treat

If you've been working hard and living thriftily for months on end, give yourself a treat: take the night off and go out to dinner and a movie.

One sense of treat has to do with pleasures and special occasions. You might treat your mother to a pedicure, or give your dog a tasty treat. Treat can also mean "to carry on negotiations," (the meaning that feeds into treaty), or "to take care of." A doctor treats your illness with medication. If you treat a boy as an adult, that means you act as though he is one, even if he's only 16. Treat him carefully!

Primary Meanings of treat

1.
v
subject to a process or treatment, with the aim of readying for some purpose, improving, or remedying a condition
2.
vn
provide with a gift or entertainment
an occurrence that causes special pleasure or delight
3.
v
regard or consider in a specific way
4.
v
act on verbally or in some form of artistic expression
5.
v
engage in negotiations in order to reach an agreement
Full Definitions of treat
1

v subject to a process or treatment, with the aim of readying for some purpose, improving, or remedying a condition

treat the water so it can be drunk”
treat the lawn with chemicals”
treat an oil spill”
Synonyms:
process
Types:
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propagate
cause to propagate, as by grafting or layering
iodise, iodize
treat with iodine
nitrate
treat with nitric acid, so as to change an organic compound into a nitrate
tank
treat in a tank
aerate, oxygenate, oxygenise, oxygenize
impregnate, combine, or supply with oxygen
mercerise, mercerize
treat to strengthen and improve the luster
malt
treat with malt or malt extract
fluoridate, fluoridise, fluoridize
subject to fluoridation; treat with fluoride
creosote
treat with creosote
chlorinate
treat or combine with chlorine
carbonate
treat with carbon dioxide
camphorate
treat with camphor
bromate, brominate
treat with bromine
ammoniate
treat with ammonia
irradiate, ray
expose to radiation
scald
treat with boiling water
refine
treat or prepare so as to put in a usable condition
nitrify, nitrogenise, nitrogenize
treat with nitrogen or a nitrogen compound
reverberate
treat, process, heat, melt, or refine in a reverberatory furnace
curry
treat by incorporating fat
seed
sprinkle with silver iodide particles to disperse and cause rain
dose
treat with an agent; add (an agent) to
sulfur, sulphur
treat with sulphur in order to preserve
vulcanise, vulcanize
subject to vulcanization
chrome
treat with a chromium compound
bituminise, bituminize
treat with bitumen
Agenise, Agenize
age or bleach flour with Agene (nitrogen trichloride)
run
cause to perform
carboxylate
treat (a chemical compound) with carboxyl or carboxylic acid
beneficiate
process (ores or other raw materials), as by reduction
digest
convert food into absorbable substances
fume, fumigate
treat with fumes, expose to fumes, especially with the aim of disinfecting or eradicating pests
air-condition
control the humidity and temperature of
inoculate
insert a bud for propagation
bombard
direct high energy particles or radiation against
rerun
cause to perform again
stomach
bear to eat
predigest
digest (food) beforehand
Type of:
affect, bear on, bear upon, impact, touch, touch on
have an effect upon

v provide treatment for

“The doctor treated my broken leg”
“The patient must be treated right away or she will die”
Treat the infection with antibiotics”
Synonyms:
care for
Types:
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hyperventilate
produce hyperventilation in
massage
give a massage to
purge
excrete or evacuate (someone's bowels or body)
correct
treat a defect
insufflate
treat by blowing a powder or vapor into a bodily cavity
detox, detoxify
treat for alcohol or drug dependence
irrigate
supply with a constant flow or sprinkling of some liquid, for the purpose of cooling, cleansing, or disinfecting
iodise, iodize
treat with iodine so as to prevent infection
doctor
give medical treatment to
vet
provide (a person) with medical care
nurse
try to cure by special care of treatment, of an illness or injury
manipulate
treat manually, as with massage, for therapeutic purposes
administer, dispense
give or apply (medications)
relieve, remedy
provide relief for
dress
apply a bandage or medication to
splint
support with a splint
operate, operate on
perform surgery on
medicate, medicine
treat medicinally, treat with medicine
bleed, leech, phlebotomise, phlebotomize
draw blood
cup, transfuse
treat by applying evacuated cups to the patient's skin
shock
subject to electrical shocks
pack
treat the body or any part of it by wrapping it, as with blankets or sheets, and applying compresses to it, or stuffing it to provide cover, containment, or therapy, or to absorb blood
burn, cauterise, cauterize
burn, sear, or freeze (tissue) using a hot iron or electric current or a caustic agent
analyse, analyze, psychoanalyse, psychoanalyze
subject to psychoanalytic treatment
desex, desexualise, desexualize, fix, sterilise, sterilize, unsex
make infertile
face-lift, lift
perform cosmetic surgery on someone's face
trephine
operate on with a trephine
vet
provide veterinary care for
transfuse
give a transfusion (e.g., of blood) to
digitalize
administer digitalis such that the patient benefits maximally without getting adverse effects
plaster, poultice
dress by covering with a therapeutic substance
bandage
dress by covering or binding
venesect
practice venesection
dose, drug
administer a drug to
salve
apply a salve to, usually for the purpose of healing
inject, shoot
give an injection to
galvanise, galvanize
stimulate (muscles) by administering a shock
give
give (as medicine)
2

