process

A process is a procedure, something you do in order to achieve a certain result. Some people try to carefully follow all the steps in a process. Other people just wing it.

You hear this word being used a lot to describe work. "I am in the process of drafting a memo, even if I kill myself with late nights in the process." The related word procession describes people or vehicles moving forward in an orderly way — a wedding opens with the bridal procession.

Definitions of process
  1. noun
    a particular course of action intended to achieve a result
    “it was a process of trial and error”
    synonyms: procedure
    see moresee less
    types:
    show 43 types...
    hide 43 types...
    Bertillon system
    a system or procedure for identifying persons
    fingerprinting
    the procedure of taking inked impressions of a person's fingerprints for the purpose of identification
    genetic fingerprinting, genetic profiling
    the procedure of analyzing the DNA in samples of a person's body tissue or body fluid for the purpose of identification
    diagnostic procedure, diagnostic technique
    a procedure followed in making a medical diagnosis
    emergency procedure
    (medicine) a procedure adopted to meet an emergency (especially a medical emergency)
    experimental procedure
    the specific techniques used in conducting a particular experiment
    calculation, computation, computing
    the procedure of calculating; determining something by mathematical or logical methods
    medical procedure
    a procedure employed by medical or dental practitioners
    chromosome mapping, mapping
    (genetics) the process of locating genes on a chromosome
    operating procedure
    a procedure for operating something or for dealing with a given situation
    stiffening
    the act of becoming stiff
    indirection
    indirect procedure or action
    rigamarole, rigmarole
    a long and complicated and confusing procedure
    modus operandi, routine
    an unvarying or habitual method or procedure
    condition, experimental condition
    the procedure that is varied in order to estimate a variable's effect by comparison with a control condition
    formula, rule
    (mathematics) a standard procedure for solving a class of mathematical problems
    prenatal diagnosis
    any of the diagnostic procedures used to determine whether a fetus has a genetic abnormality
    double-blind experiment, double-blind procedure, double-blind study
    an experimental procedure in which neither the subjects of the experiment nor the persons administering the experiment know the critical aspects of the experiment
    cardiac massage, heart massage
    an emergency procedure that employs rhythmic compression of the heart (either through the chest wall or, during surgery, directly to the heart) in an attempt to maintain circulation during cardiac arrest
    operation, surgery, surgical operation, surgical procedure, surgical process
    a medical procedure involving an incision with instruments; performed to repair damage or arrest disease in a living body
    artificial respiration
    an emergency procedure whereby breathing is maintained artificially
    cardiography, electrocardiography
    diagnostic procedure consisting of recording the activity of the heart electronically with a cardiograph (and producing a cardiogram)
    echocardiography
    a noninvasive diagnostic procedure that uses ultrasound to study to structure and motions of the heart
    echoencephalography
    a noninvasive diagnostic procedure that uses ultrasound to study the anatomy of the brain
    CPR, cardiac resuscitation, cardiopulmonary resuscitation, kiss of life, mouth-to-mouth resuscitation
    an emergency procedure consisting of external cardiac massage and artificial respiration; the first treatment for a person who has collapsed and has no pulse and has stopped breathing; attempts to restore circulation of the blood and prevent death or brain damage due to lack of oxygen
    Heimlich maneuver, Heimlich manoeuvere
    an emergency procedure to help someone who is choking because food is lodged in the trachea
    transposition
    (mathematics) the transfer of a quantity from one side of an equation to the other along with a change of sign
    number crunching
    performing complex and lengthy numerical calculations
    mathematical operation, mathematical process, operation
    (mathematics) calculation by mathematical methods
    recalculation
    the act of calculating again (usually to eliminate errors or to include additional data)
    auscultation
    listening to sounds within the body (usually with a stethoscope)
    X-ray photography, roentgenography
    radiography that uses X-rays to produce a roentgenogram
    electromyography
    diagnosis of neuromuscular disorders with the use of an electromyograph
    mammography
    a diagnostic procedure to detect breast tumors by the use of X rays
    thermography
    diagnostic technique using a thermograph to record the heat produced by different parts of the body; used to study blood flow and to detect tumors
    dental procedure
    a procedure employed by a dentist
    SOP, standard operating procedure, standard procedure, standing operating procedure
    a prescribed procedure to be followed routinely
    rat race
    an exhausting routine that leaves no time for relaxation
    groove, rut
    a settled and monotonous routine that is hard to escape
    metarule
    a rule that describes how other rules should be used (as in AI)
    algorithm, algorithmic program, algorithmic rule
    a precise rule (or set of rules) specifying how to solve some problem
    heuristic, heuristic program, heuristic rule
    a commonsense rule (or set of rules) intended to increase the probability of solving some problem
    recursion
    (mathematics) an expression such that each term is generated by repeating a particular mathematical operation
    type of:
    activity
    any specific behavior
  2. noun
    a sustained phenomenon or one marked by gradual changes through a series of states
    “events now in process
    “the process of calcification begins later for boys than for girls”
    synonyms: physical process
    see moresee less
    types:
    show 243 types...
    hide 243 types...
