Other forms: materials

Material is cloth from which clothes, curtains, or similar items can be created. If you sew your own bathing suit, it's important to make sure the material you use doesn't turn transparent when it gets wet.

The noun material can also refer to the items or substances used to create something. If you want to build a swing set, you'll need to buy materials like treated lumber, bolts, and screws. You can also use the adjective material to describe something that is worldly rather than spiritual. If you join that religious order, you are supposed to give up your material goods — even your convertible.

Definitions of material
  1. noun
    the tangible substance that goes into the makeup of a physical object
    “coal is a hard black material
    synonyms: stuff
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    any heavy material used to stabilize a ship or airship
    bedding, bedding material, litter
    material used to provide a bed for animals
    the natural outer covering of food (usually removed before eating)
    a substance from which another substance is formed (especially by a metabolic reaction)
    atom, corpuscle, molecule, mote, particle, speck
    (nontechnical usage) a tiny piece of anything
    any nuclear or chemical or biological material that can be used as a weapon of mass destruction
    floc, floccule
    a small loosely aggregated mass of flocculent material suspended in or precipitated from a liquid
    an abbreviation for `hazardous material' used on warning signs
    material such as sand or gravel used with cement and water to make concrete, mortar, or plaster
    raw material, staple
    material suitable for manufacture or use or finishing
    a material that has been or is capable of being taken up by another substance by either absorption or adsorption
    sorbent, sorbent material
    a material that sorbs another substance; i.e. that has the capacity or tendency to take it up by either absorption or adsorption
    a substance that exhibits diamagnetism
    solid homogeneous inorganic substances occurring in nature having a definite chemical composition
    rock, stone
    material consisting of the aggregate of minerals like those making up the Earth's crust
    adhesive, adhesive agent, adhesive material
    a substance that unites or bonds surfaces together
    sealing material
    any substance used to seal joints or fill cracks in a porous surface
    animal material
    material derived from animals
    any light downy material
    material made by bonding together sheets of two different metals
    abradant, abrasive, abrasive material
    a substance that abrades or wears down
    chemical, chemical substance
    material produced by or used in a reaction involving changes in atoms or molecules
    composite material
    strong lightweight material developed in the laboratory; fibers of more than one kind are bonded together chemically
    a substance that readily conducts e.g. electricity and heat
    dielectric, insulator, nonconductor
    a material such as glass or porcelain with negligible electrical or thermal conductivity
    contaminant, contamination
    a substance that contaminates
    particulate, particulate matter
    a small discrete mass of solid or liquid matter that remains individually dispersed in gas or liquid emissions (usually considered to be an atmospheric pollutant)
    free microscopic particles of solid material
    any of various elastic materials that resemble rubber (resumes its original shape when a deforming force is removed)
    earth, ground
    the loose soft material that makes up a large part of the land surface
    discharge, emission
    a substance that is emitted or released
    loose material (stone fragments and silt etc) that is worn away from rocks
    waste, waste material, waste matter, waste product
    any materials unused and rejected as worthless or unwanted
    fiber, fibre
    a slender and greatly elongated substance capable of being spun into yarn
    fill, filling
    any material that fills a space or container
    a lightweight material in cellular form; made by introducing gas bubbles during manufacture
    material that has been homogenized (especially tissue that has been ground and mixed)
    material that is high in humic acids
    material with which something is impregnated
    a material made of cellulose pulp derived mainly from wood or rags or certain grasses
    packing, packing material, wadding
    any material used especially to protect something
    color, coloring material, colour, colouring material
    any material used for its color
    plant material, plant substance
    material derived from plants
    radioactive material
    material that is radioactive
    thickener, thickening
    any material used to thicken
    a black or colored powder used in a printer to develop a xerographic image
    translucent substance, transparent substance
    a material having the property of admitting light diffusely; a partly transparent material
    the material removed by a cut made underneath
    builder, detergent builder
    a substance added to soaps or detergents to increase their cleansing action
    vernix, vernix caseosa
    a white cheeselike protective material that covers the skin of a fetus
    a small mass of soft material
    feather, plumage, plume
    the light horny waterproof structure forming the external covering of birds
    beard, byssus
    tuft of strong filaments by which e.g. a mussel makes itself fast to a fixed surface
    a stiff fiber (coarse hair or filament); natural or synthetic
    an insulating liner in an opening through which conductors pass
    one of a set of small pieces of stiff paper marked in various ways and used for playing games or for telling fortunes
    small pieces or streamers of colored paper that are thrown around on festive occasions (as at a wedding)
    a chemical substance that undergoes a rapid chemical change (with the production of gas) on being heated or struck
    glass fiber, glass fibre, optical fiber, optical fibre
    a very thin fiber made of glass that functions as a waveguide for light; used in bundles to transmit images
    paint, pigment
    a substance used as a coating to protect or decorate a surface (especially a mixture of pigment suspended in a liquid); dries to form a hard coating
    nerve fiber, nerve fibre
    a threadlike extension of a nerve cell
    (biology) tiny fibers that are seen in cell division; the fibers radiate from two poles and meet at the equator in the middle
    piece of paper, sheet, sheet of paper
    paper used for writing or printing
    bacon rind
    the rind of bacon
    peel, skin
    the rind of a fruit or vegetable
    cheese rind
    the rind of a cheese
    a relatively small granular particle of a substance
    material resulting from the process of grinding
    interplanetary dust
    microscopic particles in the interplanetary medium
    accumulated earth and stones deposited by a glacier
    loofa, loofah, loufah sponge, luffa
    the dried fibrous part of the fruit of a plant of the genus Luffa; used as a washing sponge or strainer
    Cebu maguey, cantala, manila maguey
    hard fiber used in making coarse twine; from Philippine agave plants
    coarse leaf fiber from palmyra palms used in making brushes and brooms
    stiff coarse fiber from the outer husk of a coconut
    fiber of a raffia palm used as light cordage and in making hats and baskets
    dross, impurity
    worthless or dangerous material that should be removed
    a light resilient foam of polystyrene
    the raw material that is required for some industrial process
    absorbent, absorbent material
    a material having capacity or tendency to absorb another substance
    a material that has been or is capable of being absorbed
