say

To have your say means to get an opportunity to deliver your opinion on something. If you're at a loud and hostile town council meeting, you might not get a chance to have your say unless you shout it.

Say means to speak, so any time you utter a word, you're saying it. If you write an editorial about dogs in the paper, that's also a form of saying. Someone could quote you as saying "dogs should be worshipped." You can say something with your body language, too. Like most common words, say is very old, coming from the Old English sęcgan, meaning "to tell."

Primary Meanings of say

1.
vn
utter aloud
the chance to speak
2.
v
communicate or express nonverbally
Full Definitions of say
1

v utter aloud

“She said `Hello' to everyone in the office”
Type of:
express, give tongue to, utter, verbalise, verbalize
articulate; either verbally or with a cry, shout, or noise

v express in words

“He said that he wanted to marry her”
Synonyms:
state, tell
Types:
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hide 49 types...
lay out, present, represent
bring forward and present to the mind
misstate
state something incorrectly
answer, reply, respond
react verbally
introduce, precede, preface, premise
furnish with a preface or introduction
announce, declare
announce publicly or officially
articulate, enunciate, vocalise, vocalize
express or state clearly
get out
express with difficulty
declare
state emphatically and authoritatively
declare
make a declaration (of dutiable goods) to a customs official
mention, note, observe, remark
make mention of
add, append, supply
state or say further
explain
define
give
convey or reveal information
sum, sum up, summarise, summarize
be a summary of
plead
enter a plea, as in courts of law
profess
confess one's faith in, or allegiance to
argue, reason
present reasons and arguments
argue, indicate
give evidence of
call back
return or repeat a telephone call
counter
speak in response
field
answer adequately or successfully
sass
answer back in an impudent or insolent manner
come back, rejoin, repay, retort, return, riposte
answer back
condemn
declare or judge unfit for use or habitation
promulgate
put a law into effect by formal declaration
bless, consecrate, hallow, sanctify
render holy by means of religious rites
account, answer for
furnish a justifying analysis or explanation
advise, propose, suggest
make a proposal, declare a plan for something
assure, promise
make a promise or commitment
promise
promise to undertake or give
take the Fifth, take the Fifth Amendment
refuse to testify by invoking the Fifth Amendment, which states that nobody may be forced to testify as a witness against himself or herself
preamble
make a preliminary introduction, usually to a formal document
prologise, prologize, prologuize
write or speak a prologue
condemn, doom, sentence
pronounce a sentence on (somebody) in a court of law
spin
twist and turn so as to give an intended interpretation
exclaim, proclaim, promulgate
state or announce
profess
state freely
affirm, assert, aver, avow, swan, swear, verify
to declare or affirm solemnly and formally as true
depone, depose, swear
make a deposition; declare under oath
attest, bear witness, take the stand, testify
give testimony in a court of law
quote
name the price of
insert, slip in, sneak in, stick in
insert casually
toss in
add casually to a conversation
decree
issue a decree
animadvert, opine, sound off, speak out, speak up
express one's opinion openly and without fear or hesitation
bridle
respond to the reins, as of horses
comment, notice, point out, remark
make or write a comment on
count out
declare the loser
cast
deposit
Type of:
express, give tongue to, utter, verbalise, verbalize
articulate; either verbally or with a cry, shout, or noise

v state as one's opinion or judgement; declare

“I say let's forget this whole business”
Synonyms:
state, tell
express in words

v report or maintain

“He said it was too late to intervene in the war”
“The registrar says that I owe the school money”
Synonyms:
allege, aver
Types:
plead
make an allegation in an action or other legal proceeding, especially answer the previous pleading of the other party by denying facts therein stated or by alleging new facts
demur
enter a demurrer
Type of:
assert, asseverate, maintain
state categorically

v give instructions to or direct somebody to do something with authority

“I said to him to go home”
Synonyms:
enjoin, order, tell
Types:
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direct
command with authority
instruct
give instructions or directions for some task
command, require
make someone do something
call, send for
order, request, or command to come
warn
ask to go away
charge
instruct or command with authority
charge
instruct (a jury) about the law, its application, and the weighing of evidence
burden, charge, saddle
impose a task upon, assign a responsibility to
requisition
make a formal request for official services
cite, summon, summons
call in an official matter, such as to attend court
beep
call, summon, or alert with a beeper
call back, recall
summon to return
call in
summon to a particular activity or employment
lift
call to stop the hunt or to retire, as of hunting dogs
muster
call to duty, military service, jury duty, etc.
disallow, forbid, interdict, nix, prohibit, proscribe, veto
command against
hail
call for
summon
ask to come
stet
printing: direct that a matter marked for omission or correction is to be retained (used in the imperative)
call up, mobilise, mobilize, rally
call to arms; of military personnel
Type of:
request
ask (a person) to do something

v have or contain a certain wording or form

“What does the law say?”
Synonyms:
read
read
interpret something that is written or printed
Type of:
feature, have
have as a feature

v speak, pronounce, or utter in a certain way

“I cannot say `zip wire'”
Synonyms:
articulate, enounce, enunciate, pronounce, sound out
Types:
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twang
pronounce with a nasal twang
devoice
utter with tense vocal chords
raise
pronounce (vowels) by bringing the tongue closer to the roof of the mouth
lilt
articulate in a very careful and rhythmic way
palatalise, palatalize
pronounce a consonant with the tongue against the palate
nasalise, nasalize
pronounce with a lowered velum
nasalise, nasalize
speak nasally or through the nose
mispronounce, misspeak
pronounce a word incorrectly
aspirate
pronounce with aspiration; of stop sounds
sound, vocalise, vocalize, voice
utter with vibrating vocal chords
retroflex
articulate (a consonant) with the tongue curled back against the palate
subvocalise, subvocalize
articulate without making audible sounds
syllabise, syllabize
utter with distinct articulation of each syllable
drawl
lengthen and slow down or draw out
labialise, labialize, round
pronounce with rounded lips
lisp
speak with a lisp
accent, accentuate, stress
put stress on; utter with an accent
vocalise, vocalize, vowelise, vowelize
pronounce as a vowel
click
produce a click
trill
pronounce with a trill, of the phoneme `r'
sibilate
pronounce with an initial sibilant
flap
pronounce with a flap, of alveolar sounds
explode
cause to burst as a result of air pressure; of stop consonants like /p/, /t/, and /k/
roll
pronounce with a roll, of the phoneme /r/
chirk
make a shrill creaking, squeaking, or noise, as of a door, mouse, or bird
quaver, waver
give off unsteady sounds, alternating in amplitude or frequency

v express a supposition

“Let us say that he did not tell the truth”
“Let's say you had a lot of money--what would you do?”
Synonyms:
suppose
Type of:
speculate
talk over conjecturally, or review in an idle or casual way and with an element of doubt or without sufficient reason to reach a conclusion

v recite or repeat a fixed text

Say grace”
“She said her `Hail Mary'”
Type of:
recite
repeat aloud from memory

n the chance to speak

“let him have his say
Type of:
chance, opportunity
a possibility due to a favorable combination of circumstances
2

v communicate or express nonverbally

“What does this painting say?”
“Did his face say anything about how he felt?”
Type of:
convey
make known; pass on, of information

v indicate

“The clock says noon”
Type of:
read, record, register, show
indicate a certain reading; of gauges and instruments

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