v provide with a gift or entertainment

“Grandmother always treated us to the circus”
“I like to treat myself to a day at a spa when I am depressed”
Synonyms:
regale
provide with choice or abundant food or drink
Type of:
gift, give, present
give as a present; make a gift of

v provide with choice or abundant food or drink

“Don't worry about the expensive wine--I'm treating
“She treated her houseguests with good food every night”
Synonyms:
regale
Types:
wine
treat to wine
alcoholise, alcoholize
subject to the influence of alcohol
feast, feed
gratify
Type of:
cater, ply, provide, supply
give what is desired or needed, especially support, food or sustenance

n an occurrence that causes special pleasure or delight

Type of:
happening, natural event, occurrence, occurrent
an event that happens

n something considered choice to eat

Synonyms:
dainty, delicacy, goody, kickshaw
Types:
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choice morsel, tidbit, titbit
a small tasty bit of food
savory, savoury
an aromatic or spicy dish served at the end of dinner or as an hors d'oeuvre
confection, sweet
a food rich in sugar
ambrosia, nectar
(classical mythology) the food and drink of the gods; mortals who ate it became immortal
gelatin, jelly
an edible jelly (sweet or pungent) made with gelatin and used as a dessert or salad base or a coating for foods
bone marrow, marrow
very tender and very nutritious tissue from marrowbones
calf's-foot jelly
a savory jelly made with gelatin obtained by boiling calves' feet
confectionery
candy and other sweets considered collectively
confiture
preserved or candied fruit
sweetmeat
a sweetened delicacy (as a preserve or pastry)
candy, confect
a rich sweet made of flavored sugar and often combined with fruit or nuts
hardbake
a British sweet made with molasses and butter and almonds
chewing gum, gum
a preparation (usually made of sweetened chicle) for chewing
candied apple, candy apple, caramel apple, taffy apple, toffee apple
an apple that is covered with a candy-like substance (usually caramelized sugar)
center, centre
the sweet central portion of a piece of candy that is enclosed in chocolate or some other covering
comfit
candy containing a fruit or nut
maraschino, maraschino cherry
cherry preserved in true or imitation maraschino liqueur
nonpareil
colored beads of sugar used as a topping on e.g. candies and cookies
gelatin dessert
jellied dessert made with gelatin and fruit juice or water
aspic
savory jelly based on fish or meat stock used as a mold for meats or vegetables
Type of:
aliment, alimentation, nourishment, nutriment, nutrition, sustenance, victuals
a source of materials to nourish the body
3

v regard or consider in a specific way

“I treated his advances as a joke”
Synonyms:
do by, handle
interact in a certain way
Type of:
react, respond
show a response or a reaction to something

v interact in a certain way

Treat him with caution, please”
Synonyms:
do by, handle
address, cover, deal, handle, plow
act on verbally or in some form of artistic expression
Types:
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bemock, mock
treat with contempt
cut, disregard, ignore, snub
refuse to acknowledge
wrong
treat unjustly; do wrong to
handle with kid gloves
handle with great care and sensitivity
criminalize
treat as a criminal
nurse
treat carefully
strong-arm
handle roughly
ride roughshod, run roughshod
treat inconsiderately or harshly
upstage
treat snobbishly, put in one's place
rough-house
treat in a rough or boisterous manner
brutalise, brutalize
treat brutally
do well by
treat with respect and consideration
gloss over, skate over, skimp over, slur over, smooth over
treat hurriedly or avoid dealing with properly
abuse, ill-treat, ill-use, maltreat, mistreat, step
treat badly
baby, cocker, coddle, cosset, featherbed, indulge, mollycoddle, pamper, spoil
treat with excessive indulgence
bait, cod, rag, rally, razz, ride, tantalise, tantalize, taunt, tease, twit
harass with persistent criticism or carping
blackguard, guy, jest at, laugh at, make fun, poke fun, rib, ridicule, roast
subject to laughter or ridicule
deride
treat or speak of with contempt
aggrieve
infringe on the rights of
kick around
treat badly; abuse
sandbag
treat harshly or unfairly
victimise, victimize
make a victim of
Type of:
interact
act together or towards others or with others
4

v act on verbally or in some form of artistic expression

“The new book treats the history of China”
Synonyms:
address, cover, deal, handle, plow
do by, handle
interact in a certain way
comprehend, cover, embrace, encompass
include in scope; include as part of something broader; have as one's sphere or territory
Types:
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theologise, theologize
treat from a theological viewpoint or render theological in character
discourse, discuss, talk about
to consider or examine in speech or writing
descant
talk at great length about something of one's interest
talk shop
discuss matters that are related to work
Type of:
broach, initiate, moot
bring up a topic for discussion
5

v engage in negotiations in order to reach an agreement

“they had to treat with the King”
Type of:
negociate
confer with another in order to come to terms or reach an agreement

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