    adsorbent, adsorbent material
    a material having capacity or tendency to adsorb another substance
    a material that has been or is capable of being adsorbed
    Cu, atomic number 29, copper
    a ductile malleable reddish-brown corrosion-resistant diamagnetic metallic element; occurs in various minerals but is the only metal that occurs abundantly in large masses; used as an electrical and thermal conductor
    Ag, atomic number 47, silver
    a soft white precious univalent metallic element having the highest electrical and thermal conductivity of any metal; occurs in argentite and in free form; used in coins and jewelry and tableware and photography
    ader wax, earth wax, mineral wax, ozocerite, ozokerite
    a waxy mineral that is a mixture of hydrocarbons and occurs in association with petroleum; some varieties are used in making ceresin and candles
    a white or grey mineral consisting of lithium aluminum phosphate; a source of lithium
    a mineral or mineral variety belonging to the amphibole group
    amphibole group
    a group of minerals with similar crystal structures containing a silicate chain and combinations of chiefly sodium and calcium and magnesium and iron and aluminum
    a common complex mineral consisting of calcium fluoride phosphate or calcium chloride phosphate; a source of phosphorus
    a mineral form of crystalline calcium carbonate; dimorphic with calcite
    a valuable silver ore consisting of silver sulfide (Ag2S)
    a rare steel-grey mineral consisting of silver and germanium and sulfur
    arsenopyrite, mispickel
    a silver-white or grey ore of arsenic
    asphalt, mineral pitch
    a dark bituminous substance found in natural beds and as residue from petroleum distillation; consists mainly of hydrocarbons
    dark-green to black glassy mineral of the pyroxene group containing large amounts of aluminum and iron and magnesium
    a mineral consisting of zirconium oxide
    bastnaesite, bastnasite
    a yellow-to-brown mineral that is a source of rare earth elements
    a clay-like mineral; the chief ore of aluminum; composed of aluminum oxides and aluminum hydroxides; used as an abrasive and catalyst
    the chief source of beryllium; colored transparent varieties are valued as gems
    an ore of boron consisting of hydrated sodium borate; used as a flux or cleansing agent
    bornite, peacock ore
    a mineral consisting of sulfides of copper and iron that is found in copper deposits
    a white or reddish mineral consisting of hydrous chlorides of potassium and magnesium; used as a fertilizer and as a source of potassium and magnesium
    a hard heavy dark mineral that is the chief source of tin
    a mineral consisting of strontium sulphate
    cerussite, white lead ore
    a mineral consisting of lead carbonate that is an important source of lead
    chalcocite, copper glance
    a heavy grey mineral that is an ore of copper
    chalcopyrite, copper pyrites
    a yellow copper ore (CuFeS2) made up of copper and iron sulfide
    a generally green or black mineral; it occurs as a constituent of many rocks typically in the form of a flat crystal
    a brownish-black mineral; the major source of chromium
    a rare hard yellow green mineral consisting of beryllium aluminate in crystal form; used as a gemstone
    a heavy reddish mineral consisting of mercuric sulfide; the chief source of mercury
    a rare silvery-white mineral; important ore of cobalt
    halite, rock salt
    naturally occurring crystalline sodium chloride
    coltan, columbite-tantalite
    a valuable black mineral combining niobite and tantalite; used in cell phones and computer chips
    a blue mineral of magnesium and iron and aluminum and silicon and oxygen; often used as a gemstone
    corundom, corundum
    very hard mineral used as an abrasive
    a white mineral consisting of silica; found in volcanic rocks
    a rare lead chromite mineral that forms bright orange crystals
    Greenland spar, cryolite
    a white mineral consisting of fluorides of aluminum and sodium; a source of fluorine
    a mineral consisting of cuprous oxide that is a source of copper
    (biochemistry) a waxy transparent material that occurs in the cuticle of plants and consists of highly polymerized esters of fatty acids
    bitter spar, dolomite
    a light colored mineral consisting of calcium magnesium carbonate; a source of magnesium; used as a ceramic and as fertilizer
    earth color
    a colored mineral used as a pigment
    a hard grey-black mineral consisting of corundum and either hematite or magnetite; used as an abrasive (especially as a coating on paper)
    cobalt bloom, erythrite
    a reddish mineral consisting of hydrated cobalt arsenate in monoclinic crystalline form and used in coloring glass; usually found in veins bearing cobalt and arsenic
    a dark mineral consisting of oxides of yttrium and erbium and tantalum and other minerals
    fluor, fluorite, fluorspar
    a soft mineral (calcium fluoride) that is fluorescent in ultraviolet light; chief source of fluorine
    gadolinite, ytterbite
    a mineral that is a source of rare earths; consists of silicates of iron and beryllium and cerium and yttrium and erbium
    soft blue-grey mineral; lead sulfide; a major source of lead
    any of a group of hard glassy minerals (silicates of various metals) used as gemstones and as an abrasive
    a green mineral consisting of hydrated nickel magnesium silicate; a source of nickel
    a rare reddish-grey mineral consisting of a copper iron germanium sulfide
    white crystalline mineral consisting of aluminum hydroxide; a constituent of bauxite and a source of alumina
    a green mineral consisting of hydrated silicate of potassium or iron or magnesium or aluminum; found in greensand
    cadmium sulphide, greenockite
    ore of cadmium; a rare yellowish mineral consisting of cadmium sulphide in crystalline form
    a common white or colorless mineral (hydrated calcium sulphate) used to make cements and plasters (especially plaster of Paris)
    a mineral consisting of manganese tetroxide; a source of manganese
    barite, barium sulphate, barytes, heavy spar
    a white or colorless mineral (BaSO4); the main source of barium
    calamine, hemimorphite
    a white mineral; a common ore of zinc
    a weakly magnetic black mineral found in metamorphic and plutonic rocks; an iron titanium oxide in crystalline form; a source of titanium
    a hard green mineral consisting of sodium aluminum silicate in monoclinic crystalline form; a source of jade; found principally in Burma
    a white mineral consisting of magnesium sulphate and potassium chloride; a source of potassium salts; used as a fertilizer
    a mineral consisting of aluminum silicate; main source of kaolin
    a light soft mineral consisting of hydrated sodium borate in crystalline form; an important source of boron
    a white mineral consisting of hydrous magnesium sulfate often found in salt mines
    cyanite, kyanite
    a grey or greenish-blue mineral consisting of aluminum silicate in crystalline form; occurs in metaphoric rock, used as a refractory
    a mineral consisting of potassium magnesium double sulphate; used as a fertilizer
    a white mineral consisting of magnesium carbonate; a source of magnesium
    a green or blue mineral used as an ore of copper and for making ornamental objects
    maltha, mineral tar
    a thick black tar intermediate between petroleum and asphalt
    a black mineral consisting of basic manganese oxide; a source of manganese
    meerschaum, sepiolite
    a white clayey mineral
    isinglass, mica
    any of various minerals consisting of hydrous silicates of aluminum or potassium etc. that crystallize in forms that allow perfect cleavage into very thin leaves; used as dielectrics because of their resistance to electricity
