hurt

If you have a party and no one shows up, you will probably feel hurt: emotionally injured by what's happened.

Hurt comes from the Old French hurte, meaning "collision," or "blow." We still have that violent sense in our word hurtle but we use hurt for a whole range of pains. If you stub your toe, it hurts, and if someone is beating you up you might say, "Stop hurting me!" Someone injured in battle or in sports is described as hurt. If you say something you shouldn't on live radio, you'll hurt your chances of winning an election.

Definitions of hurt
  1. verb
    be the source of pain
    synonyms: ache, smart
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    types:
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    bite, burn, sear, sting
    cause a sharp or stinging pain or discomfort
    burn
    feel hot or painful
    itch
    have or perceive an itch
    hunger
    feel the need to eat
    thirst
    feel the need to drink
    act up
    make itself felt as a recurring pain
    throb
    pulsate or pound with abnormal force
    shoot
    cause a sharp and sudden pain in
    tickle, titillate, vellicate
    touch (a body part) lightly so as to excite the surface nerves and cause uneasiness, laughter, or spasmodic movements
    nettle, urticate
    sting with or as with nettles and cause a stinging pain or sensation
    twang
    twitch or throb with pain
    prickle, tingle
    cause a stinging or tingling sensation
    type of:
    cause to be perceived
    have perceptible qualities
  2. verb
    give trouble or pain to
    “This exercise will hurt your back”
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    injure, wound
    cause injuries or bodily harm to
    ail, pain, trouble
    cause bodily suffering to and make sick or indisposed
    disagree with
    not be very easily digestible
    trample
    injure by trampling or as if by trampling
    concuss
    injure the brain; sustain a concussion
    calk
    injure with a calk
    excruciate, torment, torture
    subject to torture
    overstretch, pull
    strain abnormally
    shock, traumatise, traumatize
    inflict a trauma upon
    maim
    injure or wound seriously and leave permanent disfiguration or mutilation
    rick, sprain, turn, twist, wrench, wrick
    twist suddenly so as to sprain
    subluxate
    sprain or dislocate slightly
    disable, handicap, incapacitate, invalid
    injure permanently
    harm
    cause or do harm to
    run down, run over
    injure or kill by running over, as with a vehicle
    break, fracture
    fracture a bone of
    break out, erupt, recrudesce
    become raw or open
    hit, pip, shoot
    hit with a missile from a weapon
    knife, stab
    use a knife on
    scrape, skin
    bruise, cut, or injure the skin or the surface of
    bruise, contuse
    injure the underlying soft tissue or bone of
    graze
    break the skin (of a body part) by scraping
    type of:
    indispose
    cause to feel unwell
  3. verb
    feel pain or be in pain
    synonyms: suffer
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    Antonyms:
    be well
    be healthy; feel good
    types:
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    have
    suffer from; be ill with
    choke, gag, strangle, suffocate
    struggle for breath; have insufficient oxygen intake
    ail
    be ill or unwell
    famish, hunger, starve
    be hungry; go without food
    type of:
    be
    have the quality of being; (copula, used with an adjective or a predicate noun)
  4. verb
    feel physical pain
    “Were you hurting after the accident?”
