grate

When you grate something you rip it to shreds, like a pound of solid cheese that you shred for a recipe.

The verb grate entered the English language in the fourteenth century by way of the French word grater, meaning “to scrape.” Using grate in this sense, you might grate your teeth or grate a carrot, meaning rub or pulverize. By the sixteenth century the word had taken on the additional meaning of “sound harshly” and “annoy.” This evolution makes sense if you think about it: If you’ve ever had anything really annoy you — "grate on your nerves" — it can almost seem as if a cheese grater has been applied to your nerves and is slowly ripping them to shreds.

Definitions of grate
  1. verb
    reduce to small shreds or pulverize by rubbing against a rough or sharp perforated surface
    grate carrots and onions”
    grate nutmeg”
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    type of:
    rub
    move over something with pressure
  2. verb
    make a grating or grinding sound by rubbing together
    grate one's teeth in anger”
    synonyms: grind
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    types:
    show 8 types...
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    gnash
    grind together, of teeth
    chew, jaw, manducate, masticate
    chew (food); to bite and grind with the teeth
    champ, chomp
    chew noisily
    champ
    chafe at the bit, like horses
    gum, mumble
    grind with the gums; chew without teeth and with great difficulty
    chaw
    chew without swallowing
    crunch, munch
    chew noisily
    gnaw
    bite or chew on with the teeth
    type of:
    break up, fragment, fragmentise, fragmentize
    break or cause to break into pieces
  3. verb
    scratch repeatedly
    synonyms: scrape
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    types:
    paw
    scrape with the paws
    type of:
    rub
    move over something with pressure
  4. verb
    gnaw into; make resentful or angry
    synonyms: eat into, fester, fret, gnaw, rankle
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    type of:
    annoy, bother, chafe, devil, get at, get to, gravel, irritate, nark, nettle, rag, rile, vex
    cause annoyance in; disturb, especially by minor irritations
  5. noun
    a harsh rasping sound made by scraping something
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    type of:
    noise
    sound of any kind (especially unintelligible or dissonant sound)
  6. noun
    a barrier that has parallel or crossed bars blocking a passage but admitting air
    synonyms: grating
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    types:
    grille, radiator grille
    grating that admits cooling air to car's radiator
    type of:
    barrier
    a structure or object that impedes free movement
  7. noun
    a frame of iron bars to hold a fire
    synonyms: grating
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    type of:
    framework
    a structure supporting or containing something
  8. verb
    furnish with a grate
    “a grated fireplace”
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    type of:
    furnish, provide, render, supply
    give something useful or necessary to
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