ground

Ground is the surface of the earth under your feet. Whether you're walking on the beach or climbing a hill, you're standing on the ground.

When a plane lands, it touches down on the ground, and when you get off a scary carnival ride, you're usually very happy to have your feet on solid ground. The noun shows up in phrases like "break new ground," which means to do something completely new, and "stand your ground," or refuse to give up your advantage during an argument or competition. The Old English root is grund, "bottom, foundation, or surface of the earth."

Primary Meanings of ground

1.
nv
the solid part of the earth's surface
bring to the ground
2.
nv
a relation that provides the foundation for something
use as a basis for; found on
3.
n
a relatively homogeneous percept extending back of the figure on which attention is focused
4.
nv
a connection between an electrical device and a large conducting body, such as the earth (which is taken to be at zero voltage)
connect to a ground
5.
n
a position to be won or defended in battle (or as if in battle)
6.
v
fix firmly and stably
7.
nv
the first or preliminary coat of paint or size applied to a surface
cover with a primer; apply a primer to
Full Definitions of ground
1

n the solid part of the earth's surface

“he dropped the logs on the ground
Synonyms:
dry land, earth, land, solid ground, terra firma
Examples:
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America
North America and South America and Central America
Continent
the European mainland
Asia Minor
a peninsula in southwestern Asia that forms the Asian part of Turkey
Anguilla
a British colony in the West Indies
Aran Islands
three small islands belonging to Ireland at the entrance to Galway Bay
Antigua
the largest of the islands comprising Antigua and Barbuda
Barbuda
an island in Antigua and Barbuda
Redonda
an island in Antigua and Barbuda
Bermudas
a group of islands in the Atlantic off the Carolina coast; British colony; a popular resort
Bouvet Island
an island belonging to Norway in the South Atlantic near the Antarctic Circle
Montserrat
a volcanic island in the Caribbean; in the West Indies
Balkan Peninsula
a large peninsula in southeastern Europe containing the Balkan Mountain Range
Cape Verde Islands
a group of islands in the Atlantic off of the coast of Senegal
Sao Tiago Island
largest of the Cape Verde Islands in the Atlantic Ocean
Falkland Islands
a group of over 100 islands in the southern Atlantic off the coast of Argentina; a British Crown Colony
Ceylon
an island in the Indian Ocean off the southeastern coast of India
Chiloe
the largest Chilean island and the only one to be settled; located off south-central Chile
Tierra del Fuego
an archipelago off southern South America; separated from the continent by the Strait of Magellan; islands are administered by Chile and by Argentina
Cape Horn
a rocky headland belonging to Chile at the southernmost tip of South America (south of Tierra del Fuego)
Formosa
an island in southeastern Asia 100 miles off the coast of mainland China in the South China Sea
Nationalist China
a government on the island of Taiwan established in 1949 by Chiang Kai-shek after the conquest of mainland China by the Communists led by Mao Zedong
Indochinese peninsula
a peninsula of southeastern Asia that includes Myanmar and Cambodia and Laos and Malaysia and Thailand and Vietnam
Comoro Islands
three main islands and numerous islets in the Indian Ocean between Mozambique and Madagascar
Central America
the isthmus joining North America and South America; extends from the southern border of Mexico to the northern border of Colombia
Yucatan Peninsula
a peninsula in Central America extending into the Gulf of Mexico between the Bay of Campeche and the Caribbean Sea
Guadalupe Island
a Mexican island in the Pacific to the west of Baja California
West Indies
the string of islands between North America and South America; a popular resort area
Antilles
a group of islands in the West Indies
Greater Antilles
a group of islands in the western West Indies
Lesser Antilles
a group of islands in the southeastern West Indies
Netherlands Antilles
a group of islands in the Lesser Antilles just to the north of Venezuela that are administered by The Netherlands
Aruba
a popular island resort in the Netherlands Antilles
Bonaire
a popular island resort in the Netherlands Antilles
Curacao
a popular island resort in the Netherlands Antilles
Saba
a island in the Netherlands Antilles that is the top of an extinct volcano
Saint Eustatius
an island in the Netherlands Antilles
Leeward Islands
a group of islands in the eastern West Indies
Saint Maarten
an island in the western Leeward Islands; administered jointly by France and the Netherlands
Windward Islands
a group of islands in the southeastern West Indies; the southern part of the Lesser Antilles
Cuba
the largest island in the West Indies
Guadeloupe
an island territory of France located in the eastern West Indies; tourism is the major industry
Hispaniola
an island in the West Indies
Puerto Rico
the smallest and easternmost of the Greater Antilles in the Caribbean
Culebra
a small island off the coast of Puerto Rico with miles of beautiful beaches
Vieques