    a yellow mineral consisting of nickel sulfide; a minor source of nickel
    a mineral resembling graphite that is valued as the chief source of molybdenum and its compounds
    a reddish-brown mineral containing rare earth metals; an important source of thorium and cerium
    nepheline, nephelite
    a whitish mineral consisting of sodium aluminum silicate or potassium aluminum silicate in crystalline form; used in the manufacture of ceramics and enamels
    an igneous rock consisting of nepheline and pyroxene
    columbite, niobite
    a black mineral that is an ore of niobium and tantalum
    the mineral form of calcium nitrate
    a mineral consisting of magnesium iron silicate; a source of magnesium
    rare green to black mineral consisting of hydrated copper arsenate that is found in copper deposits
    a translucent mineral consisting of hydrated silica of variable color; some varieties are used as gemstones
    a mineral that contains metal that is valuable enough to be mined
    a yellow mineral occurring in conjunction with realgar; an ore of arsenic
    iridosmine, osmiridium
    a hard and corrosion resistant mineral that is a natural alloy of osmium and iridium (usually containing small amounts of rhodium and platinum); used in needles and pen nibs etc.
    partially carbonized vegetable matter saturated with water; can be used as a fuel when dried
    a mineral (iron and nickel sulphide) that is the chief ore of nickel
    magnesia, magnesium oxide, periclase
    a white solid mineral that occurs naturally as periclase; a source of magnesium
    grey or green or brown mineral similar to mica and containing aluminum and potassium sulphates
    a rare mineral that is an important source of cesium
    a mineral consisting of hydrated basic oxide of manganese and barium; a source of manganese
    fool's gold, iron pyrite, pyrite
    a common mineral (iron disulfide) that has a pale yellow color
    a mineral consisting of manganese dioxide; an important source of manganese
    green lead ore, pyromorphite
    a mineral consisting of lead chloride and phosphate; a minor source of lead
    a white or greenish aluminum silicate mineral (resembles talc)
    any of a group of crystalline silicate mineral common in igneous and metamorphic rocks
    magnetic pyrites, pyrrhotine, pyrrhotite
    a brownish iron sulfide mineral (FeS) having weak magnetic properties
    a hard glossy mineral consisting of silicon dioxide in crystal form; present in most rocks (especially sandstone and granite); yellow sand is quartz with iron oxide impurities
    hard metamorphic rock consisting essentially of interlocking quartz crystals
    a chemical substance that is present at the start of a chemical reaction
    a rare soft orange mineral consisting of arsenic sulphide; an important ore of arsenic
    red clay
    clay whose redness results from iron oxide
    a mineral consisting of manganese carbonate; a source of manganese
    a pink or red mineral consisting of crystalline manganese silicate; used as an ornamental stone
    road metal
    broken rock used for repairing or making roads
    sedimentary rock
    rock formed from consolidated clay sediments
    the granitelike rocks that form the outermost layer of the earth's crust; rich in silicon and aluminum
    rock that form the continuous lower layer of the earth's crust; rich in silicon and magnesium
    metamorphic rock
    rock altered by pressure and heat
    crushed rock, gravel
    rock fragments and pebbles
    nitrate-bearing rock or gravel of the sodium nitrate deposits of Chile and Peru
    (geology) sediment in which flat pebbles are uniformly tilted in the same direction
    pumice, pumice stone
    a porous rock formed on the surface of some lavas
    animal product
    a product made from animal material
    birdlime, lime
    a sticky adhesive that is smeared on small branches to capture small birds
    spirit gum
    an adhesive solution made of gum and ether and used to attach false hair to skin
    something used to bind separate particles together or facilitate adhesion to a surface
    something that hardens to act as adhesive material
    library paste, paste
    an adhesive made from water and flour or starch; used on paper and paperboard
    rubber cement
    an adhesive made by dissolving unvulcanized rubber in a solvent like benzene or naphtha
    sealant, sealer
    a kind of sealing material that is used to form a hard coating on a porous surface (as a coat of paint or varnish used to size a surface)
    used for filling cracks or holes in a surface
    lute, luting
    a substance for packing a joint or coating a porous surface to make it impervious to gas or liquid
    Alar, daminozide
    a chemical sprayed on fruit trees to regulate their growth so the entire crop can be harvested at one time
    fine-grained homogeneous rock (such as basalt) containing minerals undetectable by the naked eye
    an inactive substance that is a vehicle for a radioactive tracer of the same substance and that assists in its recovery after some chemical reaction
    animal oil
    any oil obtained from animal substances
    dentin, dentine
    a calcareous material harder and denser than bone that comprises the bulk of a tooth
    bone, osseous tissue
    the porous calcified substance from which bones are made
    the material (mostly keratin) that covers the horns of ungulates and forms hooves and claws and nails
    the material that forms the hard outer covering of many animals
    art paper
    a high-quality paper (usually having a filler of china clay)
    mineral wool, rock wool
    a light fibrous material used as an insulator
    bacteriacide, bactericide
    any chemical agent that destroys bacteria
    blotter, blotting paper
    absorbent paper used to dry ink
    blueprint paper
    sensitized paper used to make blueprints
    animal fat
    any fat obtained from animals
    carbon, carbon paper
    a thin paper coated on one side with a dark waxy substance (often containing carbon); used to transfer characters from the original to an under sheet of paper
    carbon tetrahalide
    compounds composed of 1 carbon and 4 halogen molecules
    an abrasive composed of silicon carbide crystals
    cardboard, composition board
    a stiff moderately thick paper
    cartridge paper
    paper for making cartridge cases
    a minor chemical constituent that gives a wine or liquor its distinctive character
    steel wool, wire wool
    a mass of woven steel fibers used as an abrasive
    any of various materials used by dentists to fill cavities in teeth
    a small piece of paper that is supposed to be removed when a hole is punched in a card or paper tape
    chaff, husk, shuck, stalk, straw, stubble
    material consisting of seed coverings and small pieces of stem or leaves that have been separated from the seeds
    a microscopic particle of triglycerides produced in the intestines during digestion; in the bloodstream they release their fatty acids into the blood
    fine-grained rock consisting of compacted clay particles
    brown coal, lignite, wood coal
    intermediate between peat and bituminous coal
    chemical compound, compound
    (chemistry) a substance formed by chemical union of two or more elements or ingredients in definite proportion by weight
    computer paper
    paper folded to permit continuous printing controlled by a computer
    construction paper
    paper suitable for drawing and making cutouts
    semiconducting material, semiconductor
    a substance as germanium or silicon whose electrical conductivity is intermediate between that of a metal and an insulator; its conductivity increases with temperature and in the presence of impurities
    glass wool
    glass fibers spun and massed into bundles resembling wool
    outer bark of the cork oak; used for stoppers for bottles etc.
