An emission is something that's been released or emitted into the world. Car exhaust, burps, and radio broadcasts are all examples of emissions.
Technically, an emission is anything that's been released out into the open. But more often it refers to gases being released into the air, like greenhouse gasses or emissions from power plants and factories. Anytime your body emits something (sweat, drool, gas), it's also considered an emission. Be careful not to confuse this word with the closely spelled omission — that's something that's been left out.