run

When you run, you move along quickly, and for a long time if you're running a marathon. You can also run a campaign or a business — you make them function.

There are plenty of meanings for run. If you're plotting your escape from the Tower of London, you can "make a run for it," and if you're a baseball player, you're a hero if you make a home run. When your play opens on Broadway, you hope it will have many performances — "a long run" — and if you're lucky, the New York Times will run a rave review.

Definitions of run
  1. verb
    move fast by using one's feet, with one foot off the ground at any given time
    “Don't run--you'll be out of breath”
    “The children ran to the store”
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    clip, jog, trot
    run at a moderately swift pace
    scamper, scurry, scuttle, skitter
    move about or proceed hurriedly
    romp
    run easily and fairly fast
    run bases
    run around the bases, in baseball
    streak
    run naked in a public place
    outrun
    run faster than
    jog
    run for exercise
    sprint
    run very fast, usually for a short distance
    lope
    run easily
    rush
    run with the ball, in football
    hare
    run quickly, like a hare
    crab
    scurry sideways like a crab
    type of:
    hurry, speed, travel rapidly, zip
    move very fast
  2. verb
    travel rapidly, by any (unspecified) means
    Run to the store!”
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    type of:
    go, locomote, move, travel
    change location; move, travel, or proceed, also metaphorically
  3. verb
    cover by running; run a certain distance
    “She ran 10 miles that day”
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    type of:
    go across, go through, pass
    go across or through
  4. verb
    compete in a race
    “he is running the Marathon this year”
    synonyms: race
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    show
    finish third or better in a horse or dog race
    place
    finish second or better in a horse or dog race
    boat-race
    participate in a boat race
    horse-race
    compete in a horse race
    campaign
    run, stand, or compete for an office or a position
    speed skate
    race on skates
    jockey
    ride a racehorse as a professional jockey
    stump
    travel through a district and make political speeches
    rerun
    run again for office
    whistlestop
    tour the country in order to solicit votes for an election
    cross-file, register
    have one's name listed as a candidate for several parties
    type of:
    compete, contend, vie
    compete for something; engage in a contest; measure oneself against others
  5. verb
    move about freely and without restraint, or act as if running around in an uncontrolled way
    “who are these people running around in the building?”
    “She runs around telling everyone of her troubles”
    “let the dogs run free”
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    type of:
    go, locomote, move, travel
    change location; move, travel, or proceed, also metaphorically
  6. verb
    flee; take to one's heels; cut and run
    “If you see this man, run!”
    synonyms: break away, bunk, escape, fly the coop, head for the hills, hightail it, lam, run away, scarper, scat, take to the woods, turn tail
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    flee, fly, take flight
    run away quickly
    skedaddle
    run away, as if in a panic
    break
    make a rupture in the ranks of the enemy or one's own by quitting or fleeing
    stampede
    run away in a stampede
    abscond, absquatulate, bolt, decamp, go off, make off, run off
    run away; usually includes taking something or somebody along
    elope, run off
    run away secretly with one's beloved
    break loose, escape, get away
    run away from confinement
    high-tail
    retreat at full speed
    defect, desert
    desert (a cause, a country or an army), often in order to join the opposing cause, country, or army
    type of:
    go away, go forth, leave
    go away from a place
  7. verb
    travel a route regularly
    synonyms: ply
    black market
    deal in illegally, such as arms or liquor
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    type of:
    jaunt, travel, trip
    make a trip for pleasure
  8. verb
    sail before the wind
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    type of:
    sail
    travel on water propelled by wind
  9. verb
    cause an animal to move fast
    run the dogs”
    Synonyms:
    hunt, hunt down, track down
    pursue for food or sport (as of wild animals)
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    type of:
    displace, move
    cause to move or shift into a new position or place, both in a concrete and in an abstract sense
  10. verb
    progress by being changed
    run through your presentation before the meeting”
    synonyms: go, move
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    type of:
    change
    undergo a change; become different in essence; losing one's or its original nature
  11. verb
    pass over, across, or through
    “She ran her fingers along the carved figurine”
    synonyms: draw, guide, pass
    draw, string, thread
    thread on or as if on a string
    lead
    cause something to pass or lead somewhere
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    rub
    move over something with pressure
    thread
    pass through or into
    thread
    pass a thread through
