island

An island is a piece of land that is surrounded on all sides by water. Some islands are so small that a beach chair and umbrella barely fit on them and some are big enough to contain a whole nation.

To get to an island you must take a boat, bridge or airplane — be a strong swimmer. If you can get there by land it’s not an island, though it may be a peninsula, like Florida. There are many famous islands, like Manhattan and the islands of Hawaii. Things that are free-standing can also be called islands, like the island made of cabinets and a counter that is found in some kitchens — it's not connected to anything else.

Definitions of island
  1. noun
    a land mass (smaller than a continent) that is surrounded by water
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    examples:
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    Anguilla
    a British colony in the West Indies
    Aran Islands
    three small islands belonging to Ireland at the entrance to Galway Bay
    Antigua
    the largest of the islands comprising Antigua and Barbuda
    Barbuda
    an island in Antigua and Barbuda
    Redonda
    an island in Antigua and Barbuda
    Bermudas
    a group of islands in the Atlantic off the Carolina coast; British colony; a popular resort
    Bouvet Island
    an island belonging to Norway in the South Atlantic near the Antarctic Circle
    Montserrat
    a volcanic island in the Caribbean; in the West Indies
    Sao Tiago Island
    largest of the Cape Verde Islands in the Atlantic Ocean
    Falkland Islands
    a group of over 100 islands in the southern Atlantic off the coast of Argentina; a British Crown Colony
    Ceylon
    an island in the Indian Ocean off the southeastern coast of India
    Chiloe
    the largest Chilean island and the only one to be settled; located off south-central Chile
    Formosa
    an island in southeastern Asia 100 miles off the coast of mainland China in the South China Sea
    Nationalist China
    a government on the island of Taiwan established in 1949 by Chiang Kai-shek after the conquest of mainland China by the Communists led by Mao Zedong
    Guadalupe Island
    a Mexican island in the Pacific to the west of Baja California
    Netherlands Antilles
    a group of islands in the Lesser Antilles just to the north of Venezuela that are administered by The Netherlands
    Aruba
    a popular island resort in the Netherlands Antilles
    Bonaire
    a popular island resort in the Netherlands Antilles
    Curacao
    a popular island resort in the Netherlands Antilles
    Saba
    a island in the Netherlands Antilles that is the top of an extinct volcano
    Saint Eustatius
    an island in the Netherlands Antilles
    Saint Maarten
    an island in the western Leeward Islands; administered jointly by France and the Netherlands
    Cuba
    the largest island in the West Indies
    Guadeloupe
    an island territory of France located in the eastern West Indies; tourism is the major industry
    Hispaniola
    an island in the West Indies
    Puerto Rico
    the smallest and easternmost of the Greater Antilles in the Caribbean
    Culebra
    a small island off the coast of Puerto Rico with miles of beautiful beaches
    Vieques
    a small island off the coast of Puerto Rico used for target practice by the United States Navy
    Jamaica
    an island in the West Indies to the south of Cuba and to the west of Haiti
    Virgin Islands
    a group of islands in northeastern West Indies (east of Puerto Rico) discovered by Christopher Columbus in 1493; owned by United States and Britain
    Barbados
    easternmost of the West Indies about 300 miles to the north of Venezuela
    Trinidad
    an island in West Indies just off the northeastern coast of Venezuela
    Tobago
    island in West Indies
    Cyprus
    an island in the eastern Mediterranean
    Sjaelland
    the largest island of Denmark and the site of Copenhagen
    Dominica
    a volcanic island in the Windward Islands that was once a stronghold of the Carib Indians
    Bioko
    an island in the Gulf of Guinea that is part of Equatorial Guinea
    Spitsbergen
    islands in the Svalbard archipelago to the east of northern Greenland; belonging to Norway
    Galapagos Islands
    a group of islands in the Pacific off South America; owned by Ecuador; known for unusual animal life
    Fiji Islands
    a group of more than 800 islands (100 inhabited) in the southwestern Pacific; larger islands (Viti Levu and Vanua Levu) are of volcanic origin surrounded by coral reefs; smaller islands are coral
    Viti Levu
    a volcanic island in the Fijis
    Vanua Levu
    a volcanic island in the Fijis
    Crete
    the largest Greek island in the Mediterranean; site of the Minoan civilization that reached its peak in 1600 BC
    Ithaca
    a Greek island to the west of Greece; in Homeric legend Odysseus was its king
    Aegadean Islands
    a group of islands off the west coast of Sicily in the Mediterranean
    Lemnos
    a Greek island in the northern Aegean Sea; famous for a reddish-brown clay that has medicinal properties
    Capri
    an island (part of Campania) in the Bay of Naples in southern Italy; a tourist attraction noted for beautiful scenery
    Ischia
    a volcanic island (part of Campania) in the Tyrrhenian Sea at the north end of the Bay of Naples
    Sardegna
    an island in the Mediterranean to the west of Italy
    Sicilia
    the largest island in the Mediterranean
    Kalaallit Nunaat
    the largest island in the world; lies between the North Atlantic and the Arctic Ocean; a self-governing province of Denmark
    Baffin Island
