fabric

Fabric is what something is made from, especially clothing. Silk is a common fabric, but you can also talk about "the fabric of society."

The most common use of fabric is for clothes: for example, denim is the fabric used to make jeans. All clothes are made of some type or combination of fabrics. The basic structure of a building or a vehicle can also be called fabric, and non-physical things can be represented as fabric too. Metaphorically, you could say honesty is part of the fabric of friendship, or love is part of the fabric of family. Fabric is always the foundation or essence of something.

Definitions of fabric
  1. noun
    artifact made by weaving or felting or knitting or crocheting natural or synthetic fibers
    “the fabric in the curtains was light and semitransparent”
    synonyms: cloth, material, textile
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    types:
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    aba
    a fabric woven from goat hair and camel hair
    acrylic
    a synthetic fabric
    Aertex
    a trademark for a loosely woven cotton fabric that is used to make shirts and underwear
    alpaca
    a thin glossy fabric made of the wool of the Lama pacos, or made of a rayon or cotton imitation of that wool
    baize
    a bright green fabric napped to resemble felt; used to cover gaming tables
    basket weave
    a cloth woven of two or more threads interlaced to suggest the weave of a basket
    batik
    a dyed fabric; a removable wax is used where the dye is not wanted
    batiste
    a thin plain-weave cotton or linen fabric; used for shirts or dresses
    belting
    the material of which belts are made
    bombazine
    a twilled fabric used for dresses; the warp is silk and the weft is worsted
    boucle
    a fabric of uneven yarn that has an uneven knobby effect
    broadcloth
    a closely woven silk or synthetic fabric with a narrow crosswise rib
    broadcloth
    a densely textured woolen fabric with a lustrous finish
    brocade
    thick heavy expensive material with a raised pattern
    buckram
    a coarse cotton fabric stiffened with glue; used in bookbinding and to stiffen clothing
    bunting
    a loosely woven fabric used for flags, etc.
    calico
    coarse cloth with a bright print
    cambric
    a finely woven white linen
    camel's hair, camelhair
    a soft tan cloth made with the hair of a camel
    camlet
    a fabric of Asian origin; originally made of silk and camel's hair
    camo, camouflage
    fabric dyed with splotches of green and brown and black and tan; intended to make the wearer of a garment made of this fabric hard to distinguish from the background
    canopy
    the umbrellalike part of a parachute that fills with air
    canvas, canvass
    a heavy, closely woven fabric (used for clothing or chairs or sails or tents)
    cashmere
    a soft fabric made from the wool of the Cashmere goat
    cerecloth
    a waterproof waxed cloth once used as a shroud
    challis
    a soft lightweight fabric (usually printed)
    chambray
    a lightweight fabric woven with white threads across a colored warp
    chenille
    a heavy fabric woven with chenille cord; used in rugs and bedspreads
    chiffon
    a sheer fabric of silk or rayon
    chino
    a coarse twilled cotton fabric frequently used for uniforms
    chintz
    a brightly printed and glazed cotton fabric
    coating
    a heavy fabric suitable for coats
    cobweb
    a fabric so delicate and transparent as to resemble a web of a spider
    cord, corduroy
    a cut pile fabric with vertical ribs; usually made of cotton
    cotton
    fabric woven from cotton fibers
    Canton flannel, cotton flannel
    a stout cotton fabric with nap on only one side
    crape, crepe
    a soft thin light fabric with a crinkled surface
    cretonne
    an unglazed heavy fabric; brightly printed; used for slipcovers and draperies
    crinoline
    a stiff coarse fabric used to stiffen hats or clothing
    damask
    a fabric of linen or cotton or silk or wool with a reversible pattern woven into it
    denim, dungaree, jean
    a coarse durable twill-weave cotton fabric
    diamante
    fabric covered with glittering ornaments such as sequins or rhinestones
    diaper
    a fabric (usually cotton or linen) with a distinctive woven pattern of small repeated figures
    dimity
    a strong cotton fabric with a raised pattern; used for bedcovers and curtains
    doeskin
    a fine smooth soft woolen fabric
    drapery
    cloth gracefully draped and arranged in loose folds
    duck
    a heavy cotton fabric of plain weave; used for clothing and tents
    duffel, duffle
    a coarse heavy woolen fabric
    elastic
    a fabric made of yarns containing an elastic material
    etamin, etamine
    a soft cotton or worsted fabric with an open mesh; used for curtains or clothing etc.
