prostrate

The verb prostrate means "to make helpless or defenseless." Illness, injury, food poisoning, grief — any of these things can prostrate people, or lying down in a helpless position.

The word prostrate traces back to the Latin word prostratus, meaning “thrown down.” If you are prostrate, you feel thrown down and laid flat. It can describe lying on the ground in a helpless position, or it can be used to describe someone who has been overcome or made unable to function, such as someone who is prostrated by grief or illness.

Definitions of prostrate
1

adj stretched out and lying at full length along the ground

Synonyms:
flat
unerect
not upright in position or posture

adj lying face downward

Synonyms:
prone
unerect
not upright in position or posture

v get into a prostrate position, as in submission

Synonyms:
bow down
Type of:
lie, lie down
assume a reclining position

v throw down flat, as on the ground

“She prostrated herself with frustration”
Type of:
throw
propel through the air

v render helpless or defenseless

“They prostrated the enemy”
Type of:
alter, change, modify
cause to change; make different; cause a transformation

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