# sum

When you determine the sum, you add up all the numbers. When you sum something up, you focus on all of its important points.

The word sum can also refer to a certain amount of money. A new car might cost you a huge sum of money. But if you sum or add up all its benefits, you might be able to justify spending so much. You calculate the total on a restaurant bill when you sum up the prices of everything you ordered. Sum doesn't have to refer strictly to numbers. When you sum something up, you're giving an overview or general statement about it.

Definitions of sum
1. noun
a quantity obtained by the addition of a group of numbers
synonyms:
see moresee less
types:
grand total
the sum of the sums of several groups of numbers
subtotal
the sum of part of a group of numbers
type of:
quantity
the concept that something has a magnitude and can be represented in mathematical expressions by a constant or a variable
2. noun
a set containing all and only the members of two or more given sets
synonyms:
see moresee less
types:
direct sum
a union of two disjoint sets in which every element is the sum of an element from each of the disjoint sets
type of:
set
a group of things of the same kind that belong together and are so used
3. noun
the whole amount
synonyms:
see moresee less
type of:
unit, whole
an assemblage of parts that is regarded as a single entity
4. noun
the final aggregate
“the sum of all our troubles did not equal the misery they suffered”
synonyms:
see moresee less
types:
aggregate, congeries, conglomeration
a sum total of many heterogenous things taken together
type of:
accumulation, aggregation, assemblage, collection
several things grouped together or considered as a whole
5. noun
a quantity of money
“he borrowed a large sum
synonyms:
see moresee less
types:
show 20 types...
hide 20 types...
gain
the amount by which the revenue of a business exceeds its cost of operating
gross, receipts, revenue
the entire amount of income before any deductions are made
cash surrender value
the amount that the insurance company will pay on a given life insurance policy if the policy is cancelled prior to the death of the insured
contribution
an amount of money contributed
deductible
(taxes) an amount that can be deducted (especially for the purposes of calculating income tax)
defalcation
the sum of money that is misappropriated
loss, red, red ink
the amount by which the cost of a business exceeds its revenue
figure
an amount of money expressed numerically
coverage, insurance coverage
the total amount and type of insurance carried
an amount paid before it is earned
payroll, paysheet
the total amount of money paid in wages
peanuts
an insignificant sum of money; a trifling amount
purse
a sum of money offered as a prize
purse
a sum of money spoken of as the contents of a money purse
financial gain
the amount of monetary gain
box office
total admission receipts for an entertainment
gate
total admission receipts at a sports event
paper profit
an unrealized gain on an investment calculated by subtracting the investor's cost from the current market price
paper loss
an unrealized loss on an investment calculated by subtracting the current market price from the investor's cost
squeeze
a situation in which increased costs cannot be passed on to the customer
type of:
assets
anything of material value or usefulness that is owned by a person or company
6. noun
the choicest or most essential or most vital part of some idea or experience
synonyms:
see moresee less
types:
show 5 types...
hide 5 types...
bare bones
(plural) the most basic facts or elements
hypostasis
(metaphysics) essential nature or underlying reality
haecceity, quiddity
the essence that makes something the kind of thing it is and makes it different from any other
distillation, quintessence
the purest and most concentrated essence of something
stuff
a critically important or characteristic component
type of:
cognitive content, content, mental object
the sum or range of what has been perceived, discovered, or learned
7. verb
determine the sum of
synonyms:
make an addition by combining numbers
see moresee less
type of:
count, enumerate, number, numerate
determine the number or amount of
8. verb
be a summary of
synonyms:
resume, sum up, summarise, summarize
give a summary (of)
see moresee less
type of:
say, state, tell
express in words
Word Family