When you give someone too much to carry, you overburden them. Don't overburden yourself with too much gear in your hiking backpack, or you'll never make it up the mountain!

You can literally overburden someone, which you do whenever you ask them to hold too much weight: "Let me carry some of those books. I don't want you to overburden yourself" There's also a figurative way to overburden another person, by pressuring them or making them work too hard: "If the budget cuts go through and school aides are laid off, it will overburden teachers."

Definitions of overburden
  1. verb
    load with excessive weight
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    type of:
    burden, burthen, weight, weight down
    weight down with a load
  2. verb
    burden with too much work or responsibility
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    type of:
    burden, charge, saddle
    impose a task upon, assign a responsibility to
  3. noun
    an excessive burden
    synonyms: overload
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    type of:
    burden, load, loading
    weight to be borne or conveyed
  4. noun
    the surface soil that must be moved away to get at coal seams and mineral deposits
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    type of:
    ground, land, soil
    material in the top layer of the surface of the earth in which plants can grow (especially with reference to its quality or use)
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