roll

When something moves by rotating or spinning, it rolls. If your dog is smart enough, you can train her to roll a ball back to you after you roll it to her.

You can roll down a hill, or roll up a rug. You can also roll out dough for a pie — by flattening it with a rolling pin — or roll up a car window, which once required turning a handle, but today usually involves pushing a button. You can roll dice, or toss them on a table, and tears can roll, or drip, down your cheeks. As a noun, a roll can be an individual loaf of bread, a list of names, or a cylinder.

Primary Meanings of roll

1.
vn
move by turning over or rotating
rotary motion of an object around its own axis
2.
n
small rounded bread either plain or sweet
3.
vn
emit, produce, or utter with a deep prolonged reverberating sound
a deep prolonged sound (as of thunder or large bells)
Full Definitions of roll
1

v move by turning over or rotating

“The child rolled down the hill”
Synonyms:
turn over
revolve
cause to move by turning over or in a circular manner of as if on an axis
Types:
rim
roll around the rim of
Type of:
turn
change orientation or direction, also in the abstract sense

v move along on or as if on wheels or a wheeled vehicle

“The President's convoy rolled past the crowds”
Synonyms:
wheel
Types:
bowl
roll (a ball)
troll
cause to move round and round
Type of:
go, locomote, move, travel
change location; move, travel, or proceed, also metaphorically

v cause to move by turning over or in a circular manner of as if on an axis

“She rolled the ball”
“They rolled their eyes at his words”
Synonyms:
revolve
turn over
move by turning over or rotating
Types:
transit
revolve (the telescope of a surveying transit) about its horizontal transverse axis in order to reverse its direction
Type of:
displace, move
cause to move or shift into a new position or place, both in a concrete and in an abstract sense

v arrange or or coil around

roll your hair around your finger”
Synonyms:
twine, wind, wrap
Antonyms:
unroll, unwind, wind off
reverse the winding or twisting of
Types:
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spool
wind onto a spool or a reel
reel
wind onto or off a reel
ball
form into a ball by winding or rolling
clew, clue
roll into a ball
coil, curl, loop
wind around something in coils or loops
cheese
wind onto a cheese
reel off, unreel
unwind from or as if from a reel
Type of:
displace, move
cause to move or shift into a new position or place, both in a concrete and in an abstract sense

v shape by rolling

roll a cigarette”
Type of:
form, shape
give shape or form to

v take the shape of a roll or cylinder

“the carpet rolled out”
“Yarn rolls well”
Type of:
change form, change shape, deform
assume a different shape or form

v show certain properties when being rolled

“The carpet rolls unevenly”
“dried-out tobacco rolls badly”
Synonyms:
roll up
roll up, wrap up
form a cylinder by rolling
furl, roll up
form into a cylinder by rolling
Type of:
change
undergo a change; become different in essence; losing one's or its original nature

v flatten or spread with a roller

roll out the paper”
Synonyms:
roll out
Types:
cog
roll steel ingots
mill
roll out (metal) with a rolling machine
Type of:
flatten
make flat or flatter

v move in a wavy pattern or with a rising and falling motion

“the waves rolled towards the beach”
Synonyms:
flap, undulate, wave
Types:
luff
flap when the wind is blowing equally on both sides
Type of:
move
move so as to change position, perform a nontranslational motion

v occur in soft rounded shapes

“The hills rolled past”
Synonyms:
undulate

v begin operating or running

“The cameras were rolling
“The presses are already rolling
Type of:
function, go, operate, run, work
perform as expected when applied

v execute a roll, in tumbling

“The gymnasts rolled and jumped”
Type of:
tumble
do gymnastics, roll and turn skillfully

v move about aimlessly or without any destination, often in search of food or employment

“They rolled from town to town”
Synonyms:
cast, drift, ramble, range, roam, rove, stray, swan, tramp, vagabond, wander
drift, err, stray
wander from a direct course or at random
wander
go via an indirect route or at no set pace
Types:
maunder
wander aimlessly
gad, gallivant, jazz around
wander aimlessly in search of pleasure
Type of:
go, locomote, move, travel
change location; move, travel, or proceed, also metaphorically

v move, rock, or sway from side to side

“The ship rolled on the heavy seas”
Type of:
rock, shake, sway
move back and forth or sideways

v boil vigorously

“The water rolled
Synonyms:
seethe
Type of:
boil, churn, moil, roil
be agitated

v sell something to or obtain something from by energetic and especially underhanded activity

Synonyms:
hustle, pluck
Type of:
steal
take without the owner's consent

n rotary motion of an object around its own axis

Synonyms:
axial motion, axial rotation
Types:
wallow
an indolent or clumsy rolling about
Type of:
gyration, revolution, rotation
a single complete turn (axial or orbital)

n anything rolled up in cylindrical form

Types:
bolt
a roll of cloth or wallpaper of a definite length
rouleau
a roll of coins wrapped in paper
rouleau
a roll of ribbon
Type of:
cylinder
a solid bounded by a cylindrical surface and two parallel planes (the bases)

n photographic film rolled up inside a container to protect it from light

Type of:
film, photographic film
photographic material consisting of a base of celluloid covered with a photographic emulsion; used to make negatives or transparencies

n a document that can be rolled up (as for storage)

Synonyms:
scroll
Examples:
Dead Sea scrolls
(Old Testament) a collection of written scrolls (containing nearly all of the Old Testament) found in a cave near the Dead Sea in the late 1940s
Types:
Megillah
(Judaism) the scroll of parchment that contains the biblical story of Esther; traditionally read in synagogues to celebrate Purim
Torah
(Judaism) the scroll of parchment on which the first five books of the Hebrew Scripture is written; is used in a synagogue during services
Type of:
holograph, manuscript
handwritten book or document

n a roll of currency notes (often taken as the resources of a person or business etc.)