    crepe, crepe paper
    paper with a crinkled texture; usually colored and used for decorations
    exhaust, exhaust fumes, fumes
    gases ejected from an engine as waste products
    a kind of sedimentary rock resembling marble or limestone but rich in magnesium carbonate
    drawing paper
    paper that is specially prepared for use in drafting
    fine powdery material such as dry earth or pollen that can be blown about in the air
    diatomaceous earth, diatomite, kieselguhr
    a light soil consisting of siliceous diatom remains and often used as a filtering material
    a deposit of clay and disintegrating rock that is found in its original place
    dirt, soil
    the part of the earth's surface consisting of humus and disintegrated rock
    soil conditioner
    a chemical substance used to improve the structure of the soil and increase its porosity
    emery cloth
    cloth covered with powdered emery
    emery paper, sandpaper
    stiff paper coated with powdered emery or sand
    emery rock, emery stone
    a mixture of emery dust and a binder; can be molded into grindstones
    exudate, exudation
    a substance that oozes out from plant pores
    transudate, transudation
    a substance that transudes
    a foul-smelling outflow or vapor (especially a gaseous waste)
    a watery discharge from the mucous membranes (especially from the eyes or nose)
    vaginal discharge
    discharge of secretions from the cervical glands of the vagina; normally clear or white
    body waste, excrement, excreta, excretion, excretory product
    waste matter (as urine or sweat but especially feces) discharged from the body
    crud, filth, skank
    any substance considered disgustingly foul or unpleasant
    sewage, sewerage
    waste matter carried away in sewers or drains
    effluent, sewer water, wastewater
    water mixed with waste matter
    food waste, garbage, refuse, scraps
    food that is discarded (as from a kitchen)
    waste matter that contaminates the water or air or soil
    garbage, refuse, rubbish, scrap, trash
    worthless material that is to be disposed of
    (usually plural) waste water from a kitchen or bathroom or chamber pot that has to be emptied by hand
    toxic industrial waste, toxic waste
    poisonous waste materials; can cause injury (especially by chemical means)
    fertiliser, fertilizer, plant food
    any substance such as manure or a mixture of nitrates used to make soil more fertile
    a substance added to molten metals to bond with impurities that can then be readily removed
    conglomerate, pudding stone
    a composite rock made up of particles of varying size
    a tough piece of fiber in vegetables, meat, or other food (especially the tough fibers connecting the two halves of a bean pod)
    fibril, filament, strand
    a very slender natural or synthetic fiber
    stone that occurs naturally in fields; often used as building material
    filter paper
    a porous unsized paper used for filtering
    a tiny dark speck made by the excrement of a fly
    paper that is poisoned or coated with a sticky substance to kill flies
    foam rubber
    spongy rubber; made by introducing air bubbles before vulcanization and used for cushioning or upholstery
    a chemical substance used in fumigation
    graph paper
    paper that has lines to permit drawing graphs
    greaseproof paper
    paper that is impermeable to oil or grease; used in cooking
    a granitic rock composed of quartz and mica
    herbicide, weed killer, weedkiller
    a chemical agent that destroys plants or inhibits their growth
    hyalin, hyaline
    a glassy translucent substance that occurs in hyaline cartilage or in certain skin conditions
    identification particle
    a tiny particle of material that can be added to a product to indicate the source of manufacture
    (chemistry) a substance that changes color to indicate the presence of some ion or substance; can be used to indicate the completion of a chemical reaction or (in medicine) to test for a particular reaction
    a substance formed during a chemical process before the desired product is obtained
    a component of a mixture that has been separated by a fractional process
    a chemical used to kill larval pests
    calc-tufa, tufa
    a soft porous rock consisting of calcium carbonate deposited from springs rich in lime
    molten rock in the earth's crust
    igneous rock
    rock formed by the solidification of molten magma
    linen, linen paper
    a high-quality paper made of linen fibers or with a linen finish
    a sedimentary rock consisting mainly of calcium that was deposited by the remains of marine animals
    fine ravellings of cotton or linen fibers
    litmus paper
    unsized paper treated with litmus for use as an acid-base indicator
    manifold, manifold paper
    a lightweight paper used with carbon paper to make multiple copies
    manila, manila paper, manilla, manilla paper
    a strong paper or thin cardboard with a smooth light brown finish made from e.g. Manila hemp
    a hard crystalline metamorphic rock that takes a high polish; used for sculpture and as building material
    (geology) amass of fine-grained rock in which fossils, crystals, or gems are embedded
    a substance used to treat leather or other materials before dyeing; aids in dyeing process
    music paper, score paper
    paper with lines appropriate for writing music
    man-made fiber, synthetic fiber
    fiber created from natural materials or by chemical processes
    natural fiber, natural fibre
    fiber derived from plants or animals
    newspaper, newsprint
    cheap paper made from wood pulp and used for printing newspapers
    loose hemp or jute fiber obtained by unravelling old ropes; when impregnated with tar it was used to caulk seams and pack joints in wooden ships
    paper that has been made translucent and waterproof by soaking in oil
    india paper
    a thin tough opaque paper used in fine books
    pad, pad of paper, tablet
    a number of sheets of paper fastened together along one edge
    paper tape
    a long narrow strip of paper
    paper toweling
    absorbent paper used as toweling
    paper-mache, papier-mache
    a substance made from paper pulp that can be molded when wet and painted when dry
    paper made from the papyrus plant by cutting it in strips and pressing it flat; used by ancient Egyptians and Greeks and Romans
    a superior paper resembling sheepskin
    rice paper
    a thin delicate material resembling paper; made from the rice-paper tree
    roofing paper, tar paper
    a heavy paper impregnated with tar and used as part of a roof for waterproofing
    ticker tape
    a continuous thin ribbon of paper on which stock quotes are written
    excelsior, wood shavings
    thin curly wood shavings used for packing or stuffing
    a chemical used to kill pests (as rodents or insects)
    a chemical substance obtained from plants that is biologically active but not nutritive
    dye, dyestuff
    a usually soluble substance for staining or coloring e.g. fabrics or hair
    a substance that colors metals
    a reddish coloring material found in some algae
    dry coloring material (especially a powder to be mixed with a liquid to produce paint, etc.)
