pleat

A pleat is a creased fold in fabric. Your long wool coat might have a single pleat in back, down toward the hem.

Some pleats are creased sharply, or even stitched firmly in place, while others are looser. The pleats in a little girl's frilly dress or in a skirt that has pleats all the way around might be called "accordion pleats," while a kilt usually has one "box pleat" in the back, with simple "knife pleats" on either side. Pleat is also a verb, meaning "to make or sew a pleat."

Definitions of pleat
  1. noun
    any of various types of fold formed by doubling fabric back upon itself and then pressing or stitching into shape
    synonyms: plait
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    types:
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    box pleat
    a flat double pleat made by folding under the fabric on either side of it
    inverted pleat
    a box pleat reversed so that the fullness is turned inward
    kick pleat
    pleat in back of a straight skirt to allow ease in walking
    knife pleat
    a single pleat turned in one direction
    tuck
    a narrow flattened pleat or fold that is stitched in place
    dart
    a tapered tuck made in dressmaking
    sunburst pleat, sunray pleat
    knife pleat cut on the bias to produce a flared effect
    type of:
    bend, crease, crimp, flexure, fold, plication
    an angular or rounded shape made by folding
  2. verb
    pleat or gather into a ruffle
    synonyms: ruffle
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    type of:
    fold, fold up, turn up
    bend or lay so that one part covers the other
  3. verb
    fold into pleats, "Pleat the cloth"
    synonyms: plicate
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    type of:
    fold, fold up, turn up
    bend or lay so that one part covers the other
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