a small island off the coast of Puerto Rico used for target practice by the United States Navy
Jamaica
an island in the West Indies to the south of Cuba and to the west of Haiti
Virgin Islands
a group of islands in northeastern West Indies (east of Puerto Rico) discovered by Christopher Columbus in 1493; owned by United States and Britain
Barbados
easternmost of the West Indies about 300 miles to the north of Venezuela
Trinidad
an island in West Indies just off the northeastern coast of Venezuela
Tobago
island in West Indies
Cyprus
an island in the eastern Mediterranean
Scandinavian Peninsula
the peninsula in northern Europe occupied by Norway and Sweden
Jutland
peninsula in northern Europe that forms the continental part of Denmark and a northern part of Germany
Sjaelland
the largest island of Denmark and the site of Copenhagen
Dominica
a volcanic island in the Windward Islands that was once a stronghold of the Carib Indians
Bioko
an island in the Gulf of Guinea that is part of Equatorial Guinea
Svalbard
a Norwegian archipelago in the Arctic Ocean
Spitsbergen
islands in the Svalbard archipelago to the east of northern Greenland; belonging to Norway
Lofoten
a string of islands off the northwestern coast of Norway in the Norwegian Sea
Lindesnes
a cape at the southern tip of Norway
Galapagos Islands
a group of islands in the Pacific off South America; owned by Ecuador; known for unusual animal life
Fiji Islands
a group of more than 800 islands (100 inhabited) in the southwestern Pacific; larger islands (Viti Levu and Vanua Levu) are of volcanic origin surrounded by coral reefs; smaller islands are coral
Viti Levu
a volcanic island in the Fijis
Vanua Levu
a volcanic island in the Fijis
Aaland islands
an archipelago of some 6,000 islands in the Gulf of Bothnia under Finnish control
Aegina
an island in the Aegean Sea in the Saronic Gulf
Chios
an island in the Aegean Sea off the west coast of Turkey; belongs to Greece
Kikladhes
a group of over 200 islands in the southern Aegean
Dhodhekanisos
a group of islands in the southeast Aegean Sea
Mytilene
an island of eastern Greece in the eastern Aegean Sea; in antiquity it was famous for lyric poetry
Rhodes
a Greek island in the southeast Aegean Sea 10 miles off the Turkish coast; the largest of the Dodecanese; it was colonized before 1000 BC by Dorians from Argos; site of the Colossus of Rhodes
Crete
the largest Greek island in the Mediterranean; site of the Minoan civilization that reached its peak in 1600 BC
Ithaca
a Greek island to the west of Greece; in Homeric legend Odysseus was its king
Aegadean Islands
a group of islands off the west coast of Sicily in the Mediterranean
Peloponnesian Peninsula
the southern peninsula of Greece; dominated by Sparta until the 4th century BC
Lemnos
a Greek island in the northern Aegean Sea; famous for a reddish-brown clay that has medicinal properties
Olympia
a plain in Greece in the northwestern Peloponnese; the chief sanctuary of Zeus and the site of the original Olympian Games
Italian Peninsula
a boot-shaped peninsula in southern Europe extending into the Mediterranean Sea
Capri
an island (part of Campania) in the Bay of Naples in southern Italy; a tourist attraction noted for beautiful scenery
Ischia
a volcanic island (part of Campania) in the Tyrrhenian Sea at the north end of the Bay of Naples
Sardegna
an island in the Mediterranean to the west of Italy
Sicilia
the largest island in the Mediterranean
Cape Passero
a cape that forms the southeastern corner of the island of Sicily
Kalaallit Nunaat
the largest island in the world; lies between the North Atlantic and the Arctic Ocean; a self-governing province of Denmark
Baffin Island
the 5th largest island and the largest island of Arctic Canada; lies between Greenland and Hudson Bay
Vancouver Island
an island off southwestern Canada (off the southwestern coast of British Columbia); the largest island off the west coast of North America
Newfoundland
an island in the north Atlantic
Arctic Archipelago
all the islands that lie to the north of mainland Canada and the Arctic Circle
Cape Breton Island
an island that forms the northeastern part of Nova Scotia
Nova Scotia
a peninsula in eastern Canada between the Bay of Fundy and the Saint Lawrence River
Tasmania
an island off the southeastern coast of Australia
Norfolk Island
an island territory of Australia in the Pacific Ocean off the eastern coast of Australia; formerly a British penal colony
Nullarbor Plain
a vast arid plain of southern Australia stretching inland from the Great Australian Bight; has sparse vegetation and no surface water and is almost uninhabited; the site of a major rocket research center
Aleutian Islands
an archipelago in the North Pacific extending southwest from Alaska
Oceanica
a large group of islands in the south Pacific including Melanesia and Micronesia and Polynesia (and sometimes Australasia and the Malay Archipelago)
Australasia
Australia, New Zealand, and neighboring islands in the South Pacific
Austronesia
islands of central and South Pacific (Indonesia and Melanesia and Micronesia and Polynesia)
Melanesia
the islands in the southwestern part of Oceania
Micronesia
the islands in the northwestern part of Oceania
Ladrone Islands