    faille
    a ribbed woven fabric of silk or rayon or cotton
    felt
    a fabric made of compressed matted animal fibers
    fiber, fibre, vulcanized fiber
    a leatherlike material made by compressing layers of paper or cloth
    flannel
    a soft light woolen fabric; used for clothing
    flannelette
    a cotton fabric imitating flannel
    fleece
    a soft bulky fabric with deep pile; used chiefly for clothing
    foulard
    a light plain-weave or twill-weave silk or silklike fabric (usually with a printed design)
    frieze
    a heavy woolen fabric with a long nap
    fustian
    a strong cotton and linen fabric with a slight nap
    gabardine
    a firm durable fabric with a twill weave
    georgette
    a thin silk dress material
    gingham
    a clothing fabric in a plaid weave
    grogram
    a coarse fabric of silk mixed with wool or mohair and often stiffened with gum
    grosgrain
    a silk or silklike fabric with crosswise ribs
    hair, haircloth
    cloth woven from horsehair or camelhair; used for upholstery or stiffening in garments
    herringbone
    a twilled fabric with a herringbone pattern
    homespun
    a rough loosely woven fabric originally made with yarn that was spun at home
    hopsack, hopsacking
    a loosely woven coarse fabric of cotton or linen; used in clothing
    horsehair
    a fabric made from fibers taken from the mane or tail of horses; used for upholstery
    jaconet
    a lightweight cotton cloth with a smooth and slightly stiff finish; used for clothing and bandages
    jacquard
    a highly figured fabric woven on a Jacquard loom
    khaddar, khadi
    a coarse homespun cotton cloth made in India
    khaki
    a sturdy twilled cloth of a yellowish brown color used especially for military uniforms
    knit
    a fabric made by knitting
    lace
    a delicate decorative fabric woven in an open web of symmetrical patterns
    lame
    a fabric interwoven with threads of metal
    imitation leather, leatherette
    fabric made to look like leather
    linen
    a fabric woven with fibers from the flax plant
    linsey-woolsey
    a rough fabric of linen warp and wool or cotton woof
    lint
    cotton or linen fabric with the nap raised on one side; used to dress wounds
    lisle
    a fabric woven with lisle thread
    mackinaw
    a heavy woolen cloth heavily napped and felted, often with a plaid design
    macintosh, mackintosh
    a lightweight waterproof (usually rubberized) fabric
    madras
    a light patterned cotton cloth
    marseille
    strong cotton fabric with a raised pattern; used for bedspreads
    metallic
    a fabric made of a yarn that is partly or entirely of metal
    mohair
    fabric made with yarn made from the silky hair of the Angora goat
    moire, watered-silk
    silk fabric with a wavy surface pattern
    moleskin
    a durable cotton fabric with a velvety nap
    monk's cloth
    a heavy cloth in basket weave
    moquette
    a thick velvety synthetic fabric used for carpets and soft upholstery
    moreen
    a heavy fabric of wool (or wool and cotton) used mostly in upholstery or for curtains
    motley
    a multicolored woolen fabric woven of mixed threads in 14th to 17th century England
    mousseline de sole
    a gauze-like fabric of silk or rayon
    muslin
    plain-woven cotton fabric
    nankeen
    a durable fabric formerly loomed by hand in China from natural cotton having a yellowish color
    mesh, meshing, meshwork, net, network
    an open fabric of string or rope or wire woven together at regular intervals
    ninon
    a fine strong sheer silky fabric made of silk or rayon or nylon
    nylon
    a synthetic fabric
    oilcloth
    cloth treated on one side with a drying oil or synthetic resin
    olive drab
    a cloth of an olive-brown color used for military uniforms
    organza
    a fabric made of silk or a silklike fabric that resembles organdy
    paisley
    a soft wool fabric with a colorful swirled pattern of curved shapes
    panting, trousering
    any fabric used to make trousers
    pepper-and-salt
    a fabric woven with flecks of light and dark
    percale
    a fine closely woven cotton fabric
    durable press, permanent press
    a fabric that has been chemically processed to resist wrinkles and hold its shape
    piece of cloth, piece of material
    a separate part consisting of fabric
    pilot cloth
    a thick blue cloth used to make overcoats and coats for sailors etc
    pinstripe
    a fabric with very thin stripes
    pique
    tightly woven fabric with raised cords
    plush
    a fabric with a nap that is longer and softer than velvet
    polyester
    any of a large class of synthetic fabrics
    pongee
    a soft thin cloth woven from raw silk (or an imitation)
    poplin
    a ribbed fabric used in clothing and upholstery
    print
    a fabric with a dyed pattern pressed onto it (usually by engraved rollers)
    quilting
