island

An island is a piece of land that is surrounded on all sides by water. Some islands are so small that a beach chair and umbrella barely fit on them and some are big enough to contain a whole nation.

To get to an island you must take a boat, bridge or airplane — be a strong swimmer. If you can get there by land it’s not an island, though it may be a peninsula, like Florida. There are many famous islands, like Manhattan and the islands of Hawaii. Things that are free-standing can also be called islands, like the island made of cabinets and a counter that is found in some kitchens — it's not connected to anything else.

Definitions of island
1

n a land mass (smaller than a continent) that is surrounded by water

Examples:
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Anguilla
a British colony in the West Indies
Aran Islands
three small islands belonging to Ireland at the entrance to Galway Bay
Antigua
the largest of the islands comprising Antigua and Barbuda
Barbuda
an island in Antigua and Barbuda
Redonda
an island in Antigua and Barbuda
Bermudas
a group of islands in the Atlantic off the Carolina coast; British colony; a popular resort
Bouvet Island
an island belonging to Norway in the South Atlantic near the Antarctic Circle
Montserrat
a volcanic island in the Caribbean; in the West Indies
Sao Tiago Island
largest of the Cape Verde Islands in the Atlantic Ocean
Falkland Islands
a group of over 100 islands in the southern Atlantic off the coast of Argentina; a British Crown Colony
Ceylon
an island in the Indian Ocean off the southeastern coast of India
Chiloe
the largest Chilean island and the only one to be settled; located off south-central Chile
Formosa
an island in southeastern Asia 100 miles off the coast of mainland China in the South China Sea
Nationalist China
a government on the island of Taiwan established in 1949 by Chiang Kai-shek after the conquest of mainland China by the Communists led by Mao Zedong
Guadalupe Island
a Mexican island in the Pacific to the west of Baja California
Netherlands Antilles
a group of islands in the Lesser Antilles just to the north of Venezuela that are administered by The Netherlands
Aruba
a popular island resort in the Netherlands Antilles
Bonaire
a popular island resort in the Netherlands Antilles
Curacao
a popular island resort in the Netherlands Antilles
Saba
a island in the Netherlands Antilles that is the top of an extinct volcano
Saint Eustatius
an island in the Netherlands Antilles
Saint Maarten
an island in the western Leeward Islands; administered jointly by France and the Netherlands
Cuba
the largest island in the West Indies
Guadeloupe
an island territory of France located in the eastern West Indies; tourism is the major industry
Hispaniola
an island in the West Indies
Puerto Rico
the smallest and easternmost of the Greater Antilles in the Caribbean
Culebra
a small island off the coast of Puerto Rico with miles of beautiful beaches
Vieques
a small island off the coast of Puerto Rico used for target practice by the United States Navy
Jamaica
an island in the West Indies to the south of Cuba and to the west of Haiti
Virgin Islands
a group of islands in northeastern West Indies (east of Puerto Rico) discovered by Christopher Columbus in 1493; owned by United States and Britain
Barbados
easternmost of the West Indies about 300 miles to the north of Venezuela
Trinidad
an island in West Indies just off the northeastern coast of Venezuela
Tobago
island in West Indies
Cyprus
an island in the eastern Mediterranean
Sjaelland
the largest island of Denmark and the site of Copenhagen
Dominica
a volcanic island in the Windward Islands that was once a stronghold of the Carib Indians
Bioko
an island in the Gulf of Guinea that is part of Equatorial Guinea
Spitsbergen
islands in the Svalbard archipelago to the east of northern Greenland; belonging to Norway
Galapagos Islands
a group of islands in the Pacific off South America; owned by Ecuador; known for unusual animal life
Fiji Islands
a group of more than 800 islands (100 inhabited) in the southwestern Pacific; larger islands (Viti Levu and Vanua Levu) are of volcanic origin surrounded by coral reefs; smaller islands are coral
Viti Levu
a volcanic island in the Fijis
Vanua Levu
a volcanic island in the Fijis
Crete
the largest Greek island in the Mediterranean; site of the Minoan civilization that reached its peak in 1600 BC
Ithaca
a Greek island to the west of Greece; in Homeric legend Odysseus was its king
Aegadean Islands
a group of islands off the west coast of Sicily in the Mediterranean
Lemnos
a Greek island in the northern Aegean Sea; famous for a reddish-brown clay that has medicinal properties
Capri
an island (part of Campania) in the Bay of Naples in southern Italy; a tourist attraction noted for beautiful scenery
Ischia
a volcanic island (part of Campania) in the Tyrrhenian Sea at the north end of the Bay of Naples
Sardegna
an island in the Mediterranean to the west of Italy
Sicilia
the largest island in the Mediterranean
Kalaallit Nunaat
the largest island in the world; lies between the North Atlantic and the Arctic Ocean; a self-governing province of Denmark
Baffin Island
