alter

After eating too many gingerbread cookies, she no longer fit into her uniform, so she had a seamstress alter it. It looked pretty much the same.

The verb alter can also mean to neuter or spay. Think of a cat that has just been spayed: the cat you pick up from the vet is the same cat that you dropped off there, only perhaps a little groggy and unable to reproduce. While the cat has been altered, it's not a different cat.

Definitions of alter
  1. verb
    cause to change; make different; cause a transformation
    “The advent of the automobile may have altered the growth pattern of the city”
    synonyms: change, modify
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    types:
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    arouse, awaken, rouse, wake, wake up, waken
    cause to become awake or conscious
    cause to sleep
    make fall asleep
    affect
    act physically on; have an effect upon
    freshen, refresh, refreshen
    make fresh again
    fecundate, fertilise, fertilize, inseminate
    introduce semen into (a female)
    indispose
    cause to feel unwell
    cry
    bring into a particular state by crying
    etiolate
    make pale or sickly
    shade
    vary slightly
    animalise, animalize, brutalise, brutalize
    make brutal, unfeeling, or inhuman
    convert
    change the nature, purpose, or function of something
    opalise, opalize
    make opalescent
    arterialise, arterialize
    change venous blood into arterial blood
    get, make
    give certain properties to something
    counterchange, interchange, transpose
    cause to change places
    vascularise, vascularize
    make vascular
    decrepitate
    to roast or calcine so as to cause to crackle or until crackling stops
    suburbanise, suburbanize
    make suburban in character
    overturn, revolutionise, revolutionize
    change radically
    etiolate
    bleach and alter the natural development of (a green plant) by excluding sunlight
    barbarise, barbarize
    make crude or savage in behavior or speech
    alkalinise, alkalinize
    make (a substance) alkaline
    mythicise, mythicize, mythologise, mythologize
    make into a myth
    allegorise, allegorize
    make into an allegory
    demythologise, demythologize
    remove the mythical element from (writings)
    bring, land
    bring into a different state
    coarsen
    make less subtle or refined
    affect, bear on, bear upon, impact, touch, touch on
    have an effect upon
    alchemise, alchemize
    alter (elements) by alchemy
    alcoholise, alcoholize
    make alcoholic, as by fermenting
    form, shape
    give shape or form to
    round, round down, round off, round out
    express as a round number
    suspend
    cause to be held in suspension in a fluid
    sober
    cause to become sober
    reconstruct
    cause somebody to adapt or reform socially or politically
    increase
    make bigger or more
    ease off, ease up, let up
    reduce pressure or intensity
    assimilate
    make similar
    dissimilate
    make dissimilar; cause to become less similar
    commute, convert, exchange
    exchange a penalty for a less severe one
    vitalise, vitalize
    give life to
    clear, unclutter
    rid of obstructions
    activate
    make active or more active
    activate
    make (substances) radioactive
    activate, aerate
    aerate (sewage) so as to favor the growth of organisms that decompose organic matter
    activate
    make more adsorptive
    deactivate, inactivate
    make inactive
    blunt, deaden
    make less lively, intense, or vigorous; impair in vigor, force, activity, or sensation
    reconstruct, redo, remodel
    do over, as of (part of) a house
    edit, redact
    prepare for publication or presentation by correcting, revising, or adapting
    cut, edit, edit out
    cut and assemble the components of
    chasten, subdue, tame
    correct by punishment or discipline
    chasten, moderate, temper
    restrain
    ameliorate, amend, better, improve, meliorate
    make better
    aggravate, exacerbate, exasperate, worsen
    make worse
    wet
    cause to become wet
    dry, dry out
    remove the moisture from and make dry
    lubricate
    make slippery or smooth through the application of a lubricant
    beef up, fortify, strengthen
    make strong or stronger
    fortify, lace, spike
    add alcohol to (beverages)
    weaken
    lessen the strength of
    blunt
    make less sharp
    oxidate, oxidise, oxidize
    add oxygen to or combine with oxygen
    merge, unify, unite
    join or combine
    age
    make older
    mature, ripen
    cause to ripen or develop fully
    antiquate, antique
    give an antique appearance to
    antiquate
    make obsolete or old-fashioned
    develop, make grow
    cause to grow and differentiate in ways conforming to its natural development
    soften
    make soft or softer
    damage
    inflict damage upon
    ossify
    cause to become hard and bony
    acerbate
    make sour or bitter
    stabilise, stabilize
    make stable and keep from fluctuating or put into an equilibrium
    destabilise, destabilize
    make unstable
    sensibilise, sensibilize, sensify, sensitise, sensitize
    make sensitive or aware
    desensitise, desensitize
    make insensitive
    accustom, habituate
    make psychologically or physically used (to something)
    disarray, disorder
    bring disorder to
    discolor, discolour
    cause to lose or change color
    color, color in, colorise, colorize, colour, colour in, colourise, colourize
    add color to
    stain
    produce or leave stains
    hue
    take on color or become colored
    uglify
    make ugly
    untune
    cause to be out of tune
    adjust, correct, set
    alter or regulate so as to achieve accuracy or conform to a standard
    set
    put into a certain state; cause to be in a certain state
    disqualify, indispose, unfit
    make unfit or unsuitable
    domesticate, domesticise, domesticize, reclaim, tame
    overcome the wildness of; make docile and tractable
    widen
    make wider
    dehydrogenate
    remove hydrogen from
    hydrogenate
    combine or treat with or expose to hydrogen; add hydrogen to the molecule of (an unsaturated organic compound)
    oxygenise, oxygenize
    change (a compound) by increasing the proportion of the electronegative part; or change (an element or ion) from a lower to a higher positive valence: remove one or more electrons from (an atom, ion, or molecule)
    darken
    make dark or darker
    brighten, lighten, lighten up
    make lighter or brighter
    blear, blur
    make dim or indistinct
    bedim, obscure, overcloud
    make obscure or unclear
    blot out, hide, obliterate, obscure, veil
    make undecipherable or imperceptible by obscuring or concealing
    cook
    transform by heating
    slenderise, slenderize
    make slender or appear to be slender
    crack
    cause to become cracked
    dismiss, dissolve
    declare void
    end, terminate
    bring to an end or halt
    defog, demist
    free from mist
    concentrate, condense, contract
    compress or concentrate
    chill, cool, cool down
    make cool or cooler
    heat, heat up
    make hot or hotter
    warm
    make warm or warmer
    boil
    bring to, or maintain at, the boiling point
    freeze
    cause to freeze
    blister
    cause blisters to form on
    change over, shift, switch
    make a shift in or exchange of
    transpose
    change key
    change over, convert
    change from one system to another or to a new plan or policy
    transform
    increase or decrease (an alternating current or voltage)
    transform
    change (a bacterial cell) into a genetically distinct cell by the introduction of DNA from another cell of the same or closely related species
    transform
    convert (one form of energy) to another
    transmute
    alter the nature of (elements)
    transform, transmute, transubstantiate
    change or alter in form, appearance, or nature
    ash
    convert into ashes
    transform, translate
    change from one form or medium into another
    reclaim, rectify, reform, regenerate
    bring, lead, or force to abandon a wrong or evil course of life, conduct, and adopt a right one
    convert
