artifact

An artifact is a man-made object that has some kind of cultural significance. If you find a 12th-century vase, it's an artifact of that time. Don't drop it!

Artifact is a combination of two Latin words, arte, meaning "by skill" and factum which means "to make." Usually when you use the word artifact, you are describing something crafted that was used for a particular purpose during a much earlier time.

Definitions of artifact
1

n a man-made object taken as a whole

Synonyms:
artefact
Antonyms:
natural object
an object occurring naturally; not made by man
Examples:
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Alhambra
a fortified Moorish palace built near Granada by Muslim kings in the Middle Ages
Angostura Bridge
a suspension bridge across the Orinoco River at Ciudad Bolivar
Appian Way
an ancient Roman road in Italy extending south from Rome to Brindisi; begun in 312 BC
Bastille
a fortress built in Paris in the 14th century and used as a prison in the 17th and 18th centuries; it was destroyed July 14, 1789 at the start of the French Revolution
Baton Rouge Bridge
a cantilever bridge across the Mississippi at Baton Rouge
Bayonne Bridge
a steel arch bridge connecting New Jersey and Staten Island at Bayonne, New Jersey
Benjamin Franklin Bridge
a suspension bridge across the Delaware River
Blarney Stone
a stone in a castle in Ireland that is said to impart skill in flattery to anyone who kisses it
Bosporus Bridge
a suspension bridge across the Bosporus at Istanbul
Bronx-Whitestone Bridge
a suspension bridge across the East River in New York City
Brooklyn Bridge
a suspension bridge across the East River in New York City; opened in 1883
Brown University
a university in Rhode Island
Caledonian Canal
a canal in northern Scotland that links North Sea with the Atlantic Ocean; runs diagonally between Moray Firth at the northeastern end and Loch Linnhe at the southwestern end; now little used
Caloosahatchee Canal
a canal that connects Lake Okeechobee with the Caloosahatchee River in southern Florida to form part of the Cross-Florida Waterway
Cambridge University
a university in England
Capitol Building
the government building in Washington where the United States Senate and the House of Representatives meet
Carnegie Mellon University
an engineering university in Pittsburgh
CN Tower
a tower in Toronto; 1815 feet tall for broadcasting widely
Amphitheatrum Flavium
a large amphitheater in Rome whose construction was begun by Vespasian about AD 75 or 80
Columbia University
a university in New York City
Commodore John Barry Bridge
a cantilever bridge in Chester, Pennsylvania
Cooper Union for the Advancement of Science and Art
university founded in 1859 by Peter Cooper to offer free courses in the arts and sciences
Cornell University
a university in Ithaca, New York
Dartmouth College
a college in New Hampshire
Delaware Memorial Bridge
a suspension bridge across the Delaware River
Duke University
a university in Durham, North Carolina
Eiffel Tower
a wrought iron tower 300 meters high that was constructed in Paris in 1889; for many years it was the tallest man-made structure
Empire State Building
a skyscraper built in New York City in 1931; 1250 feet tall
Flaminian Way
an ancient Roman road in Italy built by Gaius Flaminius in 220 BC; extends north from Rome to cisalpine Gaul
George Washington Bridge
a suspension bridge across the Hudson River between New York and New Jersey
Golden Gate Bridge
a suspension bridge across the Golden Gate
Greater New Orleans Bridge
twin cantilever bridges across the Mississippi at New Orleans
Hagia Sophia
a 6th century masterpiece of Byzantine architecture in Istanbul; built as a Christian church, converted to a mosque in 1453, and made into a museum in the middle of the 20th century
Harvard University
a university in Massachusetts
Humber Bridge
a suspension bridge at Hull, England; 4,626 feet long
Independence Hall
the building in Philadelphia where the Declaration of Independence was signed
Johns Hopkins
a university in Baltimore
Kammon Strait Bridge
a suspension bridge between Kyushu and Honshu
Labyrinth of Minos
a vast labyrinth built in Crete by Daedalus at the command of Minos in order to contain the Minotaur
Lincoln Memorial
memorial building in Washington containing a large marble statue of Abraham Lincoln
Louvre Museum
an art museum that is a famous tourist attraction in Paris
Mackinac Bridge
a suspension bridge across the channel between the lower and upper peninsulas of Michigan
Maginot Line
a fortification built before World War II to protect France's eastern border; initially considered to be impregnable, it was easily overrun by the German army in 1940
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
an engineering university in Cambridge
Minato Ohashi Bridge
cantilever bridge at Osaka, Japan
National Association of Securities Dealers Automated Quotations
a computerized data system to provide brokers with price quotations for securities traded over the counter
National Baseball Hall of Fame
a Hall of Fame and museum in Cooperstown, New York, honoring great baseball players
United States National Library of Medicine
the world's largest medical library
New River Gorge Bridge
a steel arch bridge across New River at Fayetteville, West Virginia
Ohio State University
a university in Columbus, Ohio
Oxford University
a university in England
University of Paris
a university in Paris; intellectual center of France
Pentagon
a government building with five sides that serves as the headquarters of the United States Department of Defense
Petronas Towers
twin skyscrapers built in Kuala Lumpur in 1997; 1482 feet high
Pierre Laporte Bridge
a suspension bridge across the Saint Lawrence River at Quebec
Ponte 25 de Abril
a suspension bridge across the Tagus River at Lisbon
Princeton University
a university in New Jersey
Pyramids of Egypt
a massive monument with a square base and four triangular sides; begun by Cheops around 2700 BC as royal tombs in ancient Egypt
Quebec Bridge
a cantilever bridge in Quebec
Queensboro Bridge
a cantilever bridge across the East River between Manhattan and Queens
Sears Tower
a skyscraper built in Chicago in 1974; 1454 feet tall
Siegfried line
German fortifications facing the Maginot Line
Space Needle
a tower 605 feet tall in Seattle; a tourist attraction
Stanford University
a university in California
Statue of Liberty
a large monumental statue symbolizing liberty on Liberty Island in New York Bay
Sydney Harbor Bridge
a steel arch bridge in Sydney, Australia
Tacoma Narrows Bridge
a suspension bridge across Puget Sound at Tacoma
Tappan Zee Bridge
a cantilever bridge across the Hudson River
Tower of London
a fortress in London on the Thames; used as a palace and a state prison and now as a museum containing the crown jewels
Tower of Pharos
a great lighthouse (500 feet high) built at Alexandria in 285 BC
University of California at Berkeley
a university in Berkeley, California
University of Chicago
a university in Chicago, Illinois
University of Michigan
a university in Ann Arbor, Michigan
University of Nebraska
a university in Lincoln, Nebraska
University of North Carolina
a university in Chapel Hill, North Carolina
University of Pennsylvania
a university in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
University of Pittsburgh
a university in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
University of Sussex
a red-brick university in Brighton, England
University of Texas
a university in Austin, Texas
University of Vermont
a university in Burlington, Vermont
University of Washington
a university in Seattle, Washington
University of West Virginia
a university in Morgantown, West Virginia
University of Wisconsin
a university in Madison, Wisconsin
Verrazano-Narrows Bridge
a suspension bridge across the Verrazano Narrows between Brooklyn and Staten Island
Walt Whitman Bridge
a suspension bridge across the Delaware River
Washington Monument
a stone obelisk built in Washington in 1884 to honor George Washington; 555 feet tall
White House
the government building that serves as the residence and office of the President of the United States
World Trade Center
twin skyscrapers 110 stories high in New York City; built 1368 feet tall in 1970 to 1973; destroyed by a terrorist attack on September 11, 2001
Yale University
a university in Connecticut
Rosetta Stone
a part of an inscribed granite stela that was originally about six feet tall and was set up in 196 BC; the inscriptions in hieroglyphics and Demotic and Greek gave the first clues to the decipherment of Egyptian hieroglyphics
Grand Canal
an inland waterway 1000 miles long in eastern China; extends from Tianjin in the north to Hangzhou in the south
Wailing Wall
a wall in Jerusalem; sacred to Jews as a place of prayer and lamentation; its stones are believed to have formed part of the Temple of Solomon
Grand Canal
the major waterway in Venice, Italy
Houses of Parliament
the building in which the House of Commons and the House of Lords meet
Hadrian's Wall
