A restoration is when you bring something back to what it was. A crumbling house that is lovingly-rebuilt in its original style, a king who was kicked off his throne only to get it back — these are restorations.

Notice the difference between renovation and restoration. If you restore a 1950s house, you use period materials and effects. A renovation might include new things. Restoration always means a putting back: if you've been ill, but get better, you might talk about your restoration of health.

Definitions of restoration
  1. noun
    the act of restoring something or someone to a satisfactory state
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    restoration to a previous state
    the restoration of run-down urban areas by the middle class (resulting in the displacement of low-income residents)
    reclamation, rehabilitation, renewal
    the conversion of wasteland into land suitable for use of habitation or cultivation
    the restoration of someone to a useful place in society
    the act of restoring someone to a previous position
    the act of restoring to a more youthful condition
    re-afforestation, reforestation
    the restoration (replanting) of a forest that had been reduced by fire or cutting
    correctional rehabilitation
    providing penal custody or probation or parole for convicted offenders
    physical rehabilitation, physical restoration, therapeutic rehabilitation
    providing help for disabled persons; the removal or reduction of disabilities
    urban renewal
    the clearing and rebuilding and redevelopment of urban slums
    vocational rehabilitation
    providing training in a specific trade with the aim of gaining employment
    recreation, refreshment
    activity that refreshes and recreates; activity that renews your health and spirits by enjoyment and relaxation
    type of:
    fix, fixing, fixture, mend, mending, repair, reparation
    the act of putting something in working order again
  2. noun
    the state of being restored to its former good condition
    synonyms: refurbishment, renovation
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    type of:
    improvement, melioration
    a condition superior to an earlier condition
  3. noun
    some artifact that has been restored or reconstructed
    “the restoration looked exactly like the original”
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    type of:
    artefact, artifact
    a man-made object taken as a whole
  4. noun
    a model that represents the landscape of a former geological age or that represents and extinct animal etc.
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    type of:
    model, simulation
    representation of something (sometimes on a smaller scale)
  5. noun
    getting something back again
    synonyms: regaining, restitution, return
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    finding a way to take money back from people that they were given in another way
    type of:
    the act of contracting or assuming or acquiring possession of something
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