    the 5th largest island and the largest island of Arctic Canada; lies between Greenland and Hudson Bay
    Vancouver Island
    an island off southwestern Canada (off the southwestern coast of British Columbia); the largest island off the west coast of North America
    Newfoundland
    an island in the north Atlantic
    Cape Breton Island
    an island that forms the northeastern part of Nova Scotia
    Tasmania
    an island off the southeastern coast of Australia
    Norfolk Island
    an island territory of Australia in the Pacific Ocean off the eastern coast of Australia; formerly a British penal colony
    Saipan
    the largest island in the Northern Marianas and the administrative center of the commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands in union with the United States
    Guam
    the largest and southernmost island in the Marianas which is administered as a territory of the United States; it was ceded by Spain to the United States in 1898
    Wake Island
    an island in the western Pacific between Guam and Hawaii
    Pleasant Island
    a small island in the central Pacific Ocean 2,800 miles to the southwest of Hawaii; in Micronesia to the west of the Gilbert Islands
    Kalimantan
    3rd largest island in the world; in the western Pacific to the north of Java; largely covered by dense jungle and rain forest; part of the Malay Archipelago
    Bougainville
    the largest of the Solomon Islands; a province of Papua New Guinea
    Guadalcanal
    a mountainous island; the largest of the Solomon Islands in the independent state that is a member of the British Commonwealth
    New Britain
    the largest island in the Bismarck Archipelago; part of Papua New Guinea
    New Caledonia
    an island to the to the east of Australia and to the north of New Zealand
    New Guinea
    a Pacific island to the north of Australia; the 2nd largest island in the world; the western part is governed by Indonesia and the eastern part is Papua New Guinea
    New Ireland
    an island in the Bismarck Archipelago; part of Papua New Guinea
    Bahrain Island
    an island in the Persian Gulf
    British Isles
    Great Britain and Ireland and adjacent islands in the north Atlantic
    Great Britain
    an island comprising England and Scotland and Wales
    Emerald Isle
    an island comprising the republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland
    Channel Island
    any of a group of British islands in the English Channel off the northern coast of France
    Isle of Man
    one of the British Isles in the Irish Sea
    Isle of Skye
    an island of northwestern Scotland noted for its rugged mountain scenery
    Islay
    an island of western Scotland at the southern end of the Inner Hebrides
    Mull
    an island in western Scotland in the Inner Hebrides
    Staffa
    an island in western Scotland in the Inner Hebrides to the west of Mull; site of Fingal's Cave
    Anglesea Island
    an island to the northwest of Wales
    Java
    an island in Indonesia to the south of Borneo; one of the world's most densely populated regions
    Bali
    an island in Indonesia to the east of Java; striking volcanic scenery; culture is known for elaborate dances and rituals and for handicrafts
    Timor
    an island in Indonesia in the Malay Archipelago; the largest and most eastern of the Lesser Sunda Islands
    Sumatra
    a mountainous island in western Indonesia
    Sulawesi
    a mountainous island in eastern Indonesia
    Spice Islands
    a group of island in eastern Indonesia between Celebes and New Guinea; settled by the Portuguese but taken by the Dutch who made them the center for a spice monopoly, at which time they were known as Spice Islands
    Hokkaido
    the second largest of the four main islands of Japan; to the north of Honshu
    Honshu
    the central and largest of the four main islands of Japan; between the Sea of Japan and the Pacific Ocean; regarded as the Japanese mainland
    Kyushu
    the southernmost of the four main islands of Japan; contains coal fields
    Shikoku
    the smallest of the four main islands of Japan; to the south of Honshu and to the east of Kyushu; separated from Honshu by the Inland Sea; forested and mountainous
    Okinawa
    the largest island of the central Ryukyu Islands
    Iwo Jima
    the largest of the Volcano Islands of Japan
    Ile-St-Louis
    island in Paris on the Seine
    Corsica
    an island in the Mediterranean; with adjacent islets it constitutes a region of France
    Martinique
    an island in the eastern Caribbean in the Windward Islands; administered as an overseas region of France
    Faeroe Islands
    a group of 21 volcanic islands in the North Atlantic between Iceland and the Shetland Islands
    Iceland
    a volcanic island in the North Atlantic near the Arctic Circle
    Madagascar
    an island in the Indian Ocean off the southeastern coast of Africa; the 4th largest island in the world
    Maldive Islands
    a group of about 1,200 small coral islands (about 220 inhabited) in the Indian ocean
    Malta
    a strategically located island to the south of Sicily in the Mediterranean Sea
    Mauritius
    an island in the southwestern Indian Ocean
    New Zealand Islands
    North Island and South Island and adjacent small islands in the South Pacific
    North Island
    the smaller but more populous of two main islands of New Zealand; separated from South Island by Cook Strait
    South Island
    the larger but less populous of two main islands of New Zealand; separated from North Island by Cook Strait
    Cebu
    one of the Visayan islands of the central Philippines; important for its fine harbor
    Luzon