    brush
    rub with a brush, or as if with a brush
    pumice
    rub with pumice, in order to clean or to smoothen
    gauge
    rub to a uniform size
    puree, strain
    rub through a strainer or process in an electric blender
    rosin
    rub rosin onto
    sponge down, sponge off
    clean with a sponge, by rubbing
    worry
    touch or rub constantly
    scour, scrub
    clean with hard rubbing
    abrade, scour
    rub hard or scrub
    blur, smear, smudge, smutch
    make a smudge on; soil by smudging
    grate, scrape
    scratch repeatedly
    pass over, wipe
    rub with a circular motion
    grate
    reduce to small shreds or pulverize by rubbing against a rough or sharp perforated surface
  12. verb
    cause something to pass or lead somewhere
    Run the wire behind the cabinet”
    synonyms: lead
    draw, guide, pass
    pass over, across, or through
    range
    change or be different within limits
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    type of:
    make pass, pass
    cause to pass
  13. verb
    set animals loose to graze
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    type of:
    free, liberate, loose, release, unloose, unloosen
    grant freedom to; free from confinement
  14. verb
    keep company
    synonyms: consort
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    type of:
    accompany
    go or travel along with
  15. verb
    pursue for food or sport (as of wild animals)
    “The dogs are running deer”
    synonyms: hunt, hunt down, track down
    hunt
    search (an area) for prey
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    snipe
    hunt or shoot snipe
    whale
    hunt for whales
    ambush, still-hunt
    hunt (quarry) by stalking and ambushing
    turtle
    hunt for turtles, especially as an occupation
    drive
    (hunting) chase from cover into more open ground
    drive
    (hunting) search for game
    rabbit
    hunt rabbits
    fowl
    hunt fowl in the forest
    poach
    hunt illegally
    seal
    hunt seals
    ferret
    hunt with ferrets
    course
    hunt with hounds
    foxhunt
    hunt foxes, on horseback and with dogs
    jack, jacklight
    hunt with a jacklight
    hawk
    hunt with hawks
    falcon
    hunt with falcons
    fowl
    hunt fowl
    forage, scrounge
    collect or look around for (food)
    grouse
    hunt grouse
    rustle
    forage food
    type of:
    capture, catch
    capture as if by hunting, snaring, or trapping
  16. noun
    the act of running; traveling on foot at a fast pace
    “he broke into a run
    “his daily run keeps him fit”
    synonyms: running
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    types:
    dash, sprint
    a quick run
    break
    a sudden dash
    type of:
    locomotion, travel
    self-propelled movement
  17. noun
    a race run on foot
    “she broke the record for the half-mile run
    synonyms: foot race, footrace
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    fun run, funrun
    a footrace run for fun (often including runners who are sponsored for a charity)
    marathon
    a foot race of 26 miles and 385 yards
    obstacle race
    a race in which competitors must negotiate obstacles
    steeplechase
    a footrace of usually 3000 meters over a closed track with hurdles and a water jump
    track event
    a footrace performed on a track (indoor or outdoor)
    dash
    a footrace run at top speed
    hurdle race, hurdles, hurdling
    a footrace in which contestants must negotiate a series of hurdles
    mile
    a footrace extending one mile
    type of:
    race
    a contest of speed
  18. noun
    a regular trip
    “the ship made its run in record time”
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    type of:
    trip
    a journey for some purpose (usually including the return)
  19. noun
    a short trip
    “take a run into town”
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    type of:
    trip
    a journey for some purpose (usually including the return)
  20. verb
    stretch out over a distance, space, time, or scope; run or extend between two points or beyond a certain point
    “Service runs all the way to Cranbury”
    synonyms: extend, go, lead, pass
    range
    change or be different within limits
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    types:
    come
    extend or reach
    radiate, ray
    extend or spread outward from a center or focus or inward towards a center
    go deep, go far
    extend in importance or range
    type of:
    be
    occupy a certain position or area; be somewhere
  21. verb
    have a particular form
    “the story or argument runs as follows”
    synonyms: go
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    type of:
    be
    have the quality of being; (copula, used with an adjective or a predicate noun)
  22. verb
    have a tendency or disposition to do or be something; be inclined
    “These dresses run small”
    synonyms: be given, incline, lean, tend
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    types:
    take kindly to
    be willing or inclined to accept
    suffer
    be given to
    gravitate
    move toward
    type of:
    be
    have the quality of being; (copula, used with an adjective or a predicate noun)
  23. verb
    change from one state to another
    run amok”
    run rogue”
    run riot”
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    type of:
    become, get, go, wax
    enter or assume a certain state or condition
  24. verb
