jump

To jump is to hop or leap, straight up or over something. Frogs, amazingly, are able to jump up to twenty times the length of their body.

You can jump over a puddle or over the jump rope your friends are turning. You might jump in surprise or fear, like when a scary noise in the night makes you jump, or startle. You can jump off of something, like a diving board, or figuratively jump into an activity. If a bully jumps you, he attacks you suddenly, and if your brother says, "Go jump in a lake," he means "Go away, you're bothering me."

Primary Meanings of jump

1.
vn
move forward by leaps and bounds
the act of jumping; propelling yourself off the ground
2.
vn
jump down from an elevated point
descent with a parachute
3.
vn
increase suddenly and significantly
a sudden and decisive increase
4.
vn
pass abruptly from one state or topic to another
an abrupt transition
5.
v
start (a car engine whose battery is dead) by connecting it to another car's battery
6.
v
be highly noticeable
Full Definitions of jump
1

v move forward by leaps and bounds

“Can you jump over the fence?”
Synonyms:
bound, leap, spring
Types:
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pronk
jump straight up
bounce, bound, rebound, recoil, resile, reverberate, ricochet, spring, take a hop
spring back; spring away from an impact
burst
move suddenly, energetically, or violently
bounce
leap suddenly
capriole
perform a capriole, of horses in dressage
galumph
move around heavily and clumsily
ski jump
jump on skis
saltate
leap or skip, often in dancing
vault
bound vigorously
leapfrog
jump across
overleap, vault
jump across or leap over (an obstacle)
curvet
perform a leap where both hind legs come off the ground, of a horse
hop, hop-skip, skip
jump lightly
caper
jump about playfully
hop
make a jump forward or upward
kick, kick back, recoil
spring back, as from a forceful thrust
bound off, skip
bound off one point after another
carom
rebound after hitting
hurdle
jump a hurdle
Type of:
move
move so as to change position, perform a nontranslational motion

v move or jump suddenly, as if in surprise or alarm

Synonyms:
start, startle
Types:
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shy
start suddenly, as from fright
boggle
startle with amazement or fear
rear back
start with anger or resentment or in protest
jackrabbit
go forward or start with a fast, sudden movement
Type of:
move
move so as to change position, perform a nontranslational motion

v make a sudden physical attack on

“The muggers jumped the woman in the fur coat”
Type of:
assail, assault, attack, set on
attack someone physically or emotionally

v enter eagerly into

“He jumped into the game”
Type of:
enter, participate
become a participant; be involved in

v cause to jump or leap

“the trainer jumped the tiger through the hoop”
Synonyms:
leap

n the act of jumping; propelling yourself off the ground

“he advanced in a series of jumps
“the jumping was unexpected”
Synonyms:
jumping
Types:
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header
a headlong jump (or fall)
hop
the act of hopping; jumping upward or forward (especially on one foot)
bounce, bound, leap, leaping, saltation, spring
a light, self-propelled movement upwards or forwards
hurdle, vault
the act of jumping over an obstacle
jumping up and down
jumping in one spot (as in excitement)
capriole
(dressage) a vertical jump of a trained horse with a kick of the hind legs at the top of the jump
caper, capriole
a playful leap or hop
pounce
the act of pouncing
Type of:
actuation, propulsion
the act of propelling

n a sudden involuntary movement

Synonyms:
start, startle
Types:
startle reaction, startle response
a complicated involuntary reaction to a sudden unexpected stimulus (especially a loud noise); involves flexion of most skeletal muscles and a variety of visceral reactions
Moro reflex, startle reflex
a normal reflex of young infants; a sudden loud noise causes the child to stretch out the arms and flex the legs
flinch, wince
a reflex response to sudden pain
Type of:
inborn reflex, innate reflex, instinctive reflex, physiological reaction, reflex, reflex action, reflex response, unconditioned reflex
an automatic instinctive unlearned reaction to a stimulus
2

v jump down from an elevated point

“the parachutist didn't want to jump
“every year, hundreds of people jump off the Golden Gate bridge”
Synonyms:
jump off, leap
Type of:
move
move so as to change position, perform a nontranslational motion

v jump from an airplane and descend with a parachute

Synonyms:
chute, parachute
Types:
sky dive, skydive
jump from an airplane and perform various maneuvers before opening one's parachute
Type of:
dive, plunge, plunk
drop steeply

v run off or leave the rails

Synonyms:
derail
Type of:
go, locomote, move, travel
change location; move, travel, or proceed, also metaphorically

n descent with a parachute

Synonyms:
parachuting
Types:
skydiving
performing acrobatics in free fall before pulling the ripcord of a parachute
Type of:
descent
the act of changing your location in a downward direction
3

v increase suddenly and significantly

“Prices jumped overnight”
Type of:
climb, mount, rise, wax
go up or advance

v rise in rank or status

“Her new novel jumped high on the bestseller list”
Synonyms:
climb up, rise
Type of:
change
undergo a change; become different in essence; losing one's or its original nature

n a sudden and decisive increase

“a jump in attendance”
Synonyms:
leap
Types:
quantum jump, quantum leap
a sudden large increase or advance
Type of:
increase
a change resulting in an increase
4

v pass abruptly from one state or topic to another

jump to a conclusion”
jump from one thing to another”
Synonyms:
leap
Type of:
change, shift, switch
lay aside, abandon, or leave for another

v go back and forth; swing back and forth between two states or conditions

Synonyms:
alternate
Type of:
alter, change, vary
become different in some particular way, without permanently losing one's or its former characteristics or essence

v bypass

Synonyms:
pass over, skip, skip over
Type of:
drop, leave out, miss, neglect, omit, overleap, overlook, pretermit
leave undone or leave out

n an abrupt transition

Synonyms:
leap, saltation
Types:
quantum jump
(physics) an abrupt transition of an electron or atom or molecule from one quantum state to another with the emission or absorption of a quantum
Type of:
transition
a change from one place or state or subject or stage to another

n (film) an abrupt transition from one scene to another

Type of:
transition
a passage that connects a topic to one that follows
5

v start (a car engine whose battery is dead) by connecting it to another car's battery

Synonyms:
jump-start, jumpstart
Type of:
start, start up
get going or set in motion
6

v be highly noticeable

Synonyms:
jump out, leap out, stand out, stick out
Type of:
appear, look, seem
give a certain impression or have a certain outward aspect

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