the 5th largest island and the largest island of Arctic Canada; lies between Greenland and Hudson Bay
Vancouver Island
an island off southwestern Canada (off the southwestern coast of British Columbia); the largest island off the west coast of North America
Newfoundland
an island in the north Atlantic
Cape Breton Island
an island that forms the northeastern part of Nova Scotia
Tasmania
an island off the southeastern coast of Australia
Norfolk Island
an island territory of Australia in the Pacific Ocean off the eastern coast of Australia; formerly a British penal colony
Saipan
the largest island in the Northern Marianas and the administrative center of the commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands in union with the United States
Guam
the largest and southernmost island in the Marianas which is administered as a territory of the United States; it was ceded by Spain to the United States in 1898
Wake Island
an island in the western Pacific between Guam and Hawaii
Pleasant Island
a small island in the central Pacific Ocean 2,800 miles to the southwest of Hawaii; in Micronesia to the west of the Gilbert Islands
Kalimantan
3rd largest island in the world; in the western Pacific to the north of Java; largely covered by dense jungle and rain forest; part of the Malay Archipelago
Bougainville
the largest of the Solomon Islands; a province of Papua New Guinea
Guadalcanal
a mountainous island; the largest of the Solomon Islands in the independent state that is a member of the British Commonwealth
New Britain
the largest island in the Bismarck Archipelago; part of Papua New Guinea
New Caledonia
an island to the to the east of Australia and to the north of New Zealand
New Guinea
a Pacific island to the north of Australia; the 2nd largest island in the world; the western part is governed by Indonesia and the eastern part is Papua New Guinea
New Ireland
an island in the Bismarck Archipelago; part of Papua New Guinea
Bahrain Island
an island in the Persian Gulf
British Isles
Great Britain and Ireland and adjacent islands in the north Atlantic
Great Britain
an island comprising England and Scotland and Wales
Emerald Isle
an island comprising the republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland
Channel Island
any of a group of British islands in the English Channel off the northern coast of France
Isle of Man
one of the British Isles in the Irish Sea
Isle of Skye
an island of northwestern Scotland noted for its rugged mountain scenery
Islay
an island of western Scotland at the southern end of the Inner Hebrides
Mull
an island in western Scotland in the Inner Hebrides
Staffa
an island in western Scotland in the Inner Hebrides to the west of Mull; site of Fingal's Cave
Anglesea Island
an island to the northwest of Wales
Java
an island in Indonesia to the south of Borneo; one of the world's most densely populated regions
Bali
an island in Indonesia to the east of Java; striking volcanic scenery; culture is known for elaborate dances and rituals and for handicrafts
Timor
an island in Indonesia in the Malay Archipelago; the largest and most eastern of the Lesser Sunda Islands
Sumatra
a mountainous island in western Indonesia
Sulawesi
a mountainous island in eastern Indonesia
Spice Islands
a group of island in eastern Indonesia between Celebes and New Guinea; settled by the Portuguese but taken by the Dutch who made them the center for a spice monopoly, at which time they were known as Spice Islands
Hokkaido
the second largest of the four main islands of Japan; to the north of Honshu
Honshu
the central and largest of the four main islands of Japan; between the Sea of Japan and the Pacific Ocean; regarded as the Japanese mainland
Kyushu
the southernmost of the four main islands of Japan; contains coal fields
Shikoku
the smallest of the four main islands of Japan; to the south of Honshu and to the east of Kyushu; separated from Honshu by the Inland Sea; forested and mountainous
Okinawa
the largest island of the central Ryukyu Islands
Iwo Jima
the largest of the Volcano Islands of Japan
Ile-St-Louis
island in Paris on the Seine
Corsica
an island in the Mediterranean; with adjacent islets it constitutes a region of France
Martinique
an island in the eastern Caribbean in the Windward Islands; administered as an overseas region of France
Faeroe Islands
a group of 21 volcanic islands in the North Atlantic between Iceland and the Shetland Islands
Iceland
a volcanic island in the North Atlantic near the Arctic Circle
Madagascar
an island in the Indian Ocean off the southeastern coast of Africa; the 4th largest island in the world
Maldive Islands
a group of about 1,200 small coral islands (about 220 inhabited) in the Indian ocean
Malta
a strategically located island to the south of Sicily in the Mediterranean Sea
Mauritius
an island in the southwestern Indian Ocean
New Zealand Islands
North Island and South Island and adjacent small islands in the South Pacific
North Island
the smaller but more populous of two main islands of New Zealand; separated from South Island by Cook Strait
South Island
the larger but less populous of two main islands of New Zealand; separated from North Island by Cook Strait
Cebu
one of the Visayan islands of the central Philippines; important for its fine harbor
