent or natural purpose

v give a workout to

“My personal trainer works me hard”
work one's muscles”
exercise, work out
exercise, work out
do physical exercise
warm up
cause to do preliminary exercises so as to stretch the muscles
cause to become limber
Type of:
put to work
cause to work

v shape, form, or improve a material

work stone into tools”
work the metal”
process, work on
forge, form, mold, mould, shape
make something, usually for a specific function
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roll, press, forge, or shape (metal) while hot
cold work, coldwork
shape (metal) without heat
use too much
make over, retread, rework
use again in altered form
work on a rack
work with a tool
work land as by ploughing, harrowing, and manuring, in order to make it ready for cultivation
plough, plow, turn
to break and turn over earth especially with a plow
dig with a hoe
Type of:
transform, transmute, transubstantiate
change or alter in form, appearance, or nature

v make something, usually for a specific function

Work the metal into a sword”
forge, form, mold, mould, shape
process, work on
shape, form, or improve a material
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form by carving
swage, upset
form metals with a swage
form by chipping
make or form a layer
cut out
form and create by cutting out
turn, shape, mold, or otherwise finish by machinery
shape or form by grinding
form or cut out with a mold, form, or die
subject to puddling or form by puddling
shape by beating
form or shape beforehand or determine the shape of beforehand
form into a shape resembling the final, desired one
form into a rounded elevation
form into a hill
shape roughly
remold, reshape
shape again or shape differently
cause (ores or powdery metals) to become a coherent mass by heating without melting
cast, mold, mould
form by pouring (e.g., wax or hot metal) into a cast or mold
make on a potter's wheel
coil, hand-build, handbuild
make without a potter's wheel
sculpt, sculpture
create by shaping stone or wood or any other hard material
model, mold, mould
form in clay, wax, etc
hew, hew out
make or shape as with an axe
gouge out
make gouges into a surface
cut a rectangular groove into
grave, sculpt, sculpture
shape (a material like stone or wood) by whittling away at it
die, die out
cut or shape with a die
mound over
form a mound over
press, press out
press from a plastic
recast, remold, remould
cast again
sand cast
pour molten metal into a mold of sand
forge, hammer
create by hammering
carve a pattern into
Type of:
create from raw material, create from raw stuff
make from scratch

v make uniform

work the clay until it is soft”
crop, cultivate
prepare for crops
knead to reach proper lightness
grind and knead
Type of:
hold something in one's hands and move it

v behave in a certain way when handled

“This dough does not work easily”
“The soft metal works well”
make uniform
Type of:
have the quality of being; (copula, used with an adjective or a predicate noun)

v provoke or excite

“The rock musician worked the crowd of young girls into a frenzy”
use or manipulate to one's advantage
Type of:
excite, stimulate, stir
stir feelings in

v gratify and charm, usually in order to influence

“the political candidate worked the crowds”
Type of:
becharm, beguile, bewitch, captivate, capture, catch, charm, enamor, enamour, enchant, entrance, fascinate, trance
attract; cause to be enamored

v operate in a certain place, area, or specialty

“She works the night clubs”
“The salesman works the Midwest”
“This artist works mostly in acrylics”
do work
be employed

v use or manipulate to one's advantage

“She knows how to work the system”
“he works his parents for sympathy”
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make hay
turn to one's advantage
use to one's advantage
avail, help
take or use
feed, prey
profit from in an exploitatory manner
seek or achieve an end by using to one's advantage
take advantage, trespass
make excessive use of
Type of:
apply, employ, use, utilise, utilize
put into service; make work or employ for a particular purpose or for its inherent or natural purpose

v operate in or through

Work the phones”
function, go, operate, run
perform as expected when applied
Type of:
operate, run
direct or control; projects, businesses, etc.

v cause to operate or function

“This pilot works the controls”
“Can you work an electric drill?”
Type of:
care, deal, handle, manage
be in charge of, act on, or dispose of

v prepare for crops

Work the soil”
crop, cultivate
make uniform
overcrop, overcultivate
to exhaust by excessive cultivation
Type of:
fix, gear up, prepare, ready, set, set up
make ready or suitable or equip in advance for a particular purpose or for some use, event, etc

v cause to happen or to occur as a consequence

“I cannot work a miracle”
bring, make for, play, wreak
have an effect or outcome; often the one desired or expected
Type of:
create, make
make or cause to be or to become

v find the solution to (a problem or question) or understand the meaning of

Work out your problems with the boss”
“this unpleasant situation isn't going to work itself out”
“He could not work the math problem”
figure out, lick, puzzle out, solve, work out
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answer, resolve
understand the meaning of
explain a riddle
arrive at after reckoning, deliberating, and weighing
guess, infer
guess correctly; solve by guessing
give the correct answer or solution to
find the solution or key to
discern or comprehend
Type of:
know and comprehend the nature or meaning of