    synonyms: ache, suffer
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    catch, get
    suffer from the receipt of
    twinge
    feel a sudden sharp, local pain
    prick, sting, twinge
    cause a stinging pain
    kill
    be the source of great pain for
    prick, prickle
    cause a prickling sensation
    type of:
    comprehend, perceive
    become aware of through the senses
  5. verb
    cause emotional anguish or make miserable
    synonyms: anguish, pain
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    break someone's heart
    cause deep emotional pain and grief to somebody
    agonise, agonize
    cause to agonize
    try
    give pain or trouble to
    excruciate, rack, torment, torture
    torment emotionally or mentally
    type of:
    discomfit, discompose, disconcert, rattle, untune, upset
    cause to lose one's composure
  6. verb
    hurt the feelings of
    “She hurt me when she did not include me among her guests”
    synonyms: bruise, injure, offend, spite, wound
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    affront, diss, insult
    treat, mention, or speak to rudely
    lacerate
    deeply hurt the feelings of; distress
    sting
    cause an emotional pain, as if by stinging
    abase, chagrin, humble, humiliate, mortify
    cause to feel shame; hurt the pride of
    crush, demolish, smash
    humiliate or depress completely
    degrade, demean, disgrace, put down, take down
    reduce in worth or character, usually verbally
    type of:
    arouse, elicit, enkindle, evoke, fire, kindle, pique, provoke, raise
    call forth (emotions, feelings, and responses)
  7. noun
    feelings of mental or physical pain
    synonyms: suffering
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    types:
    agony, torment, torture
    intense feelings of suffering; acute mental or physical pain
    throes
    violent pangs of suffering
    discomfort, irritation, soreness
    an uncomfortable feeling of mental painfulness or distress
    type of:
    pain, painfulness
    emotional distress; a fundamental feeling that people try to avoid
  8. noun
    any physical damage to the body caused by violence or accident or fracture etc.
    synonyms: harm, injury, trauma
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    brain damage
    injury to the brain that impairs its functions (especially permanently); can be caused by trauma to the head, infection, hemorrhage, inadequate oxygen, genetic abnormality, etc.
    birth trauma
    physical injury to an infant during the birth process
    blast trauma
    injury caused the explosion of a bomb (especially in enclosed spaces)
    bleeding, haemorrhage, hemorrhage
    the flow of blood from a ruptured blood vessel
    blunt trauma
    injury incurred when the human body hits or is hit by a large outside object (as a car)
    bruise, contusion
    an injury that doesn't break the skin but results in some discoloration
    bump
    a lump on the body caused by a blow
    burn
    an injury caused by exposure to heat or chemicals or radiation
    dislocation
    a displacement of a part (especially a bone) from its normal position (as in the shoulder or the vertebral column)
    electric shock
    trauma caused by the passage of electric current through the body (as from contact with high voltage lines or being struck by lightning); usually involves burns and abnormal heart rhythm and unconsciousness
    break, fracture
    breaking of hard tissue such as bone
    cryopathy, frostbite
    destruction of tissue by freezing and characterized by tingling, blistering and possibly gangrene
    intravasation
    entry of foreign matter into a blood vessel
    penetrating injury, penetrating trauma
    injury incurred when an object (as a knife or bullet or shrapnel) penetrates into the body
    pinch
    an injury resulting from getting some body part squeezed
    rupture
    the state of being torn or burst open
    bite, insect bite, sting
    a painful wound caused by the thrust of an insect's stinger into skin
    strain
    injury to a muscle (often caused by overuse); results in swelling and pain
    whiplash, whiplash injury
    an injury to the neck (the cervical vertebrae) resulting from rapid acceleration or deceleration (as in an automobile accident)
    wale, weal, welt, wheal
    a raised mark on the skin (as produced by the blow of a whip); characteristic of many allergic reactions
    lesion, wound
    an injury to living tissue (especially an injury involving a cut or break in the skin)
    pull, twist, wrench
    a sharp strain on muscles or ligaments
    raw wound
    a wound that exposes subcutaneous tissue
    stigmata
    marks resembling the wounds on the crucified body of Christ
    abrasion, excoriation, scrape, scratch
    an abraded area where the skin is torn or worn off
    cut, gash, slash, slice
    a wound made by cutting
    laceration
    a torn ragged wound
    bite
    a wound resulting from biting by an animal or a person
    bee sting
    a sting inflicted by a bee
    flea bite
    sting inflicted by a flea
    mosquito bite
    a sting inflicted by a mosquito
    haemorrhagic stroke, hemorrhagic stroke
