sterilize

When you sterilize something, you make it completely clean and free from any contaminant. It's important to sterilize tools, hands, and furniture in hospitals so germs don't get spread between patients.

People who make their own jam and pickles need to sterilize the jars first, and when you feed a tiny baby it's important to sterilize the bottles. Whenever you need to make sure something is as clean as possible, you should sterilize it. The earliest meaning of sterilize is still in use, too: to "make infertile," or to make it impossible for an organism to reproduce or have a baby.

Primary Meanings of sterilize

1.
v
make free from bacteria
2.
v
make infertile
Full Definitions of sterilize
1

v make free from bacteria

Synonyms:
sterilise
Types:
autoclave
subject to the action of an autoclave
Type of:
disinfect
destroy microorganisms or pathogens by cleansing
2

v make infertile

“in some countries, people with genetically transmissible disabilites are sterilized
Synonyms:
desex, desexualise, desexualize, fix, sterilise, unsex
Types:
show 6 types...
hide 6 types...
alter, castrate, neuter, spay
remove the ovaries of
castrate, demasculinise, demasculinize, emasculate
remove the testicles of a male animal
vasectomise, vasectomize
remove the vas deferens
defeminise, defeminize
remove the ovaries of (female mammals such as cats)
caponise, caponize
convert a cock into a capon
cut, geld
cut off the testicles (of male animals such as horses)
Type of:
operate, operate on
perform surgery on

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