    phenomenon
    any state or process known through the senses rather than by intuition or reasoning
    chelation
    (medicine) the process of removing a heavy metal from the bloodstream by means of a chelate as in treating lead or mercury poisoning
    dealignment
    a process whereby voters are moved toward nonpartisanship thus weakening the structure of political parties
    decrease, decrement
    a process of becoming smaller or shorter
    degeneration, devolution
    the process of declining from a higher to a lower level of effective power or vitality or essential quality
    development, evolution
    a process in which something passes by degrees to a different stage (especially a more advanced or mature stage)
    economic process
    any process affecting the production and development and management of material wealth
    encapsulation
    the process of enclosing (as in a capsule)
    execution, instruction execution
    (computer science) the process of carrying out an instruction by a computer
    human process
    a process in which human beings are involved
    growth, increase, increment
    a process of becoming larger or longer or more numerous or more important
    industrial process
    a systematic series of mechanical or chemical operations that produce or manufacture something
    irreversible process
    any process that is not reversible
    iteration, looping
    (computer science) executing the same set of instructions a given number of times or until a specified result is obtained
    iteration, loop
    (computer science) a single execution of a set of instructions that are to be repeated
    action, activity, natural action, natural process
    a process existing in or produced by nature (rather than by the intent of human beings)
    functioning, operation, performance
    process or manner of functioning or operating
    biological process, organic process
    a process occurring in living organisms
    photography
    the process of producing images of objects on photosensitive surfaces
    processing
    preparing or putting through a prescribed procedure
    reversible process
    any process in which a system can be made to pass through the same states in the reverse order when the process is reversed
    sensitisation, sensitization
    (psychology) the process of becoming highly sensitive to specific events or situations (especially emotional events or situations)
    defining, shaping
    any process serving to define the shape of something
    variation
    the process of varying or being varied
    empowerment
    the process of gaining confidence, strength, and the capacity for self-determination
    covariation
    (statistics) correlated variation
    radiation
    the spread of a group of organisms into new habitats
    natural phenomenon
    all phenomena that are not artificial
    levitation
    the phenomenon of a person or thing rising into the air by apparently supernatural means
    metempsychosis, rebirth
    after death the soul begins a new cycle of existence in another human body
    consequence, effect, event, issue, outcome, result, upshot
    a phenomenon that follows and is caused by some previous phenomenon
    chance, fortune, hazard, luck
    an unknown and unpredictable phenomenon that causes an event to result one way rather than another
    fortune, luck
    an unknown and unpredictable phenomenon that leads to a favorable outcome
    pulsation
    a periodically recurring phenomenon that alternately increases and decreases some quantity
    absorption
    (physics) the process in which incident radiated energy is retained without reflection or transmission on passing through a medium
    accession
    a process of increasing by addition (as to a collection or group)
    accretion, accumulation
    an increase by natural growth or addition
    accretion
    (geology) an increase in land resulting from alluvial deposits or waterborne sediment
    accretion
    (biology) growth by addition as by the adhesion of parts or particles
    accretion
    (astronomy) the formation of a celestial object by the effect of gravity pulling together surrounding objects and gases
    Acheson process
    an industrial process for making graphite by heating a mixture of coke and clay
    acidification
    the process of becoming acid or being converted into an acid
    adaptation, adaption, adjustment
    the process of adapting to something (such as environmental conditions)
    adiabatic process
    (thermodynamics) any process that occurs without gain or loss of heat
    aeration
    the process of exposing to air (so as to purify)
    agglutination
    a clumping of bacteria or red cells when held together by antibodies (agglutinins)
    ageing, aging, senescence
    the organic process of growing older and showing the effects of increasing age
    anaglyphy
    the process of producing pictures in contrasting colors that appear three-dimensional when superimposed and viewed through spectacles with one red and one green lens
    anovulation
    the absence of ovulation due to immaturity or post-maturity or pregnancy or oral contraceptive pills or dysfunction of the ovary
    antiredeposition
    the process of preventing redeposition
    antisepsis, asepsis
    the process of inhibiting the growth and multiplication of microorganisms
    assibilation
    the development of a consonant phoneme into a sibilant
    absorption, assimilation
    the process of absorbing nutrients into the body after digestion
    attack
    the onset of a corrosive or destructive process (as by a chemical agent)
    autotype, autotypy
    process for producing permanent prints in a carbon pigment
    autoregulation
    (physiology) processes that maintain a generally constant physiological state in a cell or organism
    bacteriostasis
    inhibition of the growth of bacteria
    batch processing
    the serial execution of computer programs
    Bessemer process
    an industrial process for making steel using a Bessemer converter to blast air through molten iron and thus burning the excess carbon and impurities; the first successful method of making steel in quantity at low cost
    bloom, blooming
    the organic process of bearing flowers
    blowing
    processing that involves blowing a gas
    activity, bodily function, bodily process, body process
    an organic process that takes place in the body
    capture
    any process in which an atomic or nuclear system acquires an additional particle
    capture
    a process whereby a star or planet holds an object in its gravitational field
    carbon cycle
    the organic circulation of carbon from the atmosphere into organisms and back again
    catabolism, destructive metabolism, dissimilation, katabolism
    breakdown in living organisms of more complex substances into simpler ones together with release of energy
