A surge is a sudden strong swelling, like a tsunami wave that engulfs the land. Although a surge offers a fluid image, anything can experience a sudden surge, including emotions, political support, or an angry mob.

The original Latin word surgere, meaning “to spring up or rise,” serves as the basis for the word surge, which refers to a great sudden growth or swelling. If you are watching a sad movie and you experience a sudden surge of emotion, do you quietly reach for a tissue, pretend something's in your eye, or simply weep and sob with reckless abandon? Yeah, me too. Christmas shopping can be dangerous when there is a surge of interest in one toy and desperate shoppers surge into stores trying to grab it up.

Definitions of surge

v rise and move, as in waves or billows

“The army surged forward”
billow, heave
Type of:
blow up, inflate
fill with gas or air

v rise or heave upward under the influence of a natural force such as a wave

“the boats surged
Type of:
arise, come up, go up, lift, move up, rise, uprise
move upward

v rise or move forward

surging waves”
ebb, ebb away, ebb down, ebb off, ebb out
flow back or recede
Type of:
course, feed, flow, run
move along, of liquids

v rise rapidly

soar, soar up, soar upwards, zoom
billow, wallow
rise up as if in waves
billow up in the form of a cloud
Type of:
arise, come up, go up, lift, move up, rise, uprise
move upward

v see one's performance improve

“He levelled the score and then surged ahead”
Type of:
ameliorate, better, improve, meliorate
get better

n a large sea wave

Type of:
moving ridge, wave
one of a series of ridges that moves across the surface of a liquid (especially across a large body of water)

n a sudden forceful flow

rush, spate, upsurge
debris storm, debris surge
the sudden spread of dust and debris from a collapsing building
a forceful forward rush or flow
Type of:
flow, flowing
the motion characteristic of fluids (liquids or gases)

n a sudden or abrupt strong increase

“stimulated a surge of speculation”
Type of:
increase, step-up
the act of increasing something

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