a chain of coral and volcanic islands in Micronesia (including Guam and the Northern Marianas) halfway between New Guinea and Japan; discovered by Magellan in 1521
Saipan
the largest island in the Northern Marianas and the administrative center of the commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands in union with the United States
Guam
the largest and southernmost island in the Marianas which is administered as a territory of the United States; it was ceded by Spain to the United States in 1898
Wake Island
an island in the western Pacific between Guam and Hawaii
Caroline Islands
a long archipelago of more than 500 islands in Micronesia to the east of the Philippines
Marshall Islands
a group of coral islands in eastern Micronesia
Gilbert Islands
a group of islands in Micronesia to the southwest of Hawaii; formerly part of the British colony of Gilbert and Ellice Islands until it became part of the Republic of Kiribati in 1979
Ellice Islands
a group of coral islands in Micronesia to the southwest of Hawaii
Pleasant Island
a small island in the central Pacific Ocean 2,800 miles to the southwest of Hawaii; in Micronesia to the west of the Gilbert Islands
Polynesia
the islands in the eastern part of Oceania
Malay Archipelago
a group of islands in the Indian and Pacific Oceans between Asia and Australia
Sunda Islands
a chain of islands in the western Malay Archipelago
Greater Sunda Islands
a chain of islands including Borneo and Celebes and Java and Sumatra
Lesser Sunda Islands
a chain of islands forming a province of Indonesia to the east of Java; includes Bali and Timor
Bismarck Archipelago
a group of islands in the southwestern Pacific to the northeast of New Guinea; part of Papua New Guinea
Admiralty Islands
a group of islands in the Bismarck Archipelago
Kalimantan
3rd largest island in the world; in the western Pacific to the north of Java; largely covered by dense jungle and rain forest; part of the Malay Archipelago
Bougainville
the largest of the Solomon Islands; a province of Papua New Guinea
Guadalcanal
a mountainous island; the largest of the Solomon Islands in the independent state that is a member of the British Commonwealth
New Britain
the largest island in the Bismarck Archipelago; part of Papua New Guinea
New Caledonia
an island to the to the east of Australia and to the north of New Zealand
New Guinea
a Pacific island to the north of Australia; the 2nd largest island in the world; the western part is governed by Indonesia and the eastern part is Papua New Guinea
New Ireland
an island in the Bismarck Archipelago; part of Papua New Guinea
Arabian Peninsula
a peninsula between the Red Sea and the Persian Gulf; strategically important for its oil resources
Bahrain Island
an island in the Persian Gulf
British Isles
Great Britain and Ireland and adjacent islands in the north Atlantic
Great Britain
an island comprising England and Scotland and Wales
Emerald Isle
an island comprising the republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland
Marston Moor
a former moor in northern England
Channel Island
any of a group of British islands in the English Channel off the northern coast of France
Isles of Scilly
an archipelago of small islands off the southwestern coast of England near the entrance to the English Channel; formerly a haven for smugglers and pirates
Isle of Man
one of the British Isles in the Irish Sea
Hebridean Islands
a group of more than 500 islands off the western coast of Scotland
Inner Hebrides
islands between the Outer Hebrides and the western coast of Scotland
Isle of Skye
an island of northwestern Scotland noted for its rugged mountain scenery
Islay
an island of western Scotland at the southern end of the Inner Hebrides
Mull
an island in western Scotland in the Inner Hebrides
Staffa
an island in western Scotland in the Inner Hebrides to the west of Mull; site of Fingal's Cave
Outer Hebrides
a 130-mile long archipelago to the northwest of Scotland
Anglesea Island
an island to the northwest of Wales
Sinai Peninsula
a peninsula in northeastern Egypt; at north end of Red Sea
Java
an island in Indonesia to the south of Borneo; one of the world's most densely populated regions
Bali
an island in Indonesia to the east of Java; striking volcanic scenery; culture is known for elaborate dances and rituals and for handicrafts
Timor
an island in Indonesia in the Malay Archipelago; the largest and most eastern of the Lesser Sunda Islands
Sumatra
a mountainous island in western Indonesia
Sulawesi
a mountainous island in eastern Indonesia
Spice Islands
a group of island in eastern Indonesia between Celebes and New Guinea; settled by the Portuguese but taken by the Dutch who made them the center for a spice monopoly, at which time they were known as Spice Islands
Japanese Archipelago
a string of more than 3,000 islands to the east of Asia extending 1,300 miles between the Sea of Japan and the western Pacific Ocean
Hokkaido
the second largest of the four main islands of Japan; to the north of Honshu
Honshu
the central and largest of the four main islands of Japan; between the Sea of Japan and the Pacific Ocean; regarded as the Japanese mainland
Kyushu
the southernmost of the four main islands of Japan; contains coal fields