    cell division, cellular division
    the process in reproduction and growth by which a cell divides to form daughter cells
    centrifugation
    the process of separating substances of different densities by the use of a centrifuge
    chemical action, chemical change, chemical process
    (chemistry) any process determined by the atomic and molecular composition and structure of the substances involved
    chromatography
    a process used for separating mixtures by virtue of differences in absorbency
    concretion
    the formation of stonelike objects within a body organ (e.g., the kidneys)
    condensation
    the process of changing from a gaseous to a liquid or solid state
    convection
    (meteorology) the vertical movement of heat or other properties by massive motion within the atmosphere
    crossing over, crossover
    the interchange of sections between pairing homologous chromosomes during the prophase of meiosis
    clotting, coagulation, curdling
    the process of forming semisolid lumps in a liquid
    cyanide process
    an industrial process for extracting gold and silver by treating ore with a sodium cyanide solution
    data processing
    (computer science) a series of operations on data by a computer in order to retrieve or transform or classify information
    decay, decline
    a gradual decrease; as of stored charge or current
    decay
    the process of gradually becoming inferior
    decline, diminution
    change toward something smaller or lower
    deepening
    a process of becoming deeper and more profound
    deflation
    a contraction of economic activity resulting in a decline of prices
    defoliation
    the loss of foliage
    demagnetisation, demagnetization
    the process of removing magnetization
    demand
    the ability and desire to purchase goods and services
    deossification
    the loss of the mineral content of bone tissue
    desensitisation, desensitization
    the process of reducing sensitivity
    desorption
    changing from an adsorbed state on a surface to a gaseous or liquid state
    developing, development
    processing a photosensitive material in order to make an image visible
    diffusion
    (physics) the process in which there is movement of a substance from an area of high concentration of that substance to an area of lower concentration
    digestion
    the organic process by which food is converted into substances that can be absorbed into the body
    digital photography
    a photographic method that stores the image digitally for later reproduction
    disinflation
    a reduction of prices intended to improve the balance of payments
    disintegration, dissolution
    separation into component parts
    distillation, distillment
    the process of purifying a liquid by boiling it and condensing its vapors
    drift
    the gradual departure from an intended course due to external influences (as a ship or plane)
    dry plate, dry plate process
    a former photographic method that used a glass plate coated with a light-sensitive gelatinous emulsion
    eburnation
    a change that occurs in degenerative joint disease in which bone is converted into a dense smooth substance resembling ivory
    ecchymosis
    the escape of blood from ruptured blood vessels into the surrounding tissue to form a purple or black-and-blue spot on the skin
    economic growth
    steady growth in the productive capacity of the economy (and so a growth of national income)
    effacement
    shortening of the uterine cervix and thinning of its walls as it is dilated during labor
    effervescence
    the process of bubbling as gas escapes
    cataphoresis, dielectrolysis, electrophoresis, ionophoresis
    the motion of charged particles in a colloid under the influence of an electric field; particles with a positive charge go to the cathode and negative to the anode
    electrostatic precipitation
    a process that removes suspended dust particles from a gas by applying a high voltage electrostatic charge to the particles and collecting them on charged plates
    erythropoiesis
    the process of producing red blood cells by the stem cells in the bone marrow
    ecesis, establishment
    (ecology) the process by which a plant or animal becomes established in a new habitat
    eutrophication
    excessive nutrients in a lake or other body of water, usually caused by runoff of nutrients (animal waste, fertilizers, sewage) from the land, which causes a dense growth of plant life; the decomposition of the plants depletes the supply of oxygen, leading to the death of animal life
    evolution, organic evolution, phylogenesis, phylogeny
    (biology) the sequence of events involved in the evolutionary development of a species or taxonomic group of organisms
    expression
    (genetics) the process of expressing a gene
    extinction
    the reduction of the intensity of radiation as a consequence of absorption and radiation
    extraction
    the process of obtaining something from a mixture or compound by chemical or physical or mechanical means
    extravasation
    the process of exuding or passing out of a vessel into surrounding tissues; said of blood or lymph or urine
    feedback
    the process in which part of the output of a system is returned to its input in order to regulate its further output
    filtration
    the process whereby fluids pass through a filter or a filtering medium
    flocculation
    the process of flocculating; forming woolly cloudlike aggregations
    flow
    any uninterrupted stream or discharge
    formation
    natural process that causes something to form
    fossilisation, fossilization
    the process of fossilizing a plant or animal that existed in some earlier age; the process of being turned to stone
    fractional process, fractionation
    a process that uses heat to separate a substance into its components
    gastrulation
    the process in which a gastrula develops from a blastula by the inward migration of cells
    geologic process, geological process
    (geology) a natural process whereby geological features are modified
    globalisation, globalization
    growth to a global or worldwide scale
    glycogenesis
    the formation in animals of glycogen from glucose
    development, growing, growth, maturation, ontogenesis, ontogeny
    (biology) the process of an individual organism growing organically; a purely biological unfolding of events involved in an organism changing gradually from a simple to a more complex level
    growth
    a progression from simpler to more complex forms
    Haber process, Haber-Bosch process
    an industrial process for producing ammonia from nitrogen and hydrogen by combining them under high pressure in the presence of an iron catalyst
    curing, hardening, set, solidification, solidifying
    the process of becoming hard or solid by cooling or drying or crystallization
