types:
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chance, probability
a measure of how likely it is that some event will occur; a number expressing the ratio of favorable cases to the whole number of cases possible

quantum
(physics) the smallest discrete quantity of some physical property that a system can possess (according to quantum theory)

economic value, value
the amount (of money or goods or services) that is considered to be a fair equivalent for something else

fundamental measure, fundamental quantity
one of the four quantities that are the basis of systems of measurement

definite quantity
a specific measure of amount

indefinite quantity
an estimated quantity

relative quantity
a quantity relative to some purpose

metric, system of measurement
a system of related measures that facilitates the quantification of some particular characteristic

cordage
the amount of wood in an area as measured in cords

octane number, octane rating
a measure of the antiknock properties of gasoline

magnetisation, magnetization
the extent or degree to which something is magnetized

radical
(mathematics) a quantity expressed as the root of another quantity

volume
the amount of 3dimensional space occupied by an object

volume
a relative amount

proof
a measure of alcoholic strength expressed as an integer twice the percentage of alcohol present (by volume)

time unit, unit of time
a unit for measuring time periods

point, point in time
an instant of time

period of play, play, playing period
(in games or plays or other performances) the time during which play proceeds

interval, time interval
a definite length of time marked off by two instants

golf hole, hole
one playing period (from tee to green) on a golf course

temperature
the degree of hotness or coldness of a body or environment (corresponding to its molecular activity)

mass
the property of a body that causes it to have weight in a gravitational field

conditional probability, contingent probability
the probability that an event will occur given that one or more other events have occurred

cross section
(physics) the probability that a particular interaction (as capture or ionization) will take place between particles; measured in barns

exceedance
(geology) the probability that an earthquake will generate a level of ground motion that exceeds a specified reference level during a given exposure time

fair chance, sporting chance
a reasonable probability of success

fat chance, slim chance
little or no chance of success

joint probability
the probability of two events occurring together

risk, risk of exposure
the probability of being exposed to an infectious agent

risk, risk of infection
the probability of becoming infected given that exposure to an infectious agent has occurred

length
the linear extent in space from one end to the other; the longest dimension of something that is fixed in place

quasiparticle
a quantum of energy (in a crystal lattice or other system) that has position and momentum and can in some respects be regarded as a particle

criterion, measure, standard, touchstone
a basis for comparison; a reference point against which other things can be evaluated

mess of pottage
anything of trivial value

premium
the amount that something in scarce supply is valued above its nominal value

system of weights and measures
system of measurement for length and weight and duration

point system
a system of graduating sizes of type in multiples of the point

information measure
a system of measurement of information based on the probabilities of the events that convey information

utility
(economics) a measure that is to be maximized in any situation involving choice

enough, sufficiency
an adequate quantity; a quantity that is large enough to achieve a purpose

N, normality
(of a solution) concentration expressed in gram equivalents of solute per liter

absolute majority, majority
(elections) more than half of the votes

plurality, relative majority
(in an election with more than 2 options) the number of votes for the candidate or party receiving the greatest number (but less that half of the votes)

absolute value, numerical value
a real number regardless of its sign

acid value
(chemistry) the amount of free acid present in fat as measured by the milligrams of potassium hydroxide needed to neutralize it

chlorinity
a measure of the quantity of chlorine or other halides in water (especially seawater)

number
a concept of quantity involving zero and units

quire
a quantity of paper; 24 or 25 sheets

ream
a quantity of paper; 480 or 500 sheets; one ream equals 20 quires

solubility
the quantity of a particular substance that can dissolve in a particular solvent (yielding a saturated solution)

toxicity
the degree to which something is poisonous

unit, unit of measurement
any division of quantity accepted as a standard of measurement or exchange

magnetic flux
a measure of the strength of a magnetic field over a given area

Brix scale
a system for measuring the concentration of sugar solutions

circular measure
measurement of angles in radians

board measure
a system of units for measuring lumber based on the board foot

Beaufort scale
a scale from 0 to 12 for the force of the wind

system of weights, weight
a system of units used to express the weight of something

aught, cipher, cypher, goose egg, nada, naught, nil, nix, nothing, null, zero, zilch, zip, zippo
a quantity of no importance

addition, gain, increase
a quantity that is added

bag
the quantity of game taken in a particular period (usually by one person)

breakage
the quantity broken

capacity
(computer science) the amount of information (in bytes) that can be stored on a disk drive

catch, haul
the quantity that was caught

correction, fudge factor
a quantity that is added or subtracted in order to increase the accuracy of a scientific measure

containerful
the quantity that a container will hold

footstep, pace, step, stride
the distance covered by a step

headspace
the volume left at the top of a filled container (bottle or jar or tin) before sealing

large indefinite amount, large indefinite quantity
an indefinite quantity that is above the average in size or magnitude

limit, limitation
the greatest amount of something that is possible or allowed

limit, limit point, point of accumulation
the mathematical value toward which a function goes as the independent variable approaches infinity

output, production, yield
the quantity of something (as a commodity) that is created (usually within a given period of time)

neighborhood, region
the approximate amount of something (usually used prepositionally as in `in the region of')

outage
the amount of something (as whiskey or oil) lost in storage or transportation

reserve
(medicine) potential capacity to respond in order to maintain vital functions

run
the production achieved during a continuous period of operation (of a machine or factory etc.)