an ancient Roman wall built by Hadrian in the 2nd century; marked the northern boundary of the Roman Empire in Britain
Machu Picchu
Inca fortress city in the Andes in Peru discovered in 1911; it may have been built in the 15th century
Cape Cod Canal
a canal connecting Cape Cod Bay with Buzzards Bay
Erie Canal
an artificial waterway connecting the Hudson river at Albany with Lake Erie at Buffalo; built in the 19th century; now part of the New York State Barge Canal
New York State Barge Canal
a system of canals crossing New York State and connecting the Great Lakes with the Hudson River and Lake Champlain
West Point
United States Army installation on the west bank of Hudson river to the north of New York City; site of United States Military Academy
Kennedy International Airport
a large airport on Long Island to the east of New York City
Antonine Wall
a fortification 37 miles long across the narrowest part of southern Scotland (between the Firth of Forth and the Firth of Clyde); built in 140 to mark the frontier of the Roman province of Britain
Ark of the Covenant
(Judaism) sacred chest where the ancient Hebrews kept the two tablets containing the Ten Commandments
Artemision at Ephesus
the large temple of the Greek goddess Artemis which was begun at Ephesus in 541 BC and completed 220 years later; the temple was destroyed by the Goths in 262
Aswan High Dam
one of the world's largest dams on the Nile River in southern Egypt
Augean stables
(Greek mythology) the extremely dirty stables that were finally cleaned by Hercules who diverted two rivers through them
Belmont Park
a racetrack for thoroughbred racing in Elmont on Long Island; site of the Belmont Stakes
Black Hole of Calcutta
a dungeon (20 feet square) in a fort in Calcutta where as many as 146 English prisoners were held overnight by Siraj-ud-daula; the next morning only 23 were still alive
Great Wall of China
a fortification 1,500 miles long built across northern China in the 3rd century BC; it averages 6 meters in width
Churchill Downs
a racetrack for thoroughbred racing in Louisville; site of the Kentucky Derby
Glen Canyon Dam
a large dam built in 1964 on the Colorado River in Arizona
Gota Canal
a canal for small oceangoing ships to enter Lake Vanern in Sweden
Holy Grail
(legend) chalice used by Christ at the Last Supper
Hoover Dam
a large dam built in 1933 on the Colorado River in Nevada
Iditarod Trail
a trail that extends 1,100 miles from Anchorage over the Alaska Range to Nome
Caaba
(Islam) a black stone building in Mecca that is shaped like a cube and that is the most sacred Muslim pilgrim shrine; believed to have been given by Gabriel to Abraham; Muslims turn in its direction when praying
Kremlin
citadel of Moscow, housing the offices of the Russian government
Leaning Tower of Pisa
a tall round marble campanile in Pisa that is not perpendicular; construction was begun in 1174
Liberty Bell
the bell of Independence Hall; rung 8 July 1776 to announce the signing of the Declaration of Independence
Panama Canal
a ship canal 40 miles long across the Isthmus of Panama built by the United States (1904-1914)
Pandora's box
(Greek mythology) a box that Zeus gave to Pandora with instructions that she not open it; she gave in to her curiosity and opened it; all the miseries and evils flew out to afflict mankind
Parthenon
the main temple of the goddess Athena; built on the acropolis in Athens more than 400 years B.C.; example of Doric architecture
Pimlico
a racetrack for thoroughbred racing; site of the Preakness
King Arthur's Round Table
(legend) the circular table for King Arthur and his knights
Saint Lawrence Seaway
a seaway involving the Saint Lawrence River and the Great Lakes that was developed jointly by Canada and the United States; oceangoing ships can travel as far west as Lake Superior
Salyut
either of two Soviet space stations launched in the 1970s
Santa Fe Trail
a trail that extends from Missouri to New Mexico; an important route for settlers moving west in the 19th century
Siege Perilous
the legendary seat at King Arthur's Round Table reserved for the knight who would find the Holy Grail; it was fatal for anyone else to sit in it
Sistine Chapel
the private chapel of the popes in Rome; it was built by and named after Sixtus IV in 1473
Skylab
United States space station; in orbit from 1973 to 1979
Mormon Tabernacle
the Mormon temple
Temple of Artemis
a large temple at Ephesus that was said to be one of the seven wonders of the ancient world
Temple of Jerusalem
any of three successive temples in Jerusalem that served as the primary center for Jewish worship; the first temple contained the Ark of the Covenant and was built by Solomon in the 10th century BC and destroyed by Nebuchadnezzar in 586 BC; the second was built in 515 BC and the third was an enlargement by Herod the Great in 20 BC that was destroyed by the Romans during a Jewish revolt in AD 70; all that remains is the Wailing Wall
Tower of Babel
(Genesis 11:1-11) a tower built by Noah's descendants (probably in Babylon) who intended it to reach up to heaven; God foiled them by confusing their language so they could no longer understand one another
Trojan Horse
a large hollow wooden figure of a horse (filled with Greek soldiers) left by the Greeks outside Troy during the Trojan War
United States Mint
the mint that manufactures and distributes United States coins for circulation through Federal Reserve Banks; processes gold and silver bullion
Vatican Palace
the residence of the Catholic Pope in the Vatican City
Fleet Street
a street in central London where newspaper offices are situated
Harley Street
a street in central London where the consulting rooms of many physicians and surgeons are located
Lombard Street
a street in central London containing many of the major London banks
Whitehall
a wide street in London stretching from Trafalgar Square to the Houses of Parliament; site of many government offices
Strand
a street in west central London famous for its theaters and hotels
Downing Street
a street of Westminster in London
Pall Mall
a fashionable street in London noted for its many private clubs
Balmoral Castle
a castle in northeastern Scotland that is a private residence of the British sovereign
Suez Canal
a ship canal in northeastern Egypt linking the Red Sea with the Mediterranean Sea
Quai d'Orsay
the street in Paris along the south bank of the Seine known for its governmental ministries
Champs Elysees
a major avenue in Paris famous for elegant shops and cafes
Fort George Gordon Meade
a United States Army base in Maryland; headquarters of the National Security Agency
Bowery
a street in Manhattan noted for cheap hotels frequented by homeless derelicts
Great White Way
a street in Manhattan that passes through Times Square; famous for its theaters
Park Avenue
a fashionable residential street in New York City
Wall Street
a street in lower Manhattan where the New York Stock Exchange is located; symbol of American finance
Mount Vernon
the former residence of George Washington in northeastern Virginia overlooking the Potomac river
Guided Bomb Unit-28
a 5,000 pound laser-guided bomb that can be programmed to penetrate to a given depth before exploding; used to penetrate hardened underground facilities
Chartres Cathedral
a Gothic cathedral in northern France; built in 13th century
Chisholm Trail
a former cattle trail from San Antonio in Texas to Abilene in Kansas; not used after the 1880s
Channel Tunnel
the railroad tunnel between France and England under the English Channel
Colossus of Rhodes
a huge bronze statue of the sun god Helios that was built around 285 BC and that stood beside the harbor entrance on the island of Rhodes for about 50 years before it was toppled by an earthquake
Excalibur
the legendary sword of King Arthur
Great Seal of the United States
the seal of the United States government
Holy Sepulcher
the sepulcher in which Christ's body lay between burial and resurrection
Lateran Palace
a palace that served as the residence of the popes until the 14th century
Marineland
a commercial aquarium featuring trained dolphins
Merrimac
an ironclad vessel built by the Confederate forces in the hope of breaking the blockade imposed by the North
Monitor
an ironclad vessel built by Federal forces to do battle with the Merrimac
Oval Office
the office of the President of the United States in the White House
Oracle of Apollo
(Greek mythology) the oracle at Delphi where a priestess supposedly delivered messages from Apollo to those who sought advice; the messages were usually obscure or ambiguous
Tuileries Palace
palace and royal residence built for Catherine de Medicis in 1564 and burned down in 1871; all that remains today are the formal gardens
Palace of Versailles
a palace built in the 17th century for Louis XIV southwest of Paris near the city of Versailles
Das Kapital
a book written by Karl Marx (1867) describing his economic theories
Erewhon
a satirical novel written by Samuel Butler (1872) describing a fictitious land
Utopia
a book written by Sir Thomas More (1516) describing the perfect society on an imaginary island