    haematogenesis, haematopoiesis, haemogenesis, haemopoiesis, hematogenesis, hematopoiesis, hemogenesis, hemopoiesis, sanguification
    the formation of blood cells in the living body (especially in the bone marrow)
    heredity
    the biological process whereby genetic factors are transmitted from one generation to the next
    humification
    the process of the formation of humus from plant remains
    epistasis, hypostasis
    the suppression of a gene by the effect of an unrelated gene
    implantation, nidation
    (embryology) the organic process whereby a fertilized egg becomes implanted in the lining of the uterus of placental mammals
    inactivation
    the process of rendering inactive
    inflation, rising prices
    a general and progressive increase in prices
    inhibition
    (physiology) the process whereby nerves can retard or prevent the functioning of an organ or part
    infolding, introversion, intussusception, invagination
    the folding in of an outer layer so as to form a pocket in the surface
    involution
    reduction in size of an organ or part (as in the return of the uterus to normal size after childbirth)
    ion exchange
    a process in which ions are exchanged between a solution and an insoluble (usually resinous) solid; widely used in industrial processing
    ionisation, ionization
    the process of ionizing; the formation of ions by separating atoms or molecules or radicals or by adding or subtracting electrons from atoms by strong electric fields in a gas
    cytokinesis
    organic process consisting of the division of the cytoplasm of a cell following karyokinesis bringing about the separation into two daughter cells
    karyokinesis
    organic process consisting of the division of the nucleus of a cell during mitosis or meiosis
    keratinisation, keratinization
    organic process by which keratin is deposited in cells and the cells become horny (as in nails and hair)
    Krebs citric acid cycle, Krebs cycle, citric acid cycle, tricarboxylic acid cycle
    in all plants and animals: a series of enzymatic reactions in mitochondria involving oxidative metabolism of acetyl compounds to produce high-energy phosphate compounds that are the source of cellular energy
    leach, leaching
    the process of leaching
    linguistic process
    a process involved in human language
    lymphopoiesis
    the formation of lymphocytes in the bone marrow and lymph nodes and thymus and spleen
    lysogenisation, lysogenization
    the process by which a bacterium acquires a phage that becomes integrated into its genome
    magnetic induction, magnetisation, magnetization
    the process that makes a substance magnetic (temporarily or permanently)
    market forces
    the interaction of supply and demand that shapes a market economy
    materialisation, materialization
    the process of coming into being; becoming reality
    maturation, maturement, ripening
    coming to full development; becoming mature
    metabolic process, metabolism
    the organic processes (in a cell or organism) that are necessary for life
    metabolism, metamorphosis
    the marked and rapid transformation of a larva into an adult that occurs in some animals
    multiplication
    a multiplicative increase
    concurrent execution, multiprogramming
    the execution of two or more computer programs by a single computer
    narrowing
    a decrease in width
    nitrogen cycle
    the circulation of nitrogen; nitrates from the soil are absorbed by plants which are eaten by animals that die and decay returning the nitrogen back to the soil
    nitrogen fixation
    the assimilation of atmospheric nitrogen by soil bacteria and its release for plant use on the death of the bacteria
    nondevelopment
    failure of normal development to occur
    nuclear reaction
    (physics) a process that alters the energy or structure or composition of atomic nuclei
    nutrition
    (physiology) the organic process of nourishing or being nourished; the processes by which an organism assimilates food and uses it for growth and maintenance
    obsolescence
    the process of becoming obsolete; falling into disuse or becoming out of date
    opacification
    the process of becoming cloudy or opaque
    organification
    the process of organ formation
    oscillation
    the process of oscillating between states
    ossification
    the developmental process of bone formation
    ossification
    the process of becoming rigidly fixed in a conventional pattern of thought or behavior
    ovulation
    the expulsion of an ovum from the ovary (usually midway in the menstrual cycle)
    oxidative phosphorylation
    an enzymatic process in cell metabolism that synthesizes ATP from ADP
    oxygenation
    the process of providing or combining or treating with oxygen
    pair creation, pair formation, pair production
    the transformation of a gamma-ray photon into an electron and a positron when the photon passes close to an atomic nucleus
    birth, birthing, giving birth, parturition
    the process of giving birth
    pathologic process, pathological process
    an organic process occurring as a consequence of disease
    perennation
    the process of living through a number of years (as a perennial plant)
    phase change, phase transition, physical change, state change
    a change from one state (solid or liquid or gas) to another without a change in chemical composition
    photomechanics, photoplate making
    the process whereby printing surfaces (plates or cylinders) are produced by photographic methods
    population growth
    increase in the number of people who inhabit a territory or state
    powder method, powder photography, powder technique
    a process for identifying minerals or crystals; a small rod is coated with a powdered form of the substance and subjected to suitably modified X-rays; the pattern of diffracted rings is used for identification
    precession of the equinoxes
    a slow westward shift of the equinoxes along the plane of the ecliptic caused by precession of the Earth's axis of rotation
    preservation
    a process that saves organic substances from decay
    proliferation
    a rapid increase in number (especially a rapid increase in the number of deadly weapons)
    psychoanalytic process
    a process that is assumed to occur in psychoanalytic theory
    pullulation
    a rapid and abundant increase
    quellung, quellung reaction
    the swelling of the capsule surrounding a microorganism after reaction with an antibody; the basis of certain tests for identifying microorganisms
    quickening
    the process of showing signs of life
    radiography, skiagraphy
    the process of making a radiograph; producing an image on a radiosensitive surface by radiation other than visible light
    purification, refinement, refining
    the process of removing impurities (as from oil or metals or sugar etc.)