n the occupation for which you are paid

“a lot of people are out of work
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coaching, coaching job
the job of a professional coach
booking, engagement
employment for performers or performing groups that lasts for a limited period of time
the work of a minister of religion
navigation, sailing, seafaring
the work of a sailor
work load, workload
work that a person is expected to do in a specified time
work paid for according to the quantity produced
employment in or work for another
telecommuting, teleworking
employment at home while communicating with the workplace by phone or fax or modem
performance of duties or provision of space and equipment helpful to others
public service
employment within a government system (especially in the civil service)
paper route
the job of delivering newspapers regularly
a booking for musicians
navigation in coastal waters
case load
the number of cases handled in a given period of time (as by a court or agency)
the job of a head of a government department
Type of:
business, job, line, line of work, occupation
the principal activity in your life that you do to earn money

n a place where work is done

“he arrived at work early today”
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American Stock Exchange
a stock exchange in New York
the stock exchange in Paris
Charlestown Navy Yard
the navy yard in Boston where the frigate `Constitution' is anchored
New York Stock Exchange
a stock exchange in New York
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bakehouse, bakery, bakeshop
a workplace where baked goods (breads and cakes and pastries) are produced or sold
any workplace where people are very busy
brokerage, brokerage house
place where a broker conducts his business
central, exchange, telephone exchange
a workplace that serves as a telecommunications facility where lines from telephones can be connected together to permit communication
colliery, pit
a workplace consisting of a coal mine plus all the buildings and equipment connected with it
a workplace where dairy products (butter and cheese etc.) are produced or sold
drill site
workplace that is the site of a drill hole
a workplace for buying and selling; open only to members
workplace consisting of farm buildings and cultivated land as a unit
fishery, piscary
a workplace where fish are caught and processed and sold
fish farm
a workplace (usually a pond) where fish are raised for food
forge, smithy
a workplace where metal is worked by heating and hammering
the workplace where coal gas is manufactured
a workplace where glass is made
the workplace where iron is smelted or where iron goods are made
a workplace; as in the expression "on the job";
lab, laboratory, research lab, research laboratory, science lab, science laboratory
a workplace for the conduct of scientific research
workplace where clothes are washed and ironed
a workplace away from a studio at which some or all of a movie may be made
a workplace where lumber is stocked for sale
oyster bank, oyster bed, oyster park
a workplace where oysters are bred and grown
proving ground
a workplace for testing new equipment or ideas
rope yard, ropewalk
workplace consisting of a long narrow path or shed where rope is made
workplace consisting of a circular building for repairing locomotives
a workplace where ships are built or repaired
shop floor
workplace consisting of the part of a factory housing the machines
workplace for the teaching or practice of an art
workplace consisting of a room or building where movies or television shows or radio programs are produced and recorded
workplace where skins and hides are tanned
test bed
a place equipped with instruments for testing (e.g. engines or machinery or computer programs etc.) under working conditions
workplace where water is stored and purified and distributed for a community
shop, workshop
small workplace where handcrafts or manufacturing are done
artist's workroom, atelier
a studio especially for an artist or designer
a workshop where books are bound
bio lab, biology lab, biology laboratory
a laboratory for biological research
a bookbinder's workshop; a place for binding books
brickfield, brickyard
a place where bricks are made and sold
broadcasting studio
a studio where broadcasts originate
(CENTRal EXchange) a kind of telephone exchange
chem lab, chemistry lab, chemistry laboratory
a laboratory for research in chemistry
chicken farm
farm where chickens are raised for sale
chop shop
a place where stolen cars are disassembled for their parts
commodities exchange, commodities market, commodity exchange
an exchange for buying and selling commodities for future delivery
corn exchange
an exchange where grains are bought and sold
a small farm worked by a crofter
dairy, dairy farm
a farm where dairy products are produced
defense laboratory
a laboratory devoted to research and development for national defense
a workshop where dyeing is done
farm-place, farmplace, farmstead
a farm together with its buildings
an outlying farm
a farm that supplies the needs of a large estate of establishment
Laundromat, launderette
a self-service laundry (service mark Laundromat) where coin-operated washing machines are available to individual customers
machine shop
workshop where metal is cut and shaped etc., by machine tools
naval shipyard, navy yard
a military shipyard
a bakery specializing in French pastry
pearl fishery
a fishery where they fish for pearl oysters
physics lab, physics laboratory
a laboratory for research in physics
pig farm, piggery
a farm where pigs are raised or kept
a workshop where clayware is made
print shop, printing shop
a workplace where printing is done
cattle farm, cattle ranch, ranch, spread
farm consisting of a large tract of land along with facilities needed to raise livestock (especially cattle)
recording studio
studio where tapes and records are recorded
workshop where a saddler works
sewage farm
a farm that is irrigated and fertilized with raw sewage
sheeprun, sheepwalk
farm devoted to raising sheep
sheltered workshop
a workshop that offers jobs to members of the physically or developmentally disabled population
securities market, stock exchange, stock market
an exchange where security trading is conducted by professional stockbrokers
stud farm
a farm where horses are bred
patchboard, plugboard, switchboard
telephone central where circuits are completed with patchcords
truck farm, truck garden
a farm where vegetables are grown for market
workshop where objects are made on a lathe
vinery, vineyard
a farm of grapevines where wine grapes are produced
a building or outbuilding where laundry is done
Type of:
geographic point, geographical point
a point on the surface of the Earth

