dampen

To dampen something is to stifle it, to lessen its effect, or to moisten it. Getting a cold will dampen your enthusiasm.

This word has several related meanings, most of which make something less effective or powerful. Using a towel will dampen it in the sense of getting it wet, but dampening goes beyond things that are damp (wet). Bad news will dampen your mood, bringing it down. Boxing gloves dampen the force of punches because they cushion the blows. Anything dampened has been weakened and brought down a notch.

Definitions of dampen
  1. verb
    lessen in force or effect
    synonyms: break, damp, dilute, soften, weaken
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    types:
    deafen
    make soundproof
    damp, deaden
    make vague or obscure or make (an image) less visible
    type of:
    blunt, deaden
    make less lively, intense, or vigorous; impair in vigor, force, activity, or sensation
  2. verb
    smother or suppress
    synonyms: stifle
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    Antonyms:
    excite, stimulate
    act as a stimulant
    types:
    choke, suffocate
    suppress the development, creativity, or imagination of
    type of:
    conquer, curb, inhibit, stamp down, subdue, suppress
    to put down by force or authority
  3. verb
    deaden (a sound or noise), especially by wrapping
    synonyms: damp, dull, muffle, mute, tone down
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    type of:
    soften
    make (images or sounds) soft or softer
  4. verb
    make vague or obscure or make (an image) less visible
    synonyms: damp, deaden
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    type of:
    break, damp, dilute, soften, weaken
    lessen in force or effect
  5. verb
    reduce the amplitude (of oscillations or waves)
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    type of:
    weaken
    lessen the strength of
  6. verb
    make moist
    synonyms: moisten, wash
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    types:
    humidify, moisturise, moisturize
    make (more) humid
    baste
    cover with liquid before cooking
    hydrate
    cause to be hydrated; add water or moisture to
    type of:
    wet
    cause to become wet
  7. verb
    check; keep in check (a fire)
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    type of:
    check, delay, retard
    slow the growth or development of
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