building

Building is the process of making something. Building Lego cities and towns is the favorite activity of many kids.

When a construction company is building a structure like a grocery store or a school, you can say it's building a building. Anything from a small house to a skyscraper can be called a building, and both meanings of the word come from the verb build, with its Old English root byldan, "build or construct a house."

Definitions of building
  1. noun
    the act of constructing something
    “his hobby was the building of boats”
    synonyms: construction
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    crenelation, crenellation
    the action of constructing ramparts with gaps for firing guns or arrows
    erecting, erection
    the act of building or putting up
    house-raising
    construction by a group of neighbors
    assembly, fabrication
    the act of constructing something (as a piece of machinery)
    dry walling
    the activity of building stone walls without mortar
    grading, leveling
    changing the ground level to a smooth horizontal or gently sloping surface
    road construction
    the construction of roads
    ship building, shipbuilding
    the construction of ships
    rustication
    the construction of masonry or brickwork in a rustic manner
    type of:
    creating from raw materials
    the act of creating something that is different from the materials that went into it
  2. noun
    the commercial activity involved in repairing old structures or constructing new ones
    “workers in the building trades”
    synonyms: construction
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    types:
    jerry-building
    construction of inferior buildings for a quick profit
    type of:
    business, business enterprise, commercial enterprise
    the activity of providing goods and services involving financial and commercial and industrial aspects
  3. noun
    a structure that has a roof and walls and stands more or less permanently in one place
    “there was a three-story building on the corner”
    synonyms: edifice
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    Independence Hall
    the building in Philadelphia where the Declaration of Independence was signed
    Houses of Parliament
    the building in which the House of Commons and the House of Lords meet
    Alhambra
    a fortified Moorish palace built near Granada by Muslim kings in the Middle Ages
    Artemision at Ephesus
    the large temple of the Greek goddess Artemis which was begun at Ephesus in 541 BC and completed 220 years later; the temple was destroyed by the Goths in 262
    Augean stables
    (Greek mythology) the extremely dirty stables that were finally cleaned by Hercules who diverted two rivers through them
    Capitol Building
    the government building in Washington where the United States Senate and the House of Representatives meet
    Chartres Cathedral
    a Gothic cathedral in northern France; built in 13th century
    Empire State Building
    a skyscraper built in New York City in 1931; 1250 feet tall
    Caaba
    (Islam) a black stone building in Mecca that is shaped like a cube and that is the most sacred Muslim pilgrim shrine; believed to have been given by Gabriel to Abraham; Muslims turn in its direction when praying
    Lateran Palace
    a palace that served as the residence of the popes until the 14th century
    National Baseball Hall of Fame
    a Hall of Fame and museum in Cooperstown, New York, honoring great baseball players
    United States National Library of Medicine
    the world's largest medical library
    Parthenon
    the main temple of the goddess Athena; built on the acropolis in Athens more than 400 years B.C.; example of Doric architecture
    Pentagon
    a government building with five sides that serves as the headquarters of the United States Department of Defense
    Petronas Towers
    twin skyscrapers built in Kuala Lumpur in 1997; 1482 feet high
    Sears Tower
    a skyscraper built in Chicago in 1974; 1454 feet tall
    Sistine Chapel
    the private chapel of the popes in Rome; it was built by and named after Sixtus IV in 1473
    Mormon Tabernacle
    the Mormon temple
    Oracle of Apollo
    (Greek mythology) the oracle at Delphi where a priestess supposedly delivered messages from Apollo to those who sought advice; the messages were usually obscure or ambiguous
    Temple of Artemis
    a large temple at Ephesus that was said to be one of the seven wonders of the ancient world
    Temple of Jerusalem
    any of three successive temples in Jerusalem that served as the primary center for Jewish worship; the first temple contained the Ark of the Covenant and was built by Solomon in the 10th century BC and destroyed by Nebuchadnezzar in 586 BC; the second was built in 515 BC and the third was an enlargement by Herod the Great in 20 BC that was destroyed by the Romans during a Jewish revolt in AD 70; all that remains is the Wailing Wall
    Tower of Babel
    (Genesis 11:1-11) a tower built by Noah's descendants (probably in Babylon) who intended it to reach up to heaven; God foiled them by confusing their language so they could no longer understand one another
    Tuileries Palace
    palace and royal residence built for Catherine de Medicis in 1564 and burned down in 1871; all that remains today are the formal gardens
    Vatican Palace