    cause to adopt a new or different faith
    Islamise, Islamize
    cause to conform to Islamic law
    invert, reverse, turn back
    turn inside out or upside down
    invert
    make an inversion (in a musical composition)
    customise, customize
    make according to requirements
    individualise, individualize, personalise, personalize
    make personal or more personal
    depersonalise, depersonalize, objectify
    make impersonal or present as an object
    sharpen
    raise the pitch of (musical notes)
    drop, flatten
    lower the pitch of (musical notes)
    disintegrate
    cause to undergo fission or lose particles
    magnetise, magnetize
    make magnetic
    degauss, demagnetise, demagnetize
    make nonmagnetic; take away the magnetic properties (of)
    simplify
    make simpler or easier or reduce in complexity or extent
    complicate, elaborate, rarify, refine
    make more complex, intricate, or richer
    refine
    make more precise or increase the discriminatory powers of
    complicate, perplex
    make more complicated
    pressurise, pressurize, supercharge
    increase the pressure on a gas or liquid
    centralise, centralize, concentrate
    make central
    decentralise, decentralize, deconcentrate
    make less central
    socialise, socialize
    make conform to socialist ideas and philosophies
    fix, gear up, prepare, ready, set, set up
    make ready or suitable or equip in advance for a particular purpose or for some use, event, etc
    internationalise, internationalize
    make international in character
    bolshevise, bolshevize, communise, communize
    make Communist or bring in accord with Communist principles
    Europeanise, Europeanize
    make (continental) European in customs, character, or ideas
    Europeanise, Europeanize
    denationalize and subject (a territory) to the supervision of an agency of a European community of nations
    bestialise, bestialize
    make brutal and depraved; give animal-like qualities to
    Americanise, Americanize
    make American in character
    Frenchify
    make French in appearance or character
    civilise, civilize
    raise from a barbaric to a civilized state
    nationalise, nationalize
    put under state control or ownership
    denationalise, denationalize
    put under private control or ownership
    naturalise, naturalize
    make into a citizen
    denaturalise, denaturalize
    strip of the rights and duties of citizenship
    naturalise, naturalize
    make more natural or lifelike
    denaturalise, denaturalize
    make less natural or unnatural
    even, even out
    become even or more even
    equal, equalise, equalize, equate, match
    make equal, uniform, corresponding, or matching
    stiffen
    make stiff or stiffer
    loose, loosen
    make loose or looser
    fasten, tighten
    make tight or tighter
    transitivise, transitivize
    make transitive
    detransitivise, detransitivize, intransitivise, intransitivize
    intransitivize
    inspissate, thicken
    make thick or thicker
    full
    make (a garment) fuller by pleating or gathering
    diversify
    make (more) diverse
    decelerate, slow down
    reduce the speed of
    deaden
    make vapid or deprive of spirit
    accelerate, speed, speed up
    cause to move faster
    check, delay, retard
    slow the growth or development of
    decrease, lessen, minify
    make smaller
    liquefy, liquidise, liquidize, liquify
    make (a solid substance) liquid, as by heating
    solvate
    cause a solvation in (a substance)
    dissolve
    cause to fade away
    validate
    make valid or confirm the validity of
    invalidate, vitiate, void
    take away the legal force of or render ineffective
    empty
    make void or empty of contents
    fill, fill up, make full
    make full, also in a metaphorical sense
    saturate
    cause (a chemical compound, vapour, solution, magnetic material) to unite with the greatest possible amount of another substance
    clot, coagulate
    cause to change from a liquid to a solid or thickened state
    louden
    cause to become loud
    normalise, normalize, renormalise, renormalize
    make normal or cause to conform to a norm or standard
    morph
    cause to change shape in a computer animation
    neutralise, neutralize
    make chemically neutral
    commercialise, commercialize, market
    make commercial
    purge, purify, sanctify
    make pure or free from sin or guilt
    mechanise, mechanize
    make mechanical
    automate, automatise, automatize
    make automatic or control or operate automatically
    automatise, automatize
    turn into an automaton
    mechanise, mechanize
    make monotonous; make automatic or routine
    chord, harmonise, harmonize
    bring into consonance, harmony, or accord while making music or singing
    polarise, polarize
    cause to vibrate in a definite pattern
    glorify
    bestow glory upon
    contaminate
    make radioactive by adding radioactive material
    devalue
    lower the value or quality of
    insulate
    protect from heat, cold, or noise by surrounding with insulating material
    calcify
    convert into lime
    urbanise, urbanize
    make more industrial or city-like
    urbanise, urbanize
    impart urban habits, ways of life, or responsibilities upon
    emulsify
    cause to become an emulsion; make into an emulsion
    demulsify
    cause to demulsify
    decarboxylate
    remove a carboxyl group from (a chemical compound)
    nazify
    cause or force to adopt Nazism or a Nazi character
    fecundate, fertilise, fertilize
    make fertile or productive
    clarify
    make clear by removing impurities or solids, as by heating
    embrittle
    make brittle
    mark
    make or leave a mark on
    nick
    divide or reset the tail muscles of
    disable, disenable, incapacitate
    make unable to perform a certain action
    enable
    render capable or able for some task
    de-emphasise, de-emphasize, destress
    reduce the emphasis
    tender, tenderise, tenderize
    make tender or more tender as by marinating, pounding, or applying a tenderizer
    charge
    cause formation of a net electrical charge in or on
    bubble
    cause to form bubbles
    sweeten
    make sweeter, more pleasant, or more agreeable
    iodinate
    cause to combine with iodine
    ionate
    add ions to
    archaise, archaize
    give an archaic appearance of character to
    inform
    give character or essence to
    officialise, officialize
    make official
    occidentalise, occidentalize, westernise, westernize
    make western in character
    orientalise, orientalize
    make oriental in character
    acetylate, acetylise, acetylize
    introduce an acetyl group into (a chemical compound)
    achromatise, achromatize
    remove color from
    collimate, parallel
    make or place parallel to something
    camp
    give an artificially banal or sexual quality to
    classicise, classicize
    make classic or classical
    conventionalise, conventionalize
    make conventional or adapt to conventions
    decimalise, decimalize
    change from fractions to decimals
    dizzy
    make dizzy or giddy
    envenom, poison
    add poison to
    exteriorise, exteriorize, externalise, externalize, objectify
    make external or objective, or give reality to
    glamorise, glamorize, glamourise, glamourize
    make glamorous and attractive
    introvert
    turn inside
    laicise, laicize
    reduce to lay status
    politicise, politicize
    give a political character to
    radicalize
    make more radical in social or political outlook
    proof
    activate by mixing with water and sometimes sugar or milk
    romanticise, romanticize
    make romantic in style
    rusticate
    lend a rustic character to
    sauce
    add zest or flavor to, make more interesting
    shallow, shoal
    make shallow
    tense
    increase the tension on
    steepen
    make steeper
    scramble
    make unintelligible
    unscramble
    make intelligible
    unsex
    remove the qualities typical of one's sex
    vitrify
    change into glass or a glass-like substance by applying heat
    pall
    cause to become flat
    saponify
    convert into soap by hydrolizing an ester into an acid and alcohol as a result of treating it with an alkali
