ruffle

A ruffle a pleated piece of decorative fabric often used as trim on clothes, like the ruffles on a pirate’s shirt. To ruffle is to make someone lose their composure. Argh.

The word ruffle is mysterious, but it might be from the Low German word ruffelen which means "to wrinkle." A ruffle on the bottom of a dress is like a fancy wrinkle. To ruffle someone is to upset them, and they’ll need to get straightened out. Often, this word is used in the expression "ruffle their feathers." Hearing bad news will ruffle most people's feathers. An unruffled person and an unruffled shirt will both be smoother.

Primary Meanings of ruffle

1.
v
stir up (water) so as to form ripples
2.
vn
discompose
a noisy fight
3.
nv
a strip of pleated material used as a decoration or a trim
pleat or gather into a ruffle
4.
v
mix so as to make a random order or arrangement
5.
v
to walk with a lofty proud gait, often in an attempt to impress others
Full Definitions of ruffle
1

v stir up (water) so as to form ripples

Synonyms:
cockle, riffle, ripple, undulate
Type of:
flow, flux
move or progress freely as if in a stream

v disturb the smoothness of

ruffle the surface of the water”
Synonyms:
mess up, ruffle up, rumple
Type of:
disarrange
destroy the arrangement or order of

v twitch or flutter

Synonyms:
flick, riffle
Type of:
displace, move
cause to move or shift into a new position or place, both in a concrete and in an abstract sense

v erect or fluff up

“the bird ruffled its feathers”
Synonyms:
fluff
Type of:
loosen
make less dense
2

v discompose

“This play is going to ruffle some people”
“She has a way of ruffling feathers among her colleagues”
Type of:
fluster
cause to be nervous or upset

v trouble or vex

ruffle somebody's composure”
Type of:
annoy, bother, chafe, devil, get at, get to, gravel, irritate, nark, nettle, rag, rile, vex
cause annoyance in; disturb, especially by minor irritations

n a noisy fight

Synonyms:
affray, disturbance, fray
Type of:
combat, fight, fighting, scrap
the act of fighting; any contest or struggle
3

n a strip of pleated material used as a decoration or a trim

Synonyms:
flounce, frill, furbelow
Types:
gauffer, goffer
an ornamental frill made by pressing pleats
jabot
a ruffle on the front of a woman's blouse or a man's shirt
peplum
a flared ruffle attached to the waistline of a dress or jacket or blouse
Type of:
adornment
a decoration of color or interest that is added to relieve plainness

n a high tight collar

Synonyms:
choker, neck ruff, ruff
Types:
fraise
a ruff for the neck worn in the 16th century
Type of:
collar, neckband
a band that fits around the neck and is usually folded over

v pleat or gather into a ruffle

ruffle the curtain fabric”
Synonyms:
pleat
Type of:
fold, fold up, turn up
bend or lay so that one part covers the other
4

v mix so as to make a random order or arrangement

Synonyms:
mix, shuffle
Types:
reshuffle
shuffle again
riffle
shuffle (playing cards) by separating the deck into two parts and riffling with the thumbs so the cards intermix
cut
divide a deck of cards at random into two parts to make selection difficult
Type of:
manipulate
hold something in one's hands and move it
5

v to walk with a lofty proud gait, often in an attempt to impress others

Synonyms:
cock, prance, sashay, strut, swagger, tittup
Type of:
walk
use one's feet to advance; advance by steps

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