Dipylon gate
a gateway to the west of ancient Athens near which a distinctive style of pottery has been found
Buckingham Palace
the London residence of the British sovereign
Fifth Avenue
an avenue in Manhattan that separates the east side of Manhattan from the west side
Seventh Avenue
an avenue in Manhattan that runs north and south
trans-Alaska pipeline
an oil pipeline that runs 800 miles from wells at Prudhoe Bay to the port of Valdez
Auschwitz
a Nazi concentration camp for Jews in southwestern Poland during World War II
B-52
United States military aircraft; B- stands for bomber
Belsen
a Nazi concentration camp for Jews created in northwestern Germany during World War II
Big Ben
clock in the clock tower of the Houses of Parliament, London
H.M.S. Bounty
a ship of the British navy; in 1789 part of the crew mutinied against their commander William Bligh and set him afloat in an open boat
Buchenwald
a Nazi concentration camp for Jews in World War II that was located in central Germany
Dachau
a concentration camp for Jews created by the Nazis near Munich in southern Germany
Mausoleum at Halicarnasus
a white marble mausoleum 140 feet high built in 352 BC at Halicarnassus as a memorial to a king; destroyed in 1402
Mayflower
the ship in which the Pilgrim Fathers sailed from England to Massachusetts in 1620
Newgate
a former prison in London notorious for its unsanitary conditions and burnt down in riots in 1780; a new prison was built on the same spot but was torn down in 1902
Taj Mahal
beautiful mausoleum at Agra built by the Mogul emperor Shah Jahan (completed in 1649) in memory of his favorite wife
USS Cole
a United States destroyer
Westminster Abbey
a famous Gothic church of St. Peter in Westminster, London on the site of a former Benedictine monastery
Old Ironsides
a United States 44-gun frigate that was one of the first three naval ships built by the United States; it won brilliant victories over British frigates during the War of 1812 and is without doubt the most famous ship in the history of the United States Navy; it has been rebuilt and is anchored in the Charlestown Navy Yard in Boston
Graf Zeppelin
a large rigid dirigible designed to carry passengers or bombs
Oxford English Dictionary
an unabridged dictionary constructed on historical principles
Types:
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article
one of a class of artifacts
facility
something designed and created to serve a particular function and to afford a particular convenience or service
Americana
any artifact (such as books or furniture or art) that is distinctive of America
anachronism
an artifact that belongs to another time
antiquity
an artifact surviving from the past
block
a solid piece of something (usually having flat rectangular sides)
button
any artifact that resembles a button
commodity, good, trade good
articles of commerce
cone
any cone-shaped artifact
covering
an artifact that covers something else (usually to protect or shelter or conceal it)
creation
an artifact that has been brought into existence by someone
decker
(often used in combinations) something constructed with multiple levels
decoration, ornament, ornamentation
something used to beautify
electroplate
any artifact that has been plated with a thin coat of metal by electrolysis
excavation
a hole in the ground made by excavating
duplicate, extra
something additional of the same kind
cloth, fabric, material, textile
artifact made by weaving or felting or knitting or crocheting natural or synthetic fibers
facility, installation
a building or place that provides a particular service or is used for a particular industry
fixture
an object firmly fixed in place (especially in a household)
float
something that floats on the surface of water
insert, inset
an artifact that is inserted or is to be inserted
instrumentality, instrumentation
an artifact (or system of artifacts) that is instrumental in accomplishing some end
bed, layer
single thickness of usually some homogeneous substance
lemon, stinker
an artifact (especially an automobile) that is defective or unsatisfactory
line
something (as a cord or rope) that is long and thin and flexible
marker
some conspicuous object used to distinguish or mark something
mystification
something designed to mystify or bewilder
opening
a vacant or unobstructed space that is man-made
cushioning, padding
artifact consisting of soft or resilient material used to fill or give shape or protect or add comfort
plaything, toy
an artifact designed to be played with
ready-made
a manufactured artifact (as a garment or piece of furniture) that is made in advance and available for purchase
restoration
some artifact that has been restored or reconstructed
flat solid, sheet
a flat artifact that is thin relative to its length and width
sphere
any spherically shaped artifact
square
any artifact having a shape similar to a plane geometric figure with four equal sides and four right angles
squeaker
any artifact that makes a squeaking sound when used
slip, strip
artifact consisting of a narrow flat piece of material
construction, structure
a thing constructed; a complex entity constructed of many parts
surface
the outer boundary of an artifact or a material layer constituting or resembling such a boundary
thing
an artifact
track
a pair of parallel rails providing a runway for wheels
way
any artifact consisting of a road or path affording passage from one place to another
weight
an artifact that is heavy
building material
material used for constructing buildings
pavement, paving, paving material
material used to pave an area
aba
a fabric woven from goat hair and camel hair
access, approach
a way of entering or leaving
acrylic
a synthetic fabric
adornment
a decoration of color or interest that is added to relieve plainness
Aertex
a trademark for a loosely woven cotton fabric that is used to make shirts and underwear
airdock, hangar, repair shed
a large structure at an airport where aircraft can be stored and maintained
airfield, field, flying field, landing field
a place where planes take off and land
alpaca
a thin glossy fabric made of the wool of the Lama pacos, or made of a rayon or cotton imitation of that wool
altar
a raised structure on which gifts or sacrifices to a god are made
antique
any piece of furniture or decorative object or the like produced in a former period and valuable because of its beauty or rarity
anvil
a heavy block of iron or steel on which hot metals are shaped by hammering
aperture
an man-made opening; usually small
arabesque
an ornament that interlaces simulated foliage in an intricate design
arboretum, botanical garden
a facility where trees and shrubs are cultivated for exhibition
arcade, colonnade
a structure composed of a series of arches supported by columns
arch
(architecture) a masonry construction (usually curved) for spanning an opening and supporting the weight above it
architectural ornament
(architecture) something added to a building to improve its appearance
area
a part of a structure having some specific characteristic or function
art, fine art
the products of human creativity; works of art collectively
article of commerce
an article that is offered for sale
artificial skin
a synthetic covering with two layers used experimentally to treat burn victims
athletic facility
a facility for athletic events
backing, mount
something forming a back that is added for strengthening
backroom
the meeting place of a group of leaders who make their decisions via private negotiations
baize
a bright green fabric napped to resemble felt; used to cover gaming tables
balcony
a platform projecting from the wall of a building and surrounded by a balustrade or railing or parapet
balcony
an upper floor projecting from the rear over the main floor in an auditorium
ball
a spherical object used as a plaything
balloon
small thin inflatable rubber bag with narrow neck
band
a thin flat strip of flexible material that is worn around the body or one of the limbs (especially to decorate the body)
band, ring
a strip of material attached to the leg of a bird to identify it (as in studies of bird migration)
band
a thin flat strip or loop of flexible material that goes around or over something else, typically to hold it together or as a decoration
bascule
a structure or device in which one end is counterbalanced by the other (on the principle of the seesaw)
basic, staple
(usually plural) a necessary commodity for which demand is constant
basket weave
a cloth woven of two or more threads interlaced to suggest the weave of a basket
bathroom fixture
any fixture in a bathroom
batik
a dyed fabric; a removable wax is used where the dye is not wanted
batiste
a thin plain-weave cotton or linen fabric; used for shirts or dresses
beading, beadwork
ornamentation with beads
becket
(nautical) a short line with an eye at one end and a knot at the other; used to secure loose items on a ship
bed
the flat surface of a printing press on which the type form is laid in the last stage of producing a newspaper or magazine or book etc.