    expand, extend
    expand the influence of
    set aside, suspend
    make inoperative or stop
    muddy
    make turbid
    transform
    subject to a mathematical transformation
    elevate, lift, raise
    raise in rank or condition
    harshen
    make harsh or harsher
    dinge
    make dingy
    demonise, demonize
    make into a demon
    devilise, devilize, diabolise, diabolize
    turn into a devil or make devilish
    etherealize, etherialise
    make ethereal
    immaterialise, immaterialize, unsubstantialise, unsubstantialize
    render immaterial or incorporeal
    animate, animise, animize
    give lifelike qualities to
    clear
    make clear, bright, light, or translucent
    dynamise, dynamize
    make (a drug) effective
    dynamise, dynamize
    make more dynamic
    rarefy, sublimate, subtilize
    make more subtle or refined
    volatilise, volatilize
    make volatile; cause to pass off in a vapor
    uniformise, uniformize
    make uniform
    symmetrise, symmetrize
    make symmetric
    eternalise, eternalize, eternise, eternize, immortalise, immortalize
    make famous forever
    denature
    make (alcohol) unfit for drinking without impairing usefulness for other purposes
    denature
    modify (as a native protein) especially by heat, acid, alkali, or ultraviolet radiation so that all of the original properties are removed or diminished
    denature
    add nonfissionable material to (fissionable material) so as to make unsuitable for use in an atomic bomb
    sanitise, sanitize
    make less offensive or more acceptable by removing objectionable features
    verbify
    make into a verb
    shift
    move from one setting or context to another
    sputter
    cause to undergo a process in which atoms are removed
    draw
    bring or lead someone to a certain action or condition
    make
    change from one form into another
    dope
    add impurities to (a semiconductor) in order to produce or modify its properties
    prostrate
    render helpless or defenseless
    excite
    produce a magnetic field in
    energise, energize, excite
    raise to a higher energy level
    shake
    bring to a specified condition by or as if by shaking
    outmode
    make unfashionable, outdated, or obsolete
    spice, spice up
    make more interesting or flavorful
    shorten
    make short or shorter
    think
    bring into a given condition by mental preoccupation
    make
    cause to be enjoyable or pleasurable
    deflate
    produce deflation in
    inflate
    cause prices to rise by increasing the available currency or credit
    reflate
    economics: raise demand, expand the money supply, or raise prices, after a period of deflation
    digitalise, digitalize, digitise, digitize
    put into digital form, as for use in a computer
    gelatinise, gelatinize
    convert into gelatinous form or jelly
    recombine
    cause genetic recombination
    effeminise, effeminize, feminise, feminize, womanize
    to give a (more) feminine, effeminate, or womanly quality or appearance to
    masculinise, masculinize, virilise, virilize
    produce virilism in or cause to assume masculine characteristics, as through a hormonal imbalance or hormone therapy
    masculinize
    give a masculine appearance or character to
    disharmonize, dissonate
    cause to sound harsh and unpleasant
    sexualise, sexualize
    make sexual, endow with sex, attribute sex to
    schematise, schematize
    give conventional form to
    patent
    make open to sight or notice
    constitutionalise, constitutionalize
    incorporate into a constitution, make constitutional
    rationalise, rationalize
    remove irrational quantities from
    plasticise, plasticize
    make plastic, as by the addition of a plasticizer
    rarefy
    lessen the density or solidity of
    paganise, paganize
    make pagan in character
    incandesce
    cause to become incandescent or glow
    deaminate, deaminize
    remove the amino radical (usually by hydrolysis) from an amino compound; to perform deamination
    angulate
    make or become angular
    circularise, circularize
    make circular
    sensitise, sensitize
    make (a material) sensitive to light, often of a particular colour, by coating it with a photographic emulsion
    sensitise, sensitize
    make sensitive to a drug or allergen
    depolarise, depolarize
    eliminate the polarization of
    intensify
    make the chemically affected part of (a negative) denser or more opaque in order produce a stronger contrast between light and dark
    isomerise, isomerize
    cause to change into an isomer
    legitimate
    make (an illegitimate child) legitimate; declare the legitimacy of (someone)
    evaporate, vaporise
    cause to change into a vapor
    industrialise, industrialize
    organize (the production of something) into an industry
    opacify
    make opaque
    opsonize
    make (cells) more susceptible to the action of phagocytes
    militarise, militarize
    adopt for military use
    nationalise, nationalize
    make national in character or scope
    recommend
    make attractive or acceptable
    sentimentalise, sentimentalize
    make (someone or something) sentimental or imbue with sentimental qualities
    solemnise, solemnize
    make solemn and grave
    territorialise, territorialize
    place on a territorial basis
    transaminate
    change (an amino group) by transferring it from one compound to another
    glorify, spiritualize, transfigure
    elevate or idealize, in allusion to Christ's transfiguration
    unsanctify
    remove the sanctification from or make unsanctified
    vesiculate
    cause to become vesicular or full of air cells
    visualise, visualize
    make visible
    variegate
    change the appearance of, especially by marking with different colors
    ventilate
    furnish with an opening to allow air to circulate or gas to escape
    vivify
    make more striking or animated
    vulgarise, vulgarize
    debase and make vulgar
    supple
    make pliant and flexible
    professionalise, professionalize
    make professional or give a professional character to
    smut
    make obscene
    still
    make motionless
    weaponize
    make into or use as a weapon or a potential weapon
    eroticize, sex up
    give erotic character to or make more interesting
    piggyback
    bring into alignment with
    port
    modify (software) for use on a different machine or platform
    lifehack
    make one's day-to-day activities more efficient
    cloud
    make less clear
    blur, confuse, obnubilate, obscure
    make unclear, indistinct, or blurred
    moderate, tame, tone down
    make less strong or intense; soften
    obfuscate
    make obscure or unclear
    synchronise, synchronize
    make (motion picture sound) exactly simultaneous with the action
    mince, moderate, soften
    make less severe or harsh
    militarise, militarize
    lend a military character to (a country), as by building up a military force
    break down, crush
    make ineffective
    fat, fatten, fatten out, fatten up, fill out, flesh out, plump, plump out
    make fat or plump
    disturb, touch
    tamper with
    dull
    make dull in appearance
    blunt, dull
    make dull or blunt
    sharpen
    make sharp or sharper
    coarsen
    make or become coarse or coarser
    loosen
    make less dense
    loosen, undo, untie
    cause to become loose
    barb
    provide with barbs
    string
    provide with strings
    straighten, straighten out
    make straight
    bring
    cause to come into a particular state or condition
    amalgamate, commix, mingle, mix, unify
    bring or combine together or with something else
    charge
    fill or load to capacity
    put
    cause to be in a certain state; cause to be in a certain relation
    clean, make clean
    make clean by removing dirt, filth, or unwanted substances from
    begrime, bemire, colly, dirty, grime, soil
    make soiled, filthy, or dirty
    depress, lower
    cause to drop or sink
    deform
    make formless
    break, break up
    destroy the completeness of a set of related items
    adorn, beautify, decorate, embellish, grace, ornament
    make more attractive by adding ornament, colour, etc.