    regeneration
    (biology) growth anew of lost tissue or destroyed parts or organs
    regulation
    (embryology) the ability of an early embryo to continue normal development after its structure has been somehow damaged or altered
    relaxation
    (physiology) the gradual lengthening of inactive muscle or muscle fibers
    release
    a process that liberates or discharges something
    replication
    (genetics) the process whereby DNA makes a copy of itself before cell division
    reproduction
    the process of generating offspring
    reabsorption, resorption
    the organic process in which the substance of some differentiated structure that has been produced by the body undergoes lysis and assimilation
    ageing, aging, ripening
    acquiring desirable qualities by being left undisturbed for some time
    saltation
    (geology) the leaping movement of sand or soil particles as they are transported in a fluid medium over an uneven surface
    scanning
    the process of translating photographs into a digital form that can be recognized by a computer
    scattering
    the physical process in which particles are deflected haphazardly as a result of collisions
    secernment, secretion
    the organic process of synthesizing and releasing some substance
    segregation
    (genetics) the separation of paired alleles during meiosis so that members of each pair of alleles appear in different gametes
    sericulture
    raising silkworms in order to obtain raw silk
    shedding, sloughing
    the process whereby something is shed
    sink
    (technology) a process that acts to absorb or remove energy or a substance from a system
    slippage
    a decrease of transmitted power in a mechanical system caused by slipping
    soak, soakage, soaking
    the process of becoming softened and saturated as a consequence of being immersed in water (or other liquid)
    social process
    a process involved in the formation of groups of persons
    softening
    the process of becoming softer
    Solvay process
    an industrial process for producing sodium carbonate from sodium chloride and ammonia and carbon dioxide
    sorption
    the process in which one substance takes up or holds another (by either absorption or adsorption)
    source
    (technology) a process by which energy or a substance enters a system
    spiral
    a continuously accelerating change in the economy
    rigidification, rigidifying, stiffening
    the process of becoming stiff or rigid
    stimulation
    (physiology) the effect of a stimulus (on nerves or organs etc.)
    ecological succession, succession
    (ecology) the gradual and orderly process of change in an ecosystem brought about by the progressive replacement of one community by another until a stable climax is established
    summation
    (physiology) the process whereby multiple stimuli can produce a response (in a muscle or nerve or other part) that one stimulus alone does not produce
    supply
    offering goods and services for sale
    natural selection, selection, survival, survival of the fittest
    a natural process resulting in the evolution of organisms best adapted to the environment
    symphysis
    a growing together of parts or structures
    synapsis
    the side by side pairing of homologous maternal and paternal chromosomes at the start of meiosis
    synergism, synergy
    the working together of two things (muscles or drugs for example) to produce an effect greater than the sum of their individual effects
    synezesis, synizesis
    the contraction of chromatin towards one side of the nucleus during the prophase of meiosis
    temperature change
    a process whereby the degree of hotness of a body (or medium) changes
    transcription
    (genetics) the organic process whereby the DNA sequence in a gene is copied into mRNA; the process whereby a base sequence of messenger RNA is synthesized on a template of complementary DNA
    transduction
    the process whereby a transducer accepts energy in one form and gives back related energy in a different form
    transduction
    (genetics) the process of transfering genetic material from one cell to another by a plasmid or bacteriophage
    translation
    (genetics) the process whereby genetic information coded in messenger RNA directs the formation of a specific protein at a ribosome in the cytoplasm
    folding, protein folding
    the process whereby a protein molecule assumes its intricate three-dimensional shape
    translocation
    (genetics) an exchange of chromosome parts
    translocation
    the transport of dissolved material within a plant
    transpiration
    the emission of water vapor from the leaves of plants
    transpiration
    the passage of gases through fine tubes because of differences in pressure or temperature
    tumefaction
    the process of tumefying; the organic process whereby tissue becomes swollen by the accumulation of fluid within it
    ulceration
    the process of ulcer formation; the process of becoming ulcerated
    flowering, unfolding
    a developmental process
    uptake
    a process of taking up or using up or consuming
    vascularisation, vascularization
    the organic process whereby body tissue becomes vascular and develops capillaries
    blistering, vesication, vesiculation
    the formation of vesicles in or beneath the skin
    video digitizing
    the process of capturing and converting and storing video images for use by a computer
    vitrification
    the process of becoming vitreous
    vulcanisation, vulcanization
    process of treating rubber or rubberlike materials with sulphur at great heat to improve elasticity and strength or to harden them
    wastage
    the process of wasting
    broadening, widening
    an increase in width
    macular degeneration
    eye disease caused by degeneration of the cells of the macula lutea and results in blurred vision; can cause blindness
    type of:
    physical entity
    an entity that has physical existence
  3. noun
    (psychology) the performance of some composite cognitive activity; an operation that affects mental contents
    “the process of thinking”
    synonyms: cognitive operation, cognitive process, mental process, operation
    see moresee less
    types:
    show 19 types...
    hide 19 types...
    basic cognitive process
    cognitive processes involved in obtaining and storing knowledge
    higher cognitive process
    cognitive processes that presuppose the availability of knowledge and put it to use
    attending, attention
    the process whereby a person concentrates on some features of the environment to the (relative) exclusion of others
    inattention
    lack of attention
    intuition
    instinctive knowing (without the use of rational processes)
    perception
    the process of perceiving
    apperception
    the process whereby perceived qualities of an object are related to past experience
    believing
    the cognitive process that leads to convictions
    categorisation, categorization, classification, sorting
    the basic cognitive process of arranging into classes or categories
    discrimination, secernment
    the cognitive process whereby two or more stimuli are distinguished
    acquisition, learning
    the cognitive process of acquiring skill or knowledge
    memory, remembering
    the cognitive processes whereby past experience is remembered
    representational process
    any basic cognitive process in which some entity comes to stand for or represent something else
    search
    the examination of alternative hypotheses
    cerebration, intellection, mentation, thinking, thought, thought process
    the process of using your mind to consider something carefully
    suggestion
    the sequential mental process in which one thought leads to another by association
    deciding, decision making
    the cognitive process of reaching a decision
    knowing
    a clear and certain mental apprehension
    language, linguistic process
    the cognitive processes involved in producing and understanding linguistic communication
    type of:
    cognition, knowledge, noesis
    the psychological result of perception and learning and reasoning
  4. noun
    a mental process that you are not directly aware of
    “the process of denial”
    synonyms: unconscious process
    see moresee less
    types:
    show 15 types...