    the residence of the Catholic Pope in the Vatican City
    Palace of Versailles
    a palace built in the 17th century for Louis XIV southwest of Paris near the city of Versailles
    White House
    the government building that serves as the residence and office of the President of the United States
    World Trade Center
    twin skyscrapers 110 stories high in New York City; built 1368 feet tall in 1970 to 1973; destroyed by a terrorist attack on September 11, 2001
    Buckingham Palace
    the London residence of the British sovereign
    Mount Vernon
    the former residence of George Washington in northeastern Virginia overlooking the Potomac river
    Westminster Abbey
    a famous Gothic church of St. Peter in Westminster, London on the site of a former Benedictine monastery
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    abattoir, butchery, shambles, slaughterhouse
    a building where animals are butchered
    apartment building, apartment house
    a building that is divided into apartments
    architecture
    an architectural product or work
    aviary, bird sanctuary, volary
    a building where birds are kept
    bathhouse, bathing machine
    a building containing dressing rooms for bathers
    bowling alley
    a building that contains several alleys for bowling
    center, centre
    a building dedicated to a particular activity
    chapterhouse
    a building attached to a monastery or cathedral; used as a meeting place for the chapter
    club, clubhouse
    a building that is occupied by a social club
    dorm, dormitory, hall, residence hall, student residence
    a college or university building containing living quarters for students
    farm building
    a building on a farm
    feedlot
    a building where livestock are fattened for market
    firetrap
    a building that would be hard to escape from if it were to catch fire
    gambling den, gambling hell, gambling house, gaming house
    a public building in which a variety of games of chance can be played (operated as a business)
    gazebo, summerhouse
    a small roofed building affording shade and rest
    government building
    a building that houses a branch of government
    glasshouse, greenhouse, nursery
    a building with glass walls and roof; for the cultivation and exhibition of plants under controlled conditions
    hall
    a large building for meetings or entertainment
    hall
    a large building used by a college or university for teaching or research
    Hall of Fame
    a building containing trophies honoring famous people
    hotel
    a building where travelers can pay for lodging and meals and other services
    casino-hotel, hotel-casino
    a building that houses both a hotel and a casino
    house
    a dwelling that serves as living quarters for one or more families
    house
    a building in which something is sheltered or located
    library
    a building that houses a collection of books and other materials
    health facility, healthcare facility, medical building
    building where medicine is practiced
    ministry
    building where the business of a government department is transacted
    dead room, morgue, mortuary
    a building (or room) where dead bodies are kept before burial or cremation
    observatory
    a building designed and equipped to observe astronomical phenomena
    office block, office building
    a building containing offices where work is done
    opium den
    a building where opium is sold and used
    outbuilding
    a building that is subordinate to and separate from a main building
    packinghouse
    a building where foodstuffs are processed and packed
    house of God, house of prayer, house of worship, place of worship
    any building where congregations gather for prayer
    planetarium
    a building housing an instrument for projecting the positions of the planets onto a domed ceiling
    presbytery
    building reserved for the officiating clergy
    eatery, eating house, eating place, restaurant
    a building where people go to eat
    rest house
    a building used for shelter by travelers (especially in areas where there are no hotels)
    rink, skating rink
    building that contains a surface for ice skating or roller skating
    Roman building
    a building constructed by the ancient Romans
    rotunda
    a building having a circular plan and a dome
    ruin
    a ruined building
    school, schoolhouse
    a building where young people receive education
    shooting gallery
    a building (usually abandoned) where drug addicts buy and use heroin
    signal box, signal tower
    a building from which signals are sent to control the movements of railway trains
    skyscraper
    a very tall building with many stories
    student union
    a building on a college campus dedicated to social and organizational activities of the student body
    tap house, tavern
    a building with a bar that is licensed to sell alcoholic drinks
    telco building, telecom hotel
    a building that houses telecommunications equipment
    temple
    an edifice devoted to special or exalted purposes
    house, theater, theatre
    a building where theatrical performances or motion-picture shows can be presented
    bagnio, bawdyhouse, bordello, brothel, cathouse, house of ill repute, house of prostitution, sporting house
    a building where prostitutes are available
    arena theater, theater in the round
