salt

Primary Meanings of salt

1.
nv
white crystalline form of especially sodium chloride used to season and preserve food
add salt to
2.
adj
(of speech) painful or bitter
Full Definitions of salt
1

n white crystalline form of especially sodium chloride used to season and preserve food

Synonyms:
common salt, table salt
Type of:
flavorer, flavoring, flavourer, flavouring, seasoner, seasoning
something added to food primarily for the savor it imparts

n a compound formed by replacing hydrogen in an acid by a metal (or a radical that acts like a metal)

Types:
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acetate, ethanoate
a salt or ester of acetic acid
citrate
a salt or ester of citric acid
arsenate
a salt or ester of arsenic acid
chlorate
any salt of chloric acid
dibasic salt
a salt derived by replacing two hydrogen atoms per molecule
hypochlorite
any salt or ester of hypochlorous acid
pyrophosphate
a salt or ester of pyrophosphoric acid
sulfonate
a salt of sulphonic acid
lactate
a salt or ester of lactic acid
perchlorate
a salt of perchloric acid
alkali
a mixture of soluble salts found in arid soils and some bodies of water; detrimental to agriculture
ammonium chloride, sal ammoniac
a white salt used in dry cells
benzoate
any salt or ester of benzoic acid
borate
a salt or ester of boric acid
borosilicate
a salt of boric and silicic acids
calcium lactate
a white crystalline salt made by the action of lactic acid on calcium carbonate; used in foods (as a baking powder) and given medically as a source of calcium
calcium octadecanoate, calcium stearate
an insoluble calcium salt of stearic acid and palmitic acid; it is formed when soap is mixed with water that contains calcium ions and is the scum produced in regions of hard water
carbamate
a salt (or ester) of carbamic acid
carbonate
a salt or ester of carbonic acid (containing the anion CO3)
fulminate
a salt or ester of fulminic acid
chromate
any salt or ester of chromic acid
cyanide
an extremely poisonous salt of hydrocyanic acid
potassium bromide
a white crystalline salt (KBr) used as a sedative and in photography
potassium chlorate
a white salt (KClO3) used in matches, fireworks, and explosives; also used as a disinfectant and bleaching agent
potassium dichromate
an orange-red salt used in making dyes and in photography
ferricyanide
salt of ferricyanic acid obtained by oxidation of a ferrocyanide
ferrocyanide
salt of ferrocyanic acid usually obtained by a reaction of a cyanide with iron sulphate
fluoroboride
a salt of fluoroboric acid
fluosilicate
salt of fluosilicic acid
glutamate
a salt or ester of glutamic acid
halide
a salt of any halogen acid
isocyanate
a salt or ester of isocyanic acid
calcium chloride
a deliquescent salt; used in de-icing and as a drying agent
calcium sulfate, calcium sulphate
a white salt (CaSO4)
manganate
a salt of manganic acid containing manganese as its anion
chrome alum
a violet-colored salt used in hide tanning and as a mordant in dyeing
tartrate
a salt or ester of tartaric acid
oxalacetate, oxaloacetate
a salt or ester of oxalacetic acid
oxalate
a salt or ester of oxalic acid
permanganate
a dark purple salt of permanganic acid; in water solution it is used as a disinfectant and antiseptic
inorganic phosphate, orthophosphate, phosphate
a salt of phosphoric acid
polyphosphate
a salt or ester of polyphosphoric acid
acrylate, propenoate
a salt or ester of propenoic acid
salicylate
a salt of salicylic acid (included in several commonly used drugs)
double salt
a solution of two simple salts that forms a single substance on crystallization
bile salt
a salt of bile acid and a base; functions as an emulsifier of lipids and fatty acids
Glauber's salt, Glauber's salts
(Na2SO4.10H2O) a colorless salt used as a cathartic
cream of tartar, potassium bitartrate, potassium hydrogen tartrate, tartar
a salt used especially in baking powder
sodium chlorate
a colorless salt (NaClO3) used as a weed killer and an antiseptic
bichromate, dichromate
a salt of the hypothetical dichromic acid
sodium bichromate, sodium dichromate
a red-orange salt used as a mordant
microcosmic salt
a white salt present in urine and used to test for metal oxides
silicate
a salt or ester derived from silicic acid
sal soda, soda, soda ash, sodium carbonate, washing soda
a sodium salt of carbonic acid; used in making soap powders and glass and paper
sodium carboxymethyl cellulose
a gummy substance that is a sodium salt of carboxymethyl cellulose; used as a thickening or emulsifying agent
sodium fluoride
a colorless crystalline salt of sodium (NaF) used in fluoridation of water and to prevent tooth decay
sulfate, sulphate
a salt or ester of sulphuric acid
thiocyanate
a salt of thiocyanic acid; formed when alkaline cyanides are fused with sulfur
tungstate
a salt of tungstic acid
urate
a salt of uric acid
vanadate
a salt or ester of vanadic acid; an anion containing pentavalent vanadium
xanthate
a salt or ester of xanthic acid
Bayer, Empirin, St. Joseph, acetylsalicylic acid, aspirin
the acetylated derivative of salicylic acid; used as an analgesic anti-inflammatory drug (trade names Bayer, Empirin, and St. Joseph) usually taken in tablet form; used as an antipyretic; slows clotting of the blood by poisoning platelets
acetin
any of three liquid acetates that are formed when acetic acid and glycerin are heated together
alum, potash alum, potassium alum
a white crystalline double sulfate of aluminum: the potassium double sulfate of aluminum
alum, ammonia alum, ammonium alum
a white crystalline double sulfate of aluminum: the ammonium double sulfate of aluminum
gypsum
a common white or colorless mineral (hydrated calcium sulphate) used to make cements and plasters (especially plaster of Paris)
alkylbenzenesulfonate
sulfonate of alkyl benzene
ammonium carbamate
