the quality of having a superior or more favorable position
Because of the virus, in-person campaigning abruptly ground to a halt, stripping progressive challengers of the organizing tactics essential to counter the
of incumbency.New York Times (Jun 18, 2020)
an offensive against an enemy
His smooth-as-butter rapid win over Azerbaijani super-GM Shakhriyar Mamedyarov in Moscow is a case in point, as White employs the queenside minority
to perfection in a classic Queen’s Gambit Declined battle.
Washington Times (Dec 31, 2019)
a flat portable surface designed for games
It is usually smart to keep your king safe early in a game, when both sides have all their pieces moving around the
board and lots of attacks are lurking.
Board literally means "plank of wood," which is logical for a playing surface that until recently would have almost always been fashioned from wood. It's an ancient word, going back through Germanic languages to Sanskrit.
the removal of an opponent's piece from the chess board
the pawn on f7 with his knight, forking the queen and the rook, black can start the counter attack with Bxf2.
Chess.com (June 17, 2020)
an area that is in the middle of some larger region
One of his most elegant compositions was the two-mover in today’s diagram — the Black king is imprisoned in the
of the board, but White’s two rooks hang and any piece move seems to open up an escape route for the enemy.
Washington Times (Dec 17, 2019)
In the early stages of a game, establishing control of the
center is essential for launching attacks and building an effective defense.
Centrum is Latin for "the midpoint of a circle," which comes from the Greek
kentron, meaning the point of a compass used to draw circles.
patterned with alternating squares of color
Had chess been not
, I feel there would have been many instances when the diagonal of the bishop got changed by mistake
Quora (July 25, 2016)
Checkered describes the board you play chess or
checkers on, and can also be used to describe a person or institution's uneven past: containing both dark and light periods.
an inescapable attack on an opponent's king, in chess
You have to work out how White, playing, as usual, up the board in the diagram, can force
in two moves, however Black defends.
Guardian (June 11, 2020)
Check has a number of meanings, but the sense here is related to the "stop," "restrain," or "impede" definition. When a king is exposed to a direct threat, such that it could be captured on the next move, the king is in
check and must move or have another piece intervene to block the attack. If the king cannot move or be protected, that's
checkmate: the end of the game.
move one's pieces into more advantageous positions
Bring out your knights before
your bishops, especially the Queen's Bishop.
Exeter Chess Club
A key part of the early stages of a chess game is the
development of a player's pieces, where they're deployed to advantageous spots that allow them freedom of movement. Moving your bishops onto open diagonals to build an attack is a classic type of
having an oblique or slanted direction
Bishops move exclusively along
diagonals, and because of the way pieces are arranged before a game each player has one bishop on black squares and one on white. In addition to moving along straight lines, the queen can also move
a chess move in which the player sacrifices minor pieces
His smooth-as-butter rapid win over Azerbaijani super-GM Shakhriyar Mamedyarov in Moscow is a case in point, as White employs the queenside minority attack to perfection in a classic Queen’s
Washington Times (Dec 31, 2019)
There are a number of famous
gambits in chess, where a player, often black, will offer a pawn or other minor piece to get the other player to take it. The sacrifice can change the momentum of the game, creating opportunities that outweigh the cost of the lost piece.
the first of a series of actions
Due to moving first, White starts the game with the
, but it can be lost in the opening by accepting a gambit.
a chessman shaped to resemble the head of a horse
Just like a real horse, the
may jump over pieces.
Knights are the pieces shaped like horses' heads. They are the only ones on the board that can jump over other pieces, using a particular L-shaped move. A Germanic word,
knight could mean "servant" or "soldier," and in English it refers to an elite class of warrior, often on horseback, in service to a ruler.
things needed for doing or making something
When white plays the King’s Gambit they are usually looking to give up
and then have the initiative for the early part of the game.
Chess.com (June 17, 2020)
material refers to pieces, usually related to describing any numerical advantage one player may have by capturing more of their opponent's pieces.
a contestant that you are matched against
At Florida, the cheer was used to taunt the Gators’
, with the band deliberately pausing during a song for fans to shout the words and move their arms in a chomping motion.Los Angeles Times (Jun 18, 2020)
the least powerful piece in chess
Pawn comes from
ped-, the Latin word for "foot," as in "foot soldier:" the lowliest rank in an army.
Pawns are not powerful, but if they make it to the far side of the board, they can be promoted into a queen or any other piece.
the act of raising in rank or position
You can promote to a queen even if you already have a queen.
See the note for
shield from danger, injury, destruction, or damage
a castle-shaped chess piece that moves in a straight line
The critical mistake came on move 35 as Levon allowed Magnus to invade with his
and queen on the h-file, and after that there was no hope.
Chess24 (June 12, 2020)
Rooks are the castles, placed in the corners of the board when play begins. They're powerful pieces, moving in straight lines and crucial in the middle and end game for pinning down an opponent's king. The word comes from the Sanskrit
ratha meaning "chariot," since in the early Indian game that was the form the pieces took. The word, like the game, traveled through Persian (
ruk) and Arabic before becoming the Old French
drawing position in chess
If a game cannot be won by either player, that's a
stalemate. It results in a draw, which is not an uncommon outcome in tournaments.
an elaborate and systematic plan of action
to utter intentions of injury or punishment against
an equal exchange
If you take your opponent's knight with one of yours and she promptly takes the offending piece in return, that's a