Shikoku
the smallest of the four main islands of Japan; to the south of Honshu and to the east of Kyushu; separated from Honshu by the Inland Sea; forested and mountainous
Okinawa
the largest island of the central Ryukyu Islands
Ryukyu Islands
a chain of 55 islands in the western Pacific to the to the southwest of Japan (returned by United States to Japan in 1972)
Volcano Islands
a group of Japanese Islands in the northwestern Pacific Ocean to the north of the Marianas
Iwo Jima
the largest of the Volcano Islands of Japan
Ile-St-Louis
island in Paris on the Seine
Corsica
an island in the Mediterranean; with adjacent islets it constitutes a region of France
Martinique
an island in the eastern Caribbean in the Windward Islands; administered as an overseas region of France
Frisian Islands
a chain of islands in the North Sea off the coast of northwestern Europe extending from the IJsselmeer to Jutland
Faeroe Islands
a group of 21 volcanic islands in the North Atlantic between Iceland and the Shetland Islands
Iceland
a volcanic island in the North Atlantic near the Arctic Circle
Orkney Islands
an archipelago of about 70 islands in the North Atlantic and North Sea off the northeastern coast of Scotland
Shetland Islands
an archipelago of about 100 islands in the North Atlantic off the north coast of Scotland
Dae-Han-Min-Gook
an Asian peninsula (off Manchuria) separating the Yellow Sea and the Sea of Japan; the Korean name is Dae-Han-Min-Gook or Han-Gook
Madagascar
an island in the Indian Ocean off the southeastern coast of Africa; the 4th largest island in the world
Malay Peninsula
a peninsula in southeastern Asia occupied by parts of Malaysia and Thailand and Myanmar
Maldive Islands
a group of about 1,200 small coral islands (about 220 inhabited) in the Indian ocean
Malta
a strategically located island to the south of Sicily in the Mediterranean Sea
Mauritius
an island in the southwestern Indian Ocean
New Zealand Islands
North Island and South Island and adjacent small islands in the South Pacific
North Island
the smaller but more populous of two main islands of New Zealand; separated from South Island by Cook Strait
South Island
the larger but less populous of two main islands of New Zealand; separated from North Island by Cook Strait
Palau Islands
a chain of more than 200 islands about 400 miles long in the western central Pacific Ocean
Philippine Islands
an archipelago in the southwestern Pacific including some 7000 islands
Cebu
one of the Visayan islands of the central Philippines; important for its fine harbor
Luzon
the main island of the Philippines
Mindanao
the second largest island of the Philippines at the southern end of the archipelago; mountainous and volcanic
Mindoro
a mountainous island in the central Philippines
Visayan Islands
group of islands in the central Philippines
Iberian Peninsula
a peninsula in southwestern Europe
Acores
islands in the Atlantic Ocean belonging to Portugal
Madeira
an island in the Atlantic Ocean off the coast of Africa; the largest of the Madeira Islands
Madeira Islands
a group of volcanic islands in the Atlantic Ocean to the west of Morocco; the group forms an autonomous region of Portugal
Katar Peninsula
a peninsula extending northward from the Arabian mainland into the Persian Gulf
Saint Christopher
the largest of the islands comprising Saint Christopher-Nevis
Nevis
one of the islands of Saint Christopher-Nevis
Sombrero
one of the islands of Saint Christopher-Nevis
Saint Lucia
a volcanic island in the Windward Isles to the south of Martinique
Saint Vincent
an island in the center of the Windward Islands; the largest of the islands comprising Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Tahiti
an island in the south Pacific; the most important island in French Polynesia; made famous by Robert Louis Stevenson and Paul Gauguin
Society Islands
an island group of French Polynesia in the South Pacific to the east of Samoa
Paumotu Archipelago
a group of about 80 coral islands in French Polynesia
Austral Islands
a chain of small islands in French Polynesia
Gambier Islands
a group of islands in the south central Pacific; part of French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
a group of volcanic islands in the south central Pacific; part of French Polynesia
Samoan Islands
a group of volcanic islands in the South Pacific midway between Hawaii and Australia; its climate and scenery and Polynesian culture make it a popular tourist stop
Principe
an island in the Gulf of Guinea that is part of Sao Tome and Principe
Seychelles islands
a group of about 90 islands in the western Indian Ocean to the north of Madagascar
Singapore Island
an island to the south of the Malay Peninsula
Solomon Islands
the northernmost islands are part of Papua New Guinea; the remainder form an independent state within the British Commonwealth
Somali peninsula
a peninsula of northeastern Africa (the easternmost part of Africa) comprising Somalia and Djibouti and Eritrea and parts of Ethiopia
Cape of Good Hope
a point of land in southwestern South Africa (south of Cape Town)
Novaya Zemlya
two islands in the Arctic Ocean belonging to Russia; site of a test center for nuclear warheads
