Other forms: nitrates; nitrated; nitrating

Definitions of nitrate
  1. noun
    any compound containing the nitrate group (such as a salt or ester of nitric acid)
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    calcium nitrate
    a deliquescent salt that is soluble in water; sometimes used as a source of nitrogen in fertilizers
    cellulose nitrate, guncotton, nitrocellulose, nitrocotton
    a nitric acid ester; used in lacquers and explosives
    soda niter, sodium nitrate
    (NaNO3) used especially as a fertilizer and explosive
    niter, nitre, potassium nitrate, saltpeter, saltpetre
    (KNO3) used especially as a fertilizer and explosive
    Nitrospan, Nitrostat, glyceryl trinitrate, nitroglycerin, nitroglycerine, trinitroglycerin
    a heavy yellow poisonous oily explosive liquid obtained by nitrating glycerol; used in making explosives and medically as a vasodilator (trade names Nitrospan and Nitrostat)
    ammonium nitrate
    used as an explosive and fertilizer and rocket propellant
    silver nitrate
    a nitrate used in making photographic emulsions; also used in medicine as a cautery and as a topical antibacterial agent
    uranyl nitrate
    a yellow salt obtained by the reaction of uranium salts with nitric acid
    nitrocellulose containing less nitrogen than guncotton; used in making smokeless powder
    pyroxylin, pyroxyline
    highly flammable nitrocellulose used in making collodion and plastics and lacquers
    lunar caustic
    silver nitrate fused into sticks and formerly used as a caustic
    type of:
    chemical compound, compound
    (chemistry) a substance formed by chemical union of two or more elements or ingredients in definite proportion by weight
  2. verb
    treat with nitric acid, so as to change an organic compound into a nitrate
    “nitroglycerin is obtained by nitrating glycerol”
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    type of:
    process, treat
    subject to a process or treatment, with the aim of readying for some purpose, improving, or remedying a condition
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