monument

A monument is a statue or other sculpture meant to honor a great person, like the Lincoln Monument or Washington Monument.

You can find monuments in the downtown area of most cities. Many honor a specific person, while other are dedicated to soldiers who fought in a certain war, such as Vietnam or World War I. Cemeteries are also full of monuments, and monument can mean a type of burial vault. Whenever people create a monument, they're trying to make sure that a person or event is remembered.

Definitions of monument
1

n a structure erected to commemorate persons or events

Synonyms:
memorial
Examples:
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Lincoln Memorial
memorial building in Washington containing a large marble statue of Abraham Lincoln
Pyramids of Egypt
a massive monument with a square base and four triangular sides; begun by Cheops around 2700 BC as royal tombs in ancient Egypt
Statue of Liberty
a large monumental statue symbolizing liberty on Liberty Island in New York Bay
Washington Monument
a stone obelisk built in Washington in 1884 to honor George Washington; 555 feet tall
Types:
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brass, memorial tablet, plaque
a memorial made of brass
cenotaph, empty tomb
a monument built to honor people whose remains are interred elsewhere or whose remains cannot be recovered
gravestone, headstone, tombstone
a stone that is used to mark a grave
megalith, megalithic structure
memorial consisting of a very large stone forming part of a prehistoric structure (especially in western Europe)
national monument
memorial consisting of a structure or natural landmark of historic interest; set aside by national government for preservation and public enjoyment
pantheon
a monument commemorating a nation's dead heroes
Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, Seven Wonders of the World
impressive monuments created in the ancient world that were regarded with awe
triumphal arch
a monumental archway; usually they are built to commemorate some notable victory
cromlech, dolmen, portal tomb
a prehistoric megalithic tomb typically having two large upright stones and a capstone
menhir, standing stone
a tall upright megalith; found primarily in England and northern France
Type of:
construction, structure
a thing constructed; a complex entity constructed of many parts

n a burial vault (usually for some famous person)

Synonyms:
repository
Type of:
burial chamber, sepulcher, sepulchre, sepulture
a chamber that is used as a grave

n an important site that is marked and preserved as public property

Examples:
Stonehenge
an ancient megalithic monument in southern England; probably used for ritual purposes
Types:
market cross
a cross-shaped monument set up in the marketplace of a town where public business is often conducted
Type of:
land site, site
the piece of land on which something is located (or is to be located)

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