Kola Peninsula
a peninsula in northwestern Russia projecting eastward between the Barents Sea and the White Sea
Crimea
a Ukrainian peninsula between the Black Sea and the Sea of Azov
Kamchatka Peninsula
a peninsula in eastern Siberia; between Bering Sea and Sea of Okhotsk
Taimyr Peninsula
a peninsula in northern Siberia
Balearic Islands
an archipelago in the western Mediterranean off the eastern coast of Spain
Majorca
the largest of the Balearic Islands
Canary Islands
a group of mountainous islands in the Atlantic off the northwest coast of Africa forming Spanish provinces
Tenerife
a Spanish island in the Atlantic off the northwestern coast of Africa; the largest of the Canary Islands
Zanzibar
an island in the Indian Ocean off the east coast of Africa; part of the United Republic of Tanzania
Serengeti Plain
a vast plain in Tanzania to the west of the Great Rift Valley known for its wildlife
Seward Peninsula
a peninsula in western Alaska that projects westward into the Bering Sea just below the Arctic Circle
Alexander Archipelago
a group of islands off southeastern Alaska
Admiralty Island
an Alaskan island in the Alexander Archipelago near Juneau
Catalina Island
an island resort in the Pacific off the southwestern coast of California
Hawaiian Islands
a group of volcanic and coral islands in the central Pacific
Hawaii Island
the largest and southernmost of the Hawaii islands; has several volcanic peaks
Kahoolawe Island
an island of south-central Hawaii
Kauai Island
an island of Hawaii to the northwest of Oahu
Lanai Island
an island of central Hawaii; a pineapple-growing area
Maui Island
the second largest of the Hawaiian Islands
Molokai Island
an island of central Hawaii (between Maui and Oahu)
Nihau Island
the most northwestern Hawaiian island (beyond Kauai)
Oahu Island
an island of central Hawaii (between Molokai and Kauai); the chief island of the state
Cape Ann
a Massachusetts peninsula to the north of Boston extending into the Atlantic Ocean
Cape Cod
a Massachusetts peninsula to the south of Boston extending into the Atlantic; a popular resort area
Martha's Vineyard
an island summer resort off of Cape Cod
Nantucket
an island resort off Cape Cod; formerly a center of the whaling industry
Cape May
a cape of southeast New Jersey extending into the Atlantic Ocean
Bedloe's Island
an island in New York Bay to the southwest of Manhattan where the Statue of Liberty stands
Manhattan Island
an island at the north end of New York Bay where the borough of Manhattan is located
Ellis Island
an island in New York Bay that was formerly the principal immigration station for the United States
Long Island
an island in southeastern New York; Brooklyn and Queens are on its western end
Cape Fear
a cape in southeastern North Carolina extending into the Atlantic Ocean
Cape Flattery
a cape of northwestern Washington
Cape Froward
a cape on the Strait of Magellan in southern Chile; the most southern point on the mainland of South America
Cape Hatteras
a promontory on Hatteras Island off the Atlantic coast of North Carolina
Hatteras Island
a barrier island running parallel to the North Carolina shore
Galveston Island
an island at the entrance of Galveston Bay
Krakatao
a small volcanic island in Indonesia between Java and Sumatra; its violent eruption in 1883 was the greatest in recorded history
New Siberian Islands
a group of islands in the Arctic Ocean to the north of Siberia and to the east of the Laptev Sea
Africa
the second largest continent; located to the south of Europe and bordered to the west by the South Atlantic and to the east by the Indian Ocean
Alaska Peninsula
a peninsula of southwestern Alaska (a continuation of the Aleutian Islands)
Antarctic continent
an extremely cold continent at the south pole almost entirely below the Antarctic Circle; covered by an ice cap up to 13,000 feet deep
Antarctic Peninsula
a large peninsula of Antarctica that extends some 1200 miles north toward South America; separates the Weddell Sea from the South Pacific
Asia
the largest continent with 60% of the earth's population; it is joined to Europe on the west to form Eurasia; it is the site of some of the world's earliest civilizations
Australia
the smallest continent; between the South Pacific and the Indian Ocean
Black Forest
a hilly forest region in southwestern Germany
Cape Sable
a cape at the southwest tip of Florida; the southernmost part of the United States mainland
Cape Trafalgar
a small cape in southwestern Spain
Cape York
the northern tip of Cape York Peninsula at the Torres Strait; the northernmost point of the Australian mainland
Cape York Peninsula
a peninsula in Queensland in northeastern Australia between the Gulf of Carpentaria and the Coral Sea
Chukchi Peninsula
peninsula of northeastern Siberia across the Bering Strait from northwestern Alaska
Eurasia
the land mass formed by the continents of Europe and Asia
Europe
the 2nd smallest continent (actually a vast peninsula of Eurasia); the British use `Europe' to refer to all of the continent except the British Isles
Eyre Peninsula
a peninsula of southern Australia
Gondwanaland
a hypothetical continent that (according to plate tectonic theory) broke up later into India and Australia and Africa and South America and Antarctica