    any substance whose presence in plant or animal tissues produces a characteristic color
    plant product
    a product made from plant material
    a chemical substance formed as a result of a chemical reaction
    radioactive waste
    useless radioactive materials that are left after some laboratory or commercial process is completed
    raveling, ravelling
    a bit of fiber that has become separated from woven fabric
    a chemical that is added to a photographic developer in order to retard development and reduce the amount of fog on a film
    a mineral consisting of titanium dioxide in crystalline form; occurs in metamorphic and plutonic rocks and is a major source of titanium
    a complex black mineral occurring in pegmatites
    a rare light blue or green mineral; consists of aluminum and magnesium silicate and occurs as small grains in some metamorphic rocks
    a mineral used as an ore of tungsten
    humic shale
    shale that is rich in humic acids
    a grey mineral consisting of cobalt arsenide and nickel; an important source of cobalt and nickel
    a vitreous mineral consisting of sodium aluminum silicate and sodium chloride in crystalline form; occurs in igneous rocks
    sodium pyrophosphate, tetrasodium pyrophosphate
    a sodium salt of pyrophosphoric acid used as a builder in soaps and detergents
    sodium tripolyphosphate
    a sodium salt of triphosphoric acid used as a builder in soaps and detergents
    any of various nonmetallic minerals (calcite or feldspar) that are light in color and transparent or translucent and cleavable
    a hard glassy mineral consisting of an oxide of magnesium and aluminum; occurs in various colors that are used as gemstones
    a pyroxene mineral consisting of lithium aluminum silicate; a source of lithium
    a chemical that is added to a solution or mixture or suspension to maintain it in a stable or unchanging state
    (microscopy) a dye or other coloring material that is used in microscopy to make structures visible
    stannite, tin pyrites
    a dark grey mineral with a metallic luster that is a source of tin
    a substance added to another to make it less hard
    a soft grey mineral; the chief ore of antimony
    a mineral consisting of strontium carbonate
    vegetable tallow
    a waxy fat obtained from certain plants (e.g. bayberry) and used as tallow
    graphic tellurium, sylvanite
    a silver-white mineral consisting of silver gold telluride; a source of gold in Australia and America
    sylvine, sylvite
    a mineral consisting of native potassium chloride; an important ore of potassium that is found in sedimentary beds
    talc, talcum
    a fine grained mineral having a soft soapy feel and consisting of hydrated magnesium silicate; used in a variety of products including talcum powder
    a mineral consisting of tantalum oxide of iron and manganese that occurs with niobite or in coarse granite; an ore of tantalum
    a radioactive mineral consisting of thorium silicate; it is a source of thorium that is found in coarse granite
    a mineral consisting of scandium yttrium silicate; a source of scandium
    tissue, tissue paper
    a soft thin (usually translucent) paper
    a mineral (fluosilicate of aluminum) that occurs in crystals of various colors and is used as a gemstone
    a mineral that is a complex borosilicate and hydroxide of aluminum containing iron and magnesium and calcium and lithium and sodium; it is usually black but occurs in transparent colored forms that are used as gemstones
    tracing paper
    a semitransparent paper that is used for tracing drawings
    transfer paper
    a paper that is coated with a preparation for transferring a design to another surface
    a mineral form of silica
    tribasic sodium phosphate, trisodium orthophosphate, trisodium phosphate
    the tertiary phosphate of sodium used as a builder in soaps and detergents
    a blue to grey green mineral consisting of copper aluminum phosphate
    a mineral consisting of chloride and vanadate of lead; a source of vanadium
    any of a group of yellow or brown hydrous silicate minerals having a micaceous structure
    idocrase, vesuvian, vesuvianite
    a green or yellow or brown mineral consisting of a hydrated silicate; it occurs as crystals in limestone and is used a gemstone
    a decorative paper for the walls of rooms
    waste paper
    paper discarded after use
    wax paper
    paper that has been waterproofed by treatment with wax or paraffin
    the hard fibrous lignified substance under the bark of trees
    iron manganese tungsten, wolframite
    a mineral consisting of iron and manganese tungstate in crystalline form; the principal ore of tungsten; found in quartz veins associated with granitic rocks
    a white or greyish mineral typically found in metamorphic limestone; a silicate of calcium
    wrapping paper
    a tough paper used for wrapping
    writing paper
    paper material made into thin sheets that are sized to take ink; used for writing correspondence and manuscripts
    a yellow to orange or brown mineral used as a molybdenum ore
    a brownish-black mineral consisting of zinc sulfide
    a brown-to-yellow mineral that is a phosphate of yttrium in crystalline form
    any of a family of glassy minerals analogous to feldspar containing hydrated aluminum silicates of calcium or sodium or potassium; formed in cavities in lava flows and in plutonic rocks
    blende, sphalerite, zinc blende
    an ore that is the chief source of zinc; consists largely of zinc sulfide in crystalline form
    a steel grey metallic mineral (a sulphide of lead and antimony)
    zircon, zirconium silicate
    a common mineral occurring in small crystals; chief source of zirconium; used as a refractory when opaque and as a gem when transparent
    type of:
    the real physical matter of which a person or thing consists
  2. noun
    things needed for doing or making something
    “writing materials
    “useful teaching materials
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    material used to make packages
    material for making rails or rails collectively
    material used to construct a roof
    blister pack, bubble pack
    packaging in which a product is sealed between a cardboard backing and clear plastic cover
    type of:
    an instrumentality needed for an undertaking or to perform a service
  3. adjective
    having material or physical form or substance
    synonyms: corporeal
    having a body or a body of a specified kind; often used in combination
    having or relating to a physical material body
    bodied, corporal, corporate, embodied, incarnate
    possessing or existing in bodily form
    having a new body
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    immaterial, incorporeal
    without material form or substance
    having no body
    bodiless, discorporate, disembodied, unbodied, unembodied
    not having a material body
    lacking material body or form or substance
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  4. adjective
    derived from or composed of matter
    “the material universe”
    real, substantial
    having substance or capable of being treated as fact; not imaginary
    having substance or material existence; perceptible to the senses
    concerned with material things
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    immaterial, nonmaterial
    not consisting of matter
    insubstantial, unreal, unsubstantial
    lacking material form or substance; unreal
    intangible, nonphysical
    lacking substance or reality; incapable of being touched or seen
    show more antonyms...
