scald

You could scald yourself if your bathwater is too hot. To scald something is to burn it with hot liquid. However, if a recipe tells you to “scald the milk,” it means to heat it to the moment just before it boils.

The verb scald comes from the Late Latin word excaldare, meaning “bathe in hot water.” For example, if you scald a tomato in boiling water for one minute, it will be easy to peel. In medieval times, or any era when people protected their castles by pouring hot oil from the turrets, they scalded their enemies. Nice.

Definitions of scald
  1. verb
    burn with a hot liquid or steam
    “She scalded her hands when she turned on the faucet and hot water came out”
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    type of:
    burn
    burn with heat, fire, or radiation
  2. verb
    treat with boiling water
    scald tomatoes so that they can be peeled”
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    type of:
    process, treat
    subject to a process or treatment, with the aim of readying for some purpose, improving, or remedying a condition
  3. verb
    heat to the boiling point
    scald the milk”
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    type of:
    heat, heat up
    make hot or hotter
  4. noun
    the act of burning with steam or hot water
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    type of:
    burn
    damage inflicted by fire
  5. noun
    a burn cause by hot liquid or steam
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    type of:
    burn
    an injury caused by exposure to heat or chemicals or radiation
  6. verb
    subject to harsh criticism
    synonyms: blister, whip
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    type of:
    assail, assault, attack, lash out, round, snipe
    attack in speech or writing
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