bell
the flared opening of a tubular device
belting
the material of which belts are made
blackboard, chalkboard
sheet of slate; for writing with chalk
blank
a piece of material ready to be made into something
blanket
a layer of lead surrounding the highly reactive core of a nuclear reactor
board
a flat piece of material designed for a special purpose
board, gameboard
a flat portable surface (usually rectangular) designed for board games
boarding
a structure of boards
bob, bobber, bobfloat, cork
a small float usually made of cork; attached to a fishing line
bob
a hanging weight, especially a metal ball on a string
body
the external structure of a vehicle
bombazine
a twilled fabric used for dresses; the warp is silk and the weft is worsted
bookmark, bookmarker
a marker (a piece of paper or ribbon) placed between the pages of a book to mark the reader's place
bootleg
the part of a boot above the instep
bore, bore-hole, drill hole
a hole or passage made by a drill; usually made for exploratory purposes
boucle
a fabric of uneven yarn that has an uneven knobby effect
bow
a decorative interlacing of ribbons
brass
an ornament or utensil made of brass
breakable
an article that is fragile and easily broken
breech, rear of barrel, rear of tube
opening in the rear of the barrel of a gun where bullets can be loaded
brick
rectangular block of clay baked by the sun or in a kiln; used as a building or paving material
bridge, span
a structure that allows people or vehicles to cross an obstacle such as a river or canal or railway etc.
briquet, briquette
a block made from charcoal or coal dust and burned as fuel
broadcloth
a closely woven silk or synthetic fabric with a narrow crosswise rib
broadcloth
a densely textured woolen fabric with a lustrous finish
brocade
thick heavy expensive material with a raised pattern
bubble
a dome-shaped covering made of transparent glass or plastic
buckram
a coarse cotton fabric stiffened with glue; used in bookbinding and to stiffen clothing
building, edifice
a structure that has a roof and walls and stands more or less permanently in one place
building block
a block of material used in construction work
building complex, complex
a whole structure (as a building) made up of interconnected or related structures
bunting
a loosely woven fabric used for flags, etc.
cafeteria facility
(usually plural) facilities for providing food for employees or visitors
bar, cake
a block of solid substance (such as soap or wax)
calico
coarse cloth with a bright print
cambric
a finely woven white linen
camel's hair, camelhair
a soft tan cloth made with the hair of a camel
camlet
a fabric of Asian origin; originally made of silk and camel's hair
camo, camouflage
fabric dyed with splotches of green and brown and black and tan; intended to make the wearer of a garment made of this fabric hard to distinguish from the background
canopy
the umbrellalike part of a parachute that fills with air
canopy
the transparent covering of an aircraft cockpit
canvas, canvass
a heavy, closely woven fabric (used for clothing or chairs or sails or tents)
cashmere
a soft fabric made from the wool of the Cashmere goat
casing
the outermost covering of a pneumatic tire
catchment
a structure in which water is collected (especially a natural drainage area)
centerpiece, centrepiece
something placed at the center of something else (as on a table)
ceramic
an artifact made of hard brittle material produced from nonmetallic minerals by firing at high temperatures
cerecloth
a waterproof waxed cloth once used as a shroud
chafing gear
covering (usually rope or canvas) of a line or spar to protect it from friction
challis
a soft lightweight fabric (usually printed)
chambray
a lightweight fabric woven with white threads across a colored warp
chenille
a heavy fabric woven with chenille cord; used in rugs and bedspreads
chiffon
a sheer fabric of silk or rayon
chino
a coarse twilled cotton fabric frequently used for uniforms
chintz
a brightly printed and glazed cotton fabric
chip
a triangular wooden float attached to the end of a log line
chock, wedge
a block of wood used to prevent the sliding or rolling of a heavy object
chopping block
a steady wooden block on which food can be cut or diced or wood can be split
Christmas tree
an ornamented evergreen used as a Christmas decoration
classic
a creation of the highest excellence
cloak
anything that covers or conceals
cloth covering
a covering made of cloth
article of clothing, clothing, habiliment, vesture, wear, wearable
a covering designed to be worn on a person's body
coat, coating
a thin layer covering something
coating
a heavy fabric suitable for coats
cobweb
a fabric so delicate and transparent as to resemble a web of a spider
cockade
an ornament (such as a knot of ribbon or a rosette) usually worn on the hat
cockhorse
anything used as a toy horse (such as a rocking horse or one knee of an adult)
coil, helix, spiral, volute, whorl
a structure consisting of something wound in a continuous series of loops
colonnade
structure consisting of a row of evenly spaced columns
column, pillar
a vertical cylindrical structure standing alone and not supporting anything (such as a monument)
communication equipment, communication system
facility consisting of the physical plants and equipment for disseminating information
composition
something that is created by arranging several things to form a unified whole
connecter, connection, connective, connector, connexion
an instrumentality that connects
consumer goods
goods (as food or clothing) intended for direct use or consumption
container
any object that can be used to hold things (especially a large metal boxlike object of standardized dimensions that can be loaded from one form of transport to another)
conveyance, transport
something that serves as a means of transportation
cord
a line made of twisted fibers or threads
cord, corduroy
a cut pile fabric with vertical ribs; usually made of cotton
corner, quoin
(architecture) solid exterior angle of a building; especially one formed by a cornerstone
cotton
fabric woven from cotton fibers
Canton flannel, cotton flannel
a stout cotton fabric with nap on only one side
balance, counterbalance, counterpoise, counterweight, equaliser, equalizer
a weight that balances another weight
course
facility consisting of a circumscribed area of land or water laid out for a sport
course, row
(construction) a layer of masonry
cover plate
covering consisting of a plate used to cover over or close in a chamber or receptacle
cramp, cramp iron
a strip of metal with ends bent at right angles; used to hold masonry together
crape, crepe
a soft thin light fabric with a crinkled surface
cretonne
an unglazed heavy fabric; brightly printed; used for slipcovers and draperies
crinoline
a stiff coarse fabric used to stiffen hats or clothing
cross
a wooden structure consisting of an upright post with a transverse piece
crosshead
metal block that connects to a piston; it slides on parallel guides and moves a connecting rod back and forth
cube, square block
a block in the (approximate) shape of a cube
cushion
a soft bag filled with air or a mass of padding such as feathers or foam rubber etc.
