A monument is a statue or other sculpture meant to honor a great person, like the Lincoln Monument or Washington Monument.

You can find monuments in the downtown area of most cities. Many honor a specific person, while other are dedicated to soldiers who fought in a certain war, such as Vietnam or World War I. Cemeteries are also full of monuments, and monument can mean a type of burial vault. Whenever people create a monument, they're trying to make sure that a person or event is remembered.

Definitions of monument
  1. noun
    a structure erected to commemorate persons or events
    synonyms: memorial
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    Lincoln Memorial
    memorial building in Washington containing a large marble statue of Abraham Lincoln
    Pyramids of Egypt
    a massive monument with a square base and four triangular sides; begun by Cheops around 2700 BC as royal tombs in ancient Egypt
    Statue of Liberty
    a large monumental statue symbolizing liberty on Liberty Island in New York Bay
    Washington Monument
    a stone obelisk built in Washington in 1884 to honor George Washington; 555 feet tall
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    brass, memorial tablet, plaque
    a memorial made of brass
    cenotaph, empty tomb
    a monument built to honor people whose remains are interred elsewhere or whose remains cannot be recovered
    gravestone, headstone, tombstone
    a stone that is used to mark a grave
    megalith, megalithic structure
    memorial consisting of a very large stone forming part of a prehistoric structure (especially in western Europe)
    national monument
    memorial consisting of a structure or natural landmark of historic interest; set aside by national government for preservation and public enjoyment
    a monument commemorating a nation's dead heroes
    Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, Seven Wonders of the World
    impressive monuments created in the ancient world that were regarded with awe
    triumphal arch
    a monumental archway; usually they are built to commemorate some notable victory
    cromlech, dolmen, portal tomb
    a prehistoric megalithic tomb typically having two large upright stones and a capstone
    menhir, standing stone
    a tall upright megalith; found primarily in England and northern France
    type of:
    construction, structure
    a thing constructed; a complex entity constructed of many parts
  2. noun
    a burial vault (usually for some famous person)
    synonyms: repository
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    type of:
    burial chamber, sepulcher, sepulchre, sepulture
    a chamber that is used as a grave
  3. noun
    an important site that is marked and preserved as public property
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    an ancient megalithic monument in southern England; probably used for ritual purposes
    market cross
    a cross-shaped monument set up in the marketplace of a town where public business is often conducted
    type of:
    land site, site
    the piece of land on which something is located (or is to be located)
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