impairment

An impairment prevents someone from doing something, like how blindness is an impairment to seeing. An impairment can also be any change for the worse.

People with impairments have trouble doing something. If you have a hearing impairment, you can’t hear very well. If you have a taste impairment, you can’t enjoy flavors. If you bump your head and can’t remember your name, you’re suffering a mental impairment. Some impairments are temporary. If you sprain your ankle, it will heal, but you'll have to live with the impairment for awhile. Losing your job is an impairment to your career and finances. Impairments make things more difficult.

Definitions of impairment
1

n a symptom of reduced quality or strength

Synonyms:
deterioration
Types:
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corrosion
a state of deterioration in metals caused by oxidation or chemical action
desolation, devastation
the state of being decayed or destroyed
decrepitude, dilapidation
a state of deterioration due to old age or long use
wear
impairment resulting from long use
ruin, ruination
an irrecoverable state of devastation and destruction
blight
a state or condition being blighted
Type of:
decay
an inferior state resulting from the process of decaying

n damage that results in a reduction of strength or quality

Type of:
damage, harm, hurt, scathe
the act of damaging something or someone

n the condition of being unable to perform as a consequence of physical or mental unfitness

“hearing impairment
Synonyms:
disability, disablement, handicap
Types:
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bandy leg, bandyleg, bow leg, bowleg, genu varum, tibia vara
a leg bowed outward at the knee (or below the knee)
anorgasmia
absence of an orgasm in sexual relations
dysphasia
an impairment of language (especially speech production) that is usually due to brain damage
disability of walking
a disability that interferes with or prevents walking
astasia
inability to stand due to muscular incoordination
amputation
a condition of disability resulting from the loss of one or more limbs
hearing disorder, hearing impairment
impairment of the sense of hearing
dysomia
impairment of the sense of smell
vision defect, visual defect, visual disorder, visual impairment
impairment of the sense of sight
descensus, prolapse, prolapsus
the slipping or falling out of place of an organ (as the uterus)
hypesthesia, hypoesthesia
impairment of tactile sensitivity; decrease of sensitivity
genu valgum, knock-knee, tibia valga
an inward slant of the thigh
pigeon toes
disability in which the toes are turned inward; often associated with knock-knee
bandy legs, bow leg, bow legs
outward curvature of the legs
disintegration
a loss (or serious disruption) of organization in some system
enteroptosis
an abnormally downward position of the intestines in the abdominal cavity
amaurosis
partial or total loss of sight without pathology of the eye; caused by disease of optic nerve or retina or brain
amblyopia
visual impairment without apparent organic pathology
ametropia
(ophthalmology) faulty refraction of light rays in the eye as in astigmatism or myopia
aniseikonia
visual defect in which the shape and size of an ocular image differ in the two eyes
anorthopia
distorted vision in which straight lines appear curved
aphakia
absence of the natural lens of the eye (usually resulting from the removal of cataracts)
blindness, cecity, sightlessness
the state of being blind or lacking sight
color blindness, color vision deficiency, colour blindness, colour vision deficiency
genetic inability to distinguish differences in hue
diplopia, double vision
visual impairment in which an object is seen as two objects
glossoptosis
abnormal downward or back placement of the tongue
abasia
inability to walk
claudication, gameness, gimp, gimpiness, lameness, limping
disability of walking due to crippling of the legs or feet
deafness, hearing loss
partial or complete loss of hearing
conduction deafness, conductive hearing loss, middle-ear deafness
hearing loss due to problems with the bones of the middle ear
auditory hyperesthesia, hyperacusia, hyperacusis
abnormal acuteness of hearing due to increased irritability of the sensory neural mechanism; characterized by intolerance for ordinary sound levels
nerve deafness, sensorineural hearing loss
hearing loss due to failure of the auditory nerve
anosmia
absence of the sense of smell (as by damage to olfactory nasal tissue or the olfactory nerve or by obstruction of the nasal passages)
hyposmia
lessened sensitivity to odors
day blindness, hemeralopia
inability to see clearly in bright light
hemianopia, hemianopsia
blindness in one half of the visual field of one or both eyes
quadrantanopia
blindness in one fourth of the visual field
metamorphopsia
a defect of vision in which objects appear to be distorted; usually due to a defect in the retina
moon blindness, night blindness, nyctalopia
inability to see clearly in dim light; due to a deficiency of vitamin A or to a retinal disorder
photoretinitis
damage to the retina resulting from exposure of the eye to the sun without adequate protection
detached retina, detachment of the retina, retinal detachment
visual impairment resulting from the retina becoming separated from the choroid in the back of the eye; treated by photocoagulation
scotoma
an isolated area of diminished vision within the visual field
tunnel vision
visual impairment involving a loss of peripheral vision
descensus uteri, metroptosis
prolapse of the uterus
nephroptosia, nephroptosis
prolapse of the kidney
ptosis
drooping of the upper eyelid caused by muscle paralysis and weakness
ureterocele
prolapse of the end of the ureter into the bladder; may obstruct urine flow
urethrocele
prolapse of the urethra into the vagina
xanthopsia
visual defect in which objects appear to have a yellowish hue; sometimes occurs in cases of jaundice
Type of:
softness, unfitness
poor physical condition; being out of shape or out of condition (as from a life of ease and luxury)

n the act of making something futile and useless (as by routine)

Synonyms:
constipation, deadening, stultification
Type of:
debasement, degradation
changing to a lower state (a less respected state)

n the occurrence of a change for the worse

Synonyms:
damage, harm
Types:
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detriment, hurt
a damage or loss
deformation, distortion
a change for the worse
ladder, ravel, run
a row of unravelled stitches
expense
a detriment or sacrifice
warp, warping
a moral or mental distortion
Type of:
alteration, change, modification
an event that occurs when something passes from one state or phase to another

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