    hide 15 types...
    sleep talking, somniloquism, somniloquy
    uttering speech while asleep
    condensation
    (psychoanalysis) an unconscious process whereby two ideas or images combine into a single symbol; especially in dreams
    defence, defence mechanism, defence reaction, defense, defense mechanism, defense reaction
    (psychiatry) an unconscious process that tries to reduce the anxiety associated with instinctive desires
    compensation
    (psychiatry) a defense mechanism that conceals your undesirable shortcomings by exaggerating desirable behaviors
    conversion
    (psychiatry) a defense mechanism represses emotional conflicts which are then converted into physical symptoms that have no organic basis
    denial
    (psychiatry) a defense mechanism that denies painful thoughts
    displacement
    (psychiatry) a defense mechanism that transfers affect or reaction from the original object to some more acceptable one
    idealisation, idealization
    (psychiatry) a defense mechanism that splits something you are ambivalent about into two representations--one good and one bad
    intellectualisation, intellectualization
    (psychiatry) a defense mechanism that uses reasoning to block out emotional stress and conflict
    isolation
    (psychiatry) a defense mechanism in which memory of an unacceptable act or impulse is separated from the emotion originally associated with it
    projection
    (psychiatry) a defense mechanism by which your own traits and emotions are attributed to someone else
    rationalisation, rationalization
    (psychiatry) a defense mechanism by which your true motivation is concealed by explaining your actions and feelings in a way that is not threatening
    reaction formation
    (psychiatry) a defense mechanism in which a person unconsciously develops attitudes and behavior that are the opposite of unacceptable repressed desires and impulses and serve to conceal them
    regression
    (psychiatry) a defense mechanism in which you flee from reality by assuming a more infantile state
    repression
    (psychiatry) the classical defense mechanism that protects you from impulses or ideas that would cause anxiety by preventing them from becoming conscious
    type of:
    cognition, knowledge, noesis
    the psychological result of perception and learning and reasoning
  5. verb
    shape, form, or improve a material
    process iron”
    synonyms: work, work on
    forge, form, mold, mould, shape, work
    make something, usually for a specific function
    see moresee less
    types:
    show 9 types...
    hide 9 types...
    hot-work
    roll, press, forge, or shape (metal) while hot
    cold work, coldwork
    shape (metal) without heat
    overwork
    use too much
    make over, retread, rework
    use again in altered form
    rack
    work on a rack
    tool
    work with a tool
    till
    work land as by ploughing, harrowing, and manuring, in order to make it ready for cultivation
    plough, plow, turn
    to break and turn over earth especially with a plow
    hoe
    dig with a hoe
    type of:
    transform, transmute, transubstantiate
    change or alter in form, appearance, or nature
  6. verb
    subject to a process or treatment, with the aim of readying for some purpose, improving, or remedying a condition
    process cheese”
    process hair”
    synonyms: treat
    see moresee less
    types:
    show 38 types...
    hide 38 types...
    propagate
    cause to propagate, as by grafting or layering
    iodise, iodize
    treat with iodine
    nitrate
    treat with nitric acid, so as to change an organic compound into a nitrate
    tank
    treat in a tank
    aerate, oxygenate, oxygenise, oxygenize
    impregnate, combine, or supply with oxygen
    mercerise, mercerize
    treat to strengthen and improve the luster
    malt
    treat with malt or malt extract
    fluoridate, fluoridise, fluoridize
    subject to fluoridation; treat with fluoride
    creosote
    treat with creosote
    chlorinate
    treat or combine with chlorine
    carbonate
    treat with carbon dioxide
    camphorate
    treat with camphor
    bromate, brominate
    treat with bromine
    ammoniate
    treat with ammonia
    irradiate, ray
    expose to radiation
    scald
    treat with boiling water
    refine
    treat or prepare so as to put in a usable condition
    nitrify, nitrogenise, nitrogenize
    treat with nitrogen or a nitrogen compound
    reverberate
    treat, process, heat, melt, or refine in a reverberatory furnace
    curry
    treat by incorporating fat
    seed
    sprinkle with silver iodide particles to disperse and cause rain
    dose
    treat with an agent; add (an agent) to
    sulfur, sulphur
    treat with sulphur in order to preserve
    vulcanise, vulcanize
    subject to vulcanization
    chrome
    treat with a chromium compound
    bituminise, bituminize
    treat with bitumen
    Agenise, Agenize
    age or bleach flour with Agene (nitrogen trichloride)
    run
    cause to perform
    carboxylate
    treat (a chemical compound) with carboxyl or carboxylic acid
    beneficiate
    process (ores or other raw materials), as by reduction
    digest
    convert food into absorbable substances
    fume, fumigate
    treat with fumes, expose to fumes, especially with the aim of disinfecting or eradicating pests
    air-condition
    control the humidity and temperature of
    inoculate
    insert a bud for propagation
    bombard
    direct high energy particles or radiation against
    rerun
    cause to perform again
    stomach
    bear to eat
    predigest
    digest (food) beforehand
    type of:
    affect, bear on, bear upon, impact, touch, touch on
    have an effect upon
  7. verb
    deal with in a routine way
    process a loan”
    process the applicants”
    see moresee less
    type of:
    care, deal, handle, manage
    be in charge of, act on, or dispose of
  8. verb
    arrange and integrate in the mind
    synonyms: digest
    see moresee less
    type of:
    apprehend, compass, comprehend, dig, get the picture, grasp, grok, savvy
    understand or perceive the meaning of something
  9. verb
    perform mathematical and logical operations on (data) according to programmed instructions in order to obtain the required information
    “The results of the elections were still being processed when he gave his acceptance speech”
    see moresee less
    type of:
    calculate, cipher, compute, cypher, figure, reckon, work out
    make a mathematical calculation or computation
  10. verb
    analyze or examine so as to come to terms with
    see moresee less
    type of:
    analyse, analyze, canvas, canvass, delve, examine, parse, study
    consider in detail and subject to an analysis in order to discover essential features or meaning
  11. noun
    a writ issued by authority of law; usually compels the defendant's attendance in a civil suit; failure to appear results in a default judgment against the defendant
    synonyms: summons
    see moresee less
    types:
    show 5 types...