  5. noun
    information (data or ideas or observations) that can be used or reworked into a finished form
    “the archives provided rich material for a definitive biography”
    see moresee less
    old material that is slightly reworked and used again
    material suitable for a journalistic account
    type of:
    info, information
    a message received and understood
  6. adjective
    having substance or capable of being treated as fact; not imaginary
    synonyms: real, substantial
    see moresee less
    insubstantial, unreal, unsubstantial
    lacking material form or substance; unreal
    aerial, aeriform, aery, airy, ethereal
    characterized by lightness and insubstantiality; as impalpable or intangible as air
    shadowy, wraithlike
    lacking in substance
    consisting of or containing string or strings
    immaterial, nonmaterial
    not consisting of matter
    show more antonyms...
  7. adjective
    directly relevant to a matter especially a law case
    “his support made a material difference”
    “evidence material to the issue at hand”
    “facts likely to influence the judgment are called material facts”
    “a material witness”
    having crucial relevance
    see moresee less
    of no importance or relevance especially to a law case
  8. noun
    artifact made by weaving or felting or knitting or crocheting natural or synthetic fibers
    “she measured off enough material for a dress”
    synonyms: cloth, fabric, textile
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    a fabric woven from goat hair and camel hair
    a synthetic fabric
    a trademark for a loosely woven cotton fabric that is used to make shirts and underwear
    a thin glossy fabric made of the wool of the Lama pacos, or made of a rayon or cotton imitation of that wool
    a bright green fabric napped to resemble felt; used to cover gaming tables
    basket weave
    a cloth woven of two or more threads interlaced to suggest the weave of a basket
    a dyed fabric; a removable wax is used where the dye is not wanted
    a thin plain-weave cotton or linen fabric; used for shirts or dresses
    the material of which belts are made
    a twilled fabric used for dresses; the warp is silk and the weft is worsted
    a fabric of uneven yarn that has an uneven knobby effect
    a closely woven silk or synthetic fabric with a narrow crosswise rib
    a densely textured woolen fabric with a lustrous finish
    thick heavy expensive material with a raised pattern
    a coarse cotton fabric stiffened with glue; used in bookbinding and to stiffen clothing
    a loosely woven fabric used for flags, etc.
    coarse cloth with a bright print
    a finely woven white linen
    camel's hair, camelhair
    a soft tan cloth made with the hair of a camel
    a fabric of Asian origin; originally made of silk and camel's hair
    camo, camouflage
    fabric dyed with splotches of green and brown and black and tan; intended to make the wearer of a garment made of this fabric hard to distinguish from the background
    the umbrellalike part of a parachute that fills with air
    canvas, canvass
    a heavy, closely woven fabric (used for clothing or chairs or sails or tents)
    a soft fabric made from the wool of the Cashmere goat
    a waterproof waxed cloth once used as a shroud
    a soft lightweight fabric (usually printed)
    a lightweight fabric woven with white threads across a colored warp
    a heavy fabric woven with chenille cord; used in rugs and bedspreads
    a sheer fabric of silk or rayon
    a coarse twilled cotton fabric frequently used for uniforms
    a brightly printed and glazed cotton fabric
    a heavy fabric suitable for coats
    a fabric so delicate and transparent as to resemble a web of a spider
    cord, corduroy
    a cut pile fabric with vertical ribs; usually made of cotton
    fabric woven from cotton fibers
    Canton flannel, cotton flannel
    a stout cotton fabric with nap on only one side
    crape, crepe
    a soft thin light fabric with a crinkled surface
    an unglazed heavy fabric; brightly printed; used for slipcovers and draperies
    a stiff coarse fabric used to stiffen hats or clothing
    a fabric of linen or cotton or silk or wool with a reversible pattern woven into it
    denim, dungaree, jean
    a coarse durable twill-weave cotton fabric
    fabric covered with glittering ornaments such as sequins or rhinestones
    a fabric (usually cotton or linen) with a distinctive woven pattern of small repeated figures
    a strong cotton fabric with a raised pattern; used for bedcovers and curtains
    a fine smooth soft woolen fabric
    cloth gracefully draped and arranged in loose folds
    a heavy cotton fabric of plain weave; used for clothing and tents
    duffel, duffle
    a coarse heavy woolen fabric
    a fabric made of yarns containing an elastic material
    etamin, etamine
    a soft cotton or worsted fabric with an open mesh; used for curtains or clothing etc.