    a material used for making a quilt, or a quilted fabric
    rayon
    a synthetic silklike fabric
    rep, repp
    a fabric with prominent rounded crosswise ribs
    sackcloth
    a coarse cloth resembling sacking
    bagging, sacking
    coarse fabric used for bags or sacks
    sailcloth
    a strong fabric (such as cotton canvas) used for making sails and tents
    samite
    a heavy silk fabric (often woven with silver or gold threads); used to make clothing in the Middle Ages
    sateen
    a cotton fabric with a satiny finish
    satin
    a smooth fabric of silk or rayon; has a glossy face and a dull back
    satinet, satinette
    a fabric with a finish resembling satin but made partly or wholly from cotton or synthetic fiber
    screening
    fabric of metal or plastic mesh
    scrim
    a firm open-weave fabric used for a curtain in the theater
    seersucker
    a light puckered fabric (usually striped)
    serge
    a twilled woolen fabric
    shag
    a fabric with long coarse nap
    shantung
    a heavy silk fabric with a rough surface (or a cotton imitation)
    sharkskin
    a smooth crisp fabric
    sheeting
    fabric from which bed sheets are made
    shirting
    any of various fabrics used to make men's shirts
    shirttail
    fabric forming the tail of a shirt
    silesia
    a sturdy twill-weave cotton fabric; used for pockets and linings
    silk
    a fabric made from the fine threads produced by certain insect larvae
    spandex
    an elastic synthetic fabric
    sponge cloth
    any soft porous fabric (especially in a loose honeycomb weave)
    stammel
    a coarse woolen cloth formerly used for undergarments and usually dyed bright red
    suede, suede cloth
    a fabric made to resemble suede leather
    suiting
    a fabric used for suits
    swan's down
    soft woolen fabric used especially for baby clothes
    taffeta
    a crisp smooth lustrous fabric
    tammy
    plain-woven (often glazed) fabric of wool or wool and cotton used especially formerly for linings and garments and curtains
    tapa, tappa
    a paperlike cloth made in the South Pacific by pounding tapa bark
    tapestry, tapis
    a heavy textile with a woven design; used for curtains and upholstery
    plaid, tartan
    a cloth having a crisscross design
    terry, terry cloth, terrycloth
    a pile fabric (usually cotton) with uncut loops on both sides; used to make bath towels and bath robes
    ticking
    a strong fabric used for mattress and pillow covers
    toweling, towelling
    any of various fabrics (linen or cotton) used to make towels
    tweed
    thick woolen fabric used for clothing; originated in Scotland
    twill
    a cloth with parallel diagonal lines or ribs
    upholstery material
    the fabric used in upholstering
    Velcro
    nylon fabric used as a fastening
    velour, velours
    heavy fabric that resembles velvet
    velvet
    a silky densely piled fabric with a plain back
    velveteen
    a usually cotton fabric with a short pile imitating velvet
    vicuna
    a soft wool fabric made from the fleece of the vicuna
    Viyella
    a fabric made from a twilled mixture of cotton and wool
    voile
    a light semitransparent fabric
    wash-and-wear
    a fabric treated to be easily washable and to require no ironing
    waterproof
    any fabric impervious to water
    web
    a fabric (especially a fabric in the process of being woven)
    webbing
    a strong fabric woven in strips
    whipcord
    a strong worsted or cotton fabric with a diagonal rib
    wincey
    a plain or twilled fabric of wool and cotton used especially for warm shirts or skirts and pajamas
    wire cloth
    fabric woven of metallic wire
    wool, woolen, woollen
    a fabric made from the hair of sheep
    worsted
    a woolen fabric with a hard textured surface and no nap; woven of worsted yarns "he wore a worsted suit"
    yoke
    fabric comprising a fitted part at the top of a garment
    pina cloth
    a fine cloth made from pineapple fibers
    acetate, acetate rayon
    a fabric made from fibers of cellulose acetate
    balbriggan
    a cotton knit fabric used for underwear
    Bedford cord
    a heavy corded fabric similar to corduroy; used for clothing
    bib
    top part of an apron; covering the chest
    Brussels lace
    fine lace with a raised or applique design
    burlap, gunny
    coarse jute fabric
    Canton crepe
    a soft thick crinkled dress crepe; heavier than crepe de Chine
    chamois cloth
    a piece of chamois used for washing windows or cars
    chicken wire
    a galvanized wire network with a hexagonal mesh; used to build fences
    chinchilla
    a thick twilled fabric of wool and cotton
    Courtelle
    an acrylic fabric resembling wool
    crepe de Chine
    a very thin crepe of silk or silklike fabric
    Dacron, Terylene
    a kind of polyester fabric
    dishcloth, dishrag
    a cloth for washing dishes
