abrasion

An abrasion is a scrape. An abrasion can happen to a person, as in a skinned knee, or to an object, as in what you get when you apply sandpaper to wood.

The noun abrasion comes to us from the Latin abradere, which means “scrape away” or “shave off.” Any area that shows evidence of scratching or scraping can be called an abrasion, like that spot on the front bumper of your car from when you cut it too close pulling into the gas station. Abrasion can also mean the process of friction causing scratches, as in: "the abrasion of everyone sliding chairs on the floor left terrible marks."

Definitions of abrasion
  1. noun
    erosion by friction
    synonyms: attrition, corrasion, detrition
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    type of:
    eating away, eroding, erosion, wearing, wearing away
    (geology) the mechanical process of wearing or grinding something down (as by particles washing over it)
  2. noun
    the wearing down of rock particles by friction due to water or wind or ice
    synonyms: attrition, detrition, grinding
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    type of:
    friction, rubbing
    the resistance encountered when one body is moved in contact with another
  3. noun
    an abraded area where the skin is torn or worn off
    synonyms: excoriation, scrape, scratch
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    types:
    graze
    a superficial abrasion
    rope burn
    abrasion (usually on the hands) caused by friction from a rope
    type of:
    lesion, wound
    an injury to living tissue (especially an injury involving a cut or break in the skin)
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