    a ribbed woven fabric of silk or rayon or cotton
    a fabric made of compressed matted animal fibers
    fiber, fibre, vulcanized fiber
    a leatherlike material made by compressing layers of paper or cloth
    a soft light woolen fabric; used for clothing
    a cotton fabric imitating flannel
    a soft bulky fabric with deep pile; used chiefly for clothing
    a light plain-weave or twill-weave silk or silklike fabric (usually with a printed design)
    a heavy woolen fabric with a long nap
    a strong cotton and linen fabric with a slight nap
    a firm durable fabric with a twill weave
    a thin silk dress material
    a clothing fabric in a plaid weave
    a coarse fabric of silk mixed with wool or mohair and often stiffened with gum
    a silk or silklike fabric with crosswise ribs
    hair, haircloth
    cloth woven from horsehair or camelhair; used for upholstery or stiffening in garments
    a twilled fabric with a herringbone pattern
    a rough loosely woven fabric originally made with yarn that was spun at home
    hopsack, hopsacking
    a loosely woven coarse fabric of cotton or linen; used in clothing
    a fabric made from fibers taken from the mane or tail of horses; used for upholstery
    a lightweight cotton cloth with a smooth and slightly stiff finish; used for clothing and bandages
    a highly figured fabric woven on a Jacquard loom
    khaddar, khadi
    a coarse homespun cotton cloth made in India
    a sturdy twilled cloth of a yellowish brown color used especially for military uniforms
    a fabric made by knitting
    a delicate decorative fabric woven in an open web of symmetrical patterns
    a fabric interwoven with threads of metal
    imitation leather, leatherette
    fabric made to look like leather
    a fabric woven with fibers from the flax plant
    a rough fabric of linen warp and wool or cotton woof
    cotton or linen fabric with the nap raised on one side; used to dress wounds
    a fabric woven with lisle thread
    a heavy woolen cloth heavily napped and felted, often with a plaid design
    macintosh, mackintosh
    a lightweight waterproof (usually rubberized) fabric
    a light patterned cotton cloth
    strong cotton fabric with a raised pattern; used for bedspreads
    a fabric made of a yarn that is partly or entirely of metal
    fabric made with yarn made from the silky hair of the Angora goat
    moire, watered-silk
    silk fabric with a wavy surface pattern
    a durable cotton fabric with a velvety nap
    monk's cloth
    a heavy cloth in basket weave
    a thick velvety synthetic fabric used for carpets and soft upholstery
    a heavy fabric of wool (or wool and cotton) used mostly in upholstery or for curtains
    a multicolored woolen fabric woven of mixed threads in 14th to 17th century England
    mousseline de sole
    a gauze-like fabric of silk or rayon
    plain-woven cotton fabric
    a durable fabric formerly loomed by hand in China from natural cotton having a yellowish color
    mesh, meshing, meshwork, net, network
    an open fabric of string or rope or wire woven together at regular intervals
    a fine strong sheer silky fabric made of silk or rayon or nylon
    a synthetic fabric
    cloth treated on one side with a drying oil or synthetic resin
    olive drab
    a cloth of an olive-brown color used for military uniforms
    a fabric made of silk or a silklike fabric that resembles organdy
    a soft wool fabric with a colorful swirled pattern of curved shapes
    panting, trousering
    any fabric used to make trousers
    a fabric woven with flecks of light and dark
    a fine closely woven cotton fabric
    durable press, permanent press
    a fabric that has been chemically processed to resist wrinkles and hold its shape
    piece of cloth, piece of material
    a separate part consisting of fabric
    pilot cloth
    a thick blue cloth used to make overcoats and coats for sailors etc
    a fabric with very thin stripes
    tightly woven fabric with raised cords
    a fabric with a nap that is longer and softer than velvet
    any of a large class of synthetic fabrics
    a soft thin cloth woven from raw silk (or an imitation)
    a ribbed fabric used in clothing and upholstery
    a fabric with a dyed pattern pressed onto it (usually by engraved rollers)
    a material used for making a quilt, or a quilted fabric
    a synthetic silklike fabric
    rep, repp
    a fabric with prominent rounded crosswise ribs
    a coarse cloth resembling sacking
    bagging, sacking
    coarse fabric used for bags or sacks
    a strong fabric (such as cotton canvas) used for making sails and tents
    a heavy silk fabric (often woven with silver or gold threads); used to make clothing in the Middle Ages
    a cotton fabric with a satiny finish
    a smooth fabric of silk or rayon; has a glossy face and a dull back
    satinet, satinette
    a fabric with a finish resembling satin but made partly or wholly from cotton or synthetic fiber
    fabric of metal or plastic mesh
    a firm open-weave fabric used for a curtain in the theater
    a light puckered fabric (usually striped)
    a twilled woolen fabric
    a fabric with long coarse nap
    a heavy silk fabric with a rough surface (or a cotton imitation)
    a smooth crisp fabric
    fabric from which bed sheets are made
    any of various fabrics used to make men's shirts
    fabric forming the tail of a shirt
    a sturdy twill-weave cotton fabric; used for pockets and linings
    a fabric made from the fine threads produced by certain insect larvae
    an elastic synthetic fabric
    sponge cloth
    any soft porous fabric (especially in a loose honeycomb weave)
    a coarse woolen cloth formerly used for undergarments and usually dyed bright red
    suede, suede cloth
    a fabric made to resemble suede leather
    a fabric used for suits
    swan's down
    soft woolen fabric used especially for baby clothes
    a crisp smooth lustrous fabric
    plain-woven (often glazed) fabric of wool or wool and cotton used especially formerly for linings and garments and curtains
    tapa, tappa
    a paperlike cloth made in the South Pacific by pounding tapa bark
    tapestry, tapis
    a heavy textile with a woven design; used for curtains and upholstery
    plaid, tartan
    a cloth having a crisscross design
    terry, terry cloth, terrycloth
    a pile fabric (usually cotton) with uncut loops on both sides; used to make bath towels and bath robes
    a strong fabric used for mattress and pillow covers
    toweling, towelling
    any of various fabrics (linen or cotton) used to make towels
    thick woolen fabric used for clothing; originated in Scotland
    a cloth with parallel diagonal lines or ribs
    upholstery material
    the fabric used in upholstering
    nylon fabric used as a fastening
    velour, velours
    heavy fabric that resembles velvet
    a silky densely piled fabric with a plain back
