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abate

Something that abates becomes fewer or less intense. Your enthusiasm for skiing might abate after falling off a ski lift and getting a mouthful of snow.

Abate comes from the Old French verb abattre, "to beat down," and means to reduce or become less intense or numerous. As an intransitive verb, it is often used with something physically, emotionally, or figuratively violent, as in "the flood of fan mail began to abate." Using it transitively, if you take measures to abate pollution or noise, you reduce them. Pronounce abate with the stress on the second syllable (uh-BATE).

Definitions of abate
  1. verb
    become less in amount or intensity
    “The storm abated
    synonyms: die away, let up, slack, slack off
    see moresee less
    type of:
    decrease, diminish, fall, lessen
    decrease in size, extent, or range
  2. verb
    make less active or intense
    synonyms: slack, slake
    see moresee less
    type of:
    decrease, lessen, minify
    make smaller
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