    humanise, humanize
    make more humane
    humble
    cause to be unpretentious
    alien, alienate, disaffect, estrange
    arouse hostility or indifference in where there had formerly been love, affection, or friendliness
    right
    put in or restore to an upright position
    desensitise, desensitize
    cause not to be sensitive
    deodorise, deodorize, deodourise
    eliminate the odor from
    develop
    make visible by means of chemical solutions
    blur
    make less distinct or clear
    blind
    make blind by putting the eyes out
    change intensity
    increase or decrease in intensity
    change taste
    alter the flavor of
    exchange, interchange, replace, substitute
    put in the place of another; switch seemingly equivalent items
    capture
    bring about the capture of an elementary particle or celestial body and causing it enter a new orbit
    add, bestow, bring, contribute, impart, lend
    bestow a quality on
    reestablish, reinstate, restore
    bring back into original existence, use, function, or position
    liberalise, liberalize
    make liberal or more liberal, of laws and rules
    compensate, correct, redress, right
    make reparations or amends for
    democratise, democratize
    introduce democratic reforms; of nations
    neutralize
    make politically neutral and thus inoffensive
    corrupt, debase, debauch, demoralise, demoralize, deprave, misdirect, pervert, profane, subvert, vitiate
    corrupt morally or by intemperance or sensuality
    loosen, relax
    make less severe or strict
    unify, unite
    bring together for a common purpose or action or ideology or in a shared situation
    flocculate
    cause to become a fluffy or lumpy aggregate
    turn
    cause to change or turn into something different;assume new characteristics
    cohere
    cause to form a united, orderly, and aesthetically consistent whole
    reawaken
    awaken once again
    attack
    begin to injure
    ulcerate
    affect with an ulcer
    bring around, bring back, bring round, bring to
    return to consciousness
    calm, sedate, tranquilize, tranquillise, tranquillize
    cause to be calm or quiet as by administering a sedative to
    arouse, brace, energise, energize, perk up, stimulate
    cause to be alert and energetic
    de-energise, de-energize
    deprive of energy
    strain, tense, tense up
    cause to be tense and uneasy or nervous or anxious
    loosen up, make relaxed, relax, unlax, unstrain, unwind
    cause to feel relaxed
    break
    weaken or destroy in spirit or body
    cramp
    affect with or as if with a cramp
    stratify
    render fertile and preserve by placing between layers of earth or sand
    bang up, impregnate
    make pregnant
    impregnate
    fertilize and cause to grow
    cross-fertilise, cross-fertilize
    cause to undergo cross-fertilization
    cross-pollinate, pollenate, pollinate
    fertilize by transfering pollen
    irritate
    excite to an abnormal condition, or chafe or inflame
    inflame
    cause inflammation in
    alleviate, assuage, palliate, relieve
    provide physical relief, as from pain
    hurt
    give trouble or pain to
    bind, constipate
    cause to be constipated
    fag, fag out, fatigue, jade, outwear, tire, tire out, wear, wear down, wear out, wear upon, weary
    exhaust or get tired through overuse or great strain or stress
    aid, help
    improve the condition of
    disinfect
    destroy microorganisms or pathogens by cleansing
    regenerate, revitalize
    restore strength
    jaundice
    affect with, or as if with, jaundice
    call
    rouse somebody from sleep with a call
    caramelise, caramelize
    convert to caramel
    rasterize
    convert (an image) into pixels
    humify
    convert (plant remains) into humus
    verbalise, verbalize
    convert into a verb
    sporulate
    convert into spores
    fictionalise, fictionalize, novelise, novelize
    convert into the form or the style of a novel
    deaden
    convert (metallic mercury) into a grey powder consisting of minute globules, as by shaking with chalk or fatty oil
    opalise, opalize
    replace or convert into opal
    receive
    convert into sounds or pictures
    reconvert
    convert back
    malt
    convert into malt
    malt
    convert grain into malt
    render
    cause to become
    get, have, let
    cause to move; cause to be in a certain position or condition
    carnalise, carnalize, sensualise, sensualize
    debase through carnal gratification
    strike a blow
    affect adversely
    repercuss
    cause repercussions; have an unwanted effect
    tell on
    produce an effect or strain on somebody
    redound
    have an effect for good or ill
    individuate
    give individual shape or form to
    tie
    form a knot or bow in
    terrace
    make into terraces as for cultivation
    fork
    shape like a fork
    tabulate
    shape or cut with a flat surface
    dimension
    shape or form to required dimensions
    roll
    shape by rolling
    draw
    flatten, stretch, or mold metal or glass, by rolling or by pulling it through a die or by stretching
    strike
    cause to form (an electric arc) between electrodes of an arc lamp
    crystalise, crystalize, crystallise, crystallize
    cause to take on a definite and clear shape
    twist
    form into twists
    sliver
    form into slivers
    ridge
    form into a ridge
    plume
    form a plume
    round, round off, round out
    make round
    scallop, scollop
    shape or cut in scallops
    square, square up
    make square
    resuspend
    put back into suspension
    proportion
    adjust in size relative to other things
    suppress
    reduce the incidence or severity of or stop
    extend, stretch
    increase in quantity or bulk by adding a cheaper substance
    augment
    enlarge or increase
    build up
    enlarge, develop, or increase by degrees or in stages
    enlarge
    make larger
    up
    raise
    raise
    raise the level or amount of something
    transduce
    cause transduction (of energy forms)
    vitalise, vitalize
    make more lively or vigorous
    ruggedise, ruggedize
    produce in a version designed to withstand rough usage
    devitalise, devitalize
    sap of life or energy
    shake
    undermine or cause to waver
    modulate
    adjust the pitch, tone, or volume of
    enrich
    make better or improve in quality
    build up, develop
    change the use of and make available or usable
    bail
    empty (a vessel) by bailing
    clutter, clutter up
    fill a space in a disorderly way
    clog, overload
    fill to excess so that function is impaired
    brim
    fill as much as possible
    reactivate
    activate (an old file) anew
    obtund
    reduce the edge or violence of
    petrify
    cause to become stonelike or stiff or dazed and stunned
    burn
    burn with heat, fire, or radiation
    frost
    damage by frost
    moderate
    make less fast or intense
    mitigate
    make less severe or harsh
    falsify, interpolate
    insert words into texts, often falsifying it thereby
    cut up, hack
    significantly cut up a manuscript
    black out
    suppress by censorship as for political reasons
    blank out
    cut out, as for political reasons
    break, break in
    make submissive, obedient, or useful
    turn around
    improve dramatically
    help
    improve; change for the better
    upgrade
    improve what was old or outdated
    condition
    put into a better state
    cheapen, degrade
    lower the grade of something; reduce its worth
    emend
    make improvements or corrections to
    iron out, put right, straighten out
    settle or put right
    dehydrate, desiccate, dry up, exsiccate
    lose water or moisture
    dehydrate, desiccate
    remove water from
    bedew
    cover with drops of dew or as with dew
    spin-dry
    dry (clothes) by spinning and making use of centrifugal forces
    tumble dry
    dry by spinning with hot air inside a cylinder
    spray-dry
    dry by bringing into the form of a spray, through contact with a hot gas
    dehumidify
    make less humid
    douse, dowse, drench, soak, sop, souse
    cover with liquid; pour liquid onto
    dampen, moisten, wash
    make moist
    parch, sear
    cause to wither or parch from exposure to heat
    rough-dry
    dry without smoothing or ironing
    blow-dry
    dry hair with a hair dryer
    drip-dry
    dry by hanging up wet
    substantiate
    solidify, firm, or strengthen
    restrengthen
