grading

When your teacher stays up until four in the morning assigning scores to student work, that's the grading of papers. Grading can also mean smoothing a surface, as in grading a lawn before planting seeds.

Grading comes from the verb grade, which basically means "group by category." When a teacher works on the grading of papers, she's dividing them into groups — the A's go together, the B's and so on. Fruit grading works in the same way, as does meat — you can have meat where the grading is "prime," or meat with a grading of "Grade A." Grading also has to do with the idea of gradual change — a steep slope could be said to have steep grading.

Primary Meanings of grading

1.
n
evaluation of performance by assigning a grade or score
2.
n
changing the ground level to a smooth horizontal or gently sloping surface
3.
n
the act of arranging in a graduated series
Full Definitions of grading
1

n evaluation of performance by assigning a grade or score

“what he disliked about teaching was all the grading he had to do”
Synonyms:
marking, scoring
Type of:
evaluation, rating
act of ascertaining or fixing the value or worth of
2

n changing the ground level to a smooth horizontal or gently sloping surface

Synonyms:
leveling
Type of:
building, construction
the act of constructing something
3

n the act of arranging in a graduated series

Synonyms:
scaling
Type of:
order, ordering
the act of putting things in a sequential arrangement

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