    stroke caused by the rupture of a blood vessel in the brain
    ecchymosis
    the purple or black-and-blue area resulting from a bruise
    petechia
    a minute red or purple spot on the surface of the skin as the result of tiny hemorrhages of blood vessels in the skin (as in typhoid fever)
    black eye, mouse, shiner
    a swollen bruise caused by a blow to the eye
    electric burn
    a burn caused by heat produced by an electric current
    scorch, singe
    a surface burn
    scald
    a burn cause by hot liquid or steam
    first-degree burn
    burn causing redness of the skin surface
    second-degree burn
    burn causing blisters on the skin and superficial destruction of the dermis
    third-degree burn
    burn characterized by destruction of both epidermis and dermis
    comminuted fracture
    fracture in which the bone is splintered or crushed
    complete fracture
    break involving the entire width of the bone
    compound fracture, open fracture
    bone fracture associated with lacerated soft tissue or an open wound
    compression fracture
    fracture in which the bone collapses (especially in short bones such as vertebrae)
    depressed fracture
    fracture of the skull where the bone is pushed in
    displaced fracture
    fracture in which the two ends of the broken bone are separated from one another
    fatigue fracture, stress fracture
    fracture resulting from excessive activity rather than a specific injury
    capillary fracture, hairline fracture
    a fracture without separation of the fragments and the line of the break being very thin
    incomplete fracture
    fracture that does not go across the entire width of the bone
    impacted fracture
    fracture in which one broken end is wedged into the other broken end
    closed fracture, simple fracture
    an uncomplicated fracture in which the broken bones to not pierce the skin
    abarticulation
    dislocation of a joint
    diastasis
    separation of an epiphysis from the long bone to which it is normally attached without fracture of the bone
    spondylolisthesis
    a forward dislocation of one vertebra over the one beneath it producing pressure on spinal nerves
    hernia, herniation
    rupture in smooth muscle tissue through which a bodily structure protrudes
    herniated disc, ruptured intervertebral disc, slipped disc
    a painful rupture of the fibrocartilage of the disc between spinal vertebrae; occurs most often in the lumbar region
    sprain
    a painful injury to a joint caused by a sudden wrenching of its ligaments
    immersion foot, trench foot
    resembling frostbite but without freezing; resulting from exposure to cold and wet
    cerebral hemorrhage
    bleeding from a ruptured blood vessel in the brain
    blood extravasation
    the leakage of blood from a vessel into tissues surrounding it; can occur in injuries or burns or allergic reactions
    hyphema
    bleeding into the interior chamber of the eye
    metrorrhagia
    bleeding from the uterus that is not due to menstruation; usually indicative of disease (as cervical cancer)
    epistaxis, nosebleed
    bleeding from the nose
    ulemorrhagia
    bleeding of the gums
    type of:
    health problem, ill health, unhealthiness
    a state in which you are unable to function normally and without pain
  9. noun
    psychological suffering
    synonyms: distress, suffering
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    anguish, torment, torture
    extreme mental distress
    self-torment, self-torture
    self-imposed distress
    tsoris
    (Yiddish) trouble and suffering
    wound
    a figurative injury (to your feelings or pride)
    type of:
    pain, painfulness
    emotional distress; a fundamental feeling that people try to avoid
  10. noun
    the act of damaging something or someone
    synonyms: damage, harm, scathe
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    impairment
    damage that results in a reduction of strength or quality
    defacement, disfiguration, disfigurement
    the act of damaging the appearance or surface of something
    wound, wounding
    the act of inflicting a wound
    burn
    damage inflicted by fire
    defloration
    an act that despoils the innocence or beauty of something
    scald
    the act of burning with steam or hot water
    type of:
    change of integrity
    the act of changing the unity or wholeness of something
  11. adjective
    suffering from physical injury especially that suffered in battle
    “ambulances...for the hurt men and women”
    synonyms: wounded
    injured
    harmed
  12. verb
    cause damage or affect negatively
    “Our business was hurt by the new competition”
    synonyms: blight, injure
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    type of:
    damage
    inflict damage upon
  13. noun
    a damage or loss
    synonyms: detriment
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    types:
    expense
    a detriment or sacrifice
    type of:
    damage, harm, impairment
    the occurrence of a change for the worse
  14. adjective
    damaged inanimate objects or their value
    synonyms: weakened
    damaged
    harmed or injured or spoiled
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