    make strong again
    brace up, undergird
    make secure underneath
    confirm
    make more firm
    reenforce, reinforce
    make stronger
    buttress
    make stronger or defensible
    depress
    lessen the activity or force of
    unbrace
    remove a brace or braces from
    etiolate
    make weak by stunting the growth or development of
    cripple, stultify
    deprive of strength or efficiency; make useless or worthless
    cut, dilute, reduce, thin, thin out
    lessen the strength or flavor of a solution or mixture
    attenuate, rarefy
    weaken the consistency of (a chemical substance)
    blunt
    make less intense
    irrigate, water
    supply with water, as with channels or ditches or streams
    besprinkle, sparge, sprinkle
    scatter with liquid; wet lightly
    enhance
    make better or more attractive
    pare, pare down
    decrease gradually or bit by bit
    circumscribe, confine, limit
    restrict or confine
    boil down, concentrate, reduce
    cook until very little liquid is left
    catabolise, catabolize
    subject to catabolism
    breathe
    reach full flavor by absorbing air and being let to stand after having been uncorked
    blow up, enlarge, magnify
    make large
    reduce, shrink
    reduce in size; reduce physically
    reduce
    make less complex
    consolidate
    bring together into a single whole or system
    weld
    unite closely or intimately
    consubstantiate
    unite in one common substance
    abbreviate, abridge, contract, cut, foreshorten, reduce, shorten
    reduce in scope while retaining essential elements
    abate, slack, slake
    make less active or intense
    grow
    cause to grow or develop
    manifold, multiply
    combine or increase by multiplication
    work out, work up
    come up with
    elaborate, work out
    work out in detail
    build, build up, ramp up, work up
    bolster or strengthen
    mellow
    soften, make mellow
    mollify
    make less rigid or softer
    bilge
    cause to leak
    break
    render inoperable or ineffective
    total
    damage beyond the point of repair
    bruise
    damage (plant tissue) by abrasion or pressure
    disturb
    damage as if by shaking or jarring
    afflict, smite
    cause physical pain or suffering in
    blight, hurt, injure
    cause damage or affect negatively
    bushel, doctor, fix, furbish up, mend, repair, restore, touch on
    restore by replacing a part or putting together what is torn or broken
    impair
    make worse or less effective
    blemish, flaw
    add a flaw or blemish to; make imperfect or defective
    dish
    make concave; shape like a dish
    amplify, blow up, expand, inflate
    exaggerate or make bigger
    reform
    make changes for improvement in order to remove abuse and injustices
    reform
    improve by alteration or correction of errors or defects and put into a better condition
    lour, lower, turn down
    make lower or quieter
    paralyse, paralyze
    make powerless and unable to function
    peg
    stabilize (the price of a commodity or an exchange rate) by legislation or market operations
    harden, indurate, inure
    cause to accept or become hardened to; habituate
    teach
    accustom gradually to some action or attitude
    corrode, eat, rust
    cause to deteriorate due to the action of water, air, or an acid
    eat away, erode, fret
    remove soil or rock
    mess, mess up
    make a mess of or create disorder in
    derange, perturb, throw out of kilter
    throw into great confusion or disorder
    disarrange
    disturb the arrangement of
    bleach, bleach out, decolor, decolorise, decolorize, decolour, decolourise, decolourize, discolorise, discolorize, discolourise
    remove color from
    blackwash
    color with blackwash
    sallow
    cause to become sallow
    wash out
    drain off the color in the course of laundering
    foliate
    grow leaves
    motley, parti-color
    make motley; color with different colors
    polychrome, polychromise, polychromize
    color with many colors; make polychrome
    azure
    color azure
    empurple, purple, purpurate
    color purple
    aurify
    turn golden
    verdigris
    color verdigris
    pinkify
    make pink
    incarnadine
    make flesh-colored
    brown, embrown
    make brown in color
    handcolor, handcolour
    color by hand
    smut
    stain with a dirty substance, such as soot
    tinct, tinge, tint, touch
    color lightly
    pigment
    color or dye with a pigment
    pigment
    acquire pigment; become colored or imbued
    hue, imbue
    suffuse with color
    retouch
    give retouches to (hair)
    silver
    make silver in color
    gray, grey
    make grey
    tone
    change to a color image
    escalate, intensify, step up
    increase in extent or intensity
    de-escalate, step down, weaken
    reduce the level or intensity or size or scope of
    cut up, mangle, mutilate
    destroy or injure severely
    beautify, embellish, fancify, prettify
    make more beautiful
    mollify, season, temper
    make more temperate, acceptable, or suitable by adding something else; moderate
    temper
    adjust the pitch (of pianos)
    tune, tune up
    adjust the pitches of (musical instruments)
    calibrate, fine-tune, graduate
    make fine adjustments or divide into marked intervals for optimal measuring
    tune, tune up
    adjust for (better) functioning
    time
    adjust so that a force is applied and an action occurs at the desired time
    trim
    adjust (sails on a ship) so that the wind is optimally used
    zero, zero in
    adjust (as by firing under test conditions) the zero of (a gun)
    zero
    adjust (an instrument or device) to zero value
    readjust, reset
    adjust again after an initial failure
    attune
    adjust or accustom to; bring into harmony with
    time
    regulate or set the time of
    pitch
    set to a certain pitch
    set
    set to a certain position or cause to operate correctly
    keynote
    set the keynote of
    modulate, regulate
    fix or adjust the time, amount, degree, or rate of
    fit
    make fit
    white out
    widen the interlinear spacing by inserting leads
    oxygenise, oxygenize
    dehydrogenate with oxygen
    boost
    give a boost to; be beneficial to
    infuscate
    darken with a brownish tinge, as of insect wings
    embrown
    cause to darken
    murk
    make dark, dim, or gloomy
    dun
    make a dun color
    blind, dim
    make dim by comparison or conceal
    dim
    make dim or lusterless
    bedim, benight
    make darker and difficult to perceive by sight
    focalise, focalize, focus, sharpen
    put (an image) into focus
    depreciate
    lower the value of something
    elongate, lengthen
    make longer
    farce, stuff
    fill with a stuffing while cooking
    feudalize
    bring (a country or people) under feudalism
    stuff
    fill tightly with a material
    bolster, pad
    add padding to
    crisp, crispen, toast
    make brown and crisp by heating
    shatter
    damage or destroy
    check, chink
    make cracks or chinks in
    fissure
    break into fissures or fine cracks
    close out
    terminate
    finish
    cause to finish a relationship with somebody
    abort
    terminate before completion
    culminate
    bring to a head or to the highest point
    lift, raise
    put an end to
    ax, axe
    terminate
    kill, stamp out
    end or extinguish by forceful means
    break up, dissolve
    come to an end
    break up, dissolve
    bring the association of to an end or cause to break up
    break, break off, discontinue, stop
    prevent completion
    break, interrupt
    terminate
    pervaporate
    cause (a liquid) to evaporate through a semipermeable membrane
    quench
    cool (hot metal) by plunging into cold water or other liquid
    ice
    put ice on or put on ice
    refrigerate
    cool or chill in or as if in a refrigerator
    scald
    heat to the boiling point
    soak
    heat a metal prior to working it
    calcine
    heat a substance so that it oxidizes or reduces
    preheat
    heat beforehand
    overheat
    make excessively or undesirably hot
    chafe
    warm by rubbing, as with the hands
    decoct
    extract the essence of something by boiling it
    deep freeze
    store in a deep-freeze, as for conservation
    ice
    cause to become ice or icy
    flash-freeze, quick-freeze
    freeze rapidly so as to preserve the natural juices and flavors
    scorch, sear
    make very hot and dry