    the main island of the Philippines
    Mindanao
    the second largest island of the Philippines at the southern end of the archipelago; mountainous and volcanic
    Mindoro
    a mountainous island in the central Philippines
    Visayan Islands
    group of islands in the central Philippines
    Acores
    islands in the Atlantic Ocean belonging to Portugal
    Madeira
    an island in the Atlantic Ocean off the coast of Africa; the largest of the Madeira Islands
    Saint Christopher
    the largest of the islands comprising Saint Christopher-Nevis
    Nevis
    one of the islands of Saint Christopher-Nevis
    Sombrero
    one of the islands of Saint Christopher-Nevis
    Saint Lucia
    a volcanic island in the Windward Isles to the south of Martinique
    Saint Vincent
    an island in the center of the Windward Islands; the largest of the islands comprising Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
    Tahiti
    an island in the south Pacific; the most important island in French Polynesia; made famous by Robert Louis Stevenson and Paul Gauguin
    Samoan Islands
    a group of volcanic islands in the South Pacific midway between Hawaii and Australia; its climate and scenery and Polynesian culture make it a popular tourist stop
    Principe
    an island in the Gulf of Guinea that is part of Sao Tome and Principe
    Seychelles islands
    a group of about 90 islands in the western Indian Ocean to the north of Madagascar
    Singapore Island
    an island to the south of the Malay Peninsula
    Novaya Zemlya
    two islands in the Arctic Ocean belonging to Russia; site of a test center for nuclear warheads
    Majorca
    the largest of the Balearic Islands
    Canary Islands
    a group of mountainous islands in the Atlantic off the northwest coast of Africa forming Spanish provinces
    Tenerife
    a Spanish island in the Atlantic off the northwestern coast of Africa; the largest of the Canary Islands
    Zanzibar
    an island in the Indian Ocean off the east coast of Africa; part of the United Republic of Tanzania
    Admiralty Island
    an Alaskan island in the Alexander Archipelago near Juneau
    Catalina Island
    an island resort in the Pacific off the southwestern coast of California
    Hawaii Island
    the largest and southernmost of the Hawaii islands; has several volcanic peaks
    Kahoolawe Island
    an island of south-central Hawaii
    Kauai Island
    an island of Hawaii to the northwest of Oahu
    Lanai Island
    an island of central Hawaii; a pineapple-growing area
    Maui Island
    the second largest of the Hawaiian Islands
    Molokai Island
    an island of central Hawaii (between Maui and Oahu)
    Nihau Island
    the most northwestern Hawaiian island (beyond Kauai)
    Oahu Island
    an island of central Hawaii (between Molokai and Kauai); the chief island of the state
    Martha's Vineyard
    an island summer resort off of Cape Cod
    Nantucket
    an island resort off Cape Cod; formerly a center of the whaling industry
    Bedloe's Island
    an island in New York Bay to the southwest of Manhattan where the Statue of Liberty stands
    Manhattan Island
    an island at the north end of New York Bay where the borough of Manhattan is located
    Ellis Island
    an island in New York Bay that was formerly the principal immigration station for the United States
    Long Island
    an island in southeastern New York; Brooklyn and Queens are on its western end
    Galveston Island
    an island at the entrance of Galveston Bay
    Krakatao
    a small volcanic island in Indonesia between Java and Sumatra; its violent eruption in 1883 was the greatest in recorded history
    New Siberian Islands
    a group of islands in the Arctic Ocean to the north of Siberia and to the east of the Laptev Sea
    islet
    a small island
    Kodiak Island
    an island off southern Alaska in the Gulf of Alaska; site of the first European settlement in the area which was founded by the Russians in 1784
    Aegina
    an island in the Aegean Sea in the Saronic Gulf
    Chios
    an island in the Aegean Sea off the west coast of Turkey; belongs to Greece
    Kikladhes
    a group of over 200 islands in the southern Aegean
    Dhodhekanisos
    a group of islands in the southeast Aegean Sea
    Mytilene
    an island of eastern Greece in the eastern Aegean Sea; in antiquity it was famous for lyric poetry
    Rhodes
    a Greek island in the southeast Aegean Sea 10 miles off the Turkish coast; the largest of the Dodecanese; it was colonized before 1000 BC by Dorians from Argos; site of the Colossus of Rhodes
    Hatteras Island
    a barrier island running parallel to the North Carolina shore
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    Caribbean Island
    an island in the Caribbean Sea
    Aegean island
    an island in the Aegean Sea
    barrier island
    a long narrow sandy island (wider than a reef) running parallel to the shore
    South Sea Islands
    any islands in the southern or southwestern of central parts of the Pacific Ocean
    type of:
    dry land, earth, ground, land, solid ground, terra firma
    the solid part of the earth's surface
  2. noun
    a zone or area resembling an island
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    types:
    kitchen island
    an unattached counter in a kitchen that permits access from all sides
    safety island, safety isle, safety zone, traffic island
    a curbed area in a roadway from which traffic is excluded; provides safe area for pedestrians
    type of:
    zone
    a locally circumscribed place characterized by some distinctive features
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