    change or be different within limits
    “Interest rates run from 5 to 10 percent”
    synonyms: range
    extend, go, lead, pass
    stretch out over a distance, space, time, or scope; run or extend between two points or beyond a certain point
    lead
    cause something to pass or lead somewhere
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    type of:
    be
    have the quality of being; (copula, used with an adjective or a predicate noun)
  25. verb
    continue to exist
    synonyms: die hard, endure, persist, prevail
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    types:
    carry over
    transfer or persist from one stage or sphere of activity to another
    reverberate
    have a long or continuing effect
    type of:
    continue
    exist over a prolonged period of time
  26. verb
    occur persistently
    “Musical talent runs in the family”
    Synonyms:
    die hard, endure, persist, prevail
    continue to exist
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    type of:
    occur
    be found to exist
  27. verb
    extend or continue for a certain period of time
    “The film runs 5 hours”
    synonyms: run for
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    type of:
    endure, last
    persist for a specified period of time
  28. verb
    make without a miss
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    type of:
    bring home the bacon, come through, deliver the goods, succeed, win
    attain success or reach a desired goal
  29. noun
    an unbroken chronological sequence
    “the play had a long run on Broadway”
    “the team enjoyed a brief run of victories”
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    type of:
    chronological sequence, chronological succession, sequence, succession, successiveness
    a following of one thing after another in time
  30. noun
    an unbroken series of events
    “Nicklaus had a run of birdies”
    synonyms: streak
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    types:
    losing streak
    a streak of losses
    winning streak
    a streak of wins
    type of:
    succession
    a group of people or things arranged or following in order
  31. noun
    unrestricted freedom to use
    “he has the run of the house”
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    type of:
    liberty
    freedom of choice
  32. verb
    carry out
    run an errand”
  33. verb
    carry out a process or program, as on a computer or a machine
    Run the dishwasher”
    run a new program on the Mac”
    synonyms: execute
    play
    cause to emit recorded audio or video
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    types:
    step
    cause (a computer) to execute a single command
    type of:
    apply, enforce, implement
    ensure observance of laws and rules
  34. verb
    cause to perform
    run a subject”
    run a process”
    Synonyms:
    play
    cause to emit recorded audio or video
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    types:
    rerun
    cause to perform again
    type of:
    process, treat
    subject to a process or treatment, with the aim of readying for some purpose, improving, or remedying a condition
  35. verb
    direct or control; projects, businesses, etc.
    “She is running a relief operation in the Sudan”
    synonyms: operate
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    financier
    conduct financial operations, often in an unethical manner
    work
    operate in or through
    block
    run on a block system
    warm up
    run until the normal working temperature is reached
    type of:
    direct
    be in charge of
  36. verb
    perform as expected when applied
    “Does this old car still run well?”
    synonyms: function, go, operate, work
    work
    operate in or through
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    Antonyms:
    malfunction, misfunction
    fail to function or function improperly
    types:
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    double
    do double duty; serve two purposes or have two functions
    roll
    begin operating or running
    cut
    function as a cutting instrument
    serve, service
    be used by; as of a utility
  37. verb
    be operating, running or functioning
    “The car is still running--turn it off!”
    Synonyms:
    function, go, operate, work
    perform as expected when applied
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    Antonyms:
    idle, tick over
    run disconnected or idle
    type of:
    function, go, operate, work
    perform as expected when applied
  38. verb
    be affected by; be subjected to
    run a temperature”
    run a risk”
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    type of:
    incur
    make oneself subject to; bring upon oneself; become liable to
  39. verb
    include as the content; broadcast or publicize
    “We ran the ad three times”
    synonyms: carry
  40. verb
    cause to emit recorded audio or video
    “They ran the tapes over and over again”
    synonyms: play
    play
    emit recorded sound
    execute
    carry out a process or program, as on a computer or a machine
  41. verb
    deal in illegally, such as arms or liquor
    synonyms: black market
    ply
    travel a route regularly
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    type of:
    merchandise, trade
    engage in the trade of
  42. noun
    the production achieved during a continuous period of operation (of a machine or factory etc.)
