temple

A temple is a religious building that's meant for worshipping or praying. Hindu temples are typically devoted to one specific god.

While temples tend to be associated with non-Christian religions like Islam, Judaism, and Buddhism, some sects of Orthodox Christianity worship in temples as well. The Mormon church also calls its sacred structures temples. The word comes from the Latin templum, "consecrated piece of ground" or "building for worship of a god," from a Proto-Indo-European root, tem-, "to cut," from the idea of a space cleared or "cut down" for an altar.

Definitions of temple
  1. noun
    place of worship consisting of an edifice for the worship of a deity
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    examples:
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    Artemision at Ephesus
    the large temple of the Greek goddess Artemis which was begun at Ephesus in 541 BC and completed 220 years later; the temple was destroyed by the Goths in 262
    Parthenon
    the main temple of the goddess Athena; built on the acropolis in Athens more than 400 years B.C.; example of Doric architecture
    Mormon Tabernacle
    the Mormon temple
    Temple of Artemis
    a large temple at Ephesus that was said to be one of the seven wonders of the ancient world
    types:
    joss house
    a Chinese temple or shrine for idol worship
    pagoda
    an Asian temple; usually a pyramidal tower with an upward curving roof
    pantheon
    (antiquity) a temple to all the gods
    type of:
    house of God, house of prayer, house of worship, place of worship
    any building where congregations gather for prayer
  2. noun
    (Judaism) the place of worship for a Jewish congregation
    synonyms: synagogue, tabernacle
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    examples:
    Temple of Jerusalem
    any of three successive temples in Jerusalem that served as the primary center for Jewish worship; the first temple contained the Ark of the Covenant and was built by Solomon in the 10th century BC and destroyed by Nebuchadnezzar in 586 BC; the second was built in 515 BC and the third was an enlargement by Herod the Great in 20 BC that was destroyed by the Romans during a Jewish revolt in AD 70; all that remains is the Wailing Wall
    type of:
    house of God, house of prayer, house of worship, place of worship
    any building where congregations gather for prayer
  3. noun
    an edifice devoted to special or exalted purposes
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    examples:
    Tower of Babel
    (Genesis 11:1-11) a tower built by Noah's descendants (probably in Babylon) who intended it to reach up to heaven; God foiled them by confusing their language so they could no longer understand one another
    types:
    ziggurat, zikkurat, zikurat
    a rectangular tiered temple or terraced mound erected by the ancient Assyrians and Babylonians
    type of:
    building, edifice
    a structure that has a roof and walls and stands more or less permanently in one place
  4. noun
    the flat area on either side of the forehead
    “the veins in his temple throbbed”
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    type of:
    feature, lineament
    the characteristic parts of a person's face: eyes and nose and mouth and chin
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