    hide 5 types...
    citation
    a summons that commands the appearance of a party at a proceeding
    monition, process of monition
    a summons issued after the filing of a libel or claim directing all parties concerned to show cause why the judgment asked for should not be granted
    ticket
    a summons issued to an offender (especially to someone who violates a traffic regulation)
    speeding ticket
    a ticket issued for driving above the speed limit
    parking ticket
    a ticket issued for parking in a restricted place
    type of:
    judicial writ, writ
    (law) a legal document issued by a court or judicial officer
  12. verb
    deliver a warrant or summons to someone
    “He was processed by the sheriff”
    synonyms: serve, swear out
    see moresee less
    types:
    subpoena
    serve or summon with a subpoena
    rinse, wash
    clean with some chemical process
    elute
    wash out with a solvent, as in chromatography
    type of:
    deliver
    bring to a destination, make a delivery
  13. verb
    institute legal proceedings against; file a suit against
    “He was warned that the district attorney would process him”
    synonyms: action, litigate, sue
    litigate
    engage in legal proceedings
    see moresee less
    types:
    expedite
    process fast and efficiently
    type of:
    challenge
    issue a challenge to
  14. noun
    a natural prolongation or projection from a part of an organism either animal or plant
    “a bony process
    synonyms: appendage, outgrowth
    see moresee less
    types:
    show 90 types...
    hide 90 types...
    horn
    one of the bony outgrowths on the heads of certain ungulates
    horn
    any hard protuberance from the head of an organism that is similar to or suggestive of a horn
    crest
    a showy growth of e.g. feathers or skin on the head of a bird or other animal
    pseudopod, pseudopodium
    temporary outgrowth used by some microorganisms as an organ of feeding or locomotion
    flagellum
    a lash-like appendage used for locomotion (e.g., in sperm cells and some bacteria and protozoa)
    hair
    a filamentous projection or process on an organism
    cirrus
    a slender flexible animal appendage as on barnacles or crinoids or many insects; often tactile
    spine
    a sharp rigid animal process or appendage; as a porcupine quill or a ridge on a bone or a ray of a fish fin
    aculea
    small spiny outgrowth on the wings of certain insects
    style
    a slender bristlelike or tubular process
    villus
    a minute hairlike projection on mucous membrane
    tail
    the posterior part of the body of a vertebrate especially when elongated and extending beyond the trunk or main part of the body
    fetlock
    projection behind and above a horse's hoof
    tentacle
    any of various elongated tactile or prehensile flexible organs that occur on the head or near the mouth in many animals; used for feeling or grasping or locomotion
    arista
    bristlelike process near the tip of the antenna of certain flies
    acromial process, acromion
    the outermost point of the spine of the shoulder blade
    ala
    a flat wing-shaped process or winglike part of an organism
    alveolar arch
    the part of the upper or lower jawbones in which the teeth are set
    alveolar process, alveolar ridge, gum ridge
    a ridge that forms the borders of the upper and lower jaws and contains the sockets of the teeth
    acrosome
    a process at the anterior end of a sperm cell that produces enzymes to facilitate penetration of the egg
    caruncle, caruncula
    an outgrowth on a plant or animal such as a fowl's wattle or a protuberance near the hilum of certain seeds
    condyle
    a round bump on a bone where it forms a joint with another bone
    coronoid process, processus coronoideus
    a sharp triangular process projecting from a bone
    epicondyle
    a projection on a bone above a condyle serving for the attachment of muscles and ligaments
    fimbria
    thin projections forming a fringe (especially around the ovarian end of the Fallopian tube)
    apophysis
    (anatomy) a natural outgrowth or projection on an organ or body part such as the process of a vertebra
    spicule, spiculum
    small pointed structure serving as a skeletal element in various marine and freshwater invertebrates e.g. sponges and corals
    osteophyte
    small abnormal bony outgrowth
    papilla
    a small projection of tissue at the base of a hair or tooth or feather
    papilla
    a small nipple-shaped protuberance concerned with taste, touch, or smell
    appendix, cecal appendage, vermiform appendix, vermiform process
    a vestigial process that extends from the lower end of the cecum and that resembles a small pouch
    mastoid, mastoid bone, mastoid process, mastoidal
    process of the temporal bone behind the ear at the base of the skull
    styloid process
    extends from the base of the temporal bone
    pterygoid process
    two bony processes descending from the body of the sphenoid bone
    eminence, tubercle, tuberosity
    a protuberance on a bone especially for attachment of a muscle or ligament
    zygomatic process
    a slender process of the temporal bone that strengthens the zygomatic arch
    trochanter
    one of the bony prominences developed near the upper extremity of the femur to which muscles are attached