v be employed

“Is your husband working again?”
“My wife never worked
“Do you want to work after the age of 60?”
“She never did any work because she inherited a lot of money”
“She works as a waitress to put herself through college”
do work
put to work
cause to work
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do duty or hold offices; serve in a specific function
be in the banking business
fill, occupy, take
assume, as of positions or roles
work as a driver
work as a tinker or tinkerer
do military service
blackleg, fink, rat, scab
take the place of work of someone on strike
dig, drudge, fag, grind, labor, labour, moil, toil, travail
work hard
be a farmer; work as a farmer
work a second job, usually after hours
work occasionally
take charge of a certain job; occupy a certain work place
break one's back, buckle down, knuckle down, slave
work very hard, like a slave
work under a subcontract; engage in a subcontract
turn a trick
have a customer, of a prostitute
work independently and on temporary contracts rather than for a long-term employer
serve in a specific professional capacity
serve on the staff of
discharge one's duties
perform a job or duty on a rotating basis
function, officiate
perform duties attached to a particular office or place or function
caddie, caddy
act as a caddie and carry clubs for a player
manage or run a ranch
be a delegate or spokesperson for; represent somebody's interest or be a proxy or substitute for, as of politicians and office holders representing their constituents, or of a tenant representing other tenants in a housing dispute

n (physics) a manifestation of energy; the transfer of energy from one physical system to another expressed as the product of a force and the distance through which it moves a body in the direction of that force

work equals force times distance”
Type of:
energy, free energy
(physics) a thermodynamic quantity equivalent to the capacity of a physical system to do work; the units of energy are joules or ergs

v proceed towards a goal or along a path or through an activity

work your way through every problem or task”
“She was working on her second martini when the guests arrived”
“Start from the bottom and work towards the top”
proceed along a path
Type of:
go, move, proceed
follow a procedure or take a course

v proceed along a path

work one's way through the crowd”
move as if by clawing, seizing, or digging
make one's way by jostling, pushing, or shoving
cut one's way through the woods or bush
Type of:
go across, go through, pass
go across or through

v move into or onto

work the raisins into the dough”
“the student worked a few jokes into his presentation”
work the body onto the flatbed truck”
mix or add by stirring
Type of:
displace, move
cause to move or shift into a new position or place, both in a concrete and in an abstract sense

v move in an agitated manner

“His fingers worked with tension”
Type of:
displace, move
cause to move or shift into a new position or place, both in a concrete and in an abstract sense

v arrive at a certain condition through repeated motion

“The stitches of the hem worked loose after she wore the skirt many times”
Type of:
become, get, go
enter or assume a certain state or condition

v have an effect or outcome; often the one desired or expected

“The voting process doesn't work as well as people thought”
“How does your idea work in practice?”
“This method doesn't work
“The medicine works only if you take it with a lot of water”
bring, make for, play, wreak
cause to happen or to occur as a consequence
Type of:
bring home the bacon, come through, deliver the goods, succeed, win
attain success or reach a desired goal

v perform as expected when applied

“This old radio doesn't work anymore”
function, go, operate, run
be operating, running or functioning
malfunction, misfunction
fail to function or function improperly
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do double duty; serve two purposes or have two functions
begin operating or running
be operating, running or functioning
function as a cutting instrument
serve, service
be used by; as of a utility

v have and exert influence or effect

“She worked on her friends to support the political candidate”
act upon, influence
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prejudice, prepossess
influence (somebody's) opinion in advance
form, imprint
establish or impress firmly in the mind
have force or influence; bring about an effect or change
manipulate, pull strings, pull wires
influence or control shrewdly or deviously
color, colour
modify or bias
swing, swing over
influence decisively
blackjack, blackmail, pressure
exert pressure on someone through threats
carry, persuade, sway
win approval or support for
get at
influence by corruption
influence an event or its outcome by illegal means
be in control
bias, predetermine
cause to be biased
influence in an unfair way
enter into and control, as of emotions or ideas
Type of:
affect, bear on, bear upon, impact, touch, touch on
have an effect upon

v cause to undergo fermentation

“The vintner worked the wine in big oak vats”
ferment, sour, turn
go sour or spoil
convert a juice into wine by fermentation
Type of:
change the nature, purpose, or function of something

v go sour or spoil

“The wine worked
ferment, sour, turn
cause to undergo fermentation
Type of:
change state, turn
undergo a transformation or a change of position or action

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