Hoek van Holland
a cape on the southwestern coast of the Netherlands near Rotterdam
islet
a small island
Isthmus of Corinth
a narrow isthmus between the Gulf of Corinth and the Saronic Gulf; a canal crosses the isthmus so that navigation is possible between the gulfs
Isthmus of Kra
a narrow isthmus linking the Malay Peninsula to the Asian mainland
Isthmus of Darien
the isthmus that connects Central America and South America; was formerly called the Isthmus of Darien
Isthmus of Suez
the isthmus in northeastern Egypt that connects Africa and Asia
Isthmus of Tehuantepec
the narrowest part of southern Mexico is an isthmus between the Bay of Campeche on the north coast and the Gulf of Tehuantepec on the south coast
Karelian Isthmus
the isthmus between the Gulf of Finland and Lake Ladoga that connects Finland and Russia
Kodiak Island
an island off southern Alaska in the Gulf of Alaska; site of the first European settlement in the area which was founded by the Russians in 1784
Labrador-Ungava Peninsula
a peninsular region of eastern Canada between Hudson Bay and the Labrador Sea; contains most of Quebec and the mainland part of Newfoundland and Labrador
Laurasia
a hypothetical continent that (according to plate tectonic theory) broke up later into North America and Europe and Asia
Liaodong Peninsula
a peninsula in northeastern China that extends into the Yellow Sea, between Bo Hai and Korea Bay
Lower California
a mountainous peninsula on northwest Mexico
Lower Peninsula
the part of northern Michigan between Lake Michigan and Lake Huron
North America
a continent (the third largest) in the western hemisphere connected to South America by the Isthmus of Panama
Pangaea
(plate tectonics) a hypothetical continent including all the landmass of the earth prior to the Triassic period when it split into Laurasia and Gondwanaland
Sherwood Forest
an ancient forest in central England; formerly a royal hunting ground; said to be the home of Robin Hood and his merry band
Skagens Odde
a cape on the northernmost tip of Jutland between the Skagerrak and the Kattegatt
South America
a continent in the western hemisphere connected to North America by the Isthmus of Panama
Upper Peninsula
the peninsula between Lake Superior and Lake Michigan that forms the northwestern part of Michigan
Wilderness
a wooded region in northeastern Virginia near Spotsylvania where bloody but inconclusive battles were fought in the American Civil War
Types:
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archipelago
a group of many islands in a large body of water
beachfront
a strip of land running along a beach
cape, ness
a strip of land projecting into a body of water
coastal plain
a plain adjacent to a coast
floor
the ground on which people and animals move about
foreland
land forming the forward margin of something
forest, timber, timberland, woodland
land that is covered with trees and shrubs
island
a land mass (smaller than a continent) that is surrounded by water
isthmus
a relatively narrow strip of land (with water on both sides) connecting two larger land areas
land mass, landmass
a large continuous extent of land
mainland
the main land mass of a country or continent; as distinguished from an island or peninsula
neck
a narrow elongated projecting strip of land
oxbow
the land inside an oxbow bend in a river
peninsula
a large mass of land projecting into a body of water
champaign, field, plain
extensive tract of level open land
slash
an open tract of land in a forest that is strewn with debris from logging (or fire or wind)
wonderland
a place or scene of great or strange beauty or wonder
Caribbean Island
an island in the Caribbean Sea
Aegean island
an island in the Aegean Sea
barrier island
a long narrow sandy island (wider than a reef) running parallel to the shore
continent
one of the large landmasses of the earth
flat
a level tract of land
flood plain, floodplain
a low plain adjacent to a river that is formed chiefly of river sediment and is subject to flooding
greenwood
woodlands in full leaf
llano
an extensive grassy and nearly treeless plain (especially in Latin America)
moor, moorland
open land usually with peaty soil covered with heather and bracken and moss
peneplain, peneplane
a more or less level land surface representing an advanced stage of erosion undisturbed by crustal movements
riparian forest
woodlands along the banks of stream or river
silva, sylva
the forest trees growing in a country or region
snowfield
a permanent wide expanse of snow
South Sea Islands
any islands in the southern or southwestern of central parts of the Pacific Ocean
spit, tongue
a narrow strip of land that juts out into the sea
steppe
extensive plain without trees (associated with eastern Russia and Siberia)
subcontinent
a large and distinctive landmass (as India or Greenland) that is a distinct part of some continent
tidewater
low-lying coastal land drained by tidal streams
tree farm
a forest (or part of a forest) where trees are grown for commercial use
tundra
a vast treeless plain in the Arctic regions where the subsoil is permanently frozen
Type of:
object, physical object
a tangible and visible entity; an entity that can cast a shadow