cushion
the layer of air that supports a hovercraft or similar vehicle
damask
a fabric of linen or cotton or silk or wool with a reversible pattern woven into it
deathtrap
any structure that is very unsafe; where people are likely to be killed
defence, defense, defensive structure
a structure used to defend against attack
delf
an excavation; usually a quarry or mine
denim, dungaree, jean
a coarse durable twill-weave cotton fabric
deposit, depositary, depository, repository
a facility where things can be deposited for storage or safekeeping
design, figure, pattern
a decorative or artistic work
device
an instrumentality invented for a particular purpose
diamante
fabric covered with glittering ornaments such as sequins or rhinestones
diaper
a fabric (usually cotton or linen) with a distinctive woven pattern of small repeated figures
dickey, dickie, dicky, shirtfront
a man's detachable insert (usually starched) to simulate the front of a shirt
diggings, digs
an excavation for ore or precious stones or for archaeology
dimity
a strong cotton fabric with a raised pattern; used for bedcovers and curtains
ditch
a long narrow excavation in the earth
doeskin
a fine smooth soft woolen fabric
doll, dolly
a small replica of a person; used as a toy
doll's house, dollhouse
a small model of a house used as a toy by children
domino
a small rectangular block used in playing the game of dominoes; the face of each block has two equal areas that can bear 0 to 6 dots
door
a structure where people live or work (usually ordered along a street or road)
drape
a sterile covering arranged over a patient's body during a medical examination or during surgery in order to reduce the possibility of contamination
drapery
cloth gracefully draped and arranged in loose folds
drive-in
any installation designed to accommodate patrons in their automobiles
drygoods, soft goods
textiles or clothing and related merchandise
duck
a heavy cotton fabric of plain weave; used for clothing and tents
duffel, duffle
a coarse heavy woolen fabric
earmuff
either of a pair of ear coverings (usually connected by a headband) that are worn to keep the ears warm in cold weather
elastic
a fabric made of yarns containing an elastic material
embellishment
a superfluous ornament
entablature
(architecture) the structure consisting of the part of a classical temple above the columns between a capital and the roof
entrant
a commodity that enters competition with established merchandise
equipment
an instrumentality needed for an undertaking or to perform a service
erection
a structure that has been erected
establishment
a public or private structure (business or governmental or educational) including buildings and equipment for business or residence
etamin, etamine
a soft cotton or worsted fabric with an open mesh; used for curtains or clothing etc.
exit, issue, outlet, way out
an opening that permits escape or release
export, exportation
commodities (goods or services) sold to a foreign country
face
the striking or working surface of an implement
faille
a ribbed woven fabric of silk or rayon or cotton
false bottom
a horizontal structure that partitions a ship or box (especially one built close to the actual bottom)
falsie
padding that is worn inside a brassiere
fancy goods
goods that are chiefly ornamental
felt
a fabric made of compressed matted animal fibers
fiber, fibre, vulcanized fiber
a leatherlike material made by compressing layers of paper or cloth
fig leaf
a covering consisting of anything intended to conceal something regarded as shameful
film, plastic film
a thin sheet of (usually plastic and usually transparent) material used to wrap or cover things
finger
one of the parts of a glove that provides covering for a finger or thumb
finial
an ornament at the top of a spire or gable; usually a foliated fleur-de-lis
flagship
the chief one of a related group
flannel
a soft light woolen fabric; used for clothing
flannelette
a cotton fabric imitating flannel
flap
any broad thin and limber covering attached at one edge; hangs loose or projects freely
fleece
a soft bulky fabric with deep pile; used chiefly for clothing
floor, level, storey, story
a structure consisting of a room or set of rooms at a single position along a vertical scale
floor cover, floor covering
a covering for a floor
floral arrangement, flower arrangement
a decorative arrangement of flowers
fly, fly front
an opening in a garment that is closed by a zipper or by buttons concealed under a fold of cloth
folder
covering that is folded over to protect the contents
falderol, folderal, frill, gimcrack, gimcrackery, nonsense, trumpery
ornamental objects of no great value
footgear, footwear
covering for a person's feet
assembly, forum, meeting place
a public facility to meet for open discussion
foulard
a light plain-weave or twill-weave silk or silklike fabric (usually with a printed design)
fountain
a structure from which an artificially produced jet of water arises
frieze
a heavy woolen fabric with a long nap
Frisbee
a light, plastic disk about 10 inches in diameter; propelled with a flip of the wrist for recreation or competition
fungible
a commodity that is freely interchangeable with another in satisfying an obligation
furnishing
(usually plural) the instrumentalities (furniture and appliances and other movable accessories including curtains and rugs) that make a home (or other area) livable
fustian
a strong cotton and linen fabric with a slight nap
future
bulk commodities bought or sold at an agreed price for delivery at a specified future date
gabardine
a firm durable fabric with a twill weave
crack, gap
a narrow opening
gargoyle
an ornament consisting of a grotesquely carved figure of a person or animal
garnish
any decoration added as a trimming or adornment
gas system
facility (plant and equipment) for providing natural-gas service
georgette
a thin silk dress material
gingham
a clothing fabric in a plaid weave
globe
a sphere on which a map (especially of the earth) is represented
graffiti, graffito
a rude decoration inscribed on rocks or walls
reef
one of several strips across a sail that can be taken in or rolled up to lessen the area of the sail that is exposed to the wind
grogram
a coarse fabric of silk mixed with wool or mohair and often stiffened with gum
grosgrain
a silk or silklike fabric with crosswise ribs
ground
(art) the surface (as a wall or canvas) prepared to take the paint for a painting
guide
a structure or marking that serves to direct the motion or positioning of something
gun muzzle, muzzle
the open circular discharging end of a gun
hair, haircloth
cloth woven from horsehair or camelhair; used for upholstery or stiffening in garments
hanging, wall hanging
decoration that is hung (as a tapestry) on a wall or over a window
hardware, ironware
instrumentalities (tools or implements) made of metal
herringbone
a twilled fabric with a herringbone pattern
hobby, hobbyhorse, rocking horse
a child's plaything consisting of an imitation horse mounted on rockers; the child straddles it and pretends to ride
hole
an opening deliberately made in or through something
homespun
a rough loosely woven fabric originally made with yarn that was spun at home
exhaust hood, hood
metal covering leading to a vent that exhausts smoke or fumes
hood
(falconry) a leather covering for a hawk's head
hood ornament
an ornament on the front of the hood of a car emblematic of the manufacturer
hopsack, hopsacking
a loosely woven coarse fabric of cotton or linen; used in clothing
horizontal surface, level
a flat surface at right angles to a plumb line
horsehair
a fabric made from fibers taken from the mane or tail of horses; used for upholstery
card-house, cardcastle, cardhouse, house of cards
an unstable construction with playing cards
housing, living accommodations, lodging
structures collectively in which people are housed
hula-hoop
plaything consisting of a tubular plastic hoop for swinging around the hips
hull
the frame or body of ship
imbrication, lapping, overlapping
covering with a design in which one element covers a part of another (as with tiles or shingles)
implement
instrumentation (a piece of equipment or tool) used to effect an end
import, importation
commodities (goods or services) bought from a foreign country
improvisation
a creation spoken or written or composed extemporaneously (without prior preparation)
encrustation, incrustation
a decorative coating of contrasting material that is applied to a surface as an inlay or overlay
block of metal, ingot, metal bar
metal that is cast in the shape of a block for convenient handling
inlay
a decoration made by fitting pieces of wood into prepared slots in a surface
instep
the part of a shoe or stocking that covers the arch of the foot
inlet, intake
an opening through which fluid is admitted to a tube or container
decor, interior decoration
decoration consisting of the layout and furnishings of a livable interior
interlayer
a layer placed between other layers
interstice
small opening between things
innovation, invention
a creation (a new device or process) resulting from study and experimentation
jack-in-the-box
plaything consisting of a toy clown that jumps out of a box when the lid is opened