    a theater arranged with seats around at least three sides of the stage
    barn
    an outlying farm building for storing grain or animal feed and housing farm animals
    Roman basilica, basilica
    a Roman building used for public administration
    bagnio, bathhouse
    a building containing public baths
    beach house
    a house built on or near a beach
    beer garden
    tavern with an outdoor area (usually resembling a garden) where beer and other alcoholic drinks are served
    belvedere
    a gazebo sited to command a fine view
    bethel
    a house of worship (especially one for sailors)
    bistro
    a small informal restaurant; serves wine
    boarding house, boardinghouse
    a private house that provides accommodations and meals for paying guests
    brasserie
    a small restaurant serving beer and wine as well as food; usually cheap
    brewpub
    a combination brewery and restaurant; beer is brewed for consumption on the premises and served along with food
    bucket shop
    (formerly) a cheap saloon selling liquor by the bucket
    bungalow, cottage
    a small house with a single story
    burn center
    a center where patients with severe burns can be treated
    cabin
    a small house built of wood; usually in a wooded area
    cafe, coffee bar, coffee shop, coffeehouse
    a small restaurant where drinks and snacks are sold
    cafeteria
    a restaurant where you serve yourself and pay a cashier
    call center, call centre
    a center equipped to handle a large volume of telephone calls (especially for taking orders or serving customers)
    canteen
    restaurant in a factory; where workers can eat
    canteen, mobile canteen
    a restaurant outside; often for soldiers or policemen
    capitol
    a building occupied by a state legislature
    casino, gambling casino
    a public building for gambling and entertainment
    chalet
    a Swiss house with a sloping roof and wide eaves or a house built in this style
    chancellery
    a government building housing the office of a chancellor
    chapel
    a place of worship that has its own altar
    chapterhouse, frat house, fraternity house
    a house used as a residence by a chapter of a fraternity
    chicken coop, coop, hencoop, henhouse
    a farm building for housing poultry
    church, church building
    a place for public (especially Christian) worship
    cinema, movie house, movie theater, movie theatre, picture palace
    a theater where films are shown
    city hall
    a building that houses administrative offices of a municipal government
    clinic
    a healthcare facility for outpatient care
    carriage house, coach house, remise
    a small building for housing coaches and carriages and other vehicles
    civic center, community center
    a center where the members of a community can gather for social or cultural activities
    conference center, conference house
    a center where conferences can be conducted
    conservatory, hothouse, indoor garden
    a greenhouse in which plants are arranged in a pleasing manner
    conservatoire, conservatory
    a schoolhouse with special facilities for fine arts
    control center
    the operational center for a group of related activities
    conventicle, meetinghouse
    a building for religious assembly (especially Nonconformists, e.g., Quakers)
    country house
    a house (usually large and impressive) on an estate in the country
    courthouse
    a building that houses judicial courts
    courthouse
    a government building that houses the offices of a county government
    crematorium, crematory
    a mortuary where corpses are cremated
    customhouse, customshouse
    a government building where customs are collected and where ships are cleared to enter or leave the country
    day school
    a school building without boarding facilities
    detached house, single dwelling
    a house that stands alone
    diner
    a restaurant that resembles a dining car
    dinner theater, dinner theatre
    a theater at which dinner is included in the price of admission
    diplomatic building
    government building in which diplomats live or work
    doll's house, dollhouse
    a house so small that it is likened to a child's plaything
    duplex, duplex house, semidetached house
    a house with two units sharing a common wall
    farmhouse
    house for a farmer and family
    field house, sports arena
    a building for indoor sports
    fleabag
    a run-down hotel
    funeral chapel, funeral church, funeral home, funeral parlor, funeral parlour, funeral-residence
    a mortuary where those who knew the deceased can come to pay their last respects
    garage
    an outbuilding (or part of a building) for housing automobiles
    gatehouse
    a house built at a gateway; usually the gatekeeper's residence
    greasy spoon
    a small restaurant specializing in short-order fried foods
    grill, grillroom
    a restaurant where food is cooked on a grill
    guesthouse
    a house separate from the main house; for housing guests
    guildhall
    the hall of a guild or corporation
    hacienda
    the main house on a ranch or large estate
    hall of residence
    a university dormitory
    hash house
    an inexpensive restaurant
    home theater, home theatre
    television and video equipment designed to reproduce in the home the experience of being in a movie theater