    “a daily run of 100,000 gallons of paint”
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    type of:
    indefinite quantity
    an estimated quantity
  43. noun
    the continuous period of time during which something (a machine or a factory) operates or continues in operation
    “the assembly line was on a 12-hour run
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    types:
    press run, print run
    the period that presses run to produce an issue of a newspaper
    run-time
    (computer science) the length of time it takes to execute a software program
    split run
    a print run of a newspaper during which some articles or advertisements are changed to produce a different edition
    type of:
    period, period of time, time period
    an amount of time
  44. noun
    the act of testing something
    synonyms: test, trial
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    assay
    a quantitative or qualitative test of a substance (especially an ore or a drug) to determine its components; frequently used to test for the presence or concentration of infectious agents or antibodies etc.
    clinical test, clinical trial
    a rigorously controlled test of a new drug or a new invasive medical device on human subjects; in the United States it is conducted under the direction of the FDA before being made available for general clinical use
    double blind
    a test procedure in which the identity of those receiving the intervention is concealed from both the administrators and the subjects until after the test is completed; designed to reduce or eliminate bias in the results
    preclinical phase, preclinical test, preclinical trial
    a laboratory test of a new drug or a new invasive medical device on animal subjects; conducted to gather evidence justifying a clinical trial
    audition, tryout
    a test of the suitability of a performer
    field trial
    a test of young hunting dogs to determine their skill in pointing and retrieving
    fitting, try-on, trying on
    putting clothes on to see whether they fit
    MOT, MOT test, Ministry of Transportation test
    a compulsory annual test of older motor vehicles for safety and exhaust fumes
    pilot program, pilot project
    activity planned as a test or trial
    Snellen test
    a test of visual acuity using a Snellen chart
    ELISA, enzyme-linked-immunosorbent serologic assay
    an assay that relies on an enzymatic conversion reaction and is used to detect the presence of specific substances (such as enzymes or viruses or antibodies or bacteria)
    immunohistochemistry
    an assay that shows specific antigens in tissues by the use of markers that are either fluorescent dyes or enzymes (such as horseradish peroxidase)
    phase I, phase I clinical trial
    a clinical trial on a few persons to determine the safety of a new drug or invasive medical device; for drugs, dosage or toxicity limits should be obtained
    phase II, phase II clinical trial
    a clinical trial on more persons than in phase I; intended to evaluate the efficacy of a treatment for the condition it is intended to treat; possible side effects are monitored
    phase III, phase III clinical trial
    a large clinical trial of a treatment or drug that in phase I and phase II has been shown to be efficacious with tolerable side effects; after successful conclusion of these clinical trials it will receive formal approval from the FDA
    phase IV, phase IV clinical trial
    sometimes the FDA approves a drug for general use but requires the manufacturer to continue to monitor its effects; during this phase the drug may be tried on slightly different patient populations than those studied in earlier trials
    screen test
    a filmed audition of an actor or actress
    diagnostic assay, diagnostic test
    an assay conducted for diagnostic purposes
    bio-assay, bioassay
    appraisal of the biological activity of a substance by testing its effect on an organism and comparing the result with some agreed standard
    type of:
    attempt, effort, endeavor, endeavour, try
    earnest and conscientious activity intended to do or accomplish something
  45. verb
    move along, of liquids
    synonyms: course, feed, flow
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    types:
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    flush
    flow freely
    gush, jet
    issue in a jet; come out in a jet; stream or spring forth
    surge, tide
    rise or move forward
    circulate
    move through a space, circuit or system, returning to the starting point
    eddy, purl, swirl, whirl, whirlpool
    flow in a circular current, of liquids
    run off, waste
    run off as waste
    run down
    move downward
    pour
    flow in a spurt
    run out, spill
    flow, run or fall out and become lost
    stream, well out
    flow freely and abundantly
    dribble, filter, trickle
    run or flow slowly, as in drops or in an unsteady stream
    drain, run out
    flow off gradually
    ooze, seep
    pass gradually or leak through or as if through small openings
    gutter
    flow in small streams
    flush down, wash down
    flow freely
    ventilate
    circulate through and freshen
    spin
    stream in jets, of liquids
    gush, spirt, spout, spurt
    gush forth in a sudden stream or jet
    regurgitate
    pour or rush back
    leach, percolate
    permeate or penetrate gradually
    brim over, overflow, overrun, run over, well over