jaconet
a lightweight cotton cloth with a smooth and slightly stiff finish; used for clothing and bandages
jacquard
a highly figured fabric woven on a Jacquard loom
jungle gym
a structure of vertical and horizontal rods where children can climb and play
jumping jack
plaything consisting of a toy figure with movable joints that can be made to dance by pulling strings
kaleidoscope
an optical toy in a tube; it produces symmetrical patterns as bits of colored glass are reflected by mirrors
khaddar, khadi
a coarse homespun cotton cloth made in India
khaki
a sturdy twilled cloth of a yellowish brown color used especially for military uniforms
kite
plaything consisting of a light frame covered with tissue paper; flown in wind at end of a string
Klein bottle
a closed surface with only one side; formed by passing one end of a tube through the side of the tube and joining it with the other end
knickknack, novelty
a small inexpensive mass-produced article
knit
a fabric made by knitting
knob, pommel
an ornament in the shape of a ball on the hilt of a sword or dagger
lace
a delicate decorative fabric woven in an open web of symmetrical patterns
lame
a fabric interwoven with threads of metal
laminate
a sheet of material made by bonding two or more sheets or layers
lamination
a layered structure
landing, landing place
structure providing a place where boats can land people or goods
lane
a narrow way or road
laniard, lanyard
(nautical) a line used for extending or fastening rigging on ships
lead, leading
thin strip of metal used to separate lines of type in printing
imitation leather, leatherette
fabric made to look like leather
Lego, Lego set
(trademark) a child's plastic construction set for making mechanical models
lifeline
line thrown from a vessel that people can cling to in order to save themselves from drowning
lifeline
line that raises or lowers a deep-sea diver
flotation device, life preserver, preserver
rescue equipment consisting of a buoyant belt or jacket to keep a person from drowning
lift
one of the layers forming the heel of a shoe or boot
lighting fixture
a fixture providing artificial light
linen
a fabric woven with fibers from the flax plant
linsey-woolsey
a rough fabric of linen warp and wool or cotton woof
lint
cotton or linen fabric with the nap raised on one side; used to dress wounds
lisle
a fabric woven with lisle thread
burden, load, loading
weight to be borne or conveyed
lookout, lookout station, observation tower, observatory
a structure commanding a wide view of its surroundings
fenestella, lunette
oval or circular opening; to allow light into a dome or vault
lunula
a crescent-shaped metal ornament of the Bronze Age
mackinaw
a heavy woolen cloth heavily napped and felted, often with a plaid design
macintosh, mackintosh
a lightweight waterproof (usually rubberized) fabric
madras
a light patterned cotton cloth
makeweight
a weight added to the scale to reach a required weight
marseille
strong cotton fabric with a raised pattern; used for bedspreads
mask
a covering to disguise or conceal the face
masonry
structure built of stone or brick by a mason
master, master copy, original
an original creation (i.e., an audio recording) from which copies can be made
matting
a covering of coarse fabric (usually of straw or hemp)
means
an instrumentality for accomplishing some end
Meccano, Meccano set
a child's construction set for making mechanical models
membrane
a thin pliable sheet of material
memorial, monument
a structure erected to commemorate persons or events
menagerie, zoo, zoological garden
the facility where wild animals are housed for exhibition
meniscus
(physics) the curved upper surface of a nonturbulent liquid in a vertical tube
merchandise, product, ware
commodities offered for sale
mercy seat
the golden covering of the ark of the covenant
metallic
a fabric made of a yarn that is partly or entirely of metal
middling
any commodity of intermediate quality or size (especially when coarse particles of ground wheat are mixed with bran)
military installation
any facility servicing military forces
mine
excavation in the earth from which ores and minerals are extracted
mineshaft
excavation consisting of a vertical or sloping passageway for finding or mining ore or for ventilating a mine
miter, mitre
the surface of a beveled end of a piece where a miter joint is made
Mobius strip
a continuous closed surface with only one side; formed from a rectangular strip by rotating one end 180 degrees and joining it with the other end
mohair
fabric made with yarn made from the silky hair of the Angora goat
moire, watered-silk
silk fabric with a wavy surface pattern
molding, moulding
a decorative strip used for ornamentation or finishing
moleskin
a durable cotton fabric with a velvety nap
monk's cloth
a heavy cloth in basket weave
mooring, mooring line
(nautical) a line that holds an object (especially a boat) in place
moquette
a thick velvety synthetic fabric used for carpets and soft upholstery
moreen
a heavy fabric of wool (or wool and cotton) used mostly in upholstery or for curtains
motley
a multicolored woolen fabric woven of mixed threads in 14th to 17th century England
hill, mound
structure consisting of an artificial heap or bank usually of earth or stones
mousseline de sole
a gauze-like fabric of silk or rayon
mouth
the opening of a jar or bottle
mullion
a nonstructural vertical strip between the casements or panes of a window (or the panels of a screen)
muslin
plain-woven cotton fabric
nailhead
something resembling the head of a nail that is used as an ornamental device
nankeen
a durable fabric formerly loomed by hand in China from natural cotton having a yellowish color
neck, neck opening
an opening in a garment for the neck of the wearer; a part of the garment near the wearer's neck
necklet
decoration worn about the neck (fur piece or tight necklace) as an ornament
needlecraft, needlework
a creation created or assembled by needle and thread
mesh, meshing, meshwork, net, network
an open fabric of string or rope or wire woven together at regular intervals
ninon
a fine strong sheer silky fabric made of silk or rayon or nylon
nog
a wooden block built into a masonry wall so that joinery structure can be nailed to it
notion
(usually plural) small personal articles or clothing or sewing items
nut
a small (usually square or hexagonal) metal block with internal screw thread to be fitted onto a bolt
nylon
a synthetic fabric
impediment, impedimenta, obstructer, obstruction, obstructor
any structure that makes progress difficult
oilcloth
cloth treated on one side with a drying oil or synthetic resin
olive drab
a cloth of an olive-brown color used for military uniforms
organza
a fabric made of silk or a silklike fabric that resembles organdy
overlay
a layer of decorative material (such as gold leaf or wood veneer) applied over a surface
pad
a flat mass of soft material used for protection, stuffing, or comfort
inking pad, inkpad, pad, stamp pad
a block of absorbent material saturated with ink; used to transfer ink evenly to a rubber stamp
paddle box, paddle-box
a wooden covering for the upper part of a paddlewheel
painter
a line that is attached to the bow of a boat and used for tying up (as when docking or towing)
paisley
a soft wool fabric with a colorful swirled pattern of curved shapes
panel
sheet that forms a distinct (usually flat and rectangular) section or component of something
panting, trousering
any fabric used to make trousers
paperweight
a weight used to hold down a stack of papers
divider, partition
a vertical structure that divides or separates (as a wall divides one room from another)
passage
a way through or along which someone or something may pass
pass-through
an opening that resembles a window between two rooms (especially a shelved opening between a kitchen and dining room that is used to pass dishes)
path
a way especially designed for a particular use
pea shooter
a straight narrow tube through which pellets (as dried peas) can be blown at a target
pepper-and-salt
a fabric woven with flecks of light and dark
percale
a fine closely woven cotton fabric
durable press, permanent press
a fabric that has been chemically processed to resist wrinkles and hold its shape
piece of cloth, piece of material
a separate part consisting of fabric
pill
something that resembles a tablet of medicine in shape or size
pilot cloth
a thick blue cloth used to make overcoats and coats for sailors etc
pinata
plaything consisting of a container filled with toys and candy; suspended from a height for blindfolded children to break with sticks
pinstripe
a fabric with very thin stripes
pinwheel, pinwheel wind collector
a toy consisting of vanes of colored paper or plastic that is pinned to a stick and spins when it is pointed into the wind
pique
tightly woven fabric with raised cords
pit, quarry, stone pit
a surface excavation for extracting stone or slate
planking
(nautical) a covering or flooring constructed of planks (as on a ship)
plaster, plasterwork
a surface of hardened plaster (as on a wall or ceiling)
plate
a sheet of metal or wood or glass or plastic
photographic plate, plate
a flat sheet of metal or glass on which a photographic image can be recorded