n the loose soft material that makes up a large part of the land surface

Synonyms:
earth
Types:
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moraine
accumulated earth and stones deposited by a glacier
diatomaceous earth, diatomite, kieselguhr
a light soil consisting of siliceous diatom remains and often used as a filtering material
saprolite
a deposit of clay and disintegrating rock that is found in its original place
dirt, soil
the part of the earth's surface consisting of humus and disintegrated rock
marl
a loose and crumbling earthy deposit consisting mainly of calcite or dolomite; used as a fertilizer for soils deficient in lime
regosol
a type of soil consisting of unconsolidated material from freshly deposited alluvium or sand
residual clay, residual soil
the soil that is remaining after the soluble elements have been dissolved
surface soil, topsoil
the layer of soil on the surface
subsoil, undersoil
the layer of soil between the topsoil and bedrock
alluvial soil
a fine-grained fertile soil deposited by water flowing over flood plains or in river beds
bog soil
poorly drained soils on top of peat and under marsh or swamp vegetation
clay
a very fine-grained soil that is plastic when moist but hard when fired
clunch
hardened clay
desert soil, desertic soil
a type of soil that develops in arid climates
caliche, hardpan
crust or layer of hard subsoil encrusted with calcium-carbonate occurring in arid or semiarid regions
fuller's earth
an absorbent soil resembling clay; used in fulling (shrinking and thickening) woolen cloth and as an adsorbent
gilgai soil
soil in the melon holes of Australia
gumbo, gumbo soil
any of various fine-grained silty soils that become waxy and very sticky mud when saturated with water
humus
partially decomposed organic matter; the organic component of soil
indurated clay
hardened clay
Indian red
a red soil containing ferric oxide; often used as a pigment
laterite
a red soil produced by rock decay; contains insoluble deposits of ferric and aluminum oxides
loam
a rich soil consisting of a mixture of sand and clay and decaying organic materials
loess
a fine-grained unstratified accumulation of clay and silt deposited by the wind
mold, mould
loose soil rich in organic matter
clay, mud
water soaked soil; soft wet earth
bole
a soft oily clay used as a pigment (especially a reddish brown pigment)
podsol, podsol soil, podsolic soil, podzol, podzol soil
a soil that develops in temperate to cold moist climates under coniferous or heath vegetation; an organic mat over a grey leached layer
prairie soil
a type of soil occurring under grasses in temperate climates
sand
a loose material consisting of grains of rock or coral
sedimentary clay
clay soil formed by sedimentary deposits
silt
mud or clay or small rocks deposited by a river or lake
boulder clay, till
unstratified soil deposited by a glacier; consists of sand and clay and gravel and boulders mixed together
tundra soil
a black mucky soil with a frozen subsoil that is characteristic of Arctic and subarctic regions
wiesenboden
a dark meadow soil rich in organic material; developed through poor drainage in humid grassy or sedge regions
Type of:
material, stuff
the tangible substance that goes into the makeup of a physical object

n material in the top layer of the surface of the earth in which plants can grow (especially with reference to its quality or use)