    double knit
    a knit fabric similar to jersey that is made with two sets of needles producing a double thickness joined by interlocking stitches
    drop cloth
    a large piece of cloth laid over the floor or furniture while a room is being painted
    dustcloth, duster, dustrag
    a piece of cloth used for dusting
    dust cover, dust sheet
    a large piece of cloth used to cover furniture that is not in use for a long period
    end, oddment, remainder, remnant
    a piece of cloth that is left over after the rest has been used or sold
    filet
    lace having a square mesh
    gauze, netting, veiling
    a net of transparent fabric with a loose open weave
    gauze, gauze bandage
    (medicine) bleached cotton cloth of plain weave used for bandages and dressings
    gore, panel
    a piece of cloth that is generally triangular or tapering; used in making garments or umbrellas or sails
    ground cloth, groundsheet
    a waterproofed piece of cloth spread on the ground (as under a tent) to protect from moisture
    guimpe
    a piece of starched cloth covering the shoulders of a nun's habit
    gusset, inset
    a piece of material used to strengthen or enlarge a garment
    hairnet
    a small net that some women wear over their hair to keep it in place
    handkerchief, hankey, hankie, hanky
    a square piece of cloth used for wiping the eyes or nose or as a costume accessory
    Harris Tweed
    a loosely woven tweed made in the Outer Hebrides
    huck, huckaback
    toweling consisting of coarse absorbent cotton or linen fabric
    jersey
    a slightly elastic machine-knit fabric
    liner, lining
    a piece of cloth that is used as the inside surface of a garment
    longyi, lungi, lungyi
    a long piece of brightly colored cloth (cotton or silk) used as clothing (a skirt or loincloth or sash etc.) in India and Pakistan and Burma
    macrame
    a relatively coarse lace; made by weaving and knotting cords
    crepe marocain, marocain
    a dress crepe; similar to Canton crepe
    nainsook
    a soft lightweight muslin used especially for babies
    narrow wale
    corduroy with narrow ribs
    organdie, organdy
    a sheer stiff muslin
    Orlon
    an acrylic fiber or the lightweight crease-resistant fabric made with Orlon yarns
    patch
    a piece of cloth used as decoration or to mend or cover a hole
    bobbin lace, pillow lace
    a handmade lace worked on a pillow with threads wound on bobbins; the pattern is marked out on the pillow by pins
    placket
    a piece of cloth sewn under an opening
    needlepoint, point lace
    lace worked with a needle in a buttonhole stitch on a paper pattern
    rag, shred, tag, tag end, tatter
    a small piece of cloth or paper
    reseau
    a net or mesh foundation for lace
    russet
    a reddish brown homespun fabric
    safety net
    a large strong net to catch circus acrobats who fall or jump from a trapeze
    canvas, canvass, sail, sheet
    a large piece of fabric (usually canvas fabric) by means of which wind is used to propel a sailing vessel
    sarcenet, sarsenet
    a fine soft silk fabric often used for linings
    save-all
    a net hung between ship and pier while loading a ship
    snood
    an ornamental net in the shape of a bag that confines a woman's hair; pins or ties at the back of the head
    spark arrester, sparker
    a wire net to stop sparks from an open fireplace or smokestack
    stockinet, stockinette
    knit used especially for infants' wear and undergarments
    swatch
    a sample piece of cloth
    tarp, tarpaulin
    waterproofed canvas
    terry, terry cloth, terrycloth
    a pile fabric (usually cotton) with uncut loops on both sides; used to make bath towels and bath robes
    towel
    a rectangular piece of absorbent cloth (or paper) for drying or wiping
    train
    piece of cloth forming the long back section of a gown that is drawn along the floor
    tricot
    a knitted fabric or one resembling knitting
    tucker
    a detachable yoke of linen or lace worn over the breast of a low-cut dress
    tulle
    a fine (often starched) net used for veils or tutus or gowns
    Ultrasuede
    a synthetic suede cloth
    viscose, viscose rayon
    a rayon fabric made from viscose (cellulose xanthate) fibers
    wide wale
    corduroy with wide ribs
    winceyette
    cotton flannelette with a nap on both sides
    grillwork, wirework
    mesh netting made of wires
    type of:
    artefact, artifact
    a man-made object taken as a whole
  2. noun
    the underlying structure
    “it is part of the fabric of society”
    synonyms: framework
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    types:
    armature
    the underlying framework of something immaterial, especially a literary work
    type of:
    structure
    the manner of construction of something and the arrangement of its parts
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