    transverse process
    one of two processes that extend from each vertebra and provide the point of articulation for the ribs
    odontoid process
    a toothlike process at the back of 2nd vertebra of the neck
    metaphysis
    the growing part of a long bone between the diaphysis and the epiphysis
    olecranon, olecranon process
    process of the ulna that forms the outer bump of the elbow and fits into the fossa of the humerus when the arm is extended
    ridge
    any long raised border or margin of a bone or tooth or membrane
    excrescence
    (pathology) an abnormal outgrowth or enlargement of some part of the body
    papilla
    (botany) a tiny outgrowth on the surface of a petal or leaf
    enation, plant process
    a natural projection or outgrowth from a plant body or organ
    antler
    deciduous horn of a member of the deer family
    tuft
    a bunch of feathers or hair
    topknot
    showy crest or knot of hair or feathers
    chorionic villus
    one of the tiny villi that stick out of the fetal chorion and combine with the mother's uterine tissue to form the placenta
    rattle
    loosely connected horny sections at the end of a rattlesnake's tail
    cockscomb, comb, coxcomb
    the fleshy red crest on the head of the domestic fowl and other gallinaceous birds
    ray
    any of the stiff bony spines in the fin of a fish
    quill
    a stiff hollow protective spine on a porcupine or hedgehog
    stylet
    small needlelike appendage; especially the feeding organ of a tardigrade
    bristle
    a stiff hair
    sensory hair, vibrissa, whisker
    a long stiff hair growing from the snout or brow of most mammals as e.g. a cat
    seta
    a stiff hair or bristle
    pilus
    hairlike structure especially on the surface of a cell or microorganism
    brush
    a bushy tail or part of a bushy tail (especially of the fox)
    bob, bobtail, dock
    a short or shortened tail of certain animals
    caudal appendage
    tail especially of a mammal posterior to and above the anus
    uropygium
    posterior part of a bird's body from which the tail feathers grow
    oxtail
    the skinned tail of cattle; used especially for soups
    fluke
    either of the two lobes of the tail of a cetacean
    scut
    a short erect tail
    flag
    a conspicuously marked or shaped tail
    antenna, feeler
    one of a pair of mobile appendages on the head of e.g. insects and crustaceans; typically sensitive to touch and taste
    barbel, feeler
    slender tactile process on the jaws of a fish
    deltoid eminence, deltoid tuberosity
    a bump on the outside of the humerus where the deltoid muscle attaches
    lappet, wattle
    a fleshy wrinkled and often brightly colored fold of skin hanging from the neck or throat of certain birds (chickens and turkeys) or lizards
    condylar process, condyloid process, mandibular condyle
    the condyle of the ramus of the mandible that articulates with the skull
    coronoid process of the mandible
    the coronoid process that provides an attachment for the temporal muscle
    lateral condyle
    a condyle on the outer side of the lower extremity of the femur
    medial condyle
    a condyle on the inner side of the lower extremity of the femur
    lateral epicondyle
    epicondyle near the lateral condyle of the femur
    superciliary arch, superciliary ridge, supraorbital ridge, supraorbital torus
    a ridge on the frontal bone above the eye socket
    vegetation
    an abnormal growth or excrescence (especially a warty excrescence on the valves of the heart)
    podetium
    an organ or body resembling a stalk; especially the outgrowth of the thallus of certain lichens on which the ascocarp is borne
    peristome
    (botany) fringe of toothlike appendages surrounding the mouth of a moss capsule
    haustorium
    a root-like attachment in parasitic plants that penetrates and obtains food from the host
    apophysis
    (botany) a natural swelling or enlargement: at the base of the stalk or seta in certain mosses or on the cone scale of certain conifers
    callus
    (botany) an isolated thickening of tissue, especially a stiff protuberance on the lip of an orchid
    blister
    (botany) a swelling on a plant similar to that on the skin
    nodule, tubercle
    small rounded wartlike protuberance on a plant
    spur
    tubular extension at the base of the corolla in some flowers
    aculeus
    a stiff sharp-pointed plant process
    acumen
    a tapering point
    fuzz, hair, tomentum
    filamentous hairlike growth on a plant
    leaf node, node
    (botany) the small swelling that is the part of a plant stem from which one or more leaves emerge
    burl
    a large rounded outgrowth on the trunk or branch of a tree
    type of:
    body part
    any part of an organism such as an organ or extremity
  15. verb
    march in a procession
    “They processed into the dining room”
    synonyms: march
    see moresee less
    types:
    show 5 types...
    hide 5 types...
    file
    proceed in line
    parade, promenade, troop
    march in a procession
    goose step
    march in a military fashion
    countermarch
    march back along the same way
    debouch, march out
    march out (as from a defile) into open ground
    type of:
    walk
    use one's feet to advance; advance by steps
Word Family