    a usually cotton fabric with a short pile imitating velvet
    a soft wool fabric made from the fleece of the vicuna
    a fabric made from a twilled mixture of cotton and wool
    a light semitransparent fabric
    a fabric treated to be easily washable and to require no ironing
    any fabric impervious to water
    a fabric (especially a fabric in the process of being woven)
    a strong fabric woven in strips
    a strong worsted or cotton fabric with a diagonal rib
    a plain or twilled fabric of wool and cotton used especially for warm shirts or skirts and pajamas
    wire cloth
    fabric woven of metallic wire
    wool, woolen, woollen
    a fabric made from the hair of sheep
    a woolen fabric with a hard textured surface and no nap; woven of worsted yarns "he wore a worsted suit"
    fabric comprising a fitted part at the top of a garment
    pina cloth
    a fine cloth made from pineapple fibers
    acetate, acetate rayon
    a fabric made from fibers of cellulose acetate
    a cotton knit fabric used for underwear
    Bedford cord
    a heavy corded fabric similar to corduroy; used for clothing
    top part of an apron; covering the chest
    Brussels lace
    fine lace with a raised or applique design
    burlap, gunny
    coarse jute fabric
    Canton crepe
    a soft thick crinkled dress crepe; heavier than crepe de Chine
    chamois cloth
    a piece of chamois used for washing windows or cars
    chicken wire
    a galvanized wire network with a hexagonal mesh; used to build fences
    a thick twilled fabric of wool and cotton
    an acrylic fabric resembling wool
    crepe de Chine
    a very thin crepe of silk or silklike fabric
    Dacron, Terylene
    a kind of polyester fabric
    dishcloth, dishrag
    a cloth for washing dishes
    double knit
    a knit fabric similar to jersey that is made with two sets of needles producing a double thickness joined by interlocking stitches
    drop cloth
    a large piece of cloth laid over the floor or furniture while a room is being painted
    dustcloth, duster, dustrag
    a piece of cloth used for dusting
    dust cover, dust sheet
    a large piece of cloth used to cover furniture that is not in use for a long period
    end, oddment, remainder, remnant
    a piece of cloth that is left over after the rest has been used or sold
    lace having a square mesh
    gauze, netting, veiling
    a net of transparent fabric with a loose open weave
    gauze, gauze bandage
    (medicine) bleached cotton cloth of plain weave used for bandages and dressings
    gore, panel
    a piece of cloth that is generally triangular or tapering; used in making garments or umbrellas or sails
    ground cloth, groundsheet
    a waterproofed piece of cloth spread on the ground (as under a tent) to protect from moisture
    a piece of starched cloth covering the shoulders of a nun's habit
    gusset, inset
    a piece of material used to strengthen or enlarge a garment
    a small net that some women wear over their hair to keep it in place
    handkerchief, hankey, hankie, hanky
    a square piece of cloth used for wiping the eyes or nose or as a costume accessory
    Harris Tweed
    a loosely woven tweed made in the Outer Hebrides
    huck, huckaback
    toweling consisting of coarse absorbent cotton or linen fabric
    a slightly elastic machine-knit fabric
    liner, lining
    a piece of cloth that is used as the inside surface of a garment
    longyi, lungi, lungyi
    a long piece of brightly colored cloth (cotton or silk) used as clothing (a skirt or loincloth or sash etc.) in India and Pakistan and Burma
    a relatively coarse lace; made by weaving and knotting cords
    crepe marocain, marocain
    a dress crepe; similar to Canton crepe
    a soft lightweight muslin used especially for babies
    narrow wale
    corduroy with narrow ribs
    organdie, organdy
    a sheer stiff muslin fabric
    an acrylic fiber or the lightweight crease-resistant fabric made with Orlon yarns
    a piece of cloth used as decoration or to mend or cover a hole
    bobbin lace, pillow lace
    a handmade lace worked on a pillow with threads wound on bobbins; the pattern is marked out on the pillow by pins
    a piece of cloth sewn under an opening
    needlepoint, point lace
    lace worked with a needle in a buttonhole stitch on a paper pattern
    rag, shred, tag, tag end, tatter
    a small piece of cloth or paper
    a net or mesh foundation for lace
    a reddish brown homespun fabric
    safety net
    a large strong net to catch circus acrobats who fall or jump from a trapeze
    canvas, canvass, sail, sheet
    a large piece of fabric (usually canvas fabric) by means of which wind is used to propel a sailing vessel
    sarcenet, sarsenet
    a fine soft silk fabric often used for linings
    a net hung between ship and pier while loading a ship
    an ornamental net in the shape of a bag that confines a woman's hair; pins or ties at the back of the head
    spark arrester, sparker
    a wire net to stop sparks from an open fireplace or smokestack
    stockinet, stockinette
    knit used especially for infants' wear and undergarments
    a sample piece of cloth
    tarp, tarpaulin
    waterproofed canvas
    terry, terry cloth, terrycloth
    a pile fabric (usually cotton) with uncut loops on both sides; used to make bath towels and bath robes
    a rectangular piece of absorbent cloth (or paper) for drying or wiping
    piece of cloth forming the long back section of a gown that is drawn along the floor
    a knitted fabric or one resembling knitting
    a detachable yoke of linen or lace worn over the breast of a low-cut dress
    a fine (often starched) net used for veils or tutus or gowns
    a synthetic suede cloth
    viscose, viscose rayon
    a rayon fabric made from viscose (cellulose xanthate) fibers
    wide wale
    corduroy with wide ribs
    cotton flannelette with a nap on both sides
    grillwork, wirework
    mesh netting made of wires
    type of:
    artefact, artifact
    a man-made object taken as a whole
  9. noun
    a person judged suitable for admission or employment
    “he was university material
    “she was vice-presidential material
    see moresee less
    type of:
    applicant, applier
    a person who requests or seeks something such as assistance or employment or admission
  10. adjective
    concerned with or affecting physical as distinct from intellectual or psychological well-being
    material needs”
    “"the moral and material welfare of all good citizens"- T.Roosevelt”
    involving the body as distinguished from the mind or spirit
  11. adjective
    concerned with worldly rather than spiritual interests
    material possessions”
    material wealth”
    material comforts”
    secular, temporal, worldly
    characteristic of or devoted to the temporal world as opposed to the spiritual world




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