plate glass, sheet glass
glass formed into large thin sheets
platform, weapons platform
any military structure or vehicle bearing weapons
playhouse, wendy house
plaything consisting of a small model of a house that children can play inside of
plumbing fixture
a fixture for the distribution and use of water in a building
plush
a fabric with a nap that is longer and softer than velvet
ply
(usually in combinations) one of several layers of cloth or paper or wood as in plywood
pogo stick
plaything consisting of a pole with foot rests and a strong spring; propelled by jumping
polyester
any of a large class of synthetic fabrics
pongee
a soft thin cloth woven from raw silk (or an imitation)
pontoon
a float supporting a seaplane
pool
an excavation that is (usually) filled with water
popgun
plaything consisting of a toy gun that makes a popping sound
poplin
a ribbed fabric used in clothing and upholstery
porch
a structure attached to the exterior of a building often forming a covered entrance
embrasure, port, porthole
an opening (in a wall or ship or armored vehicle) for firing through
post and lintel
a structure consisting of vertical beams (posts) supporting a horizontal beam (lintel)
grid, power grid, power system
a system of high tension cables by which electrical power is distributed throughout a region
prefab
a prefabricated structure
print
a fabric with a dyed pattern pressed onto it (usually by engraved rollers)
product, production
an artifact that has been created by someone or some process
projection
any structure that branches out from a central support
protection, protective cover, protective covering
a covering that is intend to protect from damage or injury
comfort station, convenience, public convenience, public lavatory, public toilet, restroom, toilet facility, wash room
a toilet that is available to the public
public works
structures (such as highways or schools or bridges or docks) constructed at government expense for public use
quilting
a material used for making a quilt, or a quilted fabric
raft
a flat float (usually made of logs or planks) that can be used for transport or as a platform for swimmers
railroad, railroad track, railway
a line of track providing a runway for wheels
range
a place for shooting (firing or driving) projectiles of various kinds
ratlin, ratline
(nautical) a small horizontal rope between the shrouds of a sailing ship; they form a ladder for climbing aloft
rattle
a baby's toy that makes percussive noises when shaken
rayon
a synthetic silklike fabric
recreation facility, recreational facility
a public facility for recreation
relic
an antiquity that has survived from the distant past
remake, remaking
creation that is created again or anew
rep, repp
a fabric with prominent rounded crosswise ribs
representation
a creation that is a visual or tangible rendering of someone or something
ribbon, typewriter ribbon
a long strip of inked material for making characters on paper with a typewriter
road, route
an open way (generally public) for travel or transportation
Roman building
a building constructed by the ancient Romans
cellar, root cellar
an excavation where root vegetables are stored
rope
a strong line
rosemaling
a Scandinavian style of carved or painted decoration (as on furniture or walls or dinnerware) consisting of floral motifs
sackcloth
a coarse cloth resembling sacking
bagging, sacking
coarse fabric used for bags or sacks
sail
any structure that resembles a sail
sailcloth
a strong fabric (such as cotton canvas) used for making sails and tents
samite
a heavy silk fabric (often woven with silver or gold threads); used to make clothing in the Middle Ages
sandbox, sandpile, sandpit
a plaything consisting of a pile of sand or a box filled with sand for children to play in
sateen
a cotton fabric with a satiny finish
satin
a smooth fabric of silk or rayon; has a glossy face and a dull back
satinet, satinette
a fabric with a finish resembling satin but made partly or wholly from cotton or synthetic fiber
screed
an accurately levelled strip of material placed on a wall or floor as guide for the even application of plaster or concrete
concealment, cover, covert, screen
a covering that serves to conceal or shelter something
projection screen, screen, silver screen
a white or silvered surface where pictures can be projected for viewing
screening
fabric of metal or plastic mesh
scrim
a firm open-weave fabric used for a curtain in the theater
seersucker
a light puckered fabric (usually striped)
dandle board, seesaw, teeter, teeter-totter, teeterboard, teetertotter, tilting board
a plaything consisting of a board balanced on a fulcrum; the board is ridden up and down by children at either end
serge
a twilled woolen fabric
offset, set-back, setoff
structure where a wall or building narrows abruptly
set decoration
a decoration used as part of the set of a theatrical or movie production
sewage system, sewage works, sewer system
facility consisting of a system of sewers for carrying off liquid and solid sewage
sgraffito
a ceramic or mural decoration made by scratching off a surface layer to reveal the ground
shag
a fabric with long coarse nap
shantung
a heavy silk fabric with a rough surface (or a cotton imitation)
sharkskin
a smooth crisp fabric
mainsheet, sheet, shroud, tack, weather sheet
(nautical) a line (rope or chain) that regulates the angle at which a sail is set in relation to the wind
sheeting
fabric from which bed sheets are made
sheet metal
sheet of metal formed into a thin plate
shelter
a structure that provides privacy and protection from danger
shirting
any of various fabrics used to make men's shirts
shirttail
fabric forming the tail of a shirt
shoebox
a structure resembling a shoebox (as a rectangular building or a cramped room or compartment)
shopping
the commodities purchased from stores
shroud
a line that suspends the harness from the canopy of a parachute
side
an extended outer surface of an object
sign, signboard
structure displaying a board on which advertisements can be posted
silesia
a sturdy twill-weave cotton fabric; used for pockets and linings
silk
a fabric made from the fine threads produced by certain insect larvae
sinker
a weight that sinks (as to hold nets or fishing lines under water)
skin
an outer surface (usually thin)
slab
block consisting of a thick piece of something
playground slide, slide, sliding board
plaything consisting of a sloping chute down which children can slide
catapult, sling, slingshot
a plaything consisting of a Y-shaped stick with elastic between the arms; used to propel small stones
slit
a long narrow opening
snorter
something that is extraordinary or remarkable or prominent
soap dish
a bathroom or kitchen fixture for holding a bar of soap
source
a facility where something is available
spandex
an elastic synthetic fabric
spandrel, spandril
an approximately triangular surface area between two adjacent arches and the horizontal plane above them
spiral, volute
ornament consisting of a curve on a plane that winds around a center with an increasing distance from the center
sponge cloth
any soft porous fabric (especially in a loose honeycomb weave)
sporting goods
sports equipment sold as a commodity
spout
an opening that allows the passage of liquids or grain
sprig
an ornament that resembles a spray of leaves or flowers
arena, bowl, sports stadium, stadium
a large structure for open-air sports or entertainments
staircase, stairway
a way of access (upward and downward) consisting of a set of steps
stammel
a coarse woolen cloth formerly used for undergarments and usually dyed bright red
standby
something that can be relied on when needed
starting block
block providing bracing for a runner's feet at start of a race
station
a facility equipped with special equipment and personnel for a particular purpose
stay
a thin strip of metal or bone that is used to stiffen a garment (e.g. a corset)
stela, stele
an ancient upright stone slab bearing markings
stencil
a sheet of material (metal, plastic, cardboard, waxed paper, silk, etc.) that has been perforated with a pattern (printing or a design); ink or paint can pass through the perforations to create the printed pattern on the surface below
step
a solid block joined to the beams in which the heel of a ship's mast or capstan is fixed
stick horse
a child's plaything consisting on an imitation horse's head on one end of a stick
stone
building material consisting of a piece of rock hewn in a definite shape for a special purpose
strand
line consisting of a complex of fibers or filaments that are twisted together to form a thread or a rope or a cable
rivet, stud
ornament consisting of a circular rounded protuberance (as on a vault or shield or belt)
stuffing
padding put in mattresses and cushions and upholstered furniture
suede, suede cloth
a fabric made to resemble suede leather
suiting
a fabric used for suits
superficies
outer surface of an area or a body
superstructure
structure consisting of the part of a ship above the main deck
supporting structure
a structure that serves to support something
swage block
an iron block cut with holes and grooves to assist in cold working metal
swan's down