Luzon
the main island of the Philippines
Mindanao
the second largest island of the Philippines at the southern end of the archipelago; mountainous and volcanic
Mindoro
a mountainous island in the central Philippines
Visayan Islands
group of islands in the central Philippines
Acores
islands in the Atlantic Ocean belonging to Portugal
Madeira
an island in the Atlantic Ocean off the coast of Africa; the largest of the Madeira Islands
Saint Christopher
the largest of the islands comprising Saint Christopher-Nevis
Nevis
one of the islands of Saint Christopher-Nevis
Sombrero
one of the islands of Saint Christopher-Nevis
Saint Lucia
a volcanic island in the Windward Isles to the south of Martinique
Saint Vincent
an island in the center of the Windward Islands; the largest of the islands comprising Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Tahiti
an island in the south Pacific; the most important island in French Polynesia; made famous by Robert Louis Stevenson and Paul Gauguin
Samoan Islands
a group of volcanic islands in the South Pacific midway between Hawaii and Australia; its climate and scenery and Polynesian culture make it a popular tourist stop
Principe
an island in the Gulf of Guinea that is part of Sao Tome and Principe
Seychelles islands
a group of about 90 islands in the western Indian Ocean to the north of Madagascar
Singapore Island
an island to the south of the Malay Peninsula
Novaya Zemlya
two islands in the Arctic Ocean belonging to Russia; site of a test center for nuclear warheads
Majorca
the largest of the Balearic Islands
Canary Islands
a group of mountainous islands in the Atlantic off the northwest coast of Africa forming Spanish provinces
Tenerife
a Spanish island in the Atlantic off the northwestern coast of Africa; the largest of the Canary Islands
Zanzibar
an island in the Indian Ocean off the east coast of Africa; part of the United Republic of Tanzania
Admiralty Island
an Alaskan island in the Alexander Archipelago near Juneau
Catalina Island
an island resort in the Pacific off the southwestern coast of California
Hawaii Island
the largest and southernmost of the Hawaii islands; has several volcanic peaks
Kahoolawe Island
an island of south-central Hawaii
Kauai Island
an island of Hawaii to the northwest of Oahu
Lanai Island
an island of central Hawaii; a pineapple-growing area
Maui Island
the second largest of the Hawaiian Islands
Molokai Island
an island of central Hawaii (between Maui and Oahu)
Nihau Island
the most northwestern Hawaiian island (beyond Kauai)
Oahu Island
an island of central Hawaii (between Molokai and Kauai); the chief island of the state
Martha's Vineyard
an island summer resort off of Cape Cod
Nantucket
an island resort off Cape Cod; formerly a center of the whaling industry
Bedloe's Island
an island in New York Bay to the southwest of Manhattan where the Statue of Liberty stands
Manhattan Island
an island at the north end of New York Bay where the borough of Manhattan is located
Ellis Island
an island in New York Bay that was formerly the principal immigration station for the United States
Long Island
an island in southeastern New York; Brooklyn and Queens are on its western end
Galveston Island
an island at the entrance of Galveston Bay
Krakatao
a small volcanic island in Indonesia between Java and Sumatra; its violent eruption in 1883 was the greatest in recorded history
New Siberian Islands
a group of islands in the Arctic Ocean to the north of Siberia and to the east of the Laptev Sea
islet
a small island
Kodiak Island
an island off southern Alaska in the Gulf of Alaska; site of the first European settlement in the area which was founded by the Russians in 1784
Aegina
an island in the Aegean Sea in the Saronic Gulf
Chios
an island in the Aegean Sea off the west coast of Turkey; belongs to Greece
Kikladhes
a group of over 200 islands in the southern Aegean
Dhodhekanisos
a group of islands in the southeast Aegean Sea
Mytilene
an island of eastern Greece in the eastern Aegean Sea; in antiquity it was famous for lyric poetry
Rhodes
a Greek island in the southeast Aegean Sea 10 miles off the Turkish coast; the largest of the Dodecanese; it was colonized before 1000 BC by Dorians from Argos; site of the Colossus of Rhodes
Hatteras Island
a barrier island running parallel to the North Carolina shore
Types:
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Caribbean Island
an island in the Caribbean Sea
Aegean island
an island in the Aegean Sea
barrier island
a long narrow sandy island (wider than a reef) running parallel to the shore
South Sea Islands
any islands in the southern or southwestern of central parts of the Pacific Ocean
Type of:
dry land, earth, ground, land, solid ground, terra firma
the solid part of the earth's surface

n a zone or area resembling an island

Types:
kitchen island
an unattached counter in a kitchen that permits access from all sides
safety island, safety isle, safety zone, traffic island
a curbed area in a roadway from which traffic is excluded; provides safe area for pedestrians
Type of:
zone
a locally circumscribed place characterized by some distinctive features

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