Synonyms:
land, soil
Examples:
Bad Lands
an eroded and barren region in southwestern South Dakota and northwestern Nebraska
Everglades
a large subtropical swamp in southern Florida that is noted for its wildlife
Okefenokee Swamp
a large swampy area of northeast Florida and southeast Georgia
Types:
show 16 types...
hide 16 types...
badlands
deeply eroded barren land
bottom, bottomland
low-lying alluvial land near a river
coastland
land in a coastal area
cultivated land, farmland, ploughland, plowland, tillage, tilled land, tilth
arable land that is worked by plowing and sowing and raising crops
overburden
the surface soil that must be moved away to get at coal seams and mineral deposits
permafrost
ground that is permanently frozen
polder
low-lying land that has been reclaimed and is protected by dikes (especially in the Netherlands)
rangeland
land suitable for grazing livestock
scablands
(geology) flat elevated land with poor soil and little vegetation that is scarred by dry channels of glacial origin (especially in eastern Washington)
greensward, sod, sward, turf
surface layer of ground containing a mat of grass and grass roots
wetland
a low area where the land is saturated with water
bog, peat bog
wet spongy ground of decomposing vegetation; has poorer drainage than a swamp; soil is unfit for cultivation but can be cut and dried and used for fuel
divot
a piece of turf dug out of a lawn or fairway (by an animals hooves or a golf club)
fallow
cultivated land that is not seeded for one or more growing seasons
fen, fenland, marsh, marshland
low-lying wet land with grassy vegetation; usually is a transition zone between land and water
swamp, swampland
low land that is seasonally flooded; has more woody plants than a marsh and better drainage than a bog
Type of:
object, physical object
a tangible and visible entity; an entity that can cast a shadow

v bring to the ground

“the storm grounded the ship”
Synonyms:
run aground, strand
Type of:
land
bring ashore

v place or put on the ground

Type of:
lay, place, pose, position, put, set
put into a certain place or abstract location

v hit onto the ground

Type of:
hit
cause to move by striking

v confine or restrict to the ground

“After the accident, they grounded the plane and the pilot”
Type of:
confine, hold, restrain
to close within bounds, limit or hold back from movement

v hit or reach the ground

Synonyms:
run aground
Type of:
arrive at, attain, gain, hit, make, reach
reach a destination, either real or abstract

v hit a groundball

“he grounded to the second baseman”
Type of:
hit
cause to move by striking

v throw to the ground in order to stop play and avoid being tackled behind the line of scrimmage

Type of:
throw
propel through the air
2

n a relation that provides the foundation for something

Synonyms:
basis, footing
Types:
common ground
a basis agreed to by all parties for reaching a mutual understanding
Type of:
foundation
the basis on which something is grounded

n a rational motive for a belief or action

“the grounds for their declaration”
Synonyms:
reason
Types:
occasion
reason
account, score
grounds
wherefore, why
the cause or intention underlying an action or situation, especially in the phrase `the whys and wherefores'
Type of:
rational motive
a motive that can be defended by reasoning or logical argument

v use as a basis for; found on

Synonyms:
base, establish, found
Types:
build
found or ground

v instruct someone in the fundamentals of a subject

Type of:
instruct, learn, teach
impart skills or knowledge to
3

n a relatively homogeneous percept extending back of the figure on which attention is focused

Antonyms:
figure
a unitary percept having structure and coherence that is the object of attention and that stands out against a ground
Type of:
percept, perception, perceptual experience
the representation of what is perceived; basic component in the formation of a concept

n the part of a scene (or picture) that lies behind objects in the foreground

Synonyms:
background
Type of:
aspect, panorama, prospect, scene, view, vista
the visual percept of a region

n (art) the surface (as a wall or canvas) prepared to take the paint for a painting

Type of:
surface
the outer boundary of an artifact or a material layer constituting or resembling such a boundary
4

n a connection between an electrical device and a large conducting body, such as the earth (which is taken to be at zero voltage)

Synonyms:
earth
Type of:
connecter, connection, connective, connector, connexion
an instrumentality that connects

v connect to a ground

ground the electrical connections for safety reasons”
Types:
earth
connect to the earth
Type of:
connect, link, link up, tie
connect, fasten, or put together two or more pieces
5

n a position to be won or defended in battle (or as if in battle)

“they gained ground step by step”
“they fought to regain the lost ground
Type of:
military position, position
a point occupied by troops for tactical reasons
6

v fix firmly and stably

Synonyms:
anchor
Type of:
fasten, fix, secure
cause to be firmly attached
7

n the first or preliminary coat of paint or size applied to a surface

Synonyms:
flat coat, primer, primer coat, priming, priming coat, undercoat
Types:
couch
a flat coat of paint or varnish used by artists as a primer
Type of:
coat of paint
a layer of paint covering something else

v cover with a primer; apply a primer to

Synonyms:
prime, undercoat
Type of:
paint
apply paint to; coat with paint

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