a salt of carbamic acid that is used as a nitrogen fertilizer
ammonium carbonate
a carbonate of ammonium; used in the manufacture of smelling salts and baking powder and ammonium compounds
barium sulfate, barium sulphate, blanc fixe
a white insoluble radiopaque powder used as a pigment
benzoate of soda, sodium benzoate
a white crystalline salt used as a food preservative and antiseptic
bicarbonate, hydrogen carbonate
a salt of carbonic acid (containing the anion HCO3) in which one hydrogen atom has been replaced; an acid carbonate
bromide
any of the salts of hydrobromic acid; formerly used as a sedative but now generally replaced by safer drugs
calcium hypochlorite
any hypochlorite of calcium; used as a bleaching agent
calcium phosphate
a phosphate of calcium; a main constituent of animal bones
fulminate of mercury, fulminating mercury, mercury fulminate
a fulminate that when dry explodes violently if struck or heated; used in detonators and blasting caps and percussion caps
lead chromate
a poisonous chromate of lead used as a pigment in paint
copper sulfate, copper sulphate, cupric sulfate, cupric sulphate
a copper salt made by the action of sulfuric acid on copper oxide
sodium cyanide
a white poisonous salt (NaCN) used in electroplating
potassium carbonate
a white salt (K2CO3) that is basic in solution; used to make glass and cleansing agents
potassium cyanide
a poisonous salt (KCN) used in electroplating and in photography
fluoride
a salt of hydrofluoric acid
iodide
a salt or ester of hydriodic acid
calcium carbonate
a salt found in nature as chalk or calcite or aragonite or limestone
Eskalith, Lithane, Lithonate, lithium carbonate
a white powder (LiCO3) used in manufacturing glass and ceramics and as a drug; the drug (trade names Lithane or Lithonate or Eskalith) is used to treat some forms of depression and manic episodes of manic-depressive disorder
magnesium carbonate
a very white crystalline salt that occurs naturally as magnesite or as dolomite
magnesium sulfate
a salt of magnesium
birch oil, methyl salicylate, sweet-birch oil
a liquid ester with a strong odor of wintergreen; applied externally for minor muscle and joint pain
antimony potassium tartrate, tartar emetic
a poisonous colorless salt used as a mordant and in medicine
bitartrate
an acid tartrate; a hydrogen tartrate
cellulose xanthate, viscose
a cellulose ester obtained by treating cellulose with caustic soda
lead acetate, sugar of lead
a poisonous white solid (Pb[CH3CO]2) used in dyeing cotton and in making enamels and varnishes
plaster, plaster of Paris
any of several gypsum cements; a white powder (a form of calcium sulphate) that forms a paste when mixed with water and hardens into a solid; used in making molds and sculptures and casts for broken limbs
potassium ferrocyanide, yellow prussiate of potash
a cyanide compound that is prepared by the reaction of potassium cyanide with ferrous salts; commonly used by gardeners
permanganate of potash, potassium permanganate
a poisonous salt that forms dark purple crystals and is purple-red when dissolved in water; used as an oxidizing and bleaching agent and as a disinfectant and antiseptic
Rochelle salt, Rochelle salts, potassium sodium tartrate
a double salt used in Seidlitz powder; acts as a cathartic
phenyl salicylate, salol
a white powder with a pleasant taste and odor; used to absorb light in sun tan lotions or as a preservative or an antiseptic or a coating for pills in which the medicine is intended for enteric release
Paris green
a toxic double salt of copper arsenate and copper acetate
chloride
any salt of hydrochloric acid (containing the chloride ion)
sodium hypochlorite
an unstable salt (NaOCl) used as a bleaching agent and disinfectant
SLS, sodium lauryl sulfate, sodium lauryl sulphate
a caustic detergent useful for removing grease; although commonly included in personal care items (shampoos and toothpastes etc.) it can irritate skin and should not be swallowed
sodium sulfate, sodium sulphate
a solid white bitter salt used in manufacturing glass and paper and dyes and pharmaceuticals
sodium orthophosphate, sodium phosphate
phosphate of sodium; used as a laxative to cleanse the bowels
tetrahalide
any halide containing four halogen atoms in its molecules
uranyl oxalate
a salt obtained by the reaction of uranium salts with oxalic acid
chalkstone, tophus
a deposit of urates around a joint or in the external ear; diagnostic of advanced or chronic gout
white vitriol, zinc sulfate, zinc sulphate, zinc vitriol
a colorless water-soluble powder; used as a mordant or to preserve wood or for the electrodeposition of zinc
Type of:
chemical compound, compound
(chemistry) a substance formed by chemical union of two or more elements or ingredients in definite proportion by weight

n the taste experience when common salt is taken into the mouth

Synonyms:
salinity, saltiness
Type of:
gustatory perception, gustatory sensation, taste, taste perception, taste sensation
the sensation that results when taste buds in the tongue and throat convey information about the chemical composition of a soluble stimulus

v add salt to

Type of:
flavor, flavour, season
lend flavor to

v preserve with salt

“people used to salt meats on ships”
Type of:
keep, preserve
prevent (food) from rotting

v sprinkle as if with salt

“the rebels had salted the fields with mines and traps”
Type of:
splash, splosh, sprinkle
cause (a liquid) to spatter about, especially with force

v add zest or liveliness to

“She salts her lectures with jokes”
Type of:
spice, spice up
make more interesting or flavorful
2

adj (of speech) painful or bitter

“" salt scorn"- Shakespeare”
“a salt apology”
Synonyms:
sharp
keenly and painfully felt; as if caused by a sharp edge or point

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