    metricate, metricise, metricize, metrify
    convert from a non-metric to the metric system
    flour
    convert grain into flour
    transubstantiate
    change (the Eucharist bread and wine) into the body and blood of Christ
    sorcerise, sorcerize
    transform or change by means of sorcery
    metricise, metricize
    express in the metric system
    reclaim
    make useful again; transform from a useless or uncultivated state
    moralise, moralize
    improve the morals of
    regenerate
    amplify (an electron current) by causing part of the power in the output circuit to act upon the input circuit
    Islamise, Islamize
    convert to Islam
    Christianise, Christianize
    convert to Christianity
    evangelise, evangelize
    convert to Christianity
    catholicise, catholicize, latinise, latinize
    cause to adopt Catholicism
    debilitate, drain, enfeeble
    make weak
    enervate
    weaken physically, mentally, or morally
    break, damp, dampen, dilute, soften, weaken
    lessen in force or effect
    dampen
    check; keep in check (a fire)
    dampen
    reduce the amplitude (of oscillations or waves)
    strap
    sharpen with a strap
    sync, synchronise, synchronize
    make synchronous and adjust in time or manner
    macerate
    soften, usually by steeping in liquid, and cause to disintegrate as a result
    oversimplify
    make too simple
    complexify
    make complex
    involve
    make complex or intricate or complicated
    develop
    elaborate by the unfolding of a musical idea and by the working out of the rhythmic and harmonic changes in the theme
    sophisticate
    make more complex or refined
    embrangle, snarl, snarl up
    make more complicated or confused through entanglements
    pressurise, pressurize
    increase the pressure in or of
    decompress, depressurise, depressurize
    decrease the pressure of
    socialise, socialize
    prepare for social life
    provide
    take measures in preparation for
    cram
    prepare (students) hastily for an impending exam
    precondition
    put into the required condition beforehand
    fix
    kill, preserve, and harden (tissue) in order to prepare for microscopic study
    mount
    fix onto a backing, setting, or support
    lay out, set, set up
    get ready for a particular purpose or event
    winterise, winterize
    prepare for winter
    summerise, summerize
    prepare for summer
    prime
    insert a primer into (a gun, mine, or charge) preparatory to detonation or firing
    communise, communize
    make into property owned by the state
    privatise, privatize
    change from governmental to private control or ownership
    homologise, homologize
    make homologous
    starch
    stiffen with starch
    buckram
    stiffen with or as with buckram
    ossify, petrify, rigidify
    make rigid and set into a conventional pattern
    relax, unbend
    make less taut
    frap
    take up the slack of
    firm, tauten
    make taut or tauter
    remit, slacken
    make slack as by lessening tension or firmness
    minimise, minimize
    make small or insignificant
    maximise, maximize
    make as big or large as possible
    bring down, cut, cut back, cut down, reduce, trim, trim back, trim down
    cut down on; make a reduction in
    cut
    have a reducing effect
    heighten
    make more extreme; raise in quantity, degree, or intensity
    heighten, rise
    become more extreme
    motley, variegate, vary
    make something more diverse and varied
    retard
    cause to move more slowly or operate at a slower rate
    fishtail
    slow down by moving the tail sideways
    rev, rev up
    increase the number of rotations per minute
    rev up, step up
    speed up
    relax, slack, slack up, slacken
    make less active or fast
    belittle, diminish
    lessen the authority, dignity, or reputation of
    build
    improve the cleansing action of
    etch
    selectively dissolve the surface of (a semiconductor or printed circuit) with a solvent, laser, or stream of electrons
    clean out, clear out
    empty completely
    bleed
    drain of liquid or steam
    evacuate
    empty completely
    evacuate
    create a vacuum in (a bulb, flask, reaction vessel)
    eviscerate
    remove the contents of
    void
    clear (a room, house, place) of occupants or empty or clear (a place or receptacle) of something
    clear
    remove the occupants of
    clear
    rid of instructions or data
    exhaust
    use up the whole supply of
    knock out
    empty (as of tobacco) by knocking out
    populate
    fill with inhabitants
    drain
    empty of liquid; drain the liquid from
    top off
    fill to the point of almost overflowing
    heap
    fill to overflow
    overfill
    fill beyond capacity
    ink
    fill with ink
    fill again, refill, replenish
    fill something that had previously been emptied
    prime
    fill with priming liquid
    line
    fill plentifully
    complete
    bring to a whole, with all the necessary parts or elements
    fit, match
    make correspond or harmonize
    homogenise, homogenize
    cause to become equal or homogeneous as by mixing
    ferment, work
    cause to undergo fermentation
    delay, detain, stay
    stop or halt
    flatten
    make flat or flatter
    plumb
    adjust with a plumb line so as to make vertical
    align, coordinate, ordinate
    bring (components or parts) into proper or desirable coordination correlation
    negate, neutralise, neutralize, nullify
    make ineffective by counterbalancing the effect of
    hone, perfect
    refine or make more perfect or effective
    down, fine-tune, polish, refine
    improve or perfect by pruning or polishing
    distill, make pure, purify, sublimate
    remove impurities from, increase the concentration of, and separate through the process of distillation
    spiritualise, spiritualize
    purify from the corrupting influences of the world
    lustrate
    purify by means of a ritual; also used in post-Communist countries to refer to the political cleansing of former officials
    deform, distort, strain
    alter the shape of (something) by stress
    blow
    shape by blowing
    block
    shape into a block or blocks
    block
    shape by using a block
    cup
    form into the shape of a cup
    deflower, impair, mar, spoil, vitiate
    make imperfect
    crush out, extinguish, press out, stub out
    extinguish by crushing
    dehumanise, dehumanize
    make mechanical or routine
    semi-automatise, semi-automatize
    make semiautomatic
    finalise, finalize, nail down, settle
    make final; put the last touches on; put into final form
    harmonise, harmonize, reconcile
    bring into consonance or accord
    key
    regulate the musical pitch of
    complete, finish
    come or bring to a finish or an end
    air
    expose to warm or heated air, so as to dry
    linearise, linearize
    make linear or get into a linear form
    justify
    adjust the spaces between words
    foul
    make unclean
    contaminate, foul, pollute
    make impure
    alloy, debase
    lower in value by increasing the base-metal content
    weatherstrip
    provide with weatherstripping
    soundproof
    insulate against noise
    advance, boost, supercharge
    increase or raise
    impregnate, saturate
    infuse or fill completely
    impregnate, infuse, instill, tincture
    fill, as with a certain quality
    citify
    accustom to urban ways
    excite, stimulate
    act as a stimulant
    federalise, federalize
    put under the control and authority of a federal government
    nitrify
    convert into nitric acid, nitrous acid, or nitrate, especially with the action of nitrobacteria
    devitrify
    make (glassy materials) brittle or opaque
    electrify
    charge (a conductor) with electricity
    fructify
    make productive or fruitful
    fossilise, fossilize
    convert to a fossil
    dot
    mark with a dot
    stigmatise, stigmatize
    mark with a stigma or stigmata
    raddle
    mark or paint with raddle
    striate
    mark with striae or striations
    ink
    mark, coat, cover, or stain with ink
    dimple
    mark with, or as if with, dimples
    spot
    mark with a spot or spots so as to allow easy recognition
    crisscross
    mark with a pattern of crossing lines
    asterisk, star
    mark with an asterisk
    flag
    provide with a flag
    tip
    mark with a tip
    tan
    treat skins and hides with tannic acid so as to convert them into leather
    dress
    convert into leather