    flow or run over (a limit or brim)
    type of:
    move
    move so as to change position, perform a nontranslational motion
  46. verb
    be diffused
    “These dyes and colors are guaranteed not to run
    synonyms: bleed
    melt, melt down
    reduce or cause to be reduced from a solid to a liquid state, usually by heating
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    types:
    crock
    release color when rubbed, of badly dyed fabric
    type of:
    diffuse, fan out, spread, spread out
    move outward
  47. verb
    reduce or cause to be reduced from a solid to a liquid state, usually by heating
    synonyms: melt, melt down
    bleed
    be diffused
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    types:
    fuse
    make liquid or plastic by heating
    render, try
    melt (fat or lard) in order to separate out impurities
    type of:
    break up, dissolve, resolve
    cause to go into a solution
  48. noun
    a small stream
    synonyms: rill, rivulet, runnel, streamlet
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    type of:
    stream, watercourse
    a natural body of running water flowing on or under the earth
  49. noun
    the pouring forth of a fluid
    synonyms: discharge, outpouring
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    types:
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    jet, spirt, spurt, squirt
    the occurrence of a sudden discharge (as of liquid)
    escape, leak, leakage, outflow
    the discharge of a fluid from some container
    spray
    a jet of vapor
    spritz
    a quick squirt of some liquid (usually carbonated water)
    type of:
    flow, flowing
    the motion characteristic of fluids (liquids or gases)
  50. verb
    run, stand, or compete for an office or a position
    “Who's running for treasurer this year?”
    synonyms: campaign
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    types:
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    stump
    travel through a district and make political speeches
    rerun
    run again for office
    whistlestop
    tour the country in order to solicit votes for an election
    cross-file, register
    have one's name listed as a candidate for several parties
    slate
    enter on a list or slate for an election
    type of:
    race
    compete in a race
  51. noun
    a race between candidates for elective office
    “he is raising money for a Senate run
    synonyms: campaign, political campaign
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    types:
    campaign for governor, governor's race
    a race for election to the governorship
    senate campaign, senate race
    a race for election to the senate
    type of:
    race
    any competition
  52. verb
    run with the ball; in such sports as football
  53. noun
    (American football) a play in which a player attempts to carry the ball through or past the opposing team
    “the defensive line braced to stop the run
    “the coach put great emphasis on running
    synonyms: running, running game, running play
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    types:
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    draw, draw play
    (American football) the quarterback moves back as if to pass and then hands the ball to the fullback who is running toward the line of scrimmage
    end run, sweep
    (American football) an attempt to advance the ball by running around the end of the line
    return
    (American football) the act of running back the ball after a kickoff or punt or interception or fumble
    reverse
    (American football) a running play in which a back running in one direction hands the ball to a back running in the opposite direction
    rush, rushing
    (American football) an attempt to advance the ball by running into the line
    double reverse
    (American football) a running play in which a first reverse is followed by a second reverse
    type of:
    football play
    (American football) a play by the offensive team
  54. noun
    a score in baseball made by a runner touching all four bases safely
    “the Yankees scored 3 runs in the bottom of the 9th”
    synonyms: tally
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    types:
    earned run
    a run that was not scored as the result of an error by the other team
    unearned run
    a run that was scored as a result of an error by the other team
    rbi, run batted in
    a run that is the result of the batter's performance
    type of:
    score
    the act of scoring in a game or sport
  55. verb
    become undone
    synonyms: unravel
    ladder
    come unraveled or undone as if by snagging
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    type of:
    disintegrate
    break into parts or components or lose cohesion or unity
  56. verb
    come unraveled or undone as if by snagging
    “Her nylons were running
    synonyms: ladder
    unravel
    become undone
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    type of:
    break, come apart, fall apart, separate, split up
    become separated into pieces or fragments
  57. noun
    a row of unravelled stitches
    “she got a run in her stocking”
    synonyms: ladder, ravel
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    type of:
    damage, harm, impairment
    the occurrence of a change for the worse
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