small indefinite amount, small indefinite quantity
an indefinite quantity that is below average size or magnitude

spillage
the amount that has spilled

spoilage
the amount that has spoiled

tankage
the quantity contained in (or the capacity of) a tank or tanks

ullage
the amount that a container (as a wine bottle or tank) lacks of being full

topup
an amount needed to restore something to its former level

worth
an indefinite quantity of something having a specified value

skinful
a quantity of alcoholic drink sufficient to make you drunk

dosage, dose
the quantity of an active agent (substance or radiation) taken in or absorbed at any one time

load
an amount of alcohol sufficient to intoxicate

load, loading
a quantity that can be processed or transported at one time

precipitation
the quantity of water falling to earth at a specific place within a specified period of time

supply
an amount of something available for use

capacity, content
the amount that can be contained

temperature scale
a system of measuring temperature

period, period of time, time period
an amount of time

24hour interval, day, mean solar day, solar day, twentyfour hour period, twentyfour hours
time for Earth to make a complete rotation on its axis

night
the dark part of the diurnal cycle considered a time unit

mean solar time, mean time
(astronomy) time based on the motion of the mean sun (an imaginary sun moving uniformly along the celestial equator)

TDT, TT, ephemeris time, terrestrial dynamical time, terrestrial time
(astronomy) a measure of time defined by Earth's orbital motion; terrestrial time is mean solar time corrected for the irregularities of the Earth's motions

access time
(computer science) the interval between the time data is requested by the system and the time the data is provided by the drive

distance, space
the interval between two times

distance
a remote point in time

embolism, intercalation
an insertion into a calendar

date, particular date
a particular but unspecified point in time

deadline
the point in time at which something must be completed

arrival time, time of arrival
the time at which a public conveyance is scheduled to arrive at a given destination

departure time, time of departure
the time at which a public conveyance is scheduled to depart from a given point of origin

month
a time unit of approximately 30 days

day, sidereal day
the time for one complete rotation of the earth relative to a particular star, about 4 minutes shorter than a mean solar day

midterm
middle of an academic term or a political term in office

full term, term
the end of gestation or point at which birth is imminent

midterm
the middle of the gestation period

bell, ship's bell
(nautical) each of the eight halfhour units of nautical time signaled by strokes of a ship's bell; eight bells signals 4:00, 8:00, or 12:00 o'clock, either a.m. or p.m.

60 minutes, hour, hr
a period of time equal to 1/24th of a day

30 minutes, halfhour
a half of an hour

15 minutes, quarterhour
a quarter of an hour

min, minute
a unit of time equal to 60 seconds or 1/60th of an hour

quarter
a unit of time equal to 15 minutes or a quarter of an hour

s, sec, second
1/60 of a minute; the basic unit of time adopted under the Systeme International d'Unites

attosecond
one quintillionth (10^18) of a second; one thousandth of a femtosecond

femtosecond
one quadrillionth (10^15) of a second; one thousandth of a picosecond

picosecond
one trillionth (10^12) of a second; one thousandth of a nanosecond

nanosecond
one billionth (10^9) of a second; one thousandth of a microsecond

microsecond
one millionth (10^6) of a second; one thousandth of a millisecond

millisecond, msec
one thousandth (10^3) of a second

instant, minute, moment, second
a particular point in time

set
a unit of play in tennis or squash

runtime
the time at which a (software or multimedia) program is run

beginning, commencement, first, getgo, kickoff, offset, outset, showtime, start, starting time
the time at which something is supposed to begin

middle
time between the beginning and the end of a temporal period

end, ending
the point in time at which something ends

seek time
(computer science) the time it takes for a read/write head to move to a specific data track

time constant
(electronics) the time required for the current or voltage in a circuit to rise or fall exponentially through approximately 63 per cent of its amplitude

slot, time slot
a time assigned on a schedule or agenda

lunitidal interval
interval between the moon's transit of a particular meridian and the next high tide at that meridian

absence
the time interval during which something or somebody is away

break, intermission, interruption, pause, suspension
a time interval during which there is a temporary cessation of something

interlude
an intervening period or episode

interim, lag, meantime, meanwhile
the time between one event, process, or period and another

latent period
the time that elapses before the presence of a disease is manifested by symptoms

latency, latent period, reaction time, response time
the time that elapses between a stimulus and the response to it

eternity
a seemingly endless time interval (waiting)

cycle, rhythm, round
an interval during which a recurring sequence of events occurs

lead time
the time interval between the initiation and the completion of a production process

period
the interval taken to complete one cycle of a regularly repeating phenomenon

phase, phase angle
a particular point in the time of a cycle; measured from some arbitrary zero and expressed as an angle

float
the time interval between the deposit of a check in a bank and its payment

show time
the point in time at which an entertainment (a movie or television show etc.) is scheduled to begin

then
that time; that moment

latency, rotational latency
(computer science) the time it takes for a specific block of data on a data track to rotate around to the read/write head

processing time
the time it takes to complete a prescribed procedure