    lay up
    disable or confine, as with an illness
    nobble
    disable by drugging
    pinion
    cut the wings off (of birds)
    equip
    provide with abilities or understanding
    process, treat
    subject to a process or treatment, with the aim of readying for some purpose, improving, or remedying a condition
    mystify
    make mysterious
    upset
    disturb the balance or stability of
    diagonalise, diagonalize
    transform a matrix to a diagonal matrix
    closure, cloture
    terminate debate by calling for a vote
    compost
    convert to compost
    decimalise, decimalize
    change to the decimal system
    lour, lower
    set lower
    redden
    make red
    slack
    release tension on
    broaden, extend, widen
    extend in scope or range or area
    castrate, emasculate
    deprive of strength or vigor
    wash out
    deplete of strength or vitality
    bake, broil
    heat by a natural force
    reheat
    heat again
    dignify
    raise the status of
    exalt
    raise in rank, character, or status
    shift
    move and exchange for another
    lift, raise
    invigorate or heighten
    transition
    cause to convert or undergo a transition
    transfer, transplant, transpose
    transfer from one place or period to another
    transcribe
    convert the genetic information in (a strand of DNA) into a strand of RNA, especially messenger RNA
    advance
    develop further
    salt
    add zest or liveliness to
    back
    shift to a counterclockwise direction
    veer
    shift to a clockwise direction
    cut
    shorten as if by severing the edges or ends of
    reflate
    economics: raise demand, expand the money supply, or raise prices, after a period of deflation
    hydrolise, hydrolize
    make a compound react with water and undergo hydrolysis
    float
    convert from a fixed point notation to a floating point notation
    stalinise, stalinize
    transform in accordance with Stalin's policies
    destalinise, destalinize
    counteract the effects and policies of Stalinism
    scrap
    make into scrap or refuse
    keratinise, keratinize
    convert into keratin
    upgrade
    give better travel conditions to
    diazotize
    convert (an amine) into a diazo compound
    hay
    convert (plant material) into hay
    lignify
    convert into wood or cause to become woody
    mineralize
    transform (a metal) into an ore
    mineralize
    convert into a mineral substance
    ozonise, ozonize
    convert (oxygen) into ozone
    slag
    convert into slag
    sulfate
    convert into a sulfate
    cutinize
    convert into cutin
    duplex
    change into a duplex
    reduce
    destress and thus weaken a sound when pronouncing it
    muddy
    cause to become muddy
    copyedit, copyread, subedit
    edit and correct (written or printed material)
    adjudicate, decide, dispose, resolve, settle
    bring to an end; settle conclusively
    conclude
    bring to a close
    register
    enter into someone's consciousness
    close
    complete a business deal, negotiation, or an agreement
    proselytise, proselytize
    convert to another faith or religion
    bracket, bracket out
    place into brackets
    color, colour, distort, tinge
    affect as in thought or feeling
    dub
    provide (movies) with a soundtrack of a foreign language
    encode
    convert information into code
    underline, underscore
    draw a line or lines underneath to call attention to
    endanger, expose, peril, queer, scupper
    put in a dangerous, disadvantageous, or difficult position
    mobilise, mobilize
    get ready for war
    remilitarise, remilitarize
    militarize anew
    draw, tie
    finish a game with an equal number of points, goals, etc.
    addict, hook
    to cause (someone or oneself) to become dependent (on something, especially a narcotic drug)
    inebriate, intoxicate, soak
    make drunk (with alcoholic drinks)
    violate
    destroy
    hit, strike
    affect or afflict suddenly, usually adversely
    brace, stabilise, stabilize, steady
    support or hold steady and make steadfast, with or as if with a brace
    untwist
    cause to become untwisted
    brush
    clean with a brush
    dust
    remove the dust from
    hoover, vacuum, vacuum-clean
    clean with a vacuum cleaner
    hygienise, hygienize, sanitise, sanitize
    make sanitary by cleaning or sterilizing
    bream
    clean (a ship's bottom) with heat
    steam, steam clean
    clean by means of steaming
    edge
    provide with an edge
    strop
    sharpen on a strop
    whet
    sharpen by rubbing, as on a whetstone
    hone
    sharpen with a hone
    smear
    stain by smearing or daubing with a dirty substance
    slime
    cover or stain with slime
    muddy, muddy up
    dirty with mud
    stripe
    mark with stripes
    speck
    produce specks in or on
    bespot
    mark with, or as if with, spots
    scarify
    break up
    unbend
    free from flexure
    core out, hollow, hollow out
    remove the interior of
    confine, hold, restrain
    to close within bounds, limit or hold back from movement
    batten
    secure with battens
    batten, batten down, secure
    furnish with battens
    squirt
    wet with a spurt of liquid
    unscrew
    loosen something by unscrewing it
    unscrew
    loosen by turning
    screw
    tighten or fasten by means of screwing motions
    extend
    open or straighten out; unbend
    channelise, channelize
    cause to form a channel
    aggregate, combine
    gather in a mass, sum, or whole
    fluff, ruffle
    erect or fluff up
    plume, preen
    clean with one's bill
    sweep
    clean by sweeping
    concoct
    make a concoction (of) by mixing
    combine, compound
    combine so as to form a whole; mix
    blend, immingle, intermingle, intermix
    combine into one
    jumble, scramble, throw together
    bring into random order
    lube, lubricate
    apply a lubricant to
    burden, burthen, weight, weight down
    weight down with a load
    surcharge
    fill to an excessive degree
    freight
    load with goods for transportation
    lade, laden, load, load up
    fill or place a load on
    charge, load
    provide (a device) with something necessary
    put to sleep
    help someone go to bed
    wreathe
    decorate or deck with wreaths
    beset, encrust, incrust
    decorate or cover lavishly (as with gems)
    untwine
    undo what has been twined together
    unweave
    undo strands that have been woven together
    braid
    decorate with braids or ribbons
    wind, wind up
    coil the spring of (some mechanical device) by turning a stem
    circle, encircle
    form a circle around
    deluge, flood, inundate, swamp
    fill quickly beyond capacity; as with a liquid
    do the dishes, wash up
    wash dishes
    pipe-clay
    whiten or clean with pipe-clay
    scavenge
    clean refuse from
    splash
    soil or stain with a splashed liquid
    mire, muck, muck up, mud
    soil with mud, muck, or mire
    crock
    soil with or as with crock
    dry clean
    clean with chemical agents
    launder, wash
    cleanse with a cleaning agent, such as soap, and water
    blemish, spot
    mar or impair with a flaw
    wear away, whittle away, whittle down
    cut away in small pieces
    bang up, smash, smash up
    damage or destroy as if by violence
    delineate, describe, draw, line, trace
    make a mark or lines on a surface
    turn
    shape by rotating on a lathe or cutting device or a wheel
    gut
    empty completely; destroy the inside of
    post, stake
    mark with a stake
    comb
    straighten with a comb
    bond, bring together, draw together
    bring together in a common cause or emotion
    phase out
    terminate gradually
    disincarnate
    make immaterial; remove the real essence of
    broider, embroider
    decorate with needlework
    stick
    cover and decorate with objects that pierce the surface
    illustrate
    supply with illustrations
    process, work, work on
    shape, form, or improve a material
    garland
    adorn with bands of flowers or leaves
    fledge, flight
    decorate with feathers
    bespangle, spangle
    decorate with spangles
    foliate
    decorate with leaves
    flag
    decorate with flags
    bard, barde, caparison, dress up
    put a caparison on
    bead
    decorate by sewing beads onto
    pipe
    trim with piping
    applique
    sew on as a decoration
    gild the lily, paint the lily
    adorn unnecessarily (something that is already beautiful)