soft woolen fabric used especially for baby clothes
swathing
cloth coverings wrapped around something (as a wound or a baby)
swing
mechanical device used as a plaything to support someone swinging back and forth
system
instrumentality that combines interrelated interacting artifacts designed to work as a coherent entity
tab
a short strip of material attached to or projecting from something in order to facilitate opening or identifying or handling it
taffeta
a crisp smooth lustrous fabric
fin, tail fin, tailfin
one of a pair of decorations projecting above the rear fenders of an automobile
tammy
plain-woven (often glazed) fabric of wool or wool and cotton used especially formerly for linings and garments and curtains
tapa, tappa
a paperlike cloth made in the South Pacific by pounding tapa bark
tape
a long thin piece of cloth or paper as used for binding or fastening
tapestry, tapis
a heavy textile with a woven design; used for curtains and upholstery
plaid, tartan
a cloth having a crisscross design
teddy, teddy bear
plaything consisting of a child's toy bear (usually plush and stuffed with soft materials)
terry, terry cloth, terrycloth
a pile fabric (usually cotton) with uncut loops on both sides; used to make bath towels and bath robes
throat
an opening in the vamp of a shoe at the instep
thumb
the part of a glove that provides a covering for the thumb
ticking
a strong fabric used for mattress and pillow covers
tier
one of two or more layers one atop another
tinsel
a showy decoration that is basically valueless
toe
the part of footwear that provides a covering for the toes
toilet articles, toiletry
artifacts used in making your toilet (washing and taking care of your body)
cover, top
covering for a hole (especially a hole in the top of a container)
spinning top, teetotum, top, whirligig
a conical child's plaything tapering to a steel point on which it can be made to spin
toweling, towelling
any of various fabrics (linen or cotton) used to make towels
tower
a structure taller than its diameter; can stand alone or be attached to a larger building
towing line, towing rope, towline, towrope
(nautical) a rope used in towing
trace
either of two lines that connect a horse's harness to a wagon or other vehicle or to a whiffletree
tracery
decoration consisting of an open pattern of interlacing ribs
train set
a toy consisting of small models of railroad trains and the track for them to run on
streetcar track, tramline, tramway
the track on which trams or streetcars run
transept
structure forming the transverse part of a cruciform church; crosses the nave at right angles
transit, transportation, transportation system
a facility consisting of the means and equipment necessary for the movement of passengers or goods
tread
the grooved surface of a pneumatic tire
trestlework
a supporting structure composed of a system of connected trestles; for a bridge or pier or scaffold e.g.
tweed
thick woolen fabric used for clothing; originated in Scotland
twill
a cloth with parallel diagonal lines or ribs
type
a small metal block bearing a raised character on one end; produces a printed character when inked and pressed on paper
upholstery
covering (padding and springs and webbing and fabric) on a piece of furniture
upholstery material
the fabric used in upholstering
utility
a facility composed of one or more pieces of equipment connected to or part of a structure and designed to provide a service such as heat or electricity or water or sewage disposal
variation
an artifact that deviates from a norm or standard
vaulting
(architecture) a vaulted structure
Velcro
nylon fabric used as a fastening
velour, velours
heavy fabric that resembles velvet
velvet
a silky densely piled fabric with a plain back
velveteen
a usually cotton fabric with a short pile imitating velvet
vertical surface
a surface that is vertical
vicuna
a soft wool fabric made from the fleece of the vicuna
Viyella
a fabric made from a twilled mixture of cotton and wool
voile
a light semitransparent fabric
wall
a layer of material that encloses space
ware
articles of the same kind or material; usually used in combination: `silverware', `software'
wash-and-wear
a fabric treated to be easily washable and to require no ironing
watercourse, waterway
a conduit through which water flows
squirt gun, squirter, water gun, water pistol
plaything consisting of a toy pistol that squirts water
waterproof
any fabric impervious to water
water, water supply, water system
a facility that provides a source of water
shipway, slipway, ways
structure consisting of a sloping way down to the water from the place where ships are built or repaired
arms, implements of war, munition, weaponry, weapons system
weapons considered collectively
weather strip, weather stripping, weatherstrip, weatherstripping
a narrow strip of material to cover the joint of a door or window to exclude the cold
web
a fabric (especially a fabric in the process of being woven)
webbing
a strong fabric woven in strips
well
a deep hole or shaft dug or drilled to obtain water or oil or gas or brine
wellhead
a structure built over a well
whipcord
a strong worsted or cotton fabric with a diagonal rib
grille, lattice, wicket
small opening (like a window in a door) through which business can be transacted
wincey
a plain or twilled fabric of wool and cotton used especially for warm shirts or skirts and pajamas
wind bell, wind chime
a decorative arrangement of pieces of metal or glass or pottery that hang together loosely so the wind can cause them to tinkle
window
a transparent opening in a vehicle that allow vision out of the sides or back; usually is capable of being opened
window
an opening in a wall or screen that admits light and air and through which customers can be served
wind tunnel
a structure resembling a tunnel where air is blown at known velocities for testing parts of aircraft
wire cloth
fabric woven of metallic wire
wobbler
something that wobbles
wool, woolen, woollen
a fabric made from the hair of sheep
worldly good, worldly possession
a commodity or good associated with the earthly, rather than the spiritual, existence of human beings
working, workings
a mine or quarry that is being or has been worked
work surface
a horizontal surface for supporting objects used in working or playing games
worsted
a woolen fabric with a hard textured surface and no nap; woven of worsted yarns "he wore a worsted suit"
wrap, wrapper, wrapping
the covering (usually paper or cellophane) in which something is wrapped
yard marker
(football) a marker indicating the yard line
yoke
fabric comprising a fitted part at the top of a garment
yo-yo
a toy consisting of a spool that is reeled up and down on a string by motions of the hand
medium
a means or instrumentality for storing or communicating information
piece
an artistic or literary composition
garnish
something (such as parsley) added to a dish for flavor or decoration
honeycomb
a structure of small hexagonal cells constructed from beeswax by bees and used to store honey and larvae
salvage
property or goods saved from damage or destruction
balance, counterbalance, equilibrium, equipoise
equality of distribution
pina cloth
a fine cloth made from pineapple fibers
asphalt
mixed asphalt and crushed gravel or sand; used especially for paving but also for roofing
bricks and mortar
building material consisting of bricks laid with mortar between them
cement
a building material that is a powder made of a mixture of calcined limestone and clay; used with water and sand or gravel to make concrete and mortar
concrete
a strong hard building material composed of sand and gravel and cement and water
covering material
a material used by builders to cover surfaces
fencing, fencing material
material for building fences
flooring
building material used in laying floors
gunite
a mixture of cement and sand and water that is sprayed on a surface under pneumatic pressure
insulant, insulating material, insulation
a material that reduces or prevents the transmission of heat or sound or electricity
lath and plaster
a building material consisting of thin strips of wood that provide a foundation for a coat of plaster
lumber, timber
the wood of trees cut and prepared for use as building material
mortar
used as a bond in masonry or for covering a wall
blacktop, blacktopping
a black bituminous material used for paving roads or other areas; usually spread over crushed rock
macadam
broken stone used in macadamized roadways
tarmac, tarmacadam
a paving material of tar and broken stone; mixed in a factory and shaped during paving
roofing material
building material used in constructing roofs
shake, shingle
building material used as siding or roofing
siding
material applied to the outside of a building to make it weatherproof
staff
building material consisting of plaster and hair; used to cover external surfaces of temporary structure (as at an exposition) or for decoration
sticks and stone
a general term for building materials
wattle and daub
building material consisting of interwoven rods and twigs covered with clay
Type of:
unit, whole
an assemblage of parts that is regarded as a single entity

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