    hospital, infirmary
    a health facility where patients receive treatment
    auberge, hostel, hostelry, inn, lodge
    a hotel providing overnight lodging for travelers
    icehouse
    a house for storing ice
    ice, ice rink, ice-skating rink
    a rink with a floor of ice for ice hockey or ice skating
    dog house, doghouse, kennel
    outbuilding that serves as a shelter for a dog
    little theater, little theatre
    a small theater for experimental drama or collegiate or community groups
    hunting lodge, lodge
    a small (rustic) house used as a temporary shelter
    lodging house, rooming house
    a house where rooms are rented
    lunchroom
    a restaurant (in a facility) where lunch can be purchased
    lyceum
    a public hall for lectures and concerts
    maisonette, maisonnette
    a small house
    hall, manse, mansion, mansion house, residence
    a large and imposing house
    masjid, musjid
    (Islam) a Muslim place of worship
    massage parlor
    a place where illicit sex is available under the guise of therapeutic massage
    meat house
    a small house (on a farm) where meat is stored
    mosque
    (Islam) a Muslim place of worship that usually has a minaret
    court, motor hotel, motor inn, motor lodge, tourist court
    a hotel for motorists; provides direct access from rooms to parking area
    music hall, vaudeville theater, vaudeville theatre
    a theater in which vaudeville is staged
    oast house
    a building containing an oast (a kiln for drying hops); usually has a conical or pyramidal roof
    opera, opera house
    a building where musical dramas are performed
    earth-closet, jakes, outhouse, privy
    a small outbuilding with a bench having holes through which a user can defecate
    gin mill, pothouse, pub, public house, saloon, taphouse
    tavern consisting of a building with a bar and public rooms; often provides light meals
    pump house, pumping station
    a house where pumps (e.g. to irrigate) are installed and operated
    ranch house
    a one story house with a low pitched roof
    rathskeller
    a tavern below street level featuring beer; originally a German restaurant in the basement of city hall
    research center, research facility
    a center where research is done
    residence
    the official house or establishment of an important person (as a sovereign or president)
    resort hotel, spa
    a fashionable hotel usually in a resort area
    Ritz
    an ostentatiously elegant hotel
    rotisserie
    a restaurant that specializes in roasted and barbecued meats
    row house, town house
    a house that is one of a row of identical houses situated side by side and sharing common walls
    safe house
    a house used as a hiding place or refuge by members of certain organizations
    saltbox
    a type of house built in New England; has two stories in front and one behind
    service club
    a recreational center for servicemen
    settlement house
    a center in an underprivileged area that provides community services
    shed
    an outbuilding with a single story; used for shelter or storage
    shrine
    a place of worship hallowed by association with some sacred thing or person
    ski lodge
    a hotel at a ski resort
    meat house, smokehouse
    a small house where smoke is used to cure meat or fish
    adobe house, sod house, soddy
    a house built of sod or adobe laid in horizontal courses
    solar house
    a house designed to use solar radiation for heating; usually has large areas of glass in front of heat-absorbing materials
    horse barn, stable, stalls
    a farm building for housing horses or other livestock
    stash house
    a house where weapons and supplies are hidden
    Statehouse
    a government building in which a state legislature meets
    chophouse, steakhouse
    a restaurant that specializes in steaks
    student center
    a center for student activities at a college or university
    synagogue, tabernacle, temple
    (Judaism) the place of worship for a Jewish congregation
    tea parlor, tea parlour, teahouse, tearoom, teashop
    a restaurant where tea and light meals are available
    temple
    place of worship consisting of an edifice for the worship of a deity
    tenement, tenement house
    a run-down apartment house barely meeting minimal standards
    town hall
    a government building that houses administrative offices of a town government
    tract house
    one of many houses of similar design constructed together on a tract of land
    villa
    detached or semidetached suburban house
    walk-up
    an apartment building without an elevator
    ziggurat, zikkurat, zikurat
    a rectangular tiered temple or terraced mound erected by the ancient Assyrians and Babylonians
    shebeen
    unlicensed drinking establishment
    holiday resort, resort, resort hotel
    a hotel located in a resort area
    orangery
    a place where oranges are grown; a plantation of orange trees in warm climes or a greenhouse in cooler areas
    type of:
    construction, structure
    a thing constructed; a complex entity constructed of many parts
  4. noun
    the occupants of a building
    “the entire building complained about the noise”
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    type of:
    assemblage, gathering
    a group of persons together in one place
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