“he shot his roll on a bob-tailed nag”
Synonyms:
bankroll
Type of:
cash in hand, finances, funds, monetary resource, pecuniary resource
assets in the form of money

n a list of names

“his name was struck off the rolls
Synonyms:
roster
Types:
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batting order, card, lineup
(baseball) a list of batters in the order in which they will bat
death-roll
a list of persons killed in a war or other disaster
muster roll
a list of names of officers and men in a military unit or ship's company
church roll
a list of the members of church
rota
a roster of names showing the order in which people should perform certain duties
waiting list
a roster of those waiting to obtain something
Type of:
list, listing
a database containing an ordered array of items (names or topics)

n a long heavy sea wave as it advances towards the shore

Synonyms:
roller, rolling wave
Type of:
moving ridge, wave
one of a series of ridges that moves across the surface of a liquid (especially across a large body of water)

n a round shape formed by a series of concentric circles (as formed by leaves or flower petals)

Synonyms:
coil, curl, curlicue, gyre, ringlet, scroll, whorl
Types:
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corolla
(botany) the whorl of petals of a flower that collectively form an inner floral envelope or layer of the perianth
calyx
(botany) the whorl of sepals of a flower collectively forming the outer floral envelope or layer of the perianth enclosing and supporting the developing bud; usually green
verticil
a whorl of leaves growing around a stem
hull
persistent enlarged calyx at base of e.g. a strawberry or raspberry
pappus
calyx composed of scales or bristles or featherlike hairs in plants of the Compositae such as thistles and dandelions
Type of:
round shape
a shape that is curved and without sharp angles

n walking with a swaying gait

Type of:
gait
a person's manner of walking

n a flight maneuver; aircraft rotates about its longitudinal axis without changing direction or losing altitude

Types:
barrel roll
a roll in which the plane follows a spiral course
snap roll
a fast roll
Type of:
airplane maneuver, flight maneuver
a maneuver executed by an aircraft

n the act of rolling something (as the ball in bowling)

Synonyms:
bowl
Type of:
actuation, propulsion
the act of propelling

n the act of throwing dice

Synonyms:
cast
Types:
natural
(craps) a first roll of 7 or 11 that immediately wins the stake
Type of:
throw
casting an object in order to determine an outcome randomly
2

n small rounded bread either plain or sweet

Synonyms:
bun
Types:
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tea bread
sweetened buns to be eaten with tea
frankfurter bun, hotdog bun
a long bun shaped to hold a frankfurter
hamburger bun, hamburger roll
a round bun shaped to hold a hamburger patty
brioche
a light roll rich with eggs and butter and somewhat sweet
crescent roll, croissant
very rich flaky crescent-shaped roll
Vienna roll, hard roll
yeast-raised roll with a hard crust
soft roll
yeast-raised roll with a soft crust
kaiser roll
rounded raised poppy-seed roll made of a square piece of dough by folding the corners in to the center
Parker House roll
yeast-raised dinner roll made by folding a disk of dough before baking
clover-leaf roll
yeast-raised dinner roll made by baking three small balls of dough in each cup of a muffin pan
onion roll
yeast-raised roll flavored with onion
coffee roll, sweet roll
any of numerous yeast-raised sweet rolls with our without raisins or nuts or spices or a glaze
bagel, beigel
(Yiddish) glazed yeast-raised doughnut-shaped roll with hard crust
cross bun, hot cross bun
moderately sweet raised roll containing spices and raisins and citron and decorated with a cross-shaped sugar glaze
bialy, bialystoker
flat crusty-bottomed onion roll
bear claw, bear paw
almond-flavored yeast-raised pastry shaped in an irregular semicircle resembling a bear's claw
cinnamon bun, cinnamon roll, cinnamon snail
rolled dough spread with cinnamon and sugar (and raisins) then sliced before baking
caramel bun, honey bun, schnecken, sticky bun
rolled dough spread with sugar and nuts then sliced and baked in muffin tins with honey or sugar and butter in the bottom
pinwheel roll
pinwheel-shaped rolls spread with cinnamon and sugar and filled with e.g. jam before baking
danish, danish pastry
light sweet yeast-raised roll usually filled with fruits or cheese
onion bagel
bagel flavored with onion
Type of:
bread, breadstuff, staff of life
food made from dough of flour or meal and usually raised with yeast or baking powder and then baked
3

v emit, produce, or utter with a deep prolonged reverberating sound

“The thunder rolled
rolling drums”
Type of:
go, sound
make a certain noise or sound

v pronounce with a roll, of the phoneme /r/

“She rolls her r's”
Type of:
articulate, enounce, enunciate, pronounce, say, sound out
speak, pronounce, or utter in a certain way

n a deep prolonged sound (as of thunder or large bells)

Synonyms:
peal, pealing, rolling
Type of:
sound
the sudden occurrence of an audible event

n the sound of a drum (especially a snare drum) beaten rapidly and continuously

Synonyms:
drum roll, paradiddle
Type of:
sound
the sudden occurrence of an audible event

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