inform

To inform is to tell someone news, pass on wisdom, leak gossip, or give instruction. You've been informed that you won the raffle at the county fair. What are you going to do with all that cheese?

The Latin verb infōrmāre means "to form or shape." The idea of passing on knowledge came about in the 14th Century, with the meaning of "teaching or instructing" coming later. Thomas Jefferson, who believed democracy to be impossible without informed citizens, said, “Educate and inform the whole mass of the people... They are the only sure reliance for the preservation of our liberty.”

Primary Meanings of inform

1.
v
impart knowledge of some fact, state or affairs, or event to
2.
v
give character or essence to
Full Definitions of inform
1

v impart knowledge of some fact, state or affairs, or event to

“I informed him of his rights”
Types:
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hide 112 types...
wise up
cause someone to become aware of something
instruct, learn, teach
impart skills or knowledge to
apprise, apprize, instruct
make aware of
inoculate
introduce an idea or attitude into the mind of
acquaint
inform
warn
notify, usually in advance
fill in
supply with information on a specific topic
update
bring up to date; supply with recent information
misinform, mislead
give false or misleading information to
downplay, minimise, minimize, understate
represent as less significant or important
betray, denounce, give away, grass, rat, shop, snitch, stag, tell on
give away information about somebody
undeceive
free from deception or illusion
warn
notify of danger, potential harm, or risk
advise, apprise, apprize, give notice, notify, send word
inform (somebody) of something
acquaint, familiarise, familiarize
make familiar or conversant with
cue, prompt, remind
assist (somebody acting or reciting) by suggesting the next words of something forgotten or imperfectly learned
volunteer
tell voluntarily
acquaint, introduce, present
cause to come to know personally
regret
express with regret
designate, indicate, point, show
indicate a place, direction, person, or thing; either spatially or figuratively
indicate
to state or express briefly
indicate, suggest
suggest the necessity of an intervention; in medicine
nark
inform or spy (for the police)
explain, explicate
make plain and comprehensible
tell
let something be known
narrate, recite, recount, tell
narrate or give a detailed account of
narrate
provide commentary for a film, for example
account, describe, report
to give an account or representation of in words
report
make known to the authorities
cover, report
be responsible for reporting the details of, as in journalism
announce, denote
make known; make an announcement
disabuse
free somebody (from an erroneous belief)
point out, remonstrate
present and urge reasons in opposition
bear witness, evidence, prove, show, testify
provide evidence for
develop, educate, prepare, train
create by training and teaching
indoctrinate
teach doctrines to; teach uncritically
drill
teach by repetition
direct
give directions to; point somebody into a certain direction
digress, divagate, stray, wander
lose clarity or turn aside especially from the main subject of attention or course of argument in writing, thinking, or speaking
catechise, catechize
give religious instructions to
reinforce, reward
strengthen and support with rewards
spoonfeed
teach without challenging the students
attest, certify, demonstrate, evidence, manifest
provide evidence for; stand as proof of; show by one's behavior, attitude, or external attributes
represent
point out or draw attention to in protest or remonstrance
induct
introduce or initiate
mentor
serve as a teacher or trusted counselor
tutor
be a tutor to someone; give individual instruction
unteach
cause to disbelieve; teach someone the contrary of what he or she had learned earlier
unteach
cause to unlearn
ground
instruct someone in the fundamentals of a subject
lecture, talk
deliver a lecture or talk
brief
give essential information to someone
coach, train
teach and supervise (someone); act as a trainer or coach (to), as in sports
lie
tell an untruth; pretend with intent to deceive
beat around the bush, equivocate, palter, prevaricate, tergiversate
be deliberately ambiguous or unclear in order to mislead or withhold information
amplify, exaggerate, hyperbolise, hyperbolize, magnify, overdraw, overstate
to enlarge beyond bounds or the truth
trivialise, trivialize
make trivial or insignificant
sandbag
downplay one's ability (towards others) in a game in order to deceive, as in gambling
denounce
announce the termination of, as of treaties
betray, deceive, lead astray
cause someone to believe an untruth
forewarn, previse
warn in advance or beforehand; give an early warning
admonish, caution, monish
warn strongly; put on guard
threaten
to utter intentions of injury or punishment against:"He threatened me when I tried to call the police"
alarm, alert
warn or arouse to a sense of danger or call to a state of preparedness
orient
familiarize (someone) with new surroundings or circumstances
verse
familiarize through thorough study or experience
reacquaint
familiarize anew
get into
familiarize oneself thoroughly with
re-introduce, reintroduce
introduce anew
present
formally present a debutante, a representative of a country, etc.
meld
announce for a score; of cards in a card game
bespeak, betoken, indicate, point, signal
be a signal for or a symptom of
read, record, register, show
indicate a certain reading; of gauges and instruments
point
indicate the presence of (game) by standing and pointing with the muzzle
finger
indicate the fingering for the playing of musical scores for keyboard instruments
call attention, point out, signalise, signalize
point out carefully and clearly
break, bring out, disclose, discover, divulge, expose, give away, let on, let out, reveal, unwrap
make known to the public information that was previously known only to a few people or that was meant to be kept a secret
sell out
give information that compromises others
interpret, rede
give an interpretation or explanation to
account for
give reasons for
naturalize
explain with reference to nature
clarify, clear up, elucidate
make clear and (more) comprehensible
spill, talk
reveal information
relate
give an account of
crack
tell spontaneously
yarn
tell or spin a yarn
rhapsodise, rhapsodize
recite a rhapsody
evidence, tell
give evidence
air, bare, publicise, publicize
make public
ingeminate, iterate, reiterate, repeat, restate, retell
to say, state, or perform again
report
announce one's presence
report
announce as the result of an investigation or experience or finding
propagandise, propagandize
subject to propaganda
announce, annunciate, foretell, harbinger, herald
foreshadow or presage
blazon out, cry
proclaim or announce in public
trump, trump out
proclaim or announce with or as if with a fanfare
blare out, blat out
announce loudly
call out
call out loudly, as of names or numbers
advertise, advertize, publicise, publicize
call attention to
edify, enlighten
make understand
post
publicize with, or as if with, a poster
presume
constitute reasonable evidence for
abduce, adduce, cite
advance evidence for
comment
explain or interpret something
signify
make known with a word or signal
bring out, introduce
bring before the public for the first time, as of an actor, song, etc.
call
indicate a decision in regard to
fear
be sorry; used to introduce an unpleasant statement
reflect
manifest or bring back
sound
announce by means of a sound
give, impart, leave, pass on
transmit (knowledge or skills)
condition
establish a conditioned response
Type of:
communicate, intercommunicate
transmit thoughts or feelings

v act as an informer

“She had informed on her own parents for years”
Types:
evidence, tell
give evidence
2

v give character or essence to

“The principles that inform modern teaching”
Type of:
alter, change, modify
cause to change; make different; cause a transformation

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