    vermiculate
    decorate with wavy or winding lines
    smock
    embellish by sewing in straight lines crossing each other diagonally
    hang
    decorate or furnish with something suspended
    prank
    dress or decorate showily or gaudily
    tinsel
    adorn with tinsel
    tart up
    decorate in a cheap and flashy way
    stucco
    decorate with stucco work
    redecorate
    redo the decoration of an apartment or house
    panel
    decorate with panels
    bejewel, jewel
    adorn or decorate with precious stones
    filet, fillet
    decorate with a lace of geometric designs
    scallop
    decorate an edge with scallops
    bedizen
    decorate tastelessly
    dress ship
    decorate a ship with flags
    dress, garnish, trim
    decorate (food), as with parsley or other ornamental foods
    trim
    decorate, as with ornaments
    bedeck, bedight, deck
    decorate
    festoon
    decorate with strings of flowers
    enamel
    coat, inlay, or surface with enamel
    inlay
    decorate the surface of by inserting wood, stone, and metal
    lacquer
    coat with lacquer
    begild, engild, gild
    decorate with, or as if with, gold leaf or liquid gold
    illuminate
    add embellishments and paintings to (medieval manuscripts)
    blazon, emblazon
    decorate with heraldic arms
    blotch, mottle, streak
    mark with spots or blotches of different color or shades of color as if stained
    color, colour, emblazon
    decorate with colors
    crop, cultivate, work
    prepare for crops
    fringe
    adorn with a fringe
    fret
    decorate with an interlaced design
    landscape
    embellish with plants
    efface
    make inconspicuous
    brace, poise
    prepare (oneself) for something unpleasant or difficult
    drift apart, drift away
    lose personal contact over time
    wean
    detach the affections of
    pack
    fill to capacity
    subject
    cause to experience or suffer or make liable or vulnerable to
    solarise, solarize
    reverse some of the tones of (a negative or print) and introduce pronounced outlines of highlights, by exposing it briefly to light, then washing and redeveloping it
    benumb, blunt, dull, numb
    make numb or insensitive
    bedaze, daze, stun
    overcome as with astonishment or disbelief
    besot, stupefy
    make dull or stupid or muddle with drunkenness or infatuation
    underdevelop
    process (a film or photographic plate) less than the required time or in an ineffective solution or at an insufficiently high temperature
    redevelop
    develop for a second time, in order to improve the contrast, colour, etc., of a negative or print
    dim, dip
    switch (a car's headlights) from a higher to a lower beam
    abacinate
    blind by holding a red-hot metal plate before someone's eyes
    deaf, deafen
    make or render deaf
    hush, pipe down, quiesce, quiet, quiet down, quieten
    become quiet or quieter
    louden
    become louder
    soften
    make (images or sounds) soft or softer
    sharpen
    make (images or sounds) sharp or sharper
    dulcify, dulcorate, edulcorate, sweeten
    make sweeter in taste
    bitter
    make bitter
    acetify, acidify, acidulate, sour
    make sour or more sour
    kite
    increase the amount (of a check) fraudulently
    reduce, simplify
    simplify the form of a mathematical equation of expression by substituting one term for another
    truncate
    replace a corner by a plane
    factor
    be a contributing factor
    instill, transfuse
    impart gradually
    tinsel
    impart a cheap brightness to
    retool
    provide (a workshop or factory) with new tools
    throw in
    add as an extra or as a gratuity
    subrogate
    substitute one creditor for another, as in the case where an insurance company sues the person who caused an accident for the insured
    educate
    give an education to
    close
    finish or terminate (meetings, speeches, etc.)
    decontrol
    relax or remove controls of
    empower, endow, endue, gift, indue, invest
    give qualities or abilities to
    bother, discommode, disoblige, incommode, inconvenience, put out, trouble
    to cause inconvenience or discomfort to
    brand
    burn with a branding iron to indicate ownership; of animals
    over-correct, overcompensate
    make excessive corrections for fear of making an error
    aby, abye, atone, expiate
    make amends for
    co-opt
    neutralize or win over through assimilation into an established group
    act upon, influence, work
    have and exert influence or effect
    redeem
    restore the honor or worth of
    check, condition, discipline, train
    develop (children's) behavior by instruction and practice; especially to teach self-control
    infect
    corrupt with ideas or an ideology
    lead astray, lead off
    teach immoral behavior to
    poison
    spoil as if by poison
    bastardise, bastardize
    change something so that its value declines; for example, art forms
    suborn
    incite to commit a crime or an evil deed
    slam-dunk
    make a forceful move against
    douse, dowse
    wet thoroughly
    leave
    act or be so as to become in a specified state
    shade, shade off, shadow
    cast a shadow over
    cloud, overcast
    make overcast or cloudy
    dilute
    reduce the value of shareholder stocks by increasing the total number of shares
    monetize
    convert an economy or society from a barter system to one based on the exchange of money
  2. verb
    make an alteration to
    “This dress needs to be altered
    see moresee less
    type of:
    change, modify
    cause to change; make different; cause a transformation
  3. verb
    insert words into text, often falsifying it thereby
    synonyms: falsify, interpolate
    see moresee less
    type of:
    edit, redact
    prepare for publication or presentation by correcting, revising, or adapting
  4. verb
    become different in some particular way, without permanently losing one's or its former characteristics or essence
    synonyms: change, vary
    see moresee less
    types:
    show 29 types...
    hide 29 types...
    alternate, jump
    go back and forth; swing back and forth between two states or conditions
    crackle
    to become, or to cause to become, covered with a network of small cracks
    modulate
    vary the frequency, amplitude, phase, or other characteristic of (electromagnetic waves)
    avianise, avianize
    to modify microorganisms by repeated culture in the developing chick embryo
    move
    go or proceed from one point to another
    accommodate, adapt
    make fit for, or change to suit a new purpose
    let out, widen
    make (clothes) larger
    take in
    make (clothes) smaller
    branch out, broaden, diversify
    vary in order to spread risk or to expand
    diversify, radiate
    spread into new habitats and produce variety or variegate
    narrow, narrow down, specialise, specialize
    become more focused on an area of activity or field of study
    honeycomb
    make full of cavities, like a honeycomb
    break
    vary or interrupt a uniformity or continuity
    step
    move or proceed as if by steps into a new situation
    scroll
    move through text or graphics in order to display parts that do not fit on the screen
    adjust
    make correspondent or conformable
    gear, pitch
    set the level or character of
    fit
    insert or adjust several objects or people
    anglicise, anglicize
    make English in appearance
    shoehorn
    fit for a specific purpose even when not well suited
    orient, tailor
    adjust to a specific need or market
    domesticate, tame
    make fit for cultivation, domestic life, and service to humans
    cultivate, domesticate, naturalise, naturalize, tame
    adapt (a wild plant or unclaimed land) to the environment
    Christianise, Christianize
    adapt in the name of Christianity
    naturalise, naturalize
    adopt to another place
    overspecialise, overspecialize
    become overly specialized
    electrify, wire
    equip for use with electricity
    transcribe
    rewrite or arrange a piece of music for an instrument or medium other than that originally intended
    lapse, pass, sink
    pass into a specified state or condition
  5. verb
    remove the ovaries of
    synonyms: castrate, neuter, spay
    see moresee less
    types:
    defeminise, defeminize
    remove the ovaries of (female mammals such as cats)
    type of:
    desex, desexualise, desexualize, fix, sterilise, sterilize, unsex
    make infertile
Word Family