burn

When things burn, they're on fire. People who live in the country sometimes burn leaves and brush, setting big piles alight until they're reduced to ash.

A house can burn to the ground, and you can burn a stick of incense or a candle with a tiny flame. Another way things burn is from the heat of the sun, as your pale skin burns if you lie on a beach in your bathing suit with no sunblock. Yet another thing that burns is energy, whether it's a motorcycle that burns too much gasoline or a child who burns excess energy by jumping on a trampoline.

Primary Meanings of burn

1.
vn
destroy by fire
damage inflicted by fire
2.
v
shine intensely, as if with heat
3.
vn
cause a sharp or stinging pain or discomfort
pain that feels hot as if it were on fire
4.
v
use up (energy)
5.
v
create by duplicating data
Full Definitions of burn
1

v destroy by fire

“They burned the house and his diaries”
Synonyms:
burn down, fire
combust
undergo combustion
incinerate
cause to undergo combustion
Types:
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backfire
set a controlled fire to halt an advancing forest to prairie fire
cremate
reduce to ashes
torch
burn maliciously, as by arson
scorch
destroy completely by or as if by fire
Type of:
destroy, ruin
destroy completely; damage irreparably

v burn with heat, fire, or radiation

“The iron burnt a hole in my dress”
Types:
scald
burn with a hot liquid or steam
blacken, char, scorch, sear
burn slightly and superficially so as to affect color
singe, swinge
burn superficially or lightly
Type of:
damage
inflict damage upon

v cause to burn or combust

“The sun burned off the fog”
Synonyms:
combust
catch fire, combust, conflagrate, erupt, ignite, take fire
start to burn or burst into flames
Types:
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ignite, light
cause to start burning; subject to fire or great heat
set ablaze, set afire, set aflame, set on fire
set fire to; cause to start burning
char, coal
burn to charcoal
deflagrate
cause to burn rapidly and with great intensity
fire up, light, light up
begin to smoke
reignite
ignite anew, as of something burning
conflagrate, enkindle, inflame, kindle
cause to start burning
light up
ignite
flare up
ignite quickly and suddenly, especially after having died down

v cause to undergo combustion

burn garbage”
“The car burns only Diesel oil”
Synonyms:
incinerate
incinerate
become reduced to ashes
burn down, fire
destroy by fire
Type of:
change integrity
change in physical make-up

v undergo combustion

“Maple wood burns well”
Synonyms:
combust
burn down, fire
destroy by fire
Types:
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burn down, burn up, go up
burn completely; be consumed or destroyed by fire
smolder, smoulder
burn slowly and without a flame
scorch, sear, singe
become superficially burned
deflagrate
burn with great heat and intense light
flame
be in flames or aflame
blaze up, burn up, flame up, flare
burn brightly
blaze
burn brightly and intensely
incinerate
become reduced to ashes
Type of:
change state, turn
undergo a transformation or a change of position or action

v burn at the stake

“Witches were burned in Salem”
Type of:
execute, put to death
kill as a means of socially sanctioned punishment

v get a sunburn by overexposure to the sun

Synonyms:
sunburn
Type of:
color, colour, discolor, discolour
change color, often in an undesired manner

v burn, sear, or freeze (tissue) using a hot iron or electric current or a caustic agent

Synonyms:
cauterise, cauterize
Type of:
care for, treat
provide treatment for

n damage inflicted by fire

Types:
scald
the act of burning with steam or hot water
Type of:
damage, harm, hurt, scathe
the act of damaging something or someone

n a place or area that has been burned (especially on a person's body)

Synonyms:
burn mark
Types:
cigarette burn
a burn mark left by a smoldering cigarette
Type of:
blemish, defect, mar
a mark or flaw that spoils the appearance of something (especially on a person's body)

n an injury caused by exposure to heat or chemicals or radiation

Types:
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electric burn
a burn caused by heat produced by an electric current
scorch, singe
a surface burn
scald
a burn cause by hot liquid or steam
first-degree burn
burn causing redness of the skin surface
second-degree burn
burn causing blisters on the skin and superficial destruction of the dermis
third-degree burn
burn characterized by destruction of both epidermis and dermis
erythema solare, sunburn
redness of the skin caused by exposure to the rays of the sun
Type of:
harm, hurt, injury, trauma
any physical damage to the body caused by violence or accident or fracture etc.

n a browning of the skin resulting from exposure to the rays of the sun

Synonyms:
sunburn, suntan, tan
Type of:
hyperpigmentation
unusual darkening of the skin
2

v shine intensely, as if with heat

“The candles were burning
Synonyms:
glow
Types:
gutter
burn unsteadily, feebly, or low; flicker
Type of:
beam, shine
emit light; be bright, as of the sun or a light
3

v cause a sharp or stinging pain or discomfort

“The sun burned his face”
Synonyms:
bite, sting
Types:
nettle, urticate
sting with or as with nettles and cause a stinging pain or sensation
Type of:
ache, hurt, smart
be the source of pain

v feel hot or painful

“My eyes are burning
Synonyms:
bite, sting
cause a sharp or stinging pain or discomfort
Type of:
ache, hurt, smart
be the source of pain

v feel strong emotion, especially anger or passion

“She was burning with anger”
“He was burning to try out his new skies”
Type of:
experience, feel
undergo an emotional sensation or be in a particular state of mind

n pain that feels hot as if it were on fire

Synonyms:
burning
Type of:
hurting, pain
a symptom of some physical hurt or disorder
4

v use up (energy)

burn off calories through vigorous exercise”
Synonyms:
burn off, burn up
Type of:
consume, deplete, eat, eat up, exhaust, run through, use up, wipe out
use up (resources or materials)

v spend (significant amounts of money)

“He has money to burn
Type of:
blow, squander, waste
spend thoughtlessly; throw away
5

v create by duplicating data

burn a CD”
Synonyms:
cut
cut
record a performance on (a medium)
Type of:
create, make, produce
create or manufacture a man-made product

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