diminish

Diminish means to make smaller or lesser. If you cover a lightbulb with a dark lamp shade, the light from the lamp will diminish.

It can also mean become less important. Once the light has been dimmed, its role in lighting the room is diminished. If you look at diminish, you see 'minis' which comes from the Latin word minus, as in subtraction. Other words that share this root are miniature and minuscule, all of which mean something that is small, or at least smallish.

Definitions of diminish
  1. verb
    decrease in size, extent, or range
    synonyms: decrease, fall, lessen
    see moresee less
    Antonyms:
    increase
    become bigger or greater in amount
    types:
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    break
    diminish or discontinue abruptly
    shrink, shrivel
    decrease in size, range, or extent
    taper
    diminish gradually
    drop off
    fall or diminish
    fly, vanish, vaporize
    decrease rapidly and disappear
    break
    fall sharply
    ease off, ease up, flag, slacken off
    become less intense
    weaken
    become weaker
    boil down, concentrate, decoct, reduce
    be cooked until very little liquid is left
    contract, shrink
    become smaller or draw together
    shrink, shrivel, shrivel up, wither
    wither, as with a loss of moisture
    abate, die away, let up, slack, slack off
    become less in amount or intensity
    deflate
    become deflated or flaccid, as by losing air
    dwindle, dwindle away, dwindle down
    become smaller or lose substance
    remit
    diminish or abate
    de-escalate
    diminish in size, scope, or intensity
    depreciate, devaluate, devalue, undervalue
    lose in value
    shorten
    become short or shorter
    thin out
    become sparser
    decline, go down, wane
    grow smaller
    wane
    decrease in phase
    wane
    become smaller
    decelerate, retard, slow, slow down, slow up
    lose velocity; move more slowly
    decrescendo
    grow quieter
    atrophy
    undergo atrophy
    attenuate
    become weaker, in strength, value, or magnitude
    disappear, evaporate, melt
    become less intense and fade away gradually
    die down
    become progressively weaker
    collapse
    lose significance, effectiveness, or value
    fade, melt
    become less clearly visible or distinguishable; disappear gradually or seemingly
    lessen, subside
    wear off or die down
    blast
    shrivel or wither or mature imperfectly
    die back, die down
    suffer from a disease that kills shoots
    dry up, mummify
    dry up and shrivel due to complete loss of moisture
    blur, dim, slur
    become vague or indistinct
    languish, pine away, waste
    lose vigor, health, or flesh, as through grief
    dull
    make less lively or vigorous
    pall
    lose strength or effectiveness; become or appear boring, insipid, or tiresome (to)
    loose, loosen, relax
    become loose or looser or less tight
    slacken
    become looser or slack
    dip
    go down momentarily
    wear on
    pass slowly (of time)
    drop
    go down in value
    slack, slacken, slow, slow down, slow up
    become slow or slower
    slow, slow down, slow up
    cause to proceed more slowly
    delay, detain, hold up
    cause to be slowed down or delayed
    wilt
    lose strength
    flex
    contract
    type of:
    change magnitude
    change in size or magnitude
  2. verb
    lessen the authority, dignity, or reputation of
    synonyms: belittle
    